Indian rebellion of 1857


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Indian rebellion of 1857

  1. 1. Indian Rebellion of 1857 SOCIAL ACTIVITY
  3. 3. When?andWhere? • The Indian Rebellion of 1857 • began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut.
  4. 4. WHAT IT DID? • THE great Revolt of 1857 • marked first national challenge to the English in India • it emboldened the growth of Indian nationalist politics .
  5. 5. WAS IT POWERFUL? • Nineteenth century witnessed some anti-imperialist uprisings against imperialism, most notably in Latin America against Spanish colonialism • But both in terms of social base and geographical distribution, the 1857 Revolt in India was much more powerful
  6. 6. WHY IT STARTED? • The Revolt started with the mutiny of the Indian sepoys over the use of greased cartridges.
  7. 7. WHAT IS A SEPOY MUTINY? • It is unfortunate that professional historians of our country could not appreciate either the national or the popular character of the 1857 Revolt and preferred to call it a Sepoy Mutiny
  8. 8. When it began? • The 1857 Revolt began • on 29th March 1857 when Mangal Pandey of the 34th infantry in Barrackpore became the first martyr.
  9. 9. WHERE DID IT SPREAD? • The mutiny spread rapidly in eastern and northern India. • Dehri • Patna, • Arrah, • Azamgarh, • Allahabad • ,Gorakhpur and many parts of northern India.
  10. 10. BAHADHUR SHAH’S ROLE • On 11th May 1857 the sepoys of the Meerut regiment captured Delhi and proclaimed the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as their undisputed leader.
  11. 11. • In this entire region the dispossessed talukdars and impoverished peasants and artisans joined the sepoys to contest the English authority
  12. 12. TO PROTECT THE RELIGION CUSTOMS • Leaders of the Revolt issued proclamations to stress the importance of communal amity amongst the rebels, emphasising the need of Hindus and Muslims to join their hands to drive out the English and protect their own religious customs
  13. 13. HOW THEY WERE AFFECTED • the people of Hindoostan, both Hindoos and Mohammedans, are being ruined under the tyranny and oppression of the infidel and treacherous English.
  14. 14. WHO IS NANA SAHIB? • A Maratha, one of the leaders of the First War of Independence • Nana Saheb was born • in 1824 • to Narayan Bhatt and Ganga Bai • . In 1827 his parents went to the court of the last Peshwa Baji Rao, who adopted Nana Saheb, thus making him heir-presumptive to the throne.
  15. 15. ROLE OF NANA SAHIB • On the death of the last Peshwa, Baji Rao-II, in 1851 the Company's Government stopped the annual pension and the title. • Nana Saheb's appeal to the Court of Directors was not accepted.
  16. 16. ROLE OF NANA SAHIB • This made him hostile towards the British rulers. When the First War of Independence broke out, he assumed leadership of the mutineers in Kanpur. • After seizing Kanpur, which had a small British garrison, Nana Saheb proclaimed himself the Peshwa and called for the total extermination of the British power in India.
  17. 17. THANK U