• The Indian Rebellion of 1857
• began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India
Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town
WHAT IT DID?
• THE great Revolt of 1857
• marked first national challenge to the English in
• it emboldened the growth of Indian nationalist
WAS IT POWERFUL?
• Nineteenth century witnessed some anti-imperialist
uprisings against imperialism, most notably in Latin
America against Spanish colonialism
• But both in terms of social base and geographical
distribution, the 1857 Revolt in India was much more
WHY IT STARTED?
• The Revolt started with the mutiny of the Indian
sepoys over the use of greased cartridges.
WHAT IS A SEPOY MUTINY?
• It is unfortunate that professional historians of our
country could not appreciate either the national or
the popular character of the 1857 Revolt and
preferred to call it a Sepoy Mutiny
When it began?
• The 1857 Revolt began
• on 29th March 1857 when Mangal Pandey of the
34th infantry in Barrackpore became the first
WHERE DID IT SPREAD?
• The mutiny spread rapidly in eastern and northern
• ,Gorakhpur and many parts of northern India.
BAHADHUR SHAH’S ROLE
• On 11th May 1857 the sepoys of the Meerut
regiment captured Delhi and proclaimed the last
Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar as their
• In this entire region the dispossessed talukdars and
impoverished peasants and artisans joined the
sepoys to contest the English authority
TO PROTECT THE RELIGION
• Leaders of the Revolt issued proclamations to stress
the importance of communal amity amongst the
rebels, emphasising the need of Hindus and
Muslims to join their hands to drive out the English
and protect their own religious customs
HOW THEY WERE AFFECTED
• the people of Hindoostan, both Hindoos and
Mohammedans, are being ruined under the
tyranny and oppression of the infidel and
WHO IS NANA SAHIB?
• A Maratha, one of the leaders of the First War of
• Nana Saheb was born
• in 1824
• to Narayan Bhatt and Ganga Bai
• . In 1827 his parents went to the court of the last
Peshwa Baji Rao, who adopted Nana Saheb, thus
making him heir-presumptive to the throne.
ROLE OF NANA SAHIB
• On the death of the last Peshwa, Baji Rao-II, in
1851 the Company's Government stopped the
annual pension and the title.
• Nana Saheb's appeal to the Court of Directors was
ROLE OF NANA SAHIB
• This made him hostile towards the British rulers.
When the First War of Independence broke out, he
assumed leadership of the mutineers in Kanpur.
• After seizing Kanpur, which had a small British
garrison, Nana Saheb proclaimed himself the
Peshwa and called for the total extermination of
the British power in India.