Application of Empirical Research to Prevention Practices by Family Violence Prevention Workers: Preliminary Lessons Linnaya Graf, MSPH Walden University October 5, 2010
Overview Learning Objectives Describe a qualitative interview process for exploring factors that influence the application of empirical research to prevention practices. Discuss lessons learned from this initial pilot study. Demonstrate that family violence prevention workers have a unique contribution to make in understanding the application of empirical research to violence prevention practices.
Family Violence: A social problem Current research has confirmed that family violence remains a pervasive public health problem Current research by the Center for Disease Control has highlighted a need to increase the knowledge base regarding the application of research to prevention practices Family violence prevention workers are a population that can offer a unique perspective on the process of applying empirical research to front line prevention practices.
Current Political Climate of Social Change: Prevention
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Center for Disease Control (CDC), interpersonal violence is predictable and preventable.
Methods to reduce family violence comparable to those public health methods used to reduce
drinking and driving
Research Problem The situational and individual factors that impact the application of empirical research to front line family violence prevention practices remains unknown. Family violence prevention workers can provide a unique perspective into the factors which impact whether empirical research is being applied in front-line violence prevention practices. However, to date, no studies have explored this process from the perspective of the family violence worker.
Purpose of the Study Overall StudyIdentify the factors that positively and negatively influence the application of empirical research to professional practices of family violence prevention workers Pilot Study Test a newly developed interview guide Conduct preliminary factor analysis
Conceptual Framework Force Field Analysis (Lewin) Identify the critical actors engaged in implementing the desired change and involve them in: Identifying negative and positive factors that impact process Ranking factors Identify which factors are amenable to change Develop a plan of action Front line practitioners are the critical actors involved in applying empirical research to front line violence prevention.
Conceptual Framework (cont.) Public Health Model Inclusion of primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention workers Participatory/advocacy paradigm Framework led to a qualitative research design which actively involved front line violence prevention workers.
Methods Qualitative Research Design In-depth phone interviews Recorded for transcription. Open ended questions Allow participants an opportunity to share experiences, needs, and perceptions Guided interview process Ensure participants identify both barriers and facilitators
Pilot Test of Interview Guide
Analysis of Pilot Study Feedback Narrative feedback from participants manually reviewed for appropriate changes Initial Data Analysis Transcription and Coding Factors Identified using Thematic Analysis
ResultsImproving Interview Guide Primary changes based on participant feedback Request for definitions in writing Request for sample questions Led to the development of an introduction to the study page. Additional changes in confusing wording and rearrangement of some questions
ResultsInitial Factor Identification Barriers Too generalized Relevance (not relevant) Lack of data Confusing/Jargon Lack of knowledge/training Efficacy Lack of confidence Time/Management conflicts Lack of organizational support Funding Consistency in reported data Lag time Questioning validity of data Facilitators Interest to population Organizational support: providing time, resources Positive attitude
Implications Social Justice Implications Empowerment of front line violence prevention workers Improving future family violence prevention programs
Conclusion Family violence prevention workers can provide valuable contributions in understanding how empirical research can be successfully applied to violence prevention practices.