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Practical Report guide 1)Presentation: 2 marks Reports should be ...
Practical Report guide 1)Presentation: 2 marks Reports should be ...
Practical Report guide 1)Presentation: 2 marks Reports should be ...
Practical Report guide 1)Presentation: 2 marks Reports should be ...
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Practical Report guide 1)Presentation: 2 marks Reports should be ...


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  • 1. Practical Report guide 1)Presentation: 2 marks Reportsshouldbe typedandprintedonone side of A4 paperwitha leftmarginof at least20 mm. The followinginformationshouldbe includedonyourtitle page andthroughoutthe report: 1- Your name, studentIDnumber,course name and yourcourse coordinatorsname should be includedonthe title page 2- Reportsshouldbe submittednolaterthan Tuesday1st of June 2010, any reportsubmitted laterthan that will notbe checked 3- The title of the practical reportshouldbe includedonthe title page 4- NO imagesorpicturesshouldbe includedonthe title page The general layoutandpresentationmustbe clear,neatandtidy.Reportformatshould conformto guidelinesandbe writtenincorrectscientificstyle.The reportshouldfollow a logical orderwithall results,tables,figuresincludedordiscussedinappropriate sections. Proofread carefullyand spell check your report so that there are no typographical orfont errors. 2) Abstract: 2 marks The abstract shouldprovide anoverview of yourreportandthe findingsof your experiments.Here youshouldbrieflyoutlinethe case history,the testsperformed,rationale of the testsandhow they can be usedto diagnose diseaseandreacha final conclusionin thiscase. Do not includereferences in your abstract. 3) Introduction: 2.5 marks The introductionshouldinclude the necessarybackgroundinformationtoleadintoyour report(key presentingfeaturesorsymptoms,underlyingpathophysiology,clinical and laboratoryinformationof relevance),anexplanationof aimsandobjectives andno discussionofresultsor conclusion/diagnosis. 4) Results: 5 marks Thissectionshouldinclude ALLdata/resultswithreference ranges.Ensure the layoutis clear, legible anduncluttered. Resultsshouldbe tabulatedwhere possible andall figures,graphsand tableslabeledclearly withlegendswhereappropriate. Anycalculations/equationsandall relevant graphs,tablesetcall clearlylabelledand numbered.The title foratable shouldbe includedatthe topof the table,andforfigures, images,graphsetc,and the title shouldbe atthe bottom. Do not discussyour results inthis section.Check that you have usedthe correct units,and reported your results with the appropriatesignificant figuresbeforeyou submit.
  • 2. 5) Discussion:6 marks Thissectionallowsyoutodiscussandinterpretresults,incorporatinganswerstothe relevantquestions.All aspectsof yourresultsmustbe included,withan appropriate interpretationand correlatedwithclinical andlaboratorydetails.Provisional anddifferential diagnosesshouldbe clearlystatedanddiscussedwithreasonsprovided. Expectedresultsof furthertestsmustbe includedtosupportyourprovisional diagnosis and/oralignwithyourdifferential diagnosis(es). Finishyourdiscussionwithafinal concludingstatement. Reference List:2.5 marks The listof referencesmustbeginonanew page and they are citedby numberand sequencedbyorder of citation. Include all authorsinthe listof references. Numberyourreferences consecutivelythroughoutthe bodyof the textinthe orderin which theyare firstmentioned.Identifyreferencesintext,tablesandlegendsbynumeralsin parenthesise.g.(1),(2,3,8, 11) or (3-6). Referencescitedonlyintablesorinthe legendsto figuresshouldbe numberedaccordingtothe firstmentionof thattable or figure inthe text. Total: 20 marks = (weights5 bonus marks intooverall Haemtology grade) Additional Tips ☺ 1. The reportshouldbe writteninscientificstyle.Use the correct haematological terminologywhere appropriate,e.g.don’tsaysmall/tinyRBC,saymicrocytes,low platelets= thrombocytopeniaandsoon. 2. Avoidusingownershipwordsorstartingsentencingwith…I,we,me,they,you,e.g.don’t write “I thinkthat..”,“thenI…” and soon. Insteaduse statementssuchas,”the results suggest..” 3. Do not use bulletpointsin your report - itis a writtenreportexplainingthe practical performed,andresultsyouhave obtained.Itshouldwritteninsentence format,and presentedincoherentparagraphs. 4. When youare finished,asksomeoneelsetoproof readyourreport andletyou know if they understandwhatyouhave written.Yourpractical reportshouldclearlyexplainthe clinical historyandreasonfortesting,aswell as,whattestsyouhave performed,whyyou didthose, the resultsthatyouobtained,andan explanationof theirsignificance. Vancouverisa numberedreferencingstyle whichispredominantlyusedinthe medical field. Each source isgiventhe same numbereachtime itisreferredtointhe work. Examples: In-textreferences The readermay use the in-textreference numberandconsultthe Listof References forfull publication details.Inthe Vancouverstyle: 1-Each source isallocatedaconsecutive number asitisreferredtointhe textforthe first time
  • 3. 2- The numeral becomesthe uniqueidentifierforthatsource,andif referredtoagain inthe work,the numberisrepeated 3- Numbersappeareitherasbrackets(1) or insuperscript1 – checkwithyour lecturertheir preference! 4-Identifyingnumbersare placedoutside the sentencepunctuation 5- Each numeral referstoa single source,andsoseveral numeralsmayappeartogetherat one pointinthe text 6- If quotingfroma source ensure quotationmarksare used,alongwiththe relevantpage number Examples: Larsen21was the firstto propoundthe theory The theorywas firstpropoundedin1970 byLarsen 21 Larsen21(p.245) notedthat "manyof the facts inthiscase are incorrect" "Many of the facts inthiscase are incorrect"(Larsen21p.245) Reference List 1- A List of Referencescontainsdetailsonlyof those workscitedinthe text,if othersources are used, butnot citedinthe text,thenthe listiscalledaBibliography 2- There is a Reference Listat the endof the work,arrangednumericallyinthe orderthat the sources appearin the text(note:make sure eachsource isgivenonlyone number) minimal capitalizationisusedinbooktitlesandjournal article titles 3- No italicsorquotationmarksare usedforeitherbookor journal article titles 4- Journal titlesare abbreviated,seethe sectionon Abbreviations 5- If more than six authorslistthe firstthree andwrite etal. withsix orless,listall authors. 6- Authorsinitialsfollow the surname andare setwithoutfull stopsorspaces,eg.SmithAB Abbreviations Journal namesare abbreviated.Use the mostrecentlypublishedindex inthe subjectarea. Suggestions are: • The annual List of JournalsIndexed in Index Medicus • The website of the U.S.National Libraryof Medicine • Or PubMed clickon "Journal Database" andthenenterthe full journal title toview its abbreviation Examples Book Author(s) - surname andinitials.Titleof book.Edition.Placeof publication:Publisher,Year. Example: Joyce B, Weil M, CalhounE.Modelsof teaching.6thedn.Boston:AllynandBacon,2000. Book chapter Authorof chapter- surname andinitials.Titleof chapter.[In] Authorof book – surname and initials.Titleof book.Edition.Place of publication:Publisher,Year;pagination.
  • 4. Example: BeizerJL,TimirasML. Pharmacologyanddrugmanagementinthe elderly.InTimirasPS.(Ed.) Physiological basisof agingandgeriatrics.2nded.Boca Raton: CRC Press;279-284. Journal article Author(s) of article - surname andinitials.Titleof article.Journal name - abbreviated Year: volume:pagination. Example: HorwathCC. Socio-economicstatusanddietaryhabitsinthe elderly:resultsfromalarge randomsurvey.J Hum Nutr Diet1989;2:173-83. Conference paper Author(s) of paper- surname and initials.Title of paper.[In] Editorof conference proceedings(if applicable).Titleof conference.Place of publication:Publisher, Year; pagination. Example: CoombsM, HoughtonJ. The developmentof informationliteracyinundergraduate programs.In Golebiowski Z.(Ed.) Selectedproceedingsof the firstNational conference on Tertiaryliteracy:research andpractice:Vol.1. Policyandpractice of tertiaryliteracy. Melbourne:VictoriaUniversityof Technology;145-9. Thesis Author'ssurname andinitials.Title of thesis.Type of thesis.Place of institution: Institution, Year. Example: JamiesonPL.Howuniversityteachersexperienceteachingbycross-campusvideo conferencing:a phenomenographicstudy. Master’sthesis.Bundoora,Vic:RMIT,1998.