Studio Lighting Techniques-Rembrandt-Butterfly-EdgeOf course whilst shooting these techniques you must consider whatAperture, Shutter Speed and I.S.O to use to gain the correct exposure. Itshould look as it looks to your eye.This is the last of the 3 technical inductions1.Relatioship of Aperture, Shutter speed and I.S.O2.Night Photography3.Studio Lighting techniques
Portrait lighting techniquesPortrait lighting techniques can hugely influence the connotations of an image.It is all dependent on what degree angle the light is positioned, the height ofthe light in regards to the subject and the degree angle the light is pointedupon the subject.
Key light Highlights, lowlights Degree angle of light Contrast Portrait Lighting Key WordsHeight of the light Fill light Hard/Soft Light Degree angle of the position of light
Rembrandt lightingRembrandt lighting is a lighting technique that is used in studio portraitphotography. It can be achieved using one light and one light and a reflector(fill light) and is popular because it can create images with consideredlighting by using a minimum of equipment. Rembrandt lighting ischaracterized by an illuminated triangle under the eye of the subject, on theless illuminated side of the face. It is named after the Dutch painterRembrandt, who often used this type of lighting.
Rembrandt lighting set upUmbrella key lightsource is positionedat a 45 degree pointin regards to thesubject and angled Subjectat a 45 degree anglepointing at thesubject. The height is around a Reflector foot and a half above the subjects head Camera Note the subject is not looking or body pointing into the camera The single light source is sometimes counter balanced with a reflector (Fill light) placed approximately 45 degrees offset to the shadowed side of the face. This reduces contrast and begins to light the image softly rather than hard.
Butterfly LightingThis technique takes the key light up much higher than the subject and is shootingdown onto them to cast a butterfly type shadow on their face. It is thought toprojectmore glamorous and complimentary connotations than other techniques. As youcan see it was often used on 1950s film stars.
Butterfly Lighting technique The subject looks and the body is positioned straight Into the lens, the camera Is directly in front of themThe light is position, again, directly in front of them, but obviously not in the way of thecameraThe key light is about 2/3 foot higher than the subjects head and angled at a 70/80 degreeangle, so the light beams down onto the subject.
Edge LightingEdge lighting is slightly more dramatic than Rembrandt and hugely more sothan Butterfly. It defines and separates one side of the face from the other moreobviously. The highlights are lighter and the low lights darker, therefore thecontrast is higher. The first two images below show the technique can fall intothe low key lighting family if the key light used is from a small source and yourstudio is pitch black. Image 3 is Edge lighting used from a soft light in a studiowith natural light present.
Edge Lighting Set up Direct the subject to look the specific direction (25 degrees) So the light source will only capture half of the face Again you can addThe key light is fill light in theparallel to the form of a reflector.subject (90 degrees) Where you placeand positioned at the reflector willthe same height as dictate thethe subjects eye strength of the contrast.
Your task1)In groups of 4, capture perfectly lit and exposed (correct use of thethree key settings) portrait images via the;Rembrandt technique with and without fillButterfly technique without any fillEdge technique with and without fill2)Demonstrate and reflect upon your studio set up for each image viaa establishing shot and multiple stills images, if you wish, incombination with a written element.3)Show any technical errors via a print out image and discuss whyand how they are flawed and how you put this right.Tip;Print your (5) perfectly lit images via a Kiosk or Photo printer,and the error images within your reflection can be printed oncollege/regular printers