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Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
Open Source Tools For Freelancers
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Open Source Tools For Freelancers

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As a freelancer, you must be your own IT department. You are responsible for website hosting, backups, version control, project/time-tracking and invoicing. Finding inexpensive and maintainable …

As a freelancer, you must be your own IT department. You are responsible for website hosting, backups, version control, project/time-tracking and invoicing. Finding inexpensive and maintainable solutions for these needs can be quite daunting. In this session, I will present an overview open-source solutions for these needs.

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  1. Open Source Tools for Freelancers Christie Koehler Open Source Bridge June 2009 Friday, June 19, 2009
  2. Agenda • Hosting • Backups • Version Control • Time and Money • Actually Working Friday, June 19, 2009
  3. Part 1: Hosting Friday, June 19, 2009
  4. Open Source Hosting • LAMP (Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP) is the most common • Webservers: Lighttpd, Nginx, Mongrel • Databases: PostgreSQL, Firebird, Drizzle, CouchDB • Languages: Ruby/Rails, Python, Perl, etc. Friday, June 19, 2009
  5. 4 Types of Hosting • Shared Hosting • Virtual Private Server • Dedicated Server • Cloud Hosting Friday, June 19, 2009
  6. Shared Hosting • Cheap, ready-to-go, no technical expertise needed • Often over sold, not much control, not very scalable • Distributed vs. Traditional Friday, June 19, 2009
  7. Virtual Private Servers • A chunk of a server is virtualized and made available to you. • More power/control than shared hosting without the cost of dedicated server. • Managed and Unmanaged. • Many options: verify that resource allocation, options meets your needs. Friday, June 19, 2009
  8. Dedicated Server • You have your own server. More control, more power. • Managed and unmanaged. • Most expensive option. Friday, June 19, 2009
  9. Cloud Hosting • Dynamically scalable and virtualized hosting. • Pay for what you use. Scale up/down very quickly. • Technologies vary. • Google App Engine (java/python), Amazon EC2, RackspaceCloud (Mosso). Friday, June 19, 2009
  10. Local Hosting • Your laptop/desktop can act as a web host • Great for developing, designing and testing • Not really suitable for a live site • XAMPP an easy way to start Friday, June 19, 2009
  11. Part 2: Backups Friday, June 19, 2009
  12. Keys to Success • Should have both on-site and off-site backups. • Automated (if you have to think about it, it won’t happen regularly) • Test your system *before* you need it. Friday, June 19, 2009
  13. Local Backups • rysnc to external drive • Carbon Copy Cloner on Mac • Other full-drive backups for Linux • Complete local backup every week Friday, June 19, 2009
  14. rsync example Friday, June 19, 2009
  15. Offsite Backups • option 1: backup to external drive, then take offsite (storage, office, friend’s house) • option 2: backup to online storage (s3, another server, etc.) Friday, June 19, 2009
  16. Duplicity (+s3) • Cross-platform (OSX and Linux at least) • Can use any remote or local store, but I like Amazon s3 • Duplicity creates encrypted tar-format volumes and uploads to local or remote server • Need gpg and other libraries • http://duplicity.nongnu.org/ Friday, June 19, 2009
  17. Duplicity Example Friday, June 19, 2009
  18. now automate it • cron on *nix, osx < 10.4 • put in script in /etc/cron/{daily/weekly/monthly} • or use crontab • launchd on osx >= 10.5 • Lingon, by Peter Borg • http://tuppis.com/lingon/ Friday, June 19, 2009
  19. launchd + lingon Friday, June 19, 2009
  20. Part 3: Version Control Friday, June 19, 2009
  21. What is it? • Stores your project files and manages changes to those files. • Makes deploying your projects much easier. • Maintain a complete history of your project. • Just as important as backups. Friday, June 19, 2009
  22. Version Control Software • git: http://git-scm.com/ • subversion: http://subversion.tigris.org/ • others: bazaar, mercurial, cvs • lots of software integrates with VCS Friday, June 19, 2009
  23. How to Set up • Server and client components. • Can set up on own server. • Or, use one of many hosted options (github, devguard, unfuddle, etc.) • git gui clients: git k, git gui, GitX (mac) • subversion gui clients: rapidSVN, svnX (mac), TortoiseSVN (win) Friday, June 19, 2009
  24. Subversion Example • checking http://svnurl svn co out: . • commiting changes: svn commit -m “commit message” • updating: svn update . • get status: svn status Friday, June 19, 2009
  25. Subversion Example Friday, June 19, 2009
  26. Trac Example Friday, June 19, 2009
  27. Part 3: Actually Working Friday, June 19, 2009
  28. Alternatives • There are open source alternatives to nearly every propriety software product. • See http://www.osalt.com/ Friday, June 19, 2009
  29. Apps for Working • Office/Accounting: OpenOffice, AbiWord, GnuCash • Graphics: GIMP, InkScape • Code Editing: vi/vim, jEdit, Netbeans, Amaya • Media: vlc, audacity, songbird • Files: cyberduck, ssh (putty), filezilla • Communication: xchat, thunderbird, pidgin, psi, qute • Virtualization: VirtualBox Friday, June 19, 2009
  30. Remember • Open source isn’t perfect and isn’t necessarily going to fit all our your needs • Sometimes you’ll have to go with a proprietary product Friday, June 19, 2009
  31. Part 4: Time and Money Friday, June 19, 2009
  32. Time Tracking • timebook: python script for time tracking • kimai: web-based time-tracking Friday, June 19, 2009
  33. Timebook Example $ t switch writing $ t in document timebook $ t out $ t display Timesheet writing: Day Start End Duration Notes Mar 14, 2009 19:53:30 - 20:06:15 0:12:45 document timebook 20:07:02 - 0:00:01 write home about timebook 0:12:46 Total 0:12:46 Friday, June 19, 2009
  34. Invoicing • bamboo invoice • simple invoices Friday, June 19, 2009
  35. Questions & Thanks! • christiekoehler@gmail.com • @christiekoehler • christiekoehler.com Friday, June 19, 2009

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