•
•
•
•
•
July 2007

Consultant Neurologist - Ahmedabad, INDIA
Director of Neurosciences – Sterling Hospital
Prof. and hea...
The contribution of Jain religion
• Lord Mahavir (omniscient tirthankar parmatma) out of compassion,
applied the Gyana for...
Jain Philosophy
• One of the Oldest :
References are also in holy vedas. Tripitak has
acknowledged Chaturyama dharma and m...
Jain Philosophy
• A complete philosophy
• Complete knowledge
• Way of life & ethics
• Perfect way of liberation
• Ecology
...
• Anushreni Gatihi
• Bhedad Anuhu
• Tadbhav – Avyayam Nityam
• Upayogo Laxanam
• Sagninah Samanska
Is it a text book of sc...
I have taken help from experts.
And I need your help and input…
Purpose of my talk
Everybody wants EVIDENCE
Relevance and Context
The issue is how scientific our school is, and not of to...
Science and Religion
1.

Two sides of the same coin

2.

Science looks outward and religion looks inward : but both are
se...
Methodology
•
•
•
•
•

Science

Observations
Questions
Hypothesis (Thinking)
Experiments
Theory/quantifications
or Princip...
• I am proud of science : Limitation : Laboratory based : Iceberg
• Science – knowledge is still evolving e.g. plants
• It...
Sections
1. Basic Sciences
2. Science behind Jain tenets and practices
(Meditation .. etc)
3. Ahaarvigyan (Food Philosophy...
Lord Mahavir & Scientists
Basic Sciences
Tatwarthadhigam Sutra
The 1st ever written complete text book of science……
(also in samaysaar, niyamsaar and pravachansaar...
Tatvarthsutra
1st complete book of science of mankind
1.

Categories of Truth

2.

Nature of the soul

3.

The lower & mid...
Section I : Basic Sciences
PHYSICS
Atoms
Atomic Science
Tatwarth Sutra : P.P.Umaswatiji : 1st Century
Anavah skandhas cha - Matter has two varieties :
atoms & clus...
Atomic Science
• Bheda-samghatabhyam caksusah
5/28
The visibility of clusters is produced by the
combination of disintegra...
Atomic Science

• Snigdha-ruksatvad bandhah – Atomic
integration is due to their positive &
negative charge ( tactile qual...
Atomic Science

• Na jaghanyagunanam - There cannot be
integration of atoms (and clusters) that possess
the

minimum

one
...
Subatomic Particles
• Description of subatomic particles is mind-boggling. 4
different types of qualities of atoms have be...
Atomic Science

Here, formation of matter, concept of
universal matter, atomic fusion, integration &
disintegration

of

m...
Applied Physics
• Ajivakaya dharmadharma kasa pudgalah : 5/1
Dravyani jivas cha : 5/2

kalaschetyeke : 5/38

• Media of dh...
Adharmastikaya
• All that we see in universe is
4% matter
1% dark matter
75% dark energy – is it Adharmastikaya
or is it s...
Applied Physics
• Vartana parinamah kriya paratva - paratve cha
kalasya :
5/22
The functions of time are :
• Becoming ( In...
Applied Physics
• Sarira-van-manah-prana-panah pudgalanam : 5/19
* Matter functions as the material cause
of body, speech,...
Thought
• SPECT studies :
Mana, vachana,
kaya, Pudgala.
Psychology
Mati : Smruti : Sangya chintaabhinibodh ityanarthantaram
• Mati (knowledge about existing thing), memory, recal...
• Intellectuals have both minds. Only
doesn’t help in the thought process.

psychic mind

• Sangninah samanaska : 2/25

• ...
Biology
• Classification of living beings
• Ekendriya, Beyindriya …. Panchendriya
• Tras, sthaavar
• Concept of Pratyek an...
Plant Kingdom
They have leshya, kashaya, instincts and feelings (perceptions).
(1) Leshya

:

Colourful plants : Nilleshya...
Applied Biology
• Upayogo lakshanam : 2/8
▪ Sentinence is the defining characteristic of

the soul. Constant awareness,
co...
MACH’s Principle
• The inertial mass of a particle is a result of the
“interaction” of mass of other bodies in the rest of...
We are all entangled

• Entanglement: EPR paradox
Whatever happened to one particle would thus
immediately affect the othe...
Dharma
Dharma has many meanings
• True nature
• The Path
• Is there an absolute Dharma (Path) which the
nature has shown u...
Anushreni Gatihi : 2/27 Avigraha Jivasya : 2/28
The movement of souls (as well as matter) is in
straight line (unless ther...
• Classification of substance (Dravya).
Classification of matter.
Classification of Jiva (Soul).
• Unit of space (pradesh)...
Astronomy
• Description of Earth : Bharat & Airawat.
• Other lokas : Interpretation problems.
• Life in earth,water,fire,a...
• The eternal truth of Tripadi.
• Matter (and objects) have always dual virtue :
eternity (dravya) & nonversatility (parya...
• Karmavada is the heart of Jain darshan
&
• Anekant-Syadvada is the brain of Jain darshan.

• Karmavada has some relevanc...
Mathematics
Science cannot progress without maths. Maths is above all
sciences, as there is no provision for conflict or a...
Domains of Science and
Jain Scriptures
1. Subjects common to science and Jain scriptures:
Astronomy: Surya Pragyapti, Chan...
Common principles of science
as embodied in Religion
1) Reality

:

Physical realities - can be taken to laboratory,
as Sc...
Common principles of science
as embodied in Religion
2) Pudgal : Purayati va Galayati va.

- Matter changes forms, disinte...
Common principles of science
as embodied in Religion

3) Motion & Inertia : Dharmastikaya &
Adharmastikaya.
• They help mo...
Common principles of science
as embodied in Religion
4) Quantum theory of Max Planck :
• Energy is radiated in quanta.
• D...
Common principles of science
as embodied in Religion

yadvad – Relativity

Anekantvad - multifacedness

• Jain syadvad is ...
Laws of Physics
• Laws governing Macro world and micro-world are different: Classical
(Whole= sum of the parts)
Quantum (d...
Common principles of science
as embodied in Religion
6) Telepathy + : ManahparyavGyan / ShrutGyan
7) Television, Radio, Te...
Common principles of science
as embodied in Religion
9) Properties of sound : Anuyogadwara Sutra

•

Music & its effect on...
Various modes of music
mentioned in Ajitshanti
stotra are useful as
remedies.
Malkauns & Deshana

10/22/13

Anuyogadwara S...
Mr. Emoto decided to see what effects music had upon the
structure of water. He placed distilled water between two
speaker...
A Yantra is a graphic
representation of the sound of
Mantra
Effect of sound - chanting
Mr. Emoto decided to see how thoughts and words affected the
formation of untreated, distilled ...
Physiology in Jain Scriptures
• Various types of bone-joints which are
called SAMGHAYANs, number of ribs,
position and wei...
Science behind
Jain tenets and practices
• Samayik

:-

Samatvabhava - karmanirjara - way to liberation
Samata towards living beings : No raga – dwesha
Samata towa...
• The Tapas (Penance) :
Bahya :
• Anashan,
• Unodari,

Abhyantar :
• Prayaschita,
• Vinaya,

• Vrutisankshep,

• Veyavacha...
MEDITATION, ITS TECHNIQUES
AND ITS SCIENCE
Meditation

Jaindhyana
• Dharmadhyana & shukladhyana…
excellent remedy for all types of health.
• Jain religion is Bhavadh...
What is meditation ?
• Exercise of mind to keep it healthy
and clean, as we do for body.
• A state of altered consciousnes...
Spirituality
Meditation

RELIGION

Philosophy
Devotion
Karmayoga
Charity
Character
Morality
Rituals
Meditation techniques
• Focus on Breathing
• Focus on an object
• Focus on a sound
• Focus on a thought
• Focus on sensual...
Meditation-Techniques
• Vipashyana : To see –To observe ( Buddha)
- Breathing
- Thoughts
- Body and perception of sensatio...
Effect of meditating music
BETA: Alert/Working
14-20 waves per second
ALPHA: Relaxed/Reflecting 813 waves per second
THETA...
SPECT Images at Baseline and
During Meditation
Prefrontal Cortex

Baseline

Prefrontal Cortex

Meditation
SPECT Images at Baseline and
During Meditation
Baseline

Meditation

Superior
Parietal Lobe

Superior
Parietal Lobe
Summary of SPECT findings
• Increase rCBF in frontal area and shut down of
OAA in parietal area is the key finding.
• This...
Ahaarvigyan
Section III : Ahaarvigyan
Purity of Food is necessary for Purity of Soul
•

The philosophy of food : Quantitative & Qualit...
Types of Ahaar
• Prakshepahar
• Ojahar
• Lomahar

habits

& mixing

(c) Boiling & filtering water
(d) Life of Different fo...
•

Long before existence of microscopic life was shown
and plants were considered to be living by modern
science, these fa...
Ratribhojan – Terrible sin
•

Physiologically at night :

•

Absence of sun light : Excess of organisms.

•

Sunlight can ...
Austerities
To use very limited items and with caution, is a practice of non
violence. Collectiveness and overutilization ...
Tithivigyan
• Tithivigyan : uplift of individual soul and welfare of all living
beings are central themes of jain religion...
Vigai - Mahavigai
• Vigai : Perversion.
• Mahavigai : Worst perversion.
• The food objects which change the natural tenden...
Medical Sciences
(Life Sciences)
Section IV

:

MEDICAL SCIENCES
(LIFE SCIENCES)

TOTAL HEALTH SCIENCE
Positive health gaining
and
prevention & treatment
o...
• References of life sciences : how to live, how to
avoid diseases and how to cure diseases and
create positive health and...
Prevention of heart disease, stroke, cancer &
lifestyle diseases and creating positive health
Purification of mind – Purif...
Prevention of coronary disease
• Padyatra

: Exercise

• Food habits

: Satvik food. Avoid vigai.

• Austerities & Tapas

...
Preventing & treating
other diseases
• Prevention & treatment of :•
•
•
•

GI diseases
Mental illness
Neurological illness...
For stress relief philosophical
concept of Jainism, food types,
austerity, penance and meditation
are useful for all men ...
Secularism
1. Navkar Mantra
2. Bhavbijankur Janana ….
Sutra
•
•
•
•

Navkar mantra.
Annath
Vanditu
Tijaypahutta….
• We should know their meanings, then only
we can add Bhava. L...
16 Bhavanas

• 12 Bhavanas will relieve all ragas, dweshas and
will be important for liberation of soul.

• 4

Bhavanas

i...
Allied Sciences
Allied Sciences
• Ecology
• Economy

( Ahimsa,Aparigriha,Maitri )

•
•
•
•

(Loka)

Cosmology
Astrology
Metallergy
Chemist...
The subjects requiring further research.
• Disease prevention by jain attitude and life style
• Three types of Ahaar : (Si...
Aura is directly
related with
Leshyas.

Krishna,
Neela
and
Kapota
leshyas
are harmful
to health,
while
Tejo,
padma and
Shu...
References & Suggested
Readings
1.

Tatvarthsutra - P.Shri Umaswatiji
Samaysaar - P.Shri.Kundkundacharya

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

...
References & Suggested
Readings
7.

Other Agams & Sutra.

8.

Guideline of Jainism : Bhadrabahuvijay

9.

Vigyan & Adhyatm...
References & Suggested
Readings
13.

Articles by several Experts and Scientists
1.

Dr.Narendra Bhandari (ISRO, Ahmedabad)...
My message
• Samyaka Darshan – Absolute faith in Jinwani
• Daily Swadhyaya - Reading scriptures
• Religion requires to be ...
Michhami Dukkadam
JAI JINENDRA

Dr. Sudhir V. Shah
Consultant Neurophysician
206-8, Sangini Complex, Near Parimal
Crossing, Ellisbridge, Ahm...
Jainism   a super science - by dr. sudhir v. shah
Jainism   a super science - by dr. sudhir v. shah
Jainism   a super science - by dr. sudhir v. shah
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Jainism a super science - by dr. sudhir v. shah

1,808
-1

Published on

Published in: Spiritual, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,808
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
49
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Jainism a super science - by dr. sudhir v. shah

  1. 1. • • • • • July 2007 Consultant Neurologist - Ahmedabad, INDIA Director of Neurosciences – Sterling Hospital Prof. and head, Department of Neurology - VSGH I.P. Chairman, National Jain Doctors’ Federation, INDIA International Coordinator, NJDF New Jersey, USA
  2. 2. The contribution of Jain religion • Lord Mahavir (omniscient tirthankar parmatma) out of compassion, applied the Gyana for spiritual uplift and liberation of the soul. In addition, this path also leads to physical well being, mental peace, emotional control and total health of an individual undoubtedly. • Also if practiced universally, Jain religion can bring universal peace, ecological balance and welfare of the universe : Global Religion • What he preached, has turned out to be permanent and absolute truth – the super science. He was the great scientist earth has ever seen. • His preachings and his vision were beyond Raga, Dwesha and Moha, so there is no reason to disbelieve, all that he said - Aptapurush
  3. 3. Jain Philosophy • One of the Oldest : References are also in holy vedas. Tripitak has acknowledged Chaturyama dharma and mentioned about lord Mahavir • Great personalities and genius people were existing in India between 500 BC to 300 AD. We have lost great opportunities, to change the history and future of mankind.
  4. 4. Jain Philosophy • A complete philosophy • Complete knowledge • Way of life & ethics • Perfect way of liberation • Ecology • Classic karmic theory • Anekant and Syadvada : principle of relativity and other viewpoints • Compatible with principles of modern science Physics, biology, psychology, physiology & medicine (Life Science) mathematics, astronomy and chemistry Indian - Foreign dignitaries have written wonderful words of praise
  5. 5. • Anushreni Gatihi • Bhedad Anuhu • Tadbhav – Avyayam Nityam • Upayogo Laxanam • Sagninah Samanska Is it a text book of science or a religion ? How old is it ?
  6. 6. I have taken help from experts. And I need your help and input…
  7. 7. Purpose of my talk Everybody wants EVIDENCE Relevance and Context The issue is how scientific our school is, and not of total scientific proof “This talk is completely dedicated to reinstate our faith in our religion” • To open vision • Incentive for reading • Thought process • Need for Research • Human welfare • Animal welfare • Uplift of soul • Global peace • Spread of Jain Thought • Respect for whole Indian (No wish to convert) Culture
  8. 8. Science and Religion 1. Two sides of the same coin 2. Science looks outward and religion looks inward : but both are searching….. 3. Matter Vs. Soul : God 4. Experiment Vs. Experience 5. Languages are different, but there is no need for conflict. Both are complimentary – Samanvaya 6. Science without religion is blind, religion without science is lame. If science is the motion, religion is the direction 7. Look science with the eyes of religion and reversely True religion should be free of fear, temptation and wrong methods
  9. 9. Methodology • • • • • Science Observations Questions Hypothesis (Thinking) Experiments Theory/quantifications or Principles • Prediction • Prove/Disprove/modify • THEORY: Applications • More Q’s… pyramid builds up ..unending pursuit….TOE • • • • • • • • • Religion Observations Questions Spiritual Practices Meditation Enlightenment Principles Path Practice Moksha/ Nirvan: The goal is achieved
  10. 10. • I am proud of science : Limitation : Laboratory based : Iceberg • Science – knowledge is still evolving e.g. plants • It changes every time with change in evidence • Our senses have limitations. Also dimension theory • Several parallel worlds • Religion has absolute truth : Shashwat : Faith bound The Problems in understanding Texts • Problem in decoding verses • Words have changed meaning • Translator’s or scriptwriter’s errors, language, memory, time • Missing of Texts. • Poor understanding by science. • Knowledge-evidence basedis evolving. e.g. Plant kingdom.
  11. 11. Sections 1. Basic Sciences 2. Science behind Jain tenets and practices (Meditation .. etc) 3. Ahaarvigyan (Food Philosophy) 4. Medical Sciences (Life Sciences) 5. Allied Sciences
  12. 12. Lord Mahavir & Scientists
  13. 13. Basic Sciences
  14. 14. Tatwarthadhigam Sutra The 1st ever written complete text book of science…… (also in samaysaar, niyamsaar and pravachansaar) • Samyag Darshan Gyan Charitrani Mokshamargah: - Purpose & essence of Tatwarthadhigam sutra is Moksha through ratnatraya - To achieve moksha, one must know the dravya, tatva & the causation of karmabandh. Then to understand the way of liberation. Hence, we have to study physics, biology, astronomy, types of knowledge,characteristics of soul,matter, time and space, stages of evolution of soul. • As if Science and Religion is one and inseparable
  15. 15. Tatvarthsutra 1st complete book of science of mankind 1. Categories of Truth 2. Nature of the soul 3. The lower & middle regions (Astronomy) 4. The Gods (Devas) 5. Substances (Dravya) 6. Inflow of Karma (Ashrava) 7. The vows 8. The Karmic Bondage 9. Inhibiting & wearing off Karma (Samvar, Nirjara) 10. Liberation (Moksha)
  16. 16. Section I : Basic Sciences PHYSICS Atoms
  17. 17. Atomic Science Tatwarth Sutra : P.P.Umaswatiji : 1st Century Anavah skandhas cha - Matter has two varieties : atoms & clusters. 5/25 Samghata-bhedebhya- - Clusters are produced by 5/26 utpadyante fission, fusion or both. Bhedad anuh Atom - Atom is the final product of fission-disintegration. - indivisible unit. 5/27
  18. 18. Atomic Science • Bheda-samghatabhyam caksusah 5/28 The visibility of clusters is produced by the combination of disintegration & reintegration. • Utpada-vyaya-dhrauvyayuktam sat - 5/29 Origin, cessation & persistence constitute existence. • Tadbhavavyayam nityam What remains as it is : eternal : Universal - 5/30
  19. 19. Atomic Science • Snigdha-ruksatvad bandhah – Atomic integration is due to their positive & negative charge ( tactile qualities of viscosity & dryness ) 5/32
  20. 20. Atomic Science • Na jaghanyagunanam - There cannot be integration of atoms (and clusters) that possess the minimum one degree of difference (viscosity or dryness) 5/33 • Gunasamye sadrasanam - Atoms with similar (same degree of) charges cannot integrate. 5/34
  21. 21. Subatomic Particles • Description of subatomic particles is mind-boggling. 4 different types of qualities of atoms have been described ( Sheet-snigdha, Sheet-ruksha, Ushna-snigdha, Ushnaruksha) • Two types of matter (a) with charge (b) without charge (Photon, Graviton, Gluon) • Dravya naya: Total Quantity of Atoms is Constant Paryaya naya : Changeable • Divisions & Subdivisions of Atoms are Plenty Small & Big, Cause & Effect Atoms , Dravya & Bhava Atoms, Atoms carrying Touch,Smell,Vision etc. Qualities.
  22. 22. Atomic Science Here, formation of matter, concept of universal matter, atomic fusion, integration & disintegration of matter,constancy & transformability of objects - all high principles of atomic science-physics are discussed. The concepts of subatomic particles are even mind boggling. Aren’t you Surprised ? KEWALGYANA
  23. 23. Applied Physics • Ajivakaya dharmadharma kasa pudgalah : 5/1 Dravyani jivas cha : 5/2 kalaschetyeke : 5/38 • Media of dharma (motion) & adharma (inertiarest), space, matter and souls are Dravyas (substances). Time is also a substance according to some preachers.
  24. 24. Adharmastikaya • All that we see in universe is 4% matter 1% dark matter 75% dark energy – is it Adharmastikaya or is it supporting the inertia as against Dharmastikaya which supports motion
  25. 25. Applied Physics • Vartana parinamah kriya paratva - paratve cha kalasya : 5/22 The functions of time are : • Becoming ( Inspiring ), change, motion & sequence. Research area • Time in physics : several, but not related (six) Absolute time, astronomical time, change etc.
  26. 26. Applied Physics • Sarira-van-manah-prana-panah pudgalanam : 5/19 * Matter functions as the material cause of body, speech, mind & breath. • Sukha-dukha-jivita-maranopagrahas cha : 5/20 * The production of pleasure, pain, life & death is also due to matter (chemical properties). Research area
  27. 27. Thought • SPECT studies : Mana, vachana, kaya, Pudgala.
  28. 28. Psychology Mati : Smruti : Sangya chintaabhinibodh ityanarthantaram • Mati (knowledge about existing thing), memory, recall, thinking process and conclusion is matigyana. And this is the function of senses and mind. • Thoughtfulness & perception, discrimination between good & bad, useful & harmful are all functions of mind. • Mind has two aspects : 1) Physical 2) Psychic mind • Science does not know about Dravyamana & Bhavamana so far. However, if we take mind as interface between the consciousness and intellect, then we can explain.
  29. 29. • Intellectuals have both minds. Only doesn’t help in the thought process. psychic mind • Sangninah samanaska : 2/25 • The higher developed the mind, the animal will more intelligent. be (Devas,Narakas,Garbhaj (womb) human & Garbhaj animals have higher mind.) • Concept of psychotherapy and psychic treatment.
  30. 30. Biology • Classification of living beings • Ekendriya, Beyindriya …. Panchendriya • Tras, sthaavar • Concept of Pratyek and Sadharan • Nigod • Sammurchhim jiva
  31. 31. Plant Kingdom They have leshya, kashaya, instincts and feelings (perceptions). (1) Leshya : Colourful plants : Nilleshya thorns, bad smells : Kapot (2) Kashaya : Carrots, potato : Lobha : accumulation Coloured plants : Maya Eating food can change our thought process (3) Instincts : Ahaar, fear, accumulation and reproduction. (4) Samvedana (feelings) : Dr.Jagdishchandra Bose : Pain : Shame – Lajamani : Mr.T.N.Singh : Effect of music on plants : Dr.Bexter : Trees keep watch even on spiders
  32. 32. Applied Biology • Upayogo lakshanam : 2/8 ▪ Sentinence is the defining characteristic of the soul. Constant awareness, consciousness & application of knowledge is upayoga. Dravyasangraha ▪ The one that survives, applies knowledge, does not disintegrate (does not die), is Karta and is equal to the proportion of body is called Jeeva. • Parasparopagraho Jivanam : 5/21 The function of the soul is to render services – usefulness - to one another. Each soul is entangled with all the rest in the universe. We are influenced by the rest (Non-violence).
  33. 33. MACH’s Principle • The inertial mass of a particle is a result of the “interaction” of mass of other bodies in the rest of the universe Extending it to life • Life: Life of even the smallest being is a result of “interaction” of life in the rest of the universe. “No one can survive by himself” That is if I destroy all life for this earth, I will automatically cease to exist. So when I destroy any life, I also destroy a part of myself. This immediately leads to the principle of non-violence
  34. 34. We are all entangled • Entanglement: EPR paradox Whatever happened to one particle would thus immediately affect the other particle, wherever in the universe it may be. Einstein called this "Spooky action at a distance."
  35. 35. Dharma Dharma has many meanings • True nature • The Path • Is there an absolute Dharma (Path) which the nature has shown us The answer is yes Live and Let Live Non Violence
  36. 36. Anushreni Gatihi : 2/27 Avigraha Jivasya : 2/28 The movement of souls (as well as matter) is in straight line (unless there is an external force.) The liberated soul moves straight.
  37. 37. • Classification of substance (Dravya). Classification of matter. Classification of Jiva (Soul). • Unit of space (pradesh), unit of time (samaya) and unit of matter (anu) : are unique to Jainism.
  38. 38. Astronomy • Description of Earth : Bharat & Airawat. • Other lokas : Interpretation problems. • Life in earth,water,fire,air & plant : Mobile & immobile (Jagdishchandra). • Recent notes : air is having living beings & life.
  39. 39. • The eternal truth of Tripadi. • Matter (and objects) have always dual virtue : eternity (dravya) & nonversatility (paryaya) both at the same time. Quantum physics and anekantvada • Matter has its own space.Space contains matter. If matter is zero, then space is zero.
  40. 40. • Karmavada is the heart of Jain darshan & • Anekant-Syadvada is the brain of Jain darshan. • Karmavada has some relevance with genetic coding also. Also it explains principle of causality of physics. Karmic bonds are atomic, is a unique theory. Research area
  41. 41. Mathematics Science cannot progress without maths. Maths is above all sciences, as there is no provision for conflict or ambiguity. • Mahaviracharya 9th Century • Ganitsaar sangraha : 9 chapters • Algebra, Geometry and Arithmatics Square root, Cube root, Time, Interest, Fractions • Joytishpatal : Not available at present • Swayambhuv, Adinath, Devnandi, etc. • Fractions in Jain Literature : Suryapragnapti • Fractions in Tatvartha sutra (Ch.III – Bhashya)
  42. 42. Domains of Science and Jain Scriptures 1. Subjects common to science and Jain scriptures: Astronomy: Surya Pragyapti, Chandra Pragyapti, Geography (3 rd chapter of Tattavartha Sutra: primitive, Nature of physical Universe (T.S.Chapter 5: jiva/Ajiva, Energy, forces etc) can be tested. 2. Subjects exclusive to Jain Darshan Atma, Karma, Moksha etc have not (yet) come under purview of science 2. Operative Principles: some may be common to spiritual and physical domains Jainism Non-violence, Anekantavad, Saptabhangi, Dharma, Karma theory Krambaddha-Paryay Physics Quantum mechanics, Causality, Entanglement, Determinism, Mach’s Principle, Evolution Biology…… plant life, invisible forms
  43. 43. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 1) Reality : Physical realities - can be taken to laboratory, as Science is evidence based. 1. Matter and Energy 2. Energy Fields (Action at a distance) 3. - Electricity, Magnetism and Light (EM Force) - Strong nuclear force - Weak Nuclear force (EM, weak force) - Gravitation force 4. Space and Time • Jain darshan dwells on realities. 1) Six Substances ( matter, time, space, motion / energy, inertia & jiva) 2) Nine elements.
  44. 44. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 2) Pudgal : Purayati va Galayati va. - Matter changes forms, disintegrates & reintegrates. - But, the total mass remains constant. • Tadbhavavyayam nityam - - 5/30 What remains as it is : eternal : Universal
  45. 45. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 3) Motion & Inertia : Dharmastikaya & Adharmastikaya. • They help motion or static property of Jiva & pudgala, just by their nature. That is their function.
  46. 46. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 4) Quantum theory of Max Planck : • Energy is radiated in quanta. • Disintegration and reintegration is the nature of matter. • Thus objects can disintegrate but can reintegrate elsewhere. Max Planck
  47. 47. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion yadvad – Relativity Anekantvad - multifacedness • Jain syadvad is a conceptual thinking. It applies not only to matter which is visible, but everywhere. It is so perfectly designed-it can never be challenged. It accounts the other view points and different references. - Vyavhar satya - Nischaya satya. • It also explains the relativity principle of matter, but is more philosophical. If understood & applied, worldly quarrels will stop forever.
  48. 48. Laws of Physics • Laws governing Macro world and micro-world are different: Classical (Whole= sum of the parts) Quantum (dual behavior of electron or photon) • Some states in quantum world are indescribable What is called avyakta. Seven such states are possible: May be yes, May be No, May be both, may be indescribable, may be yes and indescribable, May be No and indescribable, May be both and indescribable (Saptabhangi) • As we go to the world of finer and finer (sukshma--------) particles, new properties (or attributes) come into play ( In science they are termed as quantum numbers or states) and all do not exist at once. Many of them could be contradictory properties. This is the basic nature of certain things (multifacedness = Anekantavad) . Thus I have argued that anekantavad is a physical reality
  49. 49. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 6) Telepathy + : ManahparyavGyan / ShrutGyan 7) Television, Radio, Telefax : AvadhiGyan (space & time) 8) Teleporting & Recent experiments : Aharak sharir.
  50. 50. Common principles of science as embodied in Religion 9) Properties of sound : Anuyogadwara Sutra • Music & its effect on body : Malkauns Music (sound) can affect health, mental peace, temperament and fate. • Chanting mantra (Alignment & Sound) • Science of yantra (shape & form with momentum) 12th Drastiwad : 14 purva
  51. 51. Various modes of music mentioned in Ajitshanti stotra are useful as remedies. Malkauns & Deshana 10/22/13 Anuyogadwara Sutra, Samveda and Gandharvaveda
  52. 52. Mr. Emoto decided to see what effects music had upon the structure of water. He placed distilled water between two speakers for several hours while playing music and then photographed the crystals that formed after the water was frozen. The results of the effects of these two very different types of music speak for themselves.                                             This is the effect of Bach’s “Air for the G String”                                                  This is the effect of Heavy Metal Music
  53. 53. A Yantra is a graphic representation of the sound of Mantra
  54. 54. Effect of sound - chanting Mr. Emoto decided to see how thoughts and words affected the formation of untreated, distilled water crystals by typing words onto paper and then taping them on glass bottles overnight.                                                                                                  These are effects of the words “Love and Appreciation” These are the effects of “You make me sick. I will kill you!”
  55. 55. Physiology in Jain Scriptures • Various types of bone-joints which are called SAMGHAYANs, number of ribs, position and weight of various parts representing Anatomy of Human body are discussed. • There are also some references about embryology in Tandulveyaliya payanna. • Reproductive systems and the abilities of men and women are also described in literature.
  56. 56. Science behind Jain tenets and practices
  57. 57. • Samayik :- Samatvabhava - karmanirjara - way to liberation Samata towards living beings : No raga – dwesha Samata towards objects • Pratikraman • : No moha – shoka Samatva followed by meditation & Kayotsagra with six requisites (Shad Avashyak) • Creates blissful state. • Presence of Gurudeva – so you are stress free, guilt free, disease free. This is followed by prayaschita and sadhana • Prayaschitta takes care of past tense • Vishuddhi takes care of present tense • Vishalya takes care of future tense
  58. 58. • The Tapas (Penance) : Bahya : • Anashan, • Unodari, Abhyantar : • Prayaschita, • Vinaya, • Vrutisankshep, • Veyavacha, • Rastyaga, • Swadhyaya, • Kayaklesha, • Kayotsarga, • Samlinata. • Meditation.
  59. 59. MEDITATION, ITS TECHNIQUES AND ITS SCIENCE
  60. 60. Meditation Jaindhyana • Dharmadhyana & shukladhyana… excellent remedy for all types of health. • Jain religion is Bhavadharma,so meditation is of utmost importance. • Several types of meditations. • Samayik & kayotsarga are super meditations. • Kayotsarga takes care of asana and pratyahaar. • Preksha, atmadhyana. vipashyana, granthibheda and
  61. 61. What is meditation ? • Exercise of mind to keep it healthy and clean, as we do for body. • A state of altered consciousness. • Fourth stage of consciousness. • Spiritual ecstasy with neurological manifestation. • Not really a Hallucination
  62. 62. Spirituality Meditation RELIGION Philosophy Devotion Karmayoga Charity Character Morality Rituals
  63. 63. Meditation techniques • Focus on Breathing • Focus on an object • Focus on a sound • Focus on a thought • Focus on sensual object • Focus on sensory perception • Imagery • Soul meditation
  64. 64. Meditation-Techniques • Vipashyana : To see –To observe ( Buddha) - Breathing - Thoughts - Body and perception of sensations • Prekshadhyana : To see –To observe( Jain) - Breathing (Shwas-Preksha) - Thoughts (Vichar-Preksha) - Body (Sharir-Preksha) - Mind (Anupreksha) - Leshyadhyana etc
  65. 65. Effect of meditating music BETA: Alert/Working 14-20 waves per second ALPHA: Relaxed/Reflecting 813 waves per second THETA: Drowsy/Meditating 4-7 waves per second DELTA: Sleep/Dreaming 3-4 waves per second DELTA: Deep & Dreamless Sleep .5-2 waves per sec
  66. 66. SPECT Images at Baseline and During Meditation Prefrontal Cortex Baseline Prefrontal Cortex Meditation
  67. 67. SPECT Images at Baseline and During Meditation Baseline Meditation Superior Parietal Lobe Superior Parietal Lobe
  68. 68. Summary of SPECT findings • Increase rCBF in frontal area and shut down of OAA in parietal area is the key finding. • This is not hallucination. • All Meditators have same findings.
  69. 69. Ahaarvigyan
  70. 70. Section III : Ahaarvigyan Purity of Food is necessary for Purity of Soul • The philosophy of food : Quantitative & Qualitative (satva,Rajas,Tamas) • Modern science has confined at determining the caloric values and its classification into vitamins, proteins and carbohydrate content. • The jain school of thought has gone deep into subtler properties of various types of food items and deal with its psychic as well as physical effects.
  71. 71. Types of Ahaar • Prakshepahar • Ojahar • Lomahar habits & mixing (c) Boiling & filtering water (d) Life of Different food items : Flour (3,5,7) Vigai is a Rajsik food, while Mahavigai is a Tamsik food so every one should abstain form Mahavigai. Science of
  72. 72. • Long before existence of microscopic life was shown and plants were considered to be living by modern science, these facts were well established in jain philosophy and formed the foundations of complex practice as a corollary of nonviolence, which is the basic tenet of Jainism. • That is why there is severe restriction on Ratribhojan and drinking water without boiling. Also to avoid Kandmul like potato and similar anantkaya plants.
  73. 73. Ratribhojan – Terrible sin • Physiologically at night : • Absence of sun light : Excess of organisms. • Sunlight can kill them and control pollution. • Rule of 48 minutes (for sheet yoni microscopic jiva). • Best digestion is at the middle of the day. • Ayurveda preaches this for positive health purposes. • Allopathy for metabolic purposes. • Rajnishji for celebacy Slow metabolism, Decreased activity Indigestion.
  74. 74. Austerities To use very limited items and with caution, is a practice of non violence. Collectiveness and overutilization is violence • Biyasana : Disciplined eating habits. No junk. Boiled water. No food & water after sunset. • Ekasana : Rest to body so next day stronger. Avoid abhakshya, anatkaya & apathya food, so no perversions. Only eat moderate amount and satvik food. • Ayambil : Dry : Avoid vigai. So control of pitta & cough. No spices. Control over tongue, therefore all other senses. Auli to be done twice a year at Sandhikaal. • Fast : 36 hours (a) Tivihaar (b) Chauvihar.
  75. 75. Tithivigyan • Tithivigyan : uplift of individual soul and welfare of all living beings are central themes of jain religion. • Avoid lilotaries on twelve tithis, auli days and paryushana. • According to lord mahavir, the fate of next birth is created as per the deeds done during these days. So do more religious activities and avoid sachitta. • Scientifically it helps in balancing PH & water element during these days (as per lunar cycles).
  76. 76. Vigai - Mahavigai • Vigai : Perversion. • Mahavigai : Worst perversion. • The food objects which change the natural tendencies of body, mind and soul and pervert them are vigai. • Vigai : 6 : Milk, curd, ghee, oil, jaggary – sugar, fried items & sweet objects. • Mahavigai : 4 : Butter, honey, eggs-meat-fish, alcohol Non-veg : Saprophytes Alcohol : Pramad, Chitnash etc 16 doshas. Honey : To obtain it we have to kill many bees.
  77. 77. Medical Sciences (Life Sciences)
  78. 78. Section IV : MEDICAL SCIENCES (LIFE SCIENCES) TOTAL HEALTH SCIENCE Positive health gaining and prevention & treatment of major diseases by JAIN RELIGION
  79. 79. • References of life sciences : how to live, how to avoid diseases and how to cure diseases and create positive health and long life; are available in jain agams. • • • • • • • Uttaradhyana Brihadvritipatra Vipak sutra Acharang Sukhbodh patra Audh Niryukti Sthanang sutra • • • • • • • Therapeutics Rasayan vidya Doctor and therapy Disease description Disease description Therapy Causation of disease Ref : Acharaya Rajkumar Jain
  80. 80. Prevention of heart disease, stroke, cancer & lifestyle diseases and creating positive health Purification of mind – Purification of Body • Rituals and six avashyak (Samayik & Pratikraman) • Padayatra : Exercise • Austerities • Penance : Tapas • Ahaarvigyan : Ayambil etc. Boiled water • Avoiding ratribhojan (Research) • Vigai : Milk, curd, ghee, oil, jeggary, fried objects, sweets. Mahavigai : Butter, honey, eggs-meat-non veg., alcohol. • Tithivigyan : Religious, scientific, healthy way (ayurveda) • Attitude, positive thoughts : Avoid four Kashaya • Meditation and kayostarga • Namaskar Mantra chanting
  81. 81. Prevention of coronary disease • Padyatra : Exercise • Food habits : Satvik food. Avoid vigai. • Austerities & Tapas : Weight reduction & • Attitudes : Mental and emotional peace. healthy body-mind • Samayik, pratikraman • Meditation
  82. 82. Preventing & treating other diseases • Prevention & treatment of :• • • • GI diseases Mental illness Neurological illness Cancer • Positive health & long life • We at National Jain Doctors’ Federation, did 4 major conferences and discussed the subjects and I, as the chairman of NJDF India, appeal to you to do extensive research as you have better facilities. • The other project, we have launched is SHRAMAN - AROGYAM
  83. 83. For stress relief philosophical concept of Jainism, food types, austerity, penance and meditation are useful for all men and women Meditation is one of the Abhyantar penance through which one could be relieved from stress, the miseries and karmic bondage.
  84. 84. Secularism 1. Navkar Mantra 2. Bhavbijankur Janana ….
  85. 85. Sutra • • • • Navkar mantra. Annath Vanditu Tijaypahutta…. • We should know their meanings, then only we can add Bhava. Literal chanting does help, but with knowledge it becomes 100 times more powerful.
  86. 86. 16 Bhavanas • 12 Bhavanas will relieve all ragas, dweshas and will be important for liberation of soul. • 4 Bhavanas interpersonal are important relationship guidelines which will mental peace and stop worldly quarrels. for create
  87. 87. Allied Sciences
  88. 88. Allied Sciences • Ecology • Economy ( Ahimsa,Aparigriha,Maitri ) • • • • (Loka) Cosmology Astrology Metallergy Chemistry ( Lord Adinath : Asi, Masi, Krushi,Vidya,Vanijya & Shilpa ) With evolution of Science, some religious beliefs have been disreputed however Jainism is rising due to its strong scientific basis
  89. 89. The subjects requiring further research. • Disease prevention by jain attitude and life style • Three types of Ahaar : (Siddhasen Diwakarji) 1) Ojahar 2) Lomahar 3) Prakshepahar. (Kawal, Drugs, Intravenous ) etc. • Karmic theory and Genome project. • The concept of autonomous human birth and the cloning of same kind of organisms.
  90. 90. Aura is directly related with Leshyas. Krishna, Neela and Kapota leshyas are harmful to health, while Tejo, padma and Shukla leshyas are useful for health. Colors of Leshyas mention the colors of Aura Leshyas and colors of Aura denote the health of man and woman
  91. 91. References & Suggested Readings 1. Tatvarthsutra - P.Shri Umaswatiji Samaysaar - P.Shri.Kundkundacharya 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Bhagavatisutra. Sutrakrutang. Acharang sutra : for psychology. Anuyogdwar sutra : for music etc. Dashvikalik sutra.
  92. 92. References & Suggested Readings 7. Other Agams & Sutra. 8. Guideline of Jainism : Bhadrabahuvijay 9. Vigyan & Adhyatma : -Pujya Amrendravijayji. 10. Cosmology old & new -Prof.Jain 11. Scientific secrets of Jainism - P.Shri Nandigoshvijayji. 12. Science and spirituality – P.Shri Chandrashekar Vijayji 13. Dravya Sangraha
  93. 93. References & Suggested Readings 13. Articles by several Experts and Scientists 1. Dr.Narendra Bhandari (ISRO, Ahmedabad) 2. Dr.Anilkumar Jain (Ahmedabad) 3. Dr.Ashokkumar Jain (Gwalior) 4. Acharya Shri Kanaknandiji maharaj 5. Dr.L.C.Jain (Jabalpur) 6. Dr.Parasmal Agarwal (Udaipur) 7. Dr.Prakashchandra Jain (Sagar) 8. Dr.Rajmal Jain (Ahmedabad) 9. Dr.R.C.Jain (Ujjain) 10. Dr.P.C.Jain (Sagar) 11. Dr.Jitubhai Shah (Ahmedabad)
  94. 94. My message • Samyaka Darshan – Absolute faith in Jinwani • Daily Swadhyaya - Reading scriptures • Religion requires to be presented in the context of science • Do research • Spread the knowledge and Darshan for global welfare, as science needs direction
  95. 95. Michhami Dukkadam
  96. 96. JAI JINENDRA Dr. Sudhir V. Shah Consultant Neurophysician 206-8, Sangini Complex, Near Parimal Crossing, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad-6 Phone : (C) 079-26467052 (R) 079-2661742 Mobile: 9825009521 Email: sudhirshah@hotmail.com
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×