After being acquainted with
different instructional materials
through Edgar Dale’s Cone of
Experience, let us learn how to
select and use these materials in
order to achieve our desired
Instructional materials are used to
help transfer information and skills to
others. These are used in
teaching at places like
schools, colleges and universities.
These can include
textbooks, films, audio, and more.
instructional objectives is fieldtrip.
It is not enough to bring the
class out for the fieldtrip and make
instructional materials for no
preparation and clear reason at all.
Perhaps this is what happened to
the field trip joined in by
Linus, that’s why he seems not able
to cite something specific that he
learned from the field trip.
For an effective use of
instructional materials such as field
trip, there are guidelines that ought
to observed, first of all, in their
selection and second, in their use.
Selections of Materials
The following guide questions express standards to
consider in the selection of instructional materials:
Does the material give a true picture of the ideas they present?
Does the material contribute meaningful content to the topic under
Is the material aligned to the curriculum standards and
Is the material culture – and grades – sensitive?
Does the material have culture bias?
Is the material appropriate for the age, Intelligence, and experience
of the learner?
Is the physical condition of the material satisfactory? An example, is
a photograph properly mounted?
Is there a teacher’s guide to provide a briefing for effective use?
Can the material in question help to make a student better thinkers
and develop their critical faculties?
Does the use of material make the learners collaborate with one
Does the material promote self – study?
Is the material worth the time, expense and effort involved?
Proper Use of Materials
You may have selected
your instructional material
well. This is no guarantee
that the instructional
material will be effectively
utilized. It is one thing to
select a good instructional
material, it is another thing
to use it well.
P – prepare yourself
P – prepare your student
P – present the material
F – follow – up
To ensure the effective use of instructional
material, Hayden Smith and Thomas Nagel, (1972) book
authors on Instructional media, advise us to abide by the
Prepare yourself . You know your lesson objective and
what you expect from the class after the session and
why you have selected such particular r instructional
Prepare your students. Set reasonably high class
expectations and learning goals.
Present the material. Under the best possible
conditions. Many teachers are guilty of the R.O.G
syndrome. This is means “running out if gas” which
usually refers from poor planning.
Follow – up. Remember that you use instructional
materials to achieve an objective, not to kill time nor to
give yourself a break, neither to merely entertain the
Christian Erick Besana
BEED II - B
Prof. Mary Gene Panes