Week 7
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Week 7 Week 7 Presentation Transcript

  • Department for Continuing Education Music and Art Marilou Polymeropoulou marilou.polymeropoulou@music.ox.ac.uk 28/2/2012 Week 7 Ethnographic Art http://musicandartoxford.wordpress.com/Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Final Essay • 2000-2500 words NOT including references • Writing style (academic, journalistic, experimental, custom) • One topic, focussing on 1-2 points (analysis) • Introduction - Main body - Conclusion(s) - ReferencesWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • 1. Research • Find a topic • Something you really want to write about • Possible topics: relation of technology and art/ music, analysis of a work of art, criticism on aesthetic theory. • Periods: any from late 19th century to presentWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • 2. Data collection • Pictures (online, or original photographs) • Texts (reviews, academic articles, newspaper/magazine articles, encyclopedias, books) • Research methods: bibliographic work, interviews?Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • 3. Writing up • 1. Find the point you want to make • Start writing main body of essay • a) form ideas artwork x description analysis criticism • b) write and then formulateWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • 3. Writing up • After main body write conclusions • Then, go back and write introduction • Finally, organise referencesWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • 4. Feedback and submission • 10-15 minute presentation (week 10). Feedback and comments • e-mail me • to submit: at the Department for Continuing Education until April 6, 2012Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Practice? [optional] • Write a 800 word essay on a topic: • 1) Theory (for example, German aesthetics) • 2) Art criticism (for example, write a review of an artwork) • 3) Research (for example, write on the topic of collecting and interview people around you why do they collect - music, art, any type of collections - and write your observations)Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Previously • Defining art and music • Examining aesthetic theories • Impressionism, symbolism • Avant-garde, expressionism, futurism • Popular CultureWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Today • Ethnographic Art • Anthropology of Art and Aesthetics • Vogel’s net?Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • What is ethnographic art? Art and artifacts of indigenous peoples around the globe Representation of a culture’s every day life. Usually centred on rituals, religious practices, historyWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Polynesian Fish hooks British Museum Materials: Root hemp(?) fibre (?) bone Found/Acquired New Zealand Ethnic group MāoriWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Aboriginal Art (Australia) iconographyWednesday, 29 February 2012
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  • Tsantsas (Shrunken heads) Amazon rain forest tribes Ecuador and Peru tribesWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Vogel’s net (traps as artworks and artworks as traps) • Alfred Gell (1996) • Definitions of works of art: “any object that is aesthetically superior, having certain qualities of visual appealingness or beauty. These qualities must have been put there intentionally by an artist, because artists are skilled in activating a capacity present in all human beings, that is, the capacity to respond aesthetically to something.”Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Interpretive theory • “A work of art may not be at all ‘beautiful’ or even interesting to look at, but it will be a work of art if it is interpreted in the light of a system of ideas that is founded within an art-historical tradition” • Contemporary definition. Interpretive vs. aesthetic theoryWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Institutional theory • “There is no quality in the art object, as material vehicle, that definitely qualifies it to be, or not be an artwork. Whether it is or not is dependent on whether or not it is taken to be one by an art world, that is, a collectivity interested in making, sharing, and debating critical judgements of this type.”Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • A Kuba woman’s wrapper, a Zande hunting net and a metal currency from Zaire in the “Art Gallery Display” (from the book “Art/Artifact” 1989).Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Vogel’s net • Susan Vogel (anthropologist) displayed this item because “New York gallery-visitors would be spontaneously able to associate this ‘artefact’ with the type of artwork that they would have looked at in other galleries or at least seen illustrated in newspapers and magazines”Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Jackie Winsor, Bound square (1972)Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Traps FIGURE 5 Giraffe trap drawn by Wood FIGURE 6 Rat trap, Vanuatu; FIGURE 7 Trap from Guyana; sketch by sketch by Bell Roth 28 Downloaded from http://mcu.sagepub.com at Oxford University Libraries on February 14, 2010Wednesday, 29 February 2012
  • • “...even without ethnographic context, without exegesis from any wise men, animal traps as these might be presented to an art public as artworks. These devices embody ideas, convey meanings, because a trap, by its nature, is a transformed representation of its maker, the hunter, and the prey animal, its victim, and of their mutual relationship, which among hunting people, is a complex, quintessentially social one. That is to say, these traps communicate the idea of a nexus of intentionalities FIGURE 5 Giraffe trap drawn by Wood between hunters and prey animals...” FIGURE 6 Rat trap, Vanuatu; FIGURE 7 Trap from Guyana; sketch by sketch by Bell Roth 28Wednesday, 29 February 2012 Downloaded from http://mcu.sagepub.com at Oxford University Libraries on February 14, 2010
  • Main points • Against aesthetics (too much historicity...) • Communication and art nexus (see Tolstoy) • Interpretive theory (art world, similar to Danto’s) • Anthropology of artWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • Picturing cultures • Ethnographic filmsWednesday, 29 February 2012
  • • Robert Flaherty (1922) Nanook of the NorthWednesday, 29 February 2012
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  • • Dziga Vertov (1927) ‘The man with the movie camera’. Discovering Soviet UnionWednesday, 29 February 2012
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  • Crossing the Bridge: The sound of Istanbul A film by Fatih AkinWednesday, 29 February 2012