Music and art week 1

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Music and art week 1

  1. 1. Department for Continuing Education Music and Art Marilou Polymeropoulou marilou.polymeropoulou@music.ox.ac.uk Week 1 http://musicandartoxford.wordpress.com/Wednesday, 18 January 2012
  2. 2. Course material • Audiovisual presentations • Scores, pictures, audio and video recordings • Books and articles (library, print, and online) • Course blog • Field trip • Course workWednesday, 18 January 2012
  3. 3. Week 1 lecture structure Part 1: Introduction to terminology: art and aesthetics Part 2: course overviewWednesday, 18 January 2012
  4. 4. “To see something as art requires something the eye cannot decry - an atmosphere of artistic theory, a knowledge of the history of art: an artworld” A. Danto (in Frith 2002:249) “To grasp the meaning of music is to hear something not simply present to the ear. It is to understand a musical culture, to have a scheme of interpretation” S. Frith (ibid)Wednesday, 18 January 2012
  5. 5. Plato Πλάτων • 424/423 - 348/347 BC • Founder of the Academy of Athens • Philosophy, logic, ethics, rhetoric, mathematics, art, politics • Western philosophyWednesday, 18 January 2012
  6. 6. Plato: on art • The Republic (Πολιτεία, Politeia, literal translation “society”) • Imitation and representation of reality • Therapeutic, healing for human soul • World of Ideas vs. world of tangible objects • Art as craft, Techne (Τέχνη) • Bad art undermining morality vs correct, good art shaping characterWednesday, 18 January 2012
  7. 7. Aristotle, Ἀριστοτέλης • 384 - 322 BC • Student of Plato • Founder of Lyceum • Physics, metaphysics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, politics, ethics • Influenced Western philosophy • Reason, logic, aestheticsWednesday, 18 January 2012
  8. 8. Aristotle on art • Separate art from politics • Channelling human creativity: 1) gnosis (theory, knowledge), 2) praxis (practice), 3) poiesis (creating) • Categories of Art: 1)imitation of visual representations (colours and designs) 2) imitation of human behaviour (poetry, lyrics, dancing) • Pleasure and artWednesday, 18 January 2012
  9. 9. Raphael Scuola di Atene (1510-11) (detail)Wednesday, 18 January 2012
  10. 10. Organon (Tool, Organum) • Ontology - On + Logos • The Categories (predicaments) • Influence on aesthetics and evaluation theoriesWednesday, 18 January 2012
  11. 11. The Categories • 1. Substance (Human) • 2. Quantity (5 ft. 6 in. tall) • 3. Quality (white) • 4. Relation (shorter than the board) • 5. Place (in a classroom) • 6. Time (now) • 7. Posture (standing) • 8. Possession - Habitus (clothed, wearing black trousers) • 9. Action (breathing, teaching) • 10. Passivity (being watched, listened to)Wednesday, 18 January 2012
  12. 12. • Ancient aesthetics: Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, Greece, China, Rome, India, Mayan • Islamic aesthetics: Islamic culture. Arabesque, mosaic, islamic calligraphy and architecture • Indian aesthetics: Spiritual or philosophical states in the audience. Architecture, sculpture, painting, literature, music and dancing • Chinese aesthetics: Confucius and the role of arts and humanities • African aesthetics: oral and written traditionsWednesday, 18 January 2012
  13. 13. Western Aesthetics • First used by Alexander Baumgarten Aesthetica (1750-1758): the science which examines beautiful in nature and art • Immanuel Kant, Taste (Geschmack) in Critique of Judgment (1790) • Hegel (1823-27): Taught Aesthetics as a secondary spiritual realityWednesday, 18 January 2012
  14. 14. Hegel and Kant • To what extent art is the purpose or the vessel of reality? • How close to reality is art? • Is art for everybody?Wednesday, 18 January 2012
  15. 15. Leo Tolstoy “What is art?” (1897) • Essay in which he argues against aesthetic theories which define art in terms of good, truth and beauty • Art at his time was corrupt and decadent. Artists had been misled • Art requires capacity to unite people via communicationWednesday, 18 January 2012
  16. 16. Week 1 17/1/12 • Course overview • Introduction to terms art and aestheticsWednesday, 18 January 2012
  17. 17. Week 2 24/1/12 The work of art pt.1 • On listening: the art of music and sound • What is music? • Music aesthetics • The evaluation and appreciation of musicWednesday, 18 January 2012
  18. 18. Week 3 31/1/12 The work of art pt. 2 • Visual and hybrid forms of art • Jean Cocteau and Les Six • Personal reflections • Examples: Criticism, evaluation, aestheticsWednesday, 18 January 2012
  19. 19. Week 4 7/2/12 • Impressionism • Debussy’s “The Sea” (1905): listening, reading, representing • Monet’s “Impression, sunrise” (1872): landscape and realism • Reflections on ExpressionismWednesday, 18 January 2012
  20. 20. Week 5 14/2/12 • Avant-Garde traditions • The art concept in the 20th century • ExamplesWednesday, 18 January 2012
  21. 21. Week 6 21/2/12 • Jazz, Fox-Trot and Pop • Dancing and performing arts • Popular culture and the Frankfurt schoolWednesday, 18 January 2012
  22. 22. Week 7 28/2/12 • Ethnographic art and representation • Defining cultural aesthetics • The Rules of Art (Bourdieu) • ExamplesWednesday, 18 January 2012
  23. 23. Week 8 6/3/12 • Collections • Hard Rock Cafe: restaurant and museum? • The art of collecting • Top 5 lists and Desert Island DiscsWednesday, 18 January 2012
  24. 24. Week 9 13/3/12 • Field work • Visiting Oxonian museums (Pitt-Rivers/The Ashmolean). • Museum exerciseWednesday, 18 January 2012
  25. 25. Week 10 20/3/12 • Workshop: re-examining art and music • Discussion of coursework • Summary of the courseWednesday, 18 January 2012
  26. 26. Exercises • Aristotle’s 10 Categories for Cueva de las manos (Argentina 14,000-9,000 BC)Wednesday, 18 January 2012
  27. 27. M. Babbitt’s article • Who cares if you listen? (1958)Wednesday, 18 January 2012
  28. 28. Personal aesthetics • Choose artwork • Describe its ontology (Aristotle’s 10 categories) • Why is it/is it not important for you? Justify according to influence, communication (Tolstoi), culture, society etcWednesday, 18 January 2012

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