ICM conference Shanghai 2007


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The presentation outlines the issues of exporting to and importing plastic scrap into China.

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ICM conference Shanghai 2007

  1. 1. The challenges of importing g p g plastic rich scrap as raw material into China 中国进口废塑料用作原料的关键因素 Chris Slijkhuis, Director Sourcing 采购总监
  2. 2. Agenda 内容 Available Data on Exports/Imports Plastics Scrap in China 中国现在的塑料进出口数据 Legal Framework Exports/Import China 中国进出口的法律法规 A view on Plastics‘ Recycling in China Plastics 中国现有的塑料再生情况 High-tech Plastics‘ Recycling in China 中国高科技的塑料再生情况 Conclusions & final comments 汇总及结论 Converting the Supply Chain into a Supply Cycle 使供应链变成供应圈
  3. 3. China Imports of Plastic Scrap & Consumption/Production data 中国进口废塑料和生产消费的数据 5.86 Mio tons in 2006 (4,9 Mio Tons 2005) ( , ) 2006年586万吨(2005年490万吨) Annual increase is estimated to be approx 18% 预计年增长率大约18% Current estimate however is nearly 10 million tons 现有接近1000万吨 Difficulty in tracking/documenting imports 很难跟踪和记录进口 Virgin plastics production is some 18 Mio Tons (2005) 年产原生塑料1800万吨(2005年) Compares to Plastics Consumption of 38 tons (2005) 年消费塑料3800万吨(2005年) ( ) Expected Consumption is 90 Mio Tons for 2015 2015年预计塑料消费量达到9000万吨 SOURCE: T & T Group Inc.; China Plastics Processing Industry Association (CPPIA) Plastics Recycling Committee (PRC). 数据来源:T&T集团;中国塑料加工工业协会废弃塑料再生利用专业委员会
  4. 4. Countries Exporting to China 出口到中国的国家 Hong Kong 香港 19% Australia 澳洲 29% Taiwan 台湾 2% Germany 德国 Philippines 菲律宾 Phili i 3% America 美国 3% Spain 西班牙 p 4% Japan 日本 14% Korea 韩国 6% Mala sia 马来西亚 Malaysia 6% 8% 6% Other 其他 Total 5,86 Million Tons 万 总计 586万吨 SOURCE: T & T Group Inc.; China Plastics Processing Industry Association (CPPIA) Plastics Recycling Committee (PRC). 数据来源:T&T集团;中国塑料加工工业协会废弃塑料再生利用专业委员会
  5. 5. Main China Ports中国主要港口 Guangzhou 广州 1% 1% 4% 4% Shenzhen 深圳 5% Shanghai 上海 7% Ningbo 宁波 41% Tianjin 天津 7% Qingdao 青岛 Huangpu 黄埔 H 11% Shantou 汕头 19% Dalian 大连 Other 其他 SOURCE: SOURCE T & T G Group I Inc.; Chi Pl i P China Plastics Processing I d i Industry A Association (CPPIA) Pl i R i i Plastics Recycling C li Committee (PRC) i (PRC). 数据来源:T&T集团;中国塑料加工工业协会废弃塑料再生利用专业委员会
  6. 6. Resin Types – Distribution of Plastics 聚合物种类-塑料分布 2006 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 PE 197,449 280,395 529,976 1,628,763 1,431,016 1,323,844 1,739,118 PS 114,317 142,529 241,468 231,680 338,247 380,711 236,520 PVC 110,522 211,135 144,400 217,278 624,022 906,530 1,174,925 Polyester --- --- --- --- --- 667,063 667 063 754,596 754 596 Other 其他 1,584,877 1,591,045 1,541,658 946,366 1,702,439 1,678,380 1,959,337 Total (MT) 2,007,165 2,225,104 2,457,502 3,024,087 4,095,724 4,956,528 5,864,496 总计 (吨) SOURCE: T & T Group Inc.; China Plastics Processing Industry Association (CPPIA) Plastics Recycling Committee (PRC). 数据来源:T&T集团;中国塑料加工工业协会废弃塑料再生利用专业委员会
  7. 7. The composition mixed WEEE from EU 欧洲电子废料成分 Ferrous & N-Ferrous 各种金属 1% Fluff/Foam各种细碎杂质及泡沫 Other Plastics其他塑料 & Elect Parts Wires 17% 电线及电子零件4% 1% Wood 木头 Pl ti 其他非塑料杂质 Other Non-Plastics其他非塑料杂质 Oth N Rubber橡胶 3% 1% 3% Fines碎屑 1%PP PVC 3% 1% POM 1% PC-ABS & PC 6% HIPS PE 27% 1% ABS-FR 3% PPO 2% ABS HIPS-FR 24% 2%
  8. 8. Licences/Documents required for Import in China 中国进口需要的许可证及文件 SEPA Import License f i I Li for importing company i (by State Environmental Protection Agency) 进口公司需要进口许可证(由国家环保总局审批) AQSIQ License for Exporter and I Li f E t d Importer t (by Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine) 供货商及收货人注册登记(在国家质检总局注册登记) CCIC Inspection of Imported G d I ti fI t d Goods (China National Import & Export Commodities Inspection Corporation) 进口货物中检证明(中国检验认证集团) Import Duty needs to be paid on imported Plastics Scrap 进口废塑料需要支付进口关税 VAT – Value-Added Tax is levied on assumed value of imported scrap 进口废料按海关定价上征收增值税
  9. 9. Import & Value Add Taxes 进口关税及增值税 Import Duty for plastic scrap 7.6%. 废塑料进口关税税率 7.6% VAT ~ 17% on value of plastic as established by Chinese Customs, currently b C stoms c rrentl set at $450/MT. 增值税税率约为17%,在中国海关对塑料的核 , 定价格上征收,现为美元450/吨 Total f Import & VAT ~ 26% T t l of I t 关税及增值税共计约26%
  10. 10. Export of WEEE Plastics Scrap from Europe 从欧洲出口电子废料 Since July 12th New Directive in Europe (1013/2006) 欧洲从7月12日起执行新的规定(1013/2006) Documentation of all goods (also Greenlisted) 对所有货物进行记录(包括在绿名单内) End-Processing location needs to be identified 要验明最后的处理地点 Documents signed for receipt need to be returned 需要签署收货收条并回传 Particular concern for Hazardous materials 对有害物料非常关注 Numerous plastics cannot be exported to non-OECD 有些塑料不能出口到非经合组织成员国 A3180 废料、物料包含或者被以下物质污染的:多氯联苯 (PCB)、聚氯三联苯 (PCT)、多氯奈 (PCN)、多溴联苯 (PBB)或其他多溴联苯醚类似物,浓度在50毫克/公斤以上的 Many of these texts are ambiguous 很多文件都不是非常明确 很多文件都 是非常明确 A stricter ruling on notifications 实际公布的通知更加严格 Concept of Notifications not valid in China 在中国没有类似的提前通知
  11. 11. Reasons for stricter EU Import/Export Legislation 欧洲进出口法规收紧的原因 To ensure that the environment is protected h h d 确定环境得到保护 Hazardous/contaminated materials are treated properly 危险和污染物料得到适当的处理 Unfair trading practices are avoided 避免不公平的贸易方式 Proper recovery and recycling is promoted 鼓励合理的回收和再生 Focus on Notifications for Non-Green wastes. 关注对非绿名单内废料的通告 All transports should be accompanied by information 提供所有运输过程的信息
  12. 12. China’s Plastics Recyclers 中国的塑料再生 Companies & Population Involved with Plastics Recycling In China is estimated to be: 在中国进行塑料回收再生行业的公司及从业人数估计有: Forty to sixty thousand companies. 4万到6万家公司 More than 90% of them are small home workshops. 超过90%都是小家庭作坊 The population involved with plastics recycling is about ten million! 从事塑料再生行业的人数约有1千万! SOURCE: SOURCE T & T G Group I Inc.; Chi Pl i P China Plastics Processing I d i Industry A Association (CPPIA) Pl i R i i Plastics Recycling C li Committee (PRC) i (PRC). 数据来源:T&T集团;中国塑料加工工业协会废弃塑料再生利用专业委员会
  13. 13. China Recycling Districts – Concentrations 中国再生塑料生产地区-密集型
  14. 14. Low-Tech Sorting & Size Reduction 低技术含量的分类和破碎
  15. 15. Low-Tech Plastics ID & Sink/Float 低技术含量的塑料鉴别和水分选
  16. 16. Low-Tech Blending & Extrusion 低技术含量的混合及挤出
  17. 17. Sales – Plastic Cities 塑料销售城
  18. 18. Concerns with this Approach 对这种塑料再生方式的担忧 What happens with the non-used by-products? 无用的副产品如何处置? Is the recycled material free of hazardous content? 再生材料是否不含危险成份? What is the status regarding worker health & safety? 工人的健康和安全状况如何? Products end up in low-end applications 产出的塑料最终用于低端产品 Products are not fit for use in high-end applications 产出的塑料不适用于高端产品 High-end applications continue to use „virgin material“ 高端产品继续使用“原生材料”
  19. 19. China Government Policy – January 2006 中国政府政策--2006年1月 Pollution Control Technical Standards for Plastics Recycling and Recovering 塑料回收再生中的污染控制标准 The new environmental control standard aims to make the plastics recycling industry more p y g y ‘normative’ 为规范塑料回收再生行业的新的环境控制标准 95% of current small recycling companies, without environment-friendly equipment, will be challenged by this new standard. 95%没有环保设施的小型塑料再生企业将受到新标准 的挑战 SOURCE: T & T Group Inc.; China Plastics Processing Industry Association (CPPIA) Plastics Recycling Committee (PRC). 数据来源:T&T集团;中国塑料加工工业协会废弃塑料再生利用专业委员会
  20. 20. High Tech Recycling can be found in China 中国的高科技塑料再生企业 May I introduce you to MBA Polymers plant in the Pearl River Delta? 请允许我向你介绍位于珠三角的MBA聚合物工厂
  21. 21. The MBA Polymers Site in Guangzhou MBA 聚合物公司设厂于广州 MBA Polymers China location GMP 工厂位置 A joint-venture between JV with: MBA Polymers and Guangzhou Iron & Steel Enterprises Holdings, Ltd. g , 该合资的公司由 MBA聚合物有限公司与广州钢铁企业集团合资 的股份有限公司 Location位于 Guangzhou, China 中国广州 Nansha Development Zone 南沙开发区 Easy access of Guangdong Province and beyond 与广东省内及周边地区交通便利 Capacity 处理能力 40 000 Tons per annum 每年4万吨 Grand Opening 竣工投产 November 2005 2005年11月
  22. 22. MBA Polymers in China focusses on mixed WEEE plastics MBA聚合物在中国的公司主要处理混合的WEEE塑料 De Pollution De-Pollution Ferrous-Metals 除去污染物和杂质 含铁金属 Shredder破碎机 Size reduction, liberation Non-Ferrous-Metals and separation d i 破碎、分离、分选 有色金属 Non-FE Separations Smelters熔炉 Separate Non- Plastic Items 分离非塑料成分 Further S F th Separation Plastic/non-Plastic ti Pl ti / Pl ti 进一步分离塑料及非塑料成分 Mixed Plastic Rich E-Waste 塑料废料
  23. 23. Goods-In, Analysis & Pre-processing 货物入仓,分析和预处理 Sourcing & Goods-In 采购和货物入仓 • Material Handling 原材料堆放入仓 • Assaying 检验 • Material Analysis 分析原料 Pre-Processing 预处理 • Taking out remaining metals 去除残存金属 • Cleaning material of minerals (glass, stones, dust) 从原料中去除杂质等物质(玻璃、石头、灰尘) • Eliminating organic fractions such as wood and rubber 除去木头和橡胶 Size reduction to a standard particle size 颗粒细化至合适标准 Conveying plastic material into high tech separations 将塑料原料传送到高科技分离器
  24. 24. High Tech Separations & Extrusion/Compounding 高科技分离、挤出和混合 Cleaning plastics 清洗塑料 High-Tech High Tech Separations 高科技分离 • Obtaining ABS and PS 分离出ABS和PS • In three grades 分成三个级别 • Injection Moulding 注塑级 • Extrusion 挤出级 • General Purpose 通用级 High quality extrusion and compounding 高质量挤出和改性 • RoHS compliant products 达到RoHS标准的产品
  25. 25. Laboratory for detailled process control 实验室用于严格控制生产过程 Incoming Material Analysis 来料分析 • Yield & contaminations 产成率预测及杂质含量 Process Control 生产控制 • Numerous checkpoints 多个检查点 • In-time feed-back cycles 实时反馈 • Purity control final products 产成品的纯度控制 Final products Quality Control 产成品质量控制 • Each big bag is quality controlled 每个大袋都控制质量 • MFI, MFI Izod and Tensile Strength 控制熔指、冲击及拉伸强度
  26. 26. High Tech Applications for End-Products 最终应用在高科技产品上 100% Post Consumer Plastic! Post-Consumer 100% 再生塑料原料
  27. 27. Summary 总结 China continues to be THE destination for a large portion of the world’s plastic scrap. 中国将继续成为全球大部分废弃塑料的目的地 Government policy will act to deter illegal and/or environmental unfriendly practices, but difficult to predict how effective this will be 政府将会制定相应政策来阻止行业中非法或不环保的操作方式,但收效 很难预测 Increased interest in auditing and traceability for plastic scrap sent to China 对运往中国的废旧塑之审计及追溯的关注日益增加 It becomes increasingly difficult to conform to EU and Chinese import/export legislation for trading organisations supplying small recycling operations. 对于回收再生塑料的小型贸易组织,按照中国及欧盟的进出口法令进行 运营将越来越困难。
  28. 28. MBA Polymers is a good „home“ for your WEEE plastics......thank you 从供应链到供应环…谢谢