from Supply Chain to Supply Cycle



                                    Chris Slijkhuis
                                 ...
What is necessary to produce 1 ton of plastics?

                 approx. 900 liter crude oil


                          ...
Agenda Presentation Speed Chain 2009



 Reverse L i ti i El t i
 R       Logistics in Electronics

 De Pollution, Ferrous...
Forward & Reverse Logistics

 Producers in forward flow                       Users in forward flow
 (users in reverse flo...
Reverse Logistics – from Supply Chain to Supply Cycle
                           Raw Materials                            ...
End-of-Life Legislation

 Directive on Waste Electrical and
   Electronic Equipment (WEEE)
               q p       (     ...
WEEE Directive – Reduction electronic waste

   Encompasses all Electrical & Electronic Appliances

   Many Similarities w...
Agenda Presentation Speed Chain 2009



 Reverse L i ti i El t i
 R       Logistics in Electronics

 De Pollution, Ferrous...
Global End-of-Life Material Return Growing




 Millions of tons of durable goods are shredded every year to liberate
    ...
The E-Waste Supply Cycle focussing on plastics

 De-Pollution

 Shredder               Ferrous-Metals
                    ...
De-Pollution

    Taking out
•     Hazardous components

•     Big Condensators

•     Printed Circuit Boards

•     Batte...
Shredding & Ferrous Recycling

    Shredding Process
•     “Cut” materials into pieces

•     Shredders can be small to 60...
Non-Ferrous Metals – Size Reduction & Air Tables
       Some examples of using physical properties of the
       materials...
Non-Ferrous Metals Separation - Smelting
    Using physical properties of the materials to Separate:
•     Size

•     Den...
Agenda Presentation Speed Chain 2009



 Reverse L i ti i El t i
 R       Logistics in Electronics

 De Pollution, Ferrous...
Options for Plastics-Rich Streams after Recycling
   Landfilling:
      df ll
banned in some countries, costs increasing, ...
Plastics Rich Material Quantity Growing




And tens of millions of tons of plastic-rich shredder residue that is mostly
 ...
The Raw Materials
The Raw Materials
The avg. composition of the Sourcing Material EU

                                     Ferrous & N-Ferrous
               ...
May I invite you to one of our plants?
A joint-venture between
MBA Polymers and
Müller-Gutenbrunn
Müller Gutenbrunn
Locati...
Goods-In, Analysis & Pre-processing
    Sourcing & Goods In
               Goods-In
•     Material Handling

•     Assayin...
High Tech Separations & Extrusion/Compounding

    Cleaning plastics
•     Closed circuit water treatment

    High-Tech S...
Laboratory services 24/24 hours
    Incoming Material Analysis
•     Yield & contaminations

    Process Control
•     Num...
Why a High-Tech Global Footprint.......

Electronics OEM’s are Global and they demand:
   • Global Supply of Plastics
   •...
Global Footprint to produce „Green Plastics“




                             England
                California          ...
The Challenges........

Rapidly changing environment
• Legislation WEEE, RoHS, REACH, Waste Transport
  Directives
• The i...
Products – ABS, PS, PP as pellets & compounds
Stable Properties with MBA Polymers’ Resins

                              10,0
  MF (200°C/5k in [g/10min]




          ...
Some examples of recent green products
Europe - Electrolux



  “Made with 55% recycled plastic, the Ultra 
   Silencer Gr...
The World Economic Forum recognized MBA Polymers

                         Technology Pioneer 2006


                     ...
Thank you.
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From Supply Chain To Supply Cycle

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MBA Polymers produces tech plastics from shredded E-Waste

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From Supply Chain To Supply Cycle

  1. 1. from Supply Chain to Supply Cycle Chris Slijkhuis Ch i Slijkh i Director Sourcing and Logistics
  2. 2. What is necessary to produce 1 ton of plastics? approx. 900 liter crude oil approx. 2 tons e-waste approx. 14.000 kWh approx. 950 kWh pp OR <10% of the energy consumption gy p 2-3 kg reduction of CO2 emissions per kg of recycled plastic
  3. 3. Agenda Presentation Speed Chain 2009 Reverse L i ti i El t i R Logistics in Electronics De Pollution, Ferrous/Non-Ferrous De-Pollution Ferrous/Non Ferrous Metal Separation Tech Plastics meet their Re-Maker Converting the Supply Chain into a Supply Cycle g pp y pp y y
  4. 4. Forward & Reverse Logistics Producers in forward flow Users in forward flow (users in reverse flow) (producers in reverse flow) Raw Distributors Households & Institutions h ld Materials Manufacturer Wholesale Producer Retail Reverse Different Intermediaries Manufacturer Rest fraction Recyclers = waste Reverse Flow New Markets Forward Flow The Th new „Reverse R Industry“
  5. 5. Reverse Logistics – from Supply Chain to Supply Cycle Raw Materials New Components Build Returns logistics: Certified Closed Loop Certified Deliver Reprocessing Recycling Reprocessing • Product repair Return to Suppliers Sort/Inspect Customer Usage • Product upgrades Third Party Recycling Remove • End Of Life Take back End-Of-Life Materials for Recycling Dismantle Alternative Uses Disposal Goal Zero Landfill Recovery, Re-Manufacture Recovery Re Manufacture and Recycling • Asset recovery • Re-Manufacture • Recycling • Liquidation management q g
  6. 6. End-of-Life Legislation Directive on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) q p ( ) Waste Electric and Electronics 1998 6 Mio Tonnes (4 %) Growth of waste flow 3 times average municipal waste Back in 1998 90 % of WEEE was landfilled or incinerated Special problem the hazardous content Therefore 2 Directives: WEEE (reduction of electro-waste) & ( ) RoHS (restriction of hazardous substances in electronics)
  7. 7. WEEE Directive – Reduction electronic waste Encompasses all Electrical & Electronic Appliances Many Similarities with Packaging Waste Directive (1992) • Source Reduction (specifically hazardous substances) • Re-Use • Recycling • Incineration (thermal recovery) • Management of Restwaste Consumers can Return without Costs Targetted 4 kgs Waste per Inhabitant/Year (2005) OEM Producers bear costs (to be included in Salesprice)
  8. 8. Agenda Presentation Speed Chain 2009 Reverse L i ti i El t i R Logistics in Electronics De Pollution, Ferrous/Non-Ferrous De-Pollution Ferrous/Non Ferrous Metal Separation Tech Plastics meet their Re-Maker Converting the Supply Chain into a Supply Cycle g pp y pp y y
  9. 9. Global End-of-Life Material Return Growing Millions of tons of durable goods are shredded every year to liberate and recover th f d the ferrous and nonferrous metals d f t l
  10. 10. The E-Waste Supply Cycle focussing on plastics De-Pollution Shredder Ferrous-Metals Size d i Si reduction, liberation and Non-FE Non-Ferrous-Metals separation Separations Smelters S lt Separate Non- Plastic Items Further Separation Plastic/non-Plastic Mixed Plastic Rich E-Waste
  11. 11. De-Pollution Taking out • Hazardous components • Big Condensators • Printed Circuit Boards • Batteries • In li I line with WEEE l ith laws Recovering valuable components Taking out fractions that disturb further separations
  12. 12. Shredding & Ferrous Recycling Shredding Process • “Cut” materials into pieces • Shredders can be small to 6000 HP Magnetic Ferrous Seperations • Taking out FE-Metals FE Metals The Shredder Residue is raw material
  13. 13. Non-Ferrous Metals – Size Reduction & Air Tables Some examples of using physical properties of the materials to Separate: • Size • Density • Induction • Colour • Surface to weight ratio’s
  14. 14. Non-Ferrous Metals Separation - Smelting Using physical properties of the materials to Separate: • Size • Density • Induction • Colour • Surface to volume ratio’s Smelting to concentrate and refine non-ferrous metals • Copper • Aluminium • Precious Metals (Gold, Silver, P l di ) P i M t l (G ld Sil Paladium)
  15. 15. Agenda Presentation Speed Chain 2009 Reverse L i ti i El t i R Logistics in Electronics De Pollution, Ferrous/Non-Ferrous De-Pollution Ferrous/Non Ferrous Metal Separation Tech Plastics meet their Re-Maker Converting the Supply Chain into a Supply Cycle g pp y pp y y
  16. 16. Options for Plastics-Rich Streams after Recycling Landfilling: df ll banned in some countries, costs increasing, questions about pollution, lose important raw material Incineration: (in many forms) costly and becoming more-so, questions about air pollution, capacity issues lose important raw material issues, Sell to brokers or directly to third world recyclers: might not be legal in some countries depending on material make-up rules always make-up, changing, some brokers come and go, does recycler adhere to acceptable environmental standards? What happens to byproducts? Recycling in line with the European Standards: large customers require a more reliable and dependable solution, customers for these plastics can p p push feedstock to e-cycle suppliers, but need large volumes and y pp , g ideally global presence to do this successfully.
  17. 17. Plastics Rich Material Quantity Growing And tens of millions of tons of plastic-rich shredder residue that is mostly incinerated or land-filled
  18. 18. The Raw Materials
  19. 19. The Raw Materials
  20. 20. The avg. composition of the Sourcing Material EU Ferrous & N-Ferrous 1% Fluff/Foam Other Plastics Wires & Elect Parts 17% 4% 1% Wood Other Non-Plastics Non Plastics Rubber 3% 1% 3% Fines 1%PP PVC 3% 1% POM 1% PC-ABS & PC 6% HIPS PE 27% 1% ABS-FR 3% PPO 2% ABS HIPS-FR 24% 2%
  21. 21. May I invite you to one of our plants? A joint-venture between MBA Polymers and Müller-Gutenbrunn Müller Gutenbrunn Location Kematen an der Ybbs Danube vincinity Direct Rail-Connection (2007) Near A1 Motorway Easy access Western/ Eastern Europe Capacity 40 000 Tonnes per annum
  22. 22. Goods-In, Analysis & Pre-processing Sourcing & Goods In Goods-In • Material Handling • Assaying • Material Analysis Pre-Processing • Taking out remaining metals • Cleaning material of minerals (glass, stones, dust) • Eliminating organic fractions such as wood and rubber g g Size reduction to a standard particle size Conveying plastic material into high tech seperations l l h h h
  23. 23. High Tech Separations & Extrusion/Compounding Cleaning plastics • Closed circuit water treatment High-Tech Seperations • Obtaining ABS and PS • In three grades • Injection Moulding • Extrusion • General Purpose High quality extrusion and compounding • RoHS compliant products
  24. 24. Laboratory services 24/24 hours Incoming Material Analysis • Yield & contaminations Process Control • Numerous checkpoints • In-time feed-back cycles • Purity P it control fi l products t l final d t Final products Quality Control • Each big bag is quality controlled • MFI, Izod and Tensile Strength
  25. 25. Why a High-Tech Global Footprint....... Electronics OEM’s are Global and they demand: • Global Supply of Plastics • Virgin like quality of the tech plastics the use Virgin-like q alit they se • Large, dependable and consistent volumes • Consistent technical specifications • A global answer to their Waste Plastics • Reliable service levels to become designed in in........
  26. 26. Global Footprint to produce „Green Plastics“ England California Austria Guangzhou
  27. 27. The Challenges........ Rapidly changing environment • Legislation WEEE, RoHS, REACH, Waste Transport Directives • The interpretation changes continuously • Import/export rules continue to change Post-consumer E-waste relatively “new” Complex waste streams • Different types of plastics • Different grades Developing a Global footprint
  28. 28. Products – ABS, PS, PP as pellets & compounds
  29. 29. Stable Properties with MBA Polymers’ Resins 10,0 MF (200°C/5k in [g/10min] 9,0 90 MFR Analysis Type MBA PS 3 30 a ys s ype S 3130 8,0 kg) 7,0 6,0 FR 5,0 4,0 40 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Samples
  30. 30. Some examples of recent green products Europe - Electrolux “Made with 55% recycled plastic, the Ultra  Silencer Green from Electrolux is the most  energy‐efficient cleaner on the market. Its  new, high‐efficiency motor reduces the Ultra  Silencer’s energy consumption by 33%  compared to a standard 2,000 watt vacuum  cleaner. Because Ultra Silencer Green is made  out of recycled materials, it is only available  in black, as this color allows to achieve the  best looking finish and quality when using  recycled materials. To signify Eco friendliness  of the Green vacuum cleaner, Electrolux  designers added signature elements of green  on the graphics and buttons.” SOURCE: Electrolux Pressrelease
  31. 31. The World Economic Forum recognized MBA Polymers Technology Pioneer 2006 The criteria for becoming this WEF recognition as Tech Pioneer are: Innovation Potential Impact Proof of Concept Growth and Sustainability Leadership L d hi Status
  32. 32. Thank you.

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