Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Types of persuasive_claims

32,081
views

Published on

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
32,081
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Types of persuasive claimsSLCCFairview High School
  • 2. There are four general types ofpersuasive claims• Claims of value• Claims of fact• Claims of policy• Cause/effect claims• And the type of claim you are making will drive the type of evidence you provide to support it.
  • 3. Claims of value• Example o Kurt Vonnegut is the best modern satirist.• Evidence necessary o Your criteria for determining your value judgment and analysis of less worthy examples.  Criteria for determining a great satirist.  Who are others? How do they not meet the criteria.
  • 4. Claims of fact• Example o Women are naturally more nurturing.• Argue it as a fact even though it may not be a fact. o Not a claim:  Smoking is bad for your health.  That’s not a debatable “fact.”• Evidence necessary o Credible evidence—facts, data, statistics, etc.  Use scientific evidence that babies are more soothed by mothers.  Surveys show that older adults see mothers as more nurturing.
  • 5. Claims of policy• Example o Smoking should be banned in all public buildings.• Evidence necessary o Show all the reasons why your policy claim needs to be followed.  Demonstrate that smoking is unhealthy.  Demonstrate the dangers in particular of second- hand smoking.  Something about the role/rights of public buildings.  Why specifically in ALL public buildings.
  • 6. Cause/effect claims• Example o Because the flu shot contains thimerisol, no pregnant women should be given the flu shot.• Evidence necessary o Make the link between the cause and effect clear.  Evidence about thimerisol and its dangerous side effects to mother and fetus.
  • 7. The boundaries between these claimsare fluid; they can overlap• Fact and value o Arguing as fact and placing a value judgment on it. o Boxing is a dehumanizing sport.• Cause/effect and policy o Because this causes that, this other step needs to be taken. o E.g., Because of the dangers of thimerisol on pregnant women and fetuses, flu shots for pregnant women should not contain thimerisol.
  • 8. Think about your own work:• Write down your thesis.• What type of claim are you making with your research paper thesis? o Value o Fact o Policy o Cause/effect o Some combination• And what kind of evidence then should you be collecting?