Kola Nut, Palm Wine And Alligator Pepper

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  • 1.
    • Kola Nut
    • Kola nut has a bitter flavor and caffeine and is chewed in many West African cultures, individually or in a group setting. It is often used ceremonially, presented to tribal chiefs or presented to guests.
    • Chewing kola nut can ease hunger pangs. Frequent chewing can also lead to stained teeth.
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • Kola was originally used to make cola soft drinks, though today most of these mass-produced beverages use artificial flavorings.
    • Kola is also grown in Indonesia, Brazil, Jamaica and elsewhere in the tropics as a food item.
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  • 7.
    • http://www.africanevents.com/AnusionwuThanksgivingParty05.htm
  • 8. Palm Wine!
    • Palm wine, also called palm toddy or simply toddy, is an alcoholic beverage created from the sap of various species of palm tree.
    • The drink is common in parts of Africa and South India.
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • The sap is collected by a tapper. Typically the sap is collected from the cut flower of the tree. A container, often a gourd or bottle is fastened to the flower stump to collect the sap.
    • The initial white liquid that is collected tends to be very sweet and is not alcoholic.
    • In some areas, the entire palm tree is felled and the crown exposed to collect the sap. When this method is used, a fire is lit at the root end of the tree to quicken collection of sap.
  • 11.
    • Palm sap begins fermenting immediately after collection due to natural yeasts in the air (this is often spurred by residual yeast left in the collecting container).
    • Within two hours , fermentation yields an aromatic wine of up to 4% alcohol content, mildly intoxicating and sweet.
    • The wine may be allowed to ferment longer, up to a day, to yield a stronger, more sour and acidic taste, which some people prefer. Longer fermentation produces vinegar instead of stronger wine.
  • 12.
    • In Africa, the sap used to create palm wine is most often taken from wild date palms such as the Silver date palm, the palmyra (at right), and the Jaggery palm.
  • 13.  
  • 14.
    • Alligator Pepper
    • A tropical perennial growing up to 5' tall. The seeds are almost oval in shape, hard, shiny, and reddish-brown in color.
  • 15. Alligator Pepper!
    • Originally from West Africa; brought over to U.S. by the slaves.
    • The numerous seeds are in grayish - brown capsules.
    • The important part of this plant is the seed; the small reddish - brown seeds have a pungent aroma with a pepper - like heat.
    • This spice is has many flavors likened to hazelnut, butter and citrus.
  • 16.
    • The kola nut, like the coffee berry and tea leaf, appears to have ancient origins. It is chewed in many West African cultures, individually or in a social setting, to restore vitality and ease hunger pangs.
    • In 1911, kola became the focus of one of the earliest documented health scares when the US government seized 40 barrels and 20 kegs of Coca-Cola syrup in Chattanooga, Tennessee, alleging that the caffeine in its drink was "injurious to health".
    • On March 13, 1911, the government initiated The United States vs. Forty Barrels and Twenty Kegs of Coca-Cola, hoping to force Coca-Cola to remove caffeine from its formula by making exaggerated claims, such as that the excessive use of Coca-Cola at one girls' school led to "wild nocturnal freaks, violations of college rules and female proprieties, and even immoralities."
    • Although the judge ruled in favor of Coca-Cola, two bills were introduced to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1912 to amend the Pure Food and Drug Act, adding caffeine to the list of "habit-forming" and "deleterious" substances which must be listed on a product's label.