Chrissi Nerantzi
PhD student, Edinburgh Napier
University
Academic Developer
ManchesterMetropolitan
University
@chrissiner...
borrowed from a
presentation by
Prof. Grainne Conole
http://www.mergerdata.net/wiki/images/thumb/5/5e/EU_Map.png/500px-EU_Map.png
by 2020 all teachers in HE to
hold a teaching qualification!
quality teaching
initial and continuous
professional developm...
How about a
map for non-
MOOC open
educational
offers?
Professional Development of Teachers in HE
Teaching qualifications, Professional recognition, MA, EdD, PhD, informal CPD
open-& join-up cross-institutional approaches
collaborative learning
aim of my PhD research
to develop a flexible collaborative
learning framework for open
cross-institutional Academic
Develo...
Phenomenography
“to describe and analyse individuals’
experiences as they are lived in a relatively
limited number of qual...
multiple-case study approach
to allow the study of related activities, features
and experiences in different natural setti...
http://globaldimensionsinhe.wordpress.com/
http://fdol.wordpress.com/
3 cases
?
Data collection instruments
main: semi-structured
phenomenographical interviews
secondary: initial & final survey
instrume...
Help!!!
“we cannot specify exact techniques for
phenomenographical research. “
(Marton, 1986, 42)
Data analysis in phenomenography
“The process is tedious, time consuming, labor-
intensive, and interactive. It entails th...
Mon 03/03/2014 21:33
To:Nerantzi, Chrissi;
Dear Chrissi,
The text is horrible - was I really so bad?
I wonder if you used ...
Epoche or Bracketing (Husserl, 1973)
- Known facts, theories and findings distort the life
world under investigation > to ...
so far...
•started writing thesis
(focus on Academic
Development,
methodology)
•capturing details of
case 1
•data collecti...
case 1: Sep – Dec 13
Collaborative learning in FDOL132
Nerantzi, Uhlin & Kvarnström, 2013
COOL FISh
(simplified PBL model)
Step 1: Focus
What do we see?
How do we understand what we see?
What do we need to find o...
• Open cross-disciplinary professional development course for teachers in HE
• Developed and organised by Academic Develop...
Findings: initial survey
17 out of 19 completed the survey
Countries: UK 37%, Sweden 37%, other 26%
Age range: 35-54 82%
G...
Findings: final survey
Final survey: 11 out of 19 completed
the survey
Mode of participation
Group member 91%
Autonomous l...
Preliminary observations
features important for learning
before and after (using survey instruments)
what participants
val...
45 h
transcribing
292:57 mins
audio
37,274
words
7
interviews
Case 1
a big wave
http://users.atw.hu/aranykor/kepek/termeszet/3/nkep/hullam.jpg
Ahh. Panic. Panic. frustrated, confused, overwhelmed
http://fc08.deviantart.net/fs71/f/2012/099/b/f/crazy_chick_by_billiej...
chaos
http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3363/3199296759_ddd80115e5_o.jpg
it all hits you at once
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/AC-130A_pylon_turn.jpg
[laughter]
http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2453/3599597595_4542f11554_o.jpg
interviews voices
preliminary findings
•Motivations: to be a student, CPD, PBL, TEL to enhance own practice
•Overwhelmed a...
• continue working on
the literature review
(collaborative
learning, open
learning)
• methodology
• data analysis
• case 2...
References
Ashworth, P. & Lucas, U. (1998) What is the ‘World’ of Phenomenography?, in: Scandinavian Journal of
Educationa...
Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework
for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses
at postgr...
Developing a flexible collaborative
learning framework
for open cross-institutional Academic
Development courses
at postgr...
Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework
for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses
at postgr...
PGR Conference Edinburgh Napier: PhD year 1: my first baby steps by Chrissi Nerantzi
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PGR Conference Edinburgh Napier: PhD year 1: my first baby steps by Chrissi Nerantzi

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Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses
at postgraduate level

Postgraduate Research Conference, Edinburgh Napier University 3 April 2014

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PGR Conference Edinburgh Napier: PhD year 1: my first baby steps by Chrissi Nerantzi

  1. 1. Chrissi Nerantzi PhD student, Edinburgh Napier University Academic Developer ManchesterMetropolitan University @chrissinerantzi Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level Postgraduate Research Conference, Edinburgh Napier University 3 April 2014 year 1: my first baby steps image source: http://www.boba.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Boba.BabyFeetWalking.jpg
  2. 2. borrowed from a presentation by Prof. Grainne Conole
  3. 3. http://www.mergerdata.net/wiki/images/thumb/5/5e/EU_Map.png/500px-EU_Map.png
  4. 4. by 2020 all teachers in HE to hold a teaching qualification! quality teaching initial and continuous professional development opportunities to grow as teachers cross-institutional, cross- cultural programmes authentic, collaborative development opportunities, learning communities call to open-up and join- up provisions towards open educational practice EU’s role: discussion shift culture support http://ec.europa.eu/education/higher-education/doc/modernisation_en.pdf
  5. 5. How about a map for non- MOOC open educational offers?
  6. 6. Professional Development of Teachers in HE Teaching qualifications, Professional recognition, MA, EdD, PhD, informal CPD
  7. 7. open-& join-up cross-institutional approaches
  8. 8. collaborative learning
  9. 9. aim of my PhD research to develop a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level
  10. 10. Phenomenography “to describe and analyse individuals’ experiences as they are lived in a relatively limited number of qualitatively different ways” (Marton, 1981, 181)
  11. 11. multiple-case study approach to allow the study of related activities, features and experiences in different natural settings to analyse in depth the individual and collective experience from three specific cases and help to answer the research questions. (Stake, 1995)
  12. 12. http://globaldimensionsinhe.wordpress.com/ http://fdol.wordpress.com/ 3 cases ?
  13. 13. Data collection instruments main: semi-structured phenomenographical interviews secondary: initial & final survey instruments
  14. 14. Help!!! “we cannot specify exact techniques for phenomenographical research. “ (Marton, 1986, 42)
  15. 15. Data analysis in phenomenography “The process is tedious, time consuming, labor- intensive, and interactive. It entails the continual sorting and resorting of data. Definitions for categories are tested against the data, adjusted, retested, and adjusted again. There is, however, a decreasing rate of change, and eventually the whole system of meanings is stabilized.” (Marton, 1986, 43)
  16. 16. Mon 03/03/2014 21:33 To:Nerantzi, Chrissi; Dear Chrissi, The text is horrible - was I really so bad? I wonder if you used a software for automatic transcription? The software appears to have flaws which can be critical if the texts are the basis for your scientific work. No idea how you will analyse the texts phenomenographically - but I am only a physician. Maybe Martin Heidegger and Edmund Husserl will help you? Good luck and best regards FDOL132 participant
  17. 17. Epoche or Bracketing (Husserl, 1973) - Known facts, theories and findings distort the life world under investigation > to be EXCLUDED - External validity is irrelevant > researcher should take NO position Data collection a process of discovery that emerges through the data itself (Ashworth & Lucas, 1998)
  18. 18. so far... •started writing thesis (focus on Academic Development, methodology) •capturing details of case 1 •data collection case 1 (FDOL132) completed – collaborative learning based on Problem- Based Learning (PBL)
  19. 19. case 1: Sep – Dec 13
  20. 20. Collaborative learning in FDOL132 Nerantzi, Uhlin & Kvarnström, 2013
  21. 21. COOL FISh (simplified PBL model) Step 1: Focus What do we see? How do we understand what we see? What do we need to find out more about? Specify learning issues/intended learning outcomes Step 2: Investigate How and where are we/am I going to find answers? Who will do what and by when? What main findings and solutions do we/I propose? Step 3: Share How are we going to present our findings within the group? What do we want to share with the FDOL community? How can we provide feedback to another group? What reflections do I have about my learning and our group work? Nerantzi & Uhlin, 2012
  22. 22. • Open cross-disciplinary professional development course for teachers in HE • Developed and organised by Academic Developers in the UK and Sweden • Developed using freely available social media • Offered from September – December 2013 • Pedagogical design: simplified Problem-Based Learning Nubers • Registered: 107 • FDOL132 community in G+ : 72 • Signed up for PBL groups: 31 • PBL groups: initially 8-9 in each x 4 > then 3 (group 2: 6, / group 3: 5 / group 4: 6) • PBL facilitators: 4 • Participants in webinars: 10-25 • Participants known to have completed: 13 (14%) all from groups (31 in groups then 42%) •Countries • UK - 66 • Sweden – 17 • Canada – 4 • Ireland – 2 • also participants from: Hongkong, Argentina, Greenland, Switzerland, New Zeeland, Slovenia, Belgium, New Zealand, Norway FDOL132 participants in study 19
  23. 23. Findings: initial survey 17 out of 19 completed the survey Countries: UK 37%, Sweden 37%, other 26% Age range: 35-54 82% Gender: 35% male, 65% female Qualifications: 53% Doctoral qualification, 35% Postgraduate qualification, 12% undergraduate qualification •All employed ( 88% HE and 12%Public Sector) •Participated in online courses before 88 % •Participated in an open online course before 47% Learning values to be an open learner To connect with others To collaborate To be supported by a facilitator Application to practice Prior experience Working in groups 77% Problem-Based Learning 30% Online collaboration 38% Social media in a professional capacity 50%
  24. 24. Findings: final survey Final survey: 11 out of 19 completed the survey Mode of participation Group member 91% Autonomous learner 9% Study hours per week 55% 3 h, 27% 5h, 18% over 5 Main reason for not participating in a specific aspect of the course: TIME Learning values •Structured course •Variety of synchronous & asynchronous engagement opportunities •Flexibility •Resources •Communication •Feedback from facilitators, peer and others •Recognition for study •Group work > participation was often a struggle Personal Learning goals achieved 100% Learning goals •Technologies for learning •Problem-based Learning •Learning in groups •Open learning •Open course design Facilitation (satisfaction) Support 100% Participation in online discussions 100% Provision of regular feedback 64%
  25. 25. Preliminary observations features important for learning before and after (using survey instruments) what participants valued for their learning initial survey final survey group work 100% 74% feedback 61% 97% recognition for study 47% 94% independent study 100% 100% facilitator support 100% 100%
  26. 26. 45 h transcribing 292:57 mins audio 37,274 words 7 interviews Case 1
  27. 27. a big wave http://users.atw.hu/aranykor/kepek/termeszet/3/nkep/hullam.jpg
  28. 28. Ahh. Panic. Panic. frustrated, confused, overwhelmed http://fc08.deviantart.net/fs71/f/2012/099/b/f/crazy_chick_by_billiejett-d4viqcr.jpg
  29. 29. chaos http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3363/3199296759_ddd80115e5_o.jpg
  30. 30. it all hits you at once http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/31/AC-130A_pylon_turn.jpg
  31. 31. [laughter] http://farm3.staticflickr.com/2453/3599597595_4542f11554_o.jpg
  32. 32. interviews voices preliminary findings •Motivations: to be a student, CPD, PBL, TEL to enhance own practice •Overwhelmed at the start •Valued group work but found very challenging – learning in a microcosmos made experience personal •Valued working with colleagues from different disciplines/countries – language barriers, different levels of commitment, time •Smaller groups worked better, learning from and with others valued •Time was a massive challenge •Seeing the other person made collaboration real (hangouts, webinars – also a challenge to participate) •Individuals working towards credits more motivated, but also seemed to motivate other group members •Tensions for learners working towards credits: assessment tasks separated from group tasks. Course assessment was prioritised. This meant less time for group work. Quality of output perceived as poor. Too much focus on output. •Active participation, facilitators’ presence and active engagement and interaction with individuals made a difference •Valuable and positive experience overall, learning and development, examples of application to practice
  33. 33. • continue working on the literature review (collaborative learning, open learning) • methodology • data analysis • case 2 (Global Dimensions in HE) • identify case 3
  34. 34. References Ashworth, P. & Lucas, U. (1998) What is the ‘World’ of Phenomenography?, in: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 42: 4, pp. 415-431. European Commission (2013) High Level Group on the Modernisation of Higher Education. Report to the European Commission on Improving the quality of teaching and learning in Europe’s higher education institutions, European Union, available at http://ec.europa.eu/education/higher- education/doc/modernisation_en.pdf [accessed 20 February 2014] Marton, F. (1986) Phenomenography – A Research Approach to Investigating Different Understandngs of Reality, in: Journal of Thought. Fall 1986, 21, 3, Periodicals Archive Online, pp. 28-49. Marton, F. (1994) Phenomenography as a Research Approach, Husen, T. and Postlethwaite, N. (2nd ed) The International Encyclopedia of Education, Vol. 8, Pergamon, pp. 4424-4429, available athttp://www.ped.gu.se/biorn/phgraph/civil/main/1res.appr.html [accessed 3 Jan 2014]. Stake, R. E. (1995) The Art of Case Study Research. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
  35. 35. Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level Chrissi Nerantzi PhD student, Edinburgh Napier University Academic Developer ManchesterMetropolitan University @chrissinerantzi the journey continues... Year 2: turning into a toddler ccGeeHock,imagesource: https://farm5.staticflickr.com/4093/4741884552_be5c88e6b9_z.jpg
  36. 36. Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level Chrissi Nerantzi PhDstudent, Edinburgh NapierUniversity Academic Developer ManchesterMetropolitan University @chrissinerantzi Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level Chrissi Nerantzi PhDstudent, Edinburgh NapierUniversity Academic Developer ManchesterMetropolitan University @chrissinerantzi Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level Chrissi Nerantzi PhD student, Edinburgh NapierUniversity Academic Developer ManchesterMetropolitan University @chrissinerantzi Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level Chrissi Nerantzi PhDstudent, Edinburgh NapierUniversity Academic Developer ManchesterMetropolitan University @chrissinerantzi Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level
  37. 37. Developing a flexible collaborative learning framework for open cross-institutional Academic Development courses at postgraduate level Chrissi Nerantzi PhD student, Edinburgh NapierUniversity Academic Developer ManchesterMetropolitan University @chrissinerantzi multiple-case study phenomenography chaos big wave laughter year 1: my first baby steps Year 2: turning into a toddler image source: http://www.boba.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Boba.BabyFeetWalking.jpg
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