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Melanie Dees; Soutenance

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    • 1. The washback effect of replacingthe TOEFL test with EAP classes Melanie Dees Jennifer ROOTS-BUCK UE84 : Stage Université
de
Nantes
–
Centre
Interna0onal
de
Langues M1
Didac0ques
des
Langues 2010
‐
2011
    • 2. Plan•Sujet•Contexte•Cadre théorique•Hypothèse•Résultats de la recherche effectuée•Conclusion
    • 3. Cadre théorique• Washback• EAP• ACTFL• Face Validity
    • 4. Hypothèses• À la place du TOEFL, le programme ESLI à lUniversité dÉtat McNeese crée un « washback » positif dans la salle de classe. Ce programme devient ainsi un dispositif plus pertinent quant à la préparation et à la réussite des étudiants dans le cadre d’un parcours universitaire.• La substitution du TOEFL par un autre mode d’évaluation permet de se focaliser sur le processus d’acquisition de langue seconde plutôt que sur les différents types d’évaluations.
    • 5. Les quatre facteurs•Les professeurs•L’école•Les ressources•L’examen
    • 6. Conclusion•Auto-évaluation•Auditeur libre•Implications
    • 7. CHANGES TO THE TOEFL:IN 2005 ETS MADE SEVERAL CHANGES TO THE TEST WITH THE GOAL OF MAKING THETOEFL A MORE ACCURATE GAUGE OF THE ENGLISH SKILLS NEEDED FOR ACADEMICSUCCESS. THE TEST MATERIAL HAS A MORE ACADEMIC CONTEXT AND IS DESIGNED TO• The structure of the TOEFL now tests two "inputs", reading and listening, and two "outputs", writing and speaking. •After reading a passage, students: ◦ Write their answers, including short written answers and multiple choice ◦ Speak their answers into a recorder •After listening to a passage, students: ◦ Write their answers, including short written answers and multiple choice ◦ Speak their answers into a recorder
    • 8. Previous Generation TOEFL IBT TOEFLListening Time: 40-60 minutes Time: 60-90 minutesSection Answer questions after Listening passages will be longer and mimic more natural speech listening to dialogues, short patterns, including pauses, corrections, and grammatical errors conversations and lectures Other native English accents (i.e. not North American) will be included .Reading Time: 60-100 minutes Time: 70-90 minutesSection Answer questions after reading Reading pa ssages will be longer and more academic in nature to academic texts better reflect college reading a ssignments . Students will have access to a glossary to explain key words.Structure Stand-alone section that tests There is no stand-alone grammar section. Grammar skills will beSection grammar tested in the Speaking and Writing sections of the tes t .Writing One 30-minute essa y Time: 50 minutesSection One 30-minute essay (support your opinion on a topi c ) One 20-minute essay (write based on something you read and hea r )Speaking Not tested Time: 20 minutesSection Six open-ended speaking questions require test takers to speak into a microphone . You have up to 30 seconds to prepare, and up to one minute to respond .Integrated Not tested Some sections of the new test will combine four basic communicationLanguage skills. For example, a test taker might listen to a lecture and read aSkills passage, then write or speak about it.Note- Not permit t e d Permitted throughout the tes tTakingScoring 0-300 1-120 (30 per section ) Human graders for essay Human graders for essay and speaking sections . Online score reporting allows students to view their scores 15 business days after the tes t . Princeton Review, http://www.princetonreview.com.tw/toefl/old-vs-new-toefl.htm Date de la dernière accés 6-1-11