WHAT IS GALRI?GALRI is a joint venture association of San Francisco Bay Area architectswho have been working in Haiti since January of 2010 in collaboration withHaitian professionals and citizens.The name GALRI comes from the Kreyol work for veranda or porch, thatessential Haitian place that mediates between the private interior and thepublic community life.We are focused on cultural connection and environmental sustainability asvital sparks in regeneration and redevelopment.
GALRI PROVIDES: TOWN & SITE PLANNINGARCHITECTURE & BUILDING DESIGNCONSTRUCTION ADMINISTRATION
GALRI VISION:We integrate global best practices with local knowledge, to help regenerateand sustain Haitis built and natural environment.
GALRI OBJECTIVES:We leverage international development resources with local knowledge andnetworksWe facilitate sustainable, culturally connected planning and design in publicand private initiatives to revitalize the cities and towns of post-earthquakeHaiti
GALRI IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS:We identify and match development opportunities with entitlements, capitaland human resources.We implement sustainable, culturally connected planning, design andconstruction.We preserve, restore and enhance Haiti’s unique cultural, landscape foreconomic engagement with world markets.We help civil servants, property owners, investors and local stakeholdersintegrate, leverage and balance economic, environmental and social returnson investment.We bring market-driven solutions that will help Haiti emerge onto the worldstage as a desirable destination for investment.We establish effective linkages among international and local highereducation institutions to improve professional preparation in planning,design, engineering and construction and enhance economic opportunity foryounger citizens of Haiti.
GALRI Restoration Vision for the “Castel Fleuri” in Port au Prince
Haitis historic Gingerbread Houses embody an extraordinary exhibition ofarchitectural artistry, and provide both a touchstone and a beacon for theefforts to rebuild and regenerate Port au Prince and Haiti.Designed and built in the early 20th century by Haitian born architects whohad studied in France, and utilizing a resilient hybrid of timber frame andmasonry construction, they are uniquely ornamented and ingeniouslyclimatically responsive.The Gingerbreads thus exemplify a global high water mark of AfricanAmerican and Creole environmental culture. However, although they areacknowledged as world treasures of art and building, and have provedremarkably resilient in the wake of the January 2010 earthquake, many are indanger of vanishing, through neglect, demolition, redevelopment and a lackof awareness of their significance and exceptionality.
The Gingerbreads provide a wonderful model of the creative power of Creoleculture, as a regional amalgam of globally transmitted African, European,and American threads, that is inherently responsive to local circumstance,including in terms of climate, materials and construction technology--in otherwords "sustainable".An ambitious joint endeavor, of historical preservation and education, ofconserving and restoring these buildings, raising awareness of theirparticularly rich cultural legacy, would re-introduce the best of Haiti, its"Legends" to the world.Galri is currently working with international hospitality experts ondeveloping economic, planning, architectural and restoration plans that willpreserve and nourish these "Legends" through the 21st Century, and leveragetheir splendor as a prime catalyst for Haitis redevelopment.
GALRI Preliminary Sketch for Port au Prince Urban Village Model
The "Urban Village Model" is an integrated system for developing, buildingand maintaining the physical environment of small self managedcommunities in urban settings. In Haiti, the "Urban Village" is a cohesivephysical and social whole--a mini-neighborhood--primarily residential,centered around a shared open space --- "Lakou" in Kreyol.The Urban Village Model is not a Disney-like "model village." Rather, it is asystematic method to identify, configure and build housing that createsvibrant communities. Key elements include: integrated planning, design,engineering and construction, on site prototyping with residents, independentinfrastructure, and adoption of dynamic social and market channels forscaling and adaptation.
GALRI Building Types Study for Urban Village Model
Several key Haitian Kreyol environmental patterns are manifested in theUrban Village Model, including:"Nuovo Lakou"--a modernization of the traditional Haitian courtyardLandscape stewardship--integrating private and shared open spaces withlandscape restorationA diversity of building types, including Creole Townhouses, "Kay Chamhot"(tall house) and "Ti Kay" (small house)"Galri" (veranda) extended outdoor living spaces"Jaden pre kay" (kitchen gardens)Property line hedgerows & gates
METROPOLITAN PORT AU PRINCE RESIDENTIAL VILLAGES
GALRI Preliminary Sketch for Metropolitan Port au Prince Residential Village
The residential villages are sited on multi-acre "greenfield" parcels withincommuting distance of downtown Port au Prince.The Haitian residential village synthesizes Haitian and American mediumdensity "suburban" models. Preliminary studies demonstrate capacity forseveral hundred dwellings, with connections to local commercial and workcenters, as well as social, institutional and recreational facilities.The house types would vary in scale and configuration, from small homes toestate lots, with potential also for modestly scaled apartment and mixed usebuildings. Each typical lot accommodates two dwelling units.Existing trees, natural watercourses and other landscape features will to berestored and enhanced. A connected grid of streets and blocks will beintegrated with the sites existing topography and landscape. The residentialcore of the villages would be developed initially, providing a resilientfoundation for incremental infill growth.
GALRI Preliminary Sketch for Residential Village Typical Lot Configuration
Civic patterns in the residential villages include:•A healthy mix of residential & working life•Connection to neighboring infrastructure networks•Integrated energy, water, waste, transportation and communicationsmanagementArchitectural and building patterns in the residential villages include:•A diversity of building types & scales•Safe, durable & culturally connected construction methods & materialsLandscape repair patterns in the residential villages include:•A garden network at a range of scales•Tree lined streets and property line hedgerows, as part of an integrated waterresource system
The What If Foundation was founded in 2000 to support food and educationprograms for impoverished children in Port-au-Prince. The food programstarted small, but grew steadily and now feeds more than 500 children perday in the Ti Plas Kazo neighborhood. Its school scholarship programprovides 200 scholarships annually. Education and nutrition together areessential to break the hold that poverty has on a majority of children in Haiti.Recognizing the paramount importance of education, and how inaccessible itis for the poor in Haiti, the What If Foundation has undertaken the buildingand operating its own school instead of simply providing scholarships. Theschool and cafeteria will serve 500 students, K-13. The food program willcontinue for the students, as well as maintaining programs for the largercommunity, including access to an multi-purpose/auditorium space forcommunity events.
The What If Foundation has partnered with a team from Builders WithoutBorders, led by the GALRI member, architect Martin Hammer, to design andoversee the construction of the approximately one million dollar project, withconstruction slated to start in the Fall of 2012.The design addresses the project’s functional needs, is engineered for bothearthquakes and hurricanes, meets the challenges of a sloping urban site, andis responsive to climate and culture with its use of the open open but shadedGalri for circulation.The project will include Photovoltaic electricity, rainwater catchment, anddehydrating toilets. The building will be constructed using reinforcedconcrete block with crushed rubble aggregate, bamboo roof framing in theGalri, and plastered straw-clay panels in the second story walls.
These projects are being implemented as a collaboration between theUniversity of San Francisco Architecture and Community DesignInternational Outreach Program under the direction of GALRI member SethWachtel, and Medicorp, a non-profit community partner in Haiti. Thisprototype primary care clinic and attendant housing provides Haitiancommunities with access to health care in structurally safe, efficientlydesigned and culturally connected buildings.The clinic is designed to be familiar and inviting, climatically comfortable,and structurally able to withstand earthquakes and hurricanes. It is to serve asa place of comfort, hope and safety for the community.
The attendant dwellings are located in proximity to the Health Clinic,providing housing for health care workers. Various configurations of thiscomplex of housing and health services are intended to be deployedthroughout Haiti.Construction details that apply current engineering standards to an adaptationof the historic Gingerbread/Columbage building type found in Port au Prince,Jacmel and other Haitian cities are being developed with the engineeringteam. The timber laced masonry system is both beautiful and seismically andhurricane resistant.
We call the essential patterns of the Haitian environmental legacy “KreyolLiving Wisdom”. They are a touchstone and inspiration for rebuilding, amagnet for investment, and a priceless stake in establishing Haiti’s fullpartnership on the world stage.Kreyol Living Wisdom is the means by which culturally connectedreconstruction and development can actually happen. It is the way thatordinary Haitian citizens can shape the truly sustainable regeneration of theircountry, through empowering and leveraging the legacy of their nativeexperience and intelligence.Kreyol Living Wisdom must be thoroughly documented, archived anddisseminated, in order to best fulfill its full potential.
TEN ESSENTIAL PATTERNS:The question--What can Haiti teach us?--has guided our work. It is based onreally looking at how Haitians have actually best lived in and crafted theirenvironment, as well as their dreams and aspirations to a healthier society.We have focused on ten essential patterns that represent the full spectrum ofthis knowledge. These patterns, on three levels of scale include:TOWNS: BUILDINGS: 1. Landscape Stewardship 5. The Galri (Porch)2. Living Off the Land 6. The Jaden (Garden)3. Kreyol Settlement Structure 7. Rural Building Models4. The Lakou 8. Urban Building Models CONSTRUCTION: 9. Color, Pattern & Ornament 10. Kreyol Architecture
Christopher Robin AndrewsArchitect & Town Planner, GALRI Executive DirectorChristopher is an architect and town planner with three decades ofexperience. His practice, based in Oakland California focuses onenvironmentally sustainable and culturally connected design.
Seth WachtelEnvironmental Designer & Builder, Director of the Architecture andCommunity Design Program, University of San Francisco, GALRI Education& Community Design LiaisonSeth is the Director of the Architecture and Community Design Program atthe University of San Francisco. Professor Wachtel runs the CommunityDesign Outreach, International Projects, and Innovation Lab courses atUSF, which provide students the opportunity to work on real worlddesign/build projects for underrepresented communities both locally andinternationally. Over the past year and a half he has been working on severalprojects in Haiti, including a health clinic prototype for MedicorpInternational and an orphanage in Carrefour.
Martin Hammer, ArchitectGALRI International Project ManagerThroughout his career Martin has focused on sustainable building design,including the use of passive solar, photovoltaic electricity, solar hot water,rammed earth, rainwater and grey water systems, with particular focus onthe design, engineering, testing, and construction of super-insulated-wallstraw bale buildings.Since February 2010 he has worked extensively in post-earthquake Haiti.Martin was a member of the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute’ssecond reconnaissance team in Haiti, and was one of five team members withthe World Monuments Fund and FOKAL (Fondasyon Konesans ak Libète)assessing the Gingerbread houses of Port-au-Prince in a historicpreservation effort. Since June 2010 Martin has been leading a team fromBuilders Without Borders developing, promoting, and implementingsustainable rebuilding solutions for Haiti.
Frank GiuntaGALRI Project Strategy, Development & Management CoordinatorAt the University of California, Berkeley / College of Engineering, Frankdirected the college-wide contract and grant portfolio ($150M), itsinternational industry liaison program, and development of the Richmond(CA) research center, recently selected to become as the second campus ofthe Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. As principal of the knowledge-based economic development consultancy Connaissance International, pastdomestic engagements include: University of Oregon, University of Missouri-Rolla, Eau Claire (WI) Industrial Development Council, University ofPennsylvania, and consortia of universities in St. Louis, MO and Newark, NJ,the latter three with Eva Klein Associates. International engagementsinclude Marmara Science Park, Istanbul, Federal University of Rio deJaneiro, TechnoPark Malaysia, and City of Knowledge, former PanamaCanal Zone, Panama, with EKA and the Academy of EducationalDevelopment. Since 2000 Frank has served as board president of ArtshipFoundation, San Francisco.
Randolph LangenbachGALRI Senior AdvisorArchitectural, Engineering & Environmental HistorianRandolph has become known for his seminal work on traditionalconstruction in earthquake areas. He is author and photographer for the2009 UNESCO book Don’t Tear It Down! Preserving the EarthquakeResistant Vernacular Architecture of Kashmir. In 2010, he led a technicalteam to Haiti to survey damage to the historic Gingerbread Houses in Port-au-Prince for the World Monuments Fund, and is co-author and principlephotographer for the book from that mission published by the WMF:Preserving Haiti’s Gingerbread Houses. Between 1992–2004, he served asSenior Analyst for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).More recently, he has served as visiting professor at the University ofBrescia in Italy.
Frederick MangonesArchitect, ADFrederick is a Haitian Architect with 40 years of varied and extensiveexperience in Haiti and internationally, in urban planning, architecturaldesign, project management, historic preservation and restoration,management and supervision of civil engineering projects and generalconstruction. Notable work includes preliminary study of the CitadelleRestoration Project, design and construction management of TELECOHeadquarters at Pont Morin, and management of several lots of the GeneralDrainage Plan of Port-au-Prince. He has done historic preservation work inHaiti, Dominican Republic, Granada, Antigua, and Cuba. Frederick hasserved as Assistant Director and Project Director of lInstitut de Sauvegardedu Patrimoine National (ISPAN) in particular in the ISPAN/UNESCOProject of Parc National Historique Citadelle Sans-Souci Ramiers , and hasserved as President of Haiti Habitat, S.A. He has been a Partner at"Mangonés & Associés" and is currently President of AD Architecture etDeveloppement. He received his Bachelor of Architecture from CornellUniversity, where he also has served as Visiting Professor. He is Secretaryof the Association Haïtienne des Architectes et des Urbanistes, and a memberof the Association des Ingénieurs et Architectes.
Manuel KnightTourism Advisor and Economic AnalystManuel has over three decades of international experience in the field ofphysical planning and development for tourism projects, including market &financial feasibility studies, master planning and development of hotels,resort complexes as well entire destinations and related infrastructures. Hehas conducted assignments in over 75 countries and is experienced inassessing investment opportunities and risks in developing economies.Through positions in US, UK, French and Japanese firms Manuelsexperience for various donor agencies and commercial property developers,is extensive. With solid knowledge of international travel markets, of tourismoperations, and of the dynamics of investment, he can strengthen destinationdevelopment master plans, tourism project strategies and scrutinize incomestreams and asset valuations, to ensure that they reflect reality.
Jonathan DavolReal Estate Economic AnalystWith his Rockville Maryland consulting firm Jon has done market, economic,and financial feasibility consulting for numerous residential developmentsincluding condominiums, rental apartment buildings, and single-familysubdivisions. He brings a broad understanding of the market forcesaffecting residential development in new construction, renovation andrehabilitation. His experience includes residential development forhouseholds of all income levels, from affordable housing for low-incomehouseholds, to luxury-level apartments and homes. Jon has primarilyconsulted for private developers, investors, and lenders in the private sector,but he has also done some tourism consulting for the U.S. Agency forInternational Development in Jordan. and on worked on studies funded bythe U.S. Trade Development Agency and International Finance Corporation.
Claude AlexandreHaiti Business Development LiaisonBased in Los Angeles, and with a deep rooted connection to his Haitianupbringing, Claude is an accomplished executive with both extensivebusiness and non-profit leadership experience. Highly creative in connectingstakeholders from the public, private and social sectors, he has served asPresident and Chief Financial Officer for several companies. With abackground in new business development, strategic and operationalplanning, equity funding, and major gifts cultivation, Claude has significantglobal and national contacts, networks, and affiliations generated from workwith international relief and non-profit institutions. He is a resourcefulleader with a distinctive ability to align and inspire people to achievepossibility-oriented outcomes.
TRANSFORMATIVE DEVELOPMENT CONCEPTS FOR HAITI www.galrigroup.com firstname.lastname@example.org USA tel: 510.355.6401Port au Prince/Haiti tel: 509.3773.3978
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