Grammer book

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Grammer book

  1. 1. Grammar Book Celestino Orr
  2. 2. Table of Contents• Imperfect• Preterite• Modal• Adverbios• Progressive• Futuro• Conditional• Superlative• Formal Commands• Prepositions• demonstrative
  3. 3. Preterit• ar: er: – ei – asteiste –O io – Amos imos – Aronieron
  4. 4. Car Gar Zar• Car + yo = que• Gar + yo = gue• Zar + yo = ce• If not in yo form, normal preterit conjugation
  5. 5. Spock• Ir/ser = fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron• Dar/ver = i, iste, e, imos, ieron• Hacer = hice, hiciste, hizo, hicimos, hicieron
  6. 6. Cucaracha verbs• Andar – anduv• Estar – estuv Yo – e• Poder – pus Tu – iste• Querer – quis El – o Nosotros – imos• Venir – vin Ellos – ieron• Dicir – dig• Trear – traj• Conducir – conduj• Producir – produc• Traducir – traduj
  7. 7. Snake ysnakey• Stem changers in third person• snake: (dormir) – Dormi – Dormiste – Durmio – Dormimos – Durmieron• Snakey (leer) – Lei – Leiste – Leyo – Limos – Leyeron
  8. 8. Modal verbs• Conjugate and pair the modal verbs with an infinitive to get a new meeting – Ir + a + infinitive = going to do ____ – Tenerque + infinitive = to have to do _____ – Poder + infinitive = are able to do ______ – Soler + infinitive = to be accustomed to – Necessitar + infinitive = need to ______ – Querer + infinitive = want to _____
  9. 9. Adverbios• Add mente to make word adverb. – Claramente – Constantemente – Dificilmente – Alegremente• Irregulars – Mucho, muy, mal, bastante, bien, ya, tan, demasiado, nunca, peor, poco, siempre
  10. 10. Progressive• Estar + infinitive (ando, iendo, yendo)• Ando – ar• Yendo – er/ir• Iendo – ir(verb)
  11. 11. Futuro• Infinitive (full word) + ending• ar, er, ir –e – as –a – emos – an
  12. 12. conditional (going to do)• Infinitive + ending• Ar, er, ir –e – as –a – emos – an
  13. 13. Superlative• More or less• Article + noun + mas/menos + adjective + de – Celestinoes el chicomasguapo de la clase
  14. 14. Formal Command• Put in the yo form, then change the ending to opposite.• Er/ir = a• Ar = e
  15. 15. prepositions• Bajo = under• Cerca de = near• Despues de = after• Detras de = behind• Enfrente de = in front of• Debajo de = below• Sobre = on
  16. 16. DemonstrativeThat ese esathis este estaThat over there aquel aquellathose esos esasthese estos estasThose over there aquellos aquellas

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