A pilgrim people

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A pilgrim people

  1. 1. A Pilgrim People By Reverend Christopher Damp
  2. 2. • What is Congregationalism • Biblical Foundations • Congregationalism in practice • Our Congregational story • Coming up to date • Where to now? ∙A pilgrim people Setting the Scene for Today
  3. 3. • Priesthood of all believers • Under the headship of Christ • Autonomy of the local church A pilgrim people Characteristics of a Congregational Church
  4. 4. • Each church is autonomous • Governance is through a meeting of all church members • The churches are non-hierarchical (no bishops etc.) • The ministers are non-priestly and remain accountable to the local church that has called them • While trinitarian and orthodox in matters of faith the churches are usually non-credal • Membership is usually upon confession of faith and not dependent upon any rits such as baptism • There is usually a covenanted membership • They are commonly (but not exclusively) paedo-baptist in belief and practice A pilgrim people Dictionary Definition of a Congregational Church
  5. 5. • Abraham • Moses • Jeremiah and Isaiah Jer. 31 v 34 “Know the Lord, and they shall all know me from the least of them to the greatest says the Lord.” Isaiah 61 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me........” A pilgrim people Old Testament Foundations
  6. 6. • Matthew 18 v 20 Jesus said “Where two or three come together in my name, there I am with them”. • John 14 v 18 “I will not leave you as orphans; I will come to you.” • John 16 v 13 “When he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and will tell you what is yet to come.” A pilgrim people Jesus’s Teaching
  7. 7. • 1 Corinthians 3 v 17 “Don’t you know that you yourselves are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit lives in you?” • 1 Corinthians 12 v 27 “Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it.” A pilgrim people Paul’s Teaching
  8. 8. • 1 John 1 v 1 - 2 “We have one who speaks to the Father in our defence - Jesus Christ the Righteous One. He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only ours but also for the sins of the whole world.” • 1 John 4 v 16 “God is love. Whoever lives in love lives in God and God in him.” A pilgrim people John’s Teaching
  9. 9. 1 Peter 2 v 5 - 10 “You also, like living stones are being built into a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. You are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people belonging to God, that you may declare the praises of him who called you out of darkness into his wonderful light. Once you were not a people, but now you are the people of God.” A pilgrim people Peter’s Teaching
  10. 10. • The Autonomy of the Local Church • As a Community of Believers • Under the Lordship of Christ A pilgrim people Our Biblical Roots
  11. 11. • There can be no authority in the church but that of Christ • We are the Lord’s “free people” • The Church is Christ Centred • Christ our only mediator A pilgrim people Jesus is Lord
  12. 12. • The Church Meeting • The Ministry • The Church Officers • The Worship and Life of the church A pilgrim people Jesus is Lord
  13. 13. • The Sacraments • Communion • Baptism A pilgrim people Jesus is Lord
  14. 14. • Protestants • Non-conformists • Independents • Dissenters • Puritans • Separatists • Congregationalists A pilgrim people What’s in a name?
  15. 15. • 1350 - 1380 - Wycliffe and the Lollards • 1517 - Luther’s 95 theses & 1520 Diet of Worms • 1523 - Calvin in Paris University • 1536 - Calvin publishes Institutes • 1535 - English church breaks with Rome A pilgrim people Challenges of the Past
  16. 16. 16th Century - Laying the Foundations • A desire for freedom in worship • 1553 - 1558 Marian persecution • 1571 - 1593 Many dissenting martyrs • 1576 Independents - freedom to worship in Amsterdam and Leyden A pilgrim people Challenges of the Past
  17. 17. Moulders of our Inheritance 16th Century • 1571 - Richard Fitz • 1593 - a period of martyrdom Henry Barrow, John Penry, John Greenwood • Theological doctrine Robert Browne, John Robinson, Henry Jacob A pilgrim people Looking Back
  18. 18. Breaking the Mould 17th Century • 1620 - Pilgrim Fathers and New England • 1630 - 1640s - Puritan emigration to New England • 1642 - 1651 - English Civil War - The King v Parliament • 1651 - 1660 - The Commonwealth • 1660 - The Restoration • 1662 - The Act of Uniformity and Great Ejection Clarendon Code A pilgrim people Challenges of the Past
  19. 19. Moulders of our Inheritance 17th Century A pilgrim people Literature • John Milton - Poet • John Bunyan Theologians • John Owen • Richard BaxterPreachers • Thomas Bradbury • John Owen
  20. 20. • Church Planting • Establishing Colleges • Printing houses • Established patterns of worship - musicians • 1732 - Dissenting Deputies • 1795 - London Missionary Society A pilgrim people 18th Century Establishing a Presence
  21. 21. A pilgrim people 18th Century Moulders of our Inheritance Social Action •John Howard Music and Hymns •Isaac Watts •Joseph Hart Evangelical Doctrine • Philip Doddridge • Jonathan Edwards
  22. 22. • 1800s Home mission Scotland and Wales • 1831 - Congregational Union formed • 1836 - University College London • Missionary Movement overseas • Colonial Missionary Society • British and Foreign Bible Society A pilgrim people Expansion - Moving Out
  23. 23. Scottish Home Mission Overseas Mission • Robert Moffat - Africa • David Livingstone • John Williams - South Seas • James Chalmers • John Smith - Guyana A pilgrim people 19th century Moulders of our Inheritance
  24. 24. A pilgrim people 19th Century Moulders of our Inheritance Literature • Harriet Beecher Stowe • Robert Browning & Elizabeth Barrett Browning • Mark Twain • Mark Rutherford Preaching • Joseph Parker • RW Dale • Rowland Hill
  25. 25. A pilgrim people 19th Century Science Scientists • Samuel Finlay Breeze Morse • Sir Ambrose John Fleming Revivals • Charles Finney • Dwight Moody Historian • John Brown Politics • Keir Hardy Businessmen • John Rylands • Titus Salt • Lord Leverhulme
  26. 26. Growth in Influence • Over 100 Congregational MPs in 1906 Parliament • 1965 Congregational Church formed • One of the six major Christian denominations in the UK • 1972 Congregational Federation formed A pilgrim people More Recent Challenges 20th Century until 1972
  27. 27. Politics • Calvin Coolidge US President • John Whitley Speaker of Commons • Lloyd George • Harold Wilson Sportsmen • Eric Lidel A pilgrim people Moulders of our Inheritance 20th Century until 1972
  28. 28. A pilgrim people Moulders of our Inheritance 20th Century until 1972 Public Broadcasting • Elsie Chamberlain Preaching •P T Forsyth •G Campbell Morgan •Sylvester Horne •Martin Lloyd Jones
  29. 29. 1965 Formation of Congregational Church in England and Wales 1972 Formation of Congregational Federation 1977 International Congregational Fellowship 1977 Council for World Mission 1987 Scottish Congregationalism divides A pilgrim people More Recent Challenges

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