Cultivar Selection in Southern Oregon
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Cultivar Selection in Southern Oregon Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chris Lake The Southern Oregon Wine Institute at Umpqua Community College
  • 2. What is New in Southern OR?
    • Southern Oregon is making news
    • Sunset Magazine predicts Southern OR is the next big thing
    • Abacela is featured in V&WM
    • UCC is building a $7M teaching winery
  • 3. What’s going on down there? Sunset Magazine says: The next big wine country = Southern Oregon Why we love it: Exciting wines, no crowds, and inexpensive tasting fees. Go now: Arm yourself with a map from the Southern Oregon Wineries Association and hit the road.
  • 4. The 'it' list for 2010 travel, Sunset Magazine, Jan. ‘10 Sunset’s Favorites Foris Pinot Gris 2008 ( Rogue Valley; $14 ). Brandborg “Love Puppets” Pinot Noir 2006 ( Umpqua Valley; $30 ). Abacela South Face Block Reserve Syrah 2005 ( Southern Oregon; $45 ).
  • 5. Abacela = Tempranillo Planting began in 1995 Currently a total of 75 acres planted and 52 bearing Nine different clones of Tempranillo Also: Syrah, Malbec, Merlot, Grenache, Albariño, Viognier, Graciano, Petite Verdot, Dolcetto, Bastardo, Tinta Amarela, Tinta Cao, Tinta Roriz, Touriga Nacional, Cabernet franc, Mourvedre, and Nebbiolo
  • 6. Southern Oregon Wine Institute at Umpqua Community College A $7M facility with a teaching winery Construction began Sept. 15, 2010 and completion will be in Sept. 2011 One year certificate and Two year degree in Enology and Viticulture
  • 7. Statewide Comparisons
    • How does Southern Oregon compare to the Statewide industry?
    • What is the Climate like in Southern Oregon?
    • What are grape prices in Southern Oregon?
  • 8.  
  • 9. Source: Greg Jones, Southern Oregon University
  • 10. Price per ton, 2008-2009 Source: Greg Jones, Southern Oregon University Variety Columbia River North Willamette Valley Rogue Valley South Willamette Valley Umpqua Valley   2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 Cabernet Sauvignon $2,020 $2,100 - - $1,910 $1,770 - $1,500 $1,700 $1,370 Chardonnay $1,250 $1,340 $1,950 $1,620 $1,000 $1,220 $1,470 $1,700 $950 $1,330 Merlot $1,810 $2,180 - - $1,470 $1,800 - - $1,540 $1,010 Pinot Gris - $1,500 $1,400 $1,250 $1,370 $1,330 $1,330 $1,430 $1,320 $1,400 Pinot Noir $2,110 $1,990 $2,820 $2,340 $1,670 $1,820 $2,300 $2,180 $2,000 $2,140 White Riesling $1,080 $1,070 $1,150 $950 $1,280 $1,400 $1,180 $1,240 $980 $1,050
  • 11. Cultivar Selection
    • Initially, Southern Oregon was planted to cool season grapes
      • Pinot Noir
      • Chardonnay
      • Gewürztraminer
      • Riesling
      • Pinot Gris
    • Eventually the diversity of climates in Southern Oregon were discovered
  • 12. Cultivar Selection
    • The diverse of climates in Southern Oregon
      • Southern Willamette Valley
      • The Umpqua Valleys
      • Rogue Valley
      • Applegate Valley
      • Illinois Valley
  • 13. Southern Willamette Valley
    • There are 14 wineries in Lane County
      • The largest is King Estate with 464 acres of organic vineyard.
      • Major Cultivars:
        • Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris and Chardonnay
  • 14. The Umpqua Valleys
    • Drier and Warmer than the Willamette
    • Growing Season averages = 180 – 220 days
    • GDD range from 2200 to over 2500
    • Cool sites in the Northern and Western parts
    • Major Cultivars:
      • Pinot Noir, Riesling, Pinot Gris and Gewürztraminer
    • Minor Cultivars:
      • Tempranillo, Syrah, Dolcetto, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Grenache and Viognier
  • 15. Rogue Valley
    • Broadest Range of Climate
    • Growing Season averages = 155 – 185 days, risk of frost
    • GDD range from 2200 to over 2900
    • High Degree of Climate Diversity
    • Major Cultivars:
      • Merlot, Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Gris and Syrah
    • Minor Cultivars:
      • Cabernet Franc, Sauvignon blanc, Zinfandel, Tempranillo, Sangiovese, Petit Verdot, Malbec,Viognier
  • 16. Applegate Valley
    • Within the Rogue AVA
    • GDD range from 2500 to 2700
    • High Degree of Climate Diversity
    • Major Cultivars:
      • Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Gris and Syrah
    • Minor Cultivars:
      • Cabernet Franc, Sauvignon blanc, Zinfandel, Petit Verdot, Malbec
  • 17. Illinois Valley
    • Within the Rogue AVA
    • GDD range from 2200 to 2600
    • Coolest area of the Rogue AVA
    • Major Cultivars:
      • Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay and Riesling
    • Minor Cultivars:
      • Gewürztraminer, Early Muscat, Viognier
  • 18. Southern Oregon = W.O.W.
    • World Of Wine Tasting
      • Annual Event to Promote Southern Oregon Wine
      • Named to Include All Cultivars Grown in S. OR
    • No “Flagship” Cultivar in Southern Oregon
    • Areas of Great Climate Diversity
    • Many Opportunities for Discovery
      • Estimated 140,000 acres of vineyard sites
      • Approximately 40,000 acres of prime sites
  • 19. High Vine Vigor
    • Some Vineyard Sites can be Overly Vigorous
      • Like many areas of Oregon, we must address vigor
    • Fertile Valleys = Large Vines
    • Trellis Systems to Accommodate Vigor
      • Scott Henry Trellis
      • “ Y” Trellis
    • Rootstocks needed where Phylloxera are present
  • 20. Characteristics of a Grapevine
  • 21. Characteristics of a Grapevine
    • Sun seeking behavior
    • Fruit is brightly colored and sweet
    • Immature fruit is tart and unpalatable
    • Uses trees for support
    • Sets it’s fruit near the outside of the canopy
    • Renews fruit zone in the same area
    • Withstands frosts by having “backup” shoots
  • 22. Nebbiolo planting at UCC, 2009
  • 23. Thank You