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Ch. 22 space exploration pp notes   6th grade
 

Ch. 22 space exploration pp notes 6th grade

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6th Grade Astro Notes

6th Grade Astro Notes

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    Ch. 22 space exploration pp notes   6th grade Ch. 22 space exploration pp notes 6th grade Presentation Transcript

    • Ch. 22 Notes SPACE EXPLORATION
    • EARLY SPACE MISSIONS:
      • *Sputnik I – (1957) Soviet Union sent the 1 st artificial satellite into orbit for 3 months.
      • *Yuri Gagarin – (1961) 1 st human in space. Marked beginning of the “Space Race” between Russia and U.S.
      • *Space Race - (1961) U.S. enters the “Space Race” with Soviet Union to see who is first to the moon.
    • THE SPACE RACE:
      • *PROJECT MERCURY – (early 1960’s) U.S. goal to reach the moon.
        • Alan Shepard – (1961) 1 st U.S. citizen to pilot a craft to space and back.
        • B) John Glenn – (1962) 1 st U.S. citizen to orbit Earth.
    • THE SPACE RACE (CONT.)
      • *PROJECT GEMINI - (1960’s) Next step in the U.S. reaching the moon. Demonstrated a connection between two spacecrafts in orbit.
        • Mercury mission – series of robotic probes sent to the moon.
        • Ranger mission – proved that we could get a man to the moon.
        • Surveyor mission – proved that man could land on the lunar surface.
        • D) Lunar Orbiter mission – photographed possible landing sites on the lunar surface.
    • THE SPACE RACE (CONT.)
      • *PROJECT APOLLO - series of U.S. unmanned and manned missions to the moon.
        • Apollo 11 – (1969) Neil Armstrong was 1 st to set foot on the moon.
        • B) Apollo 15, 16, & 17 – (1970’s) Use of a lunar roving vehicle to explore moon’s surface.
    • EXPLORATION PAST THE MOON:
      • *VOYAGER SPACE PROBES – (1977) “Info- Gathering” crafts sent to explore space beyond moon’s orbit.
      • A) Voyager I – Has reached the outer edges of our Solar System (into Kuiper Belt) and still transmitting.
      • B) Voyager II – Is on its way past Neptune and Pluto (headed for Kuiper Belt) and
      • still transmitting.
    • MODERN SPACE EXPLORATION:
      • *SPACE SHUTTLE – (1980) Reusable craft that transports satellites, astronauts, and other materials to and from space. Launched via rockets and glides back to Earth.
      • *SPACE STATION – Permanent outpost in orbit that provides living quarters and workspace for astronauts.
      • A) Skylab – (1973) Used to study effects on humans in space.
      • B) Mir – (1980’s) Used to study effects on humans living in space for long periods. Used with
      • space shuttle.
    • MODERN SPACE EXPLORATION (CONT.)
      • *HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE – (early 1990’s) sent into space to transmit info and photos back to Earth.
      • *INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION – (1997) More than a dozen nations cooperated to send an outpost into orbit. Used with space shuttle to study docking missions and for lab experiments.
    • MODERN SPACE EXPLORATION (CONT.)
      • *Mars Rover missions – (1990’s to present) NASA & independent companies have sent several crafts to study Mars’ atmosphere and surface.
      • *Stellar Space Probes – (present) space probes are being sent to study other planets up close.
    • FUTURE SPACE EXPLORATION
      • *Lunar Studies – NASA is looking once again at the moon.
      • A) Sees the moon as a possible docking and refueling site for deep space missions to Mars and beyond.
      • B) May also be a site for a future space station or colonization by humans.
      • C) May eventually be used as a stepping stone to travel outside our solar system.