PSI2A48: Introduction


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PSI2A48: Introduction

  1. 1. Building Blocks of Political Science Chris Hanretty 1 / 14
  2. 2. Parts of the outlineWho teaches this module?Aims and objectivesHow is this module taught?ExpectationsAssessment 2 / 14
  3. 3. Epistemology and MethodGoodin, R. and Klingeman, H. (1998). Political Science: TheDiscipline. In Goodin, R. and Klingeman, H., editors, A new handbookof political science, pages 3--49. Oxford University PressGoertz, G. (2012). Descriptive-causal generalizations : "empiricallaws" in the social sciences? In Kincaid, H., editor, The OxfordHandbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Oxford University Press,pp. 1-7 and 17-end of the online version in draft.Hollis, M. (1994). The Philosophy of Social Science: An Introduction.Cambridge University Press, chapter 3Machlup, F. (1961). Are the social sciences really inferior? SouthernEconomic Journal, pages 173--184MacIntyre, A. (1973). Is a Science of Comparative Politics Possible? InAgainst the self-images of the age : essays on ideology andphilosophy, London. DuckworthStillwaggon Swan, L. (2011). Sir Karl Poppers Demarcation Argument.In Bruce, M. and Barbone, S., editors, Just the Arguments: 100 of theMost Important Arguments in Western Philosophy, pages 339--340.Blackwell 3 / 14
  4. 4. ComparisonEckstein, H. (1975). Case study and theory in political science. InPolsby, N. W. and Greenstein, F., editors, Handbook of politicalscience, volume 7, pages 79--137. Addison-Wesley, Vol. 7, pp.79--138.Gerring, J. (2004). What is a case study and what is it good for?American Political Science Review, 98(02):341--354.Landman, T. (2008). Issues and methods in comparative politics: anintroduction. Psychology Press, pp. 23--50, 67--84.Lijphart, A. (1971). Comparative politics and the comparative method.The American Political Science Review, 65(3):682--693.Przeworski, A. and Teune, H. (1970). The logic of comparative socialinquiry. Wiley-Interscience New York, pp. 31--46.Ragin, C. and Becker, H. (1992). What is a case?: exploring thefoundations of social inquiry. Cambridge Univ Pr, pp. 1--17. 4 / 14
  5. 5. Rational choiceAxelrod, R. (1984). The evolution of co-operation. Basic Books, NewYork, pp. 3--87.Bowles, S. and Gintis, H. (2006). Social preferences, homoeconomicus, and Zoon Politikon. In Goodin, R. E. and Tilly, C.,editors, The Oxford Handbook of Contextual Political Analysis, pages172--186. Oxford University PressEdlin, A., Gelman, A., and Kaplan, N. (2007). Voting as a RationalChoice. Rationality and society, 19(3):293.Green, D. and Shapiro, I. (1996). Pathologies of Rational ChoiceTheory: A Critique of Applications in Political Science. Yale UniversityPress, pp. 47--71.Hargreaves Heap, S. and Varoufakis, Y. (1994). Game Theory: ACritical Introduction. Routledge, pp. 1 -- 40.Hindmoor, A. (2010). Rational choice. In Stoker, G. and Marsh, D.,editors, Theory and Methods in Political Science. Palgrave Macmillan 5 / 14
  6. 6. InstitutionsHall, P. and Taylor, R. (1996). Political science and the three newinstitutionalisms*. Political studies, 44(5):936--957Lowndes, V. (2010). Institutionalism. In Stoker, G. and Marsh, D.,editors, Theory and Methods in Political Science. Palgrave Macmillan.Steinmo, S., Thelen, K., and Longstreth, F. (1992). Structuring politics:historical institutionalism in comparative analysis. CambridgeUniversity Press, pp. 1--32.Steinmo, S. (2008). Historical Institutionalism. In Della Porta, D. andM., K., editors, Approaches and Methodologies in the Social Sciences,pages 118--138. Cambridge University PressStreeck, W. and Thelen, K. (2005). Beyond continuity: institutionalchange in advanced political economies. Oxford University Press,USA, pp. 1--40.Thelen, K. (1999). Historical institutionalism in comparative politics.Annual Review of Political Science, 2(1):369--404. 6 / 14
  7. 7. CultureHood, C. (1995). Control over bureaucracy: cultural theory andinstitutional variety. Journal of Public Policy, 15:207--230Huntington, S. (1993). The clash of civilizations. Foreign Affairs,72(3):22--49.Inglehart, R. and Welzel, C. (2010). Changing mass priorities: The linkbetween modernization and democracy. Perspectives on Politics,8(2):551--567Putnam, R. (1995). Robert d. putnam. Bowling alone: Americasdeclining social capital, Journal of Democracy, 6(1):65--78Stolle, D. and Hooghe, M. (2005). Inaccurate, exceptional, one-sidedor irrelevant? the debate about the alleged decline of social capitaland civic engagement in western societies. British Journal of PoliticalScience, 35(1):149--167Wildavsky, A. (1987). Choosing preferences by constructinginstitutions: A cultural theory of preference formation. The Americanpolitical science review, pages 4--21 7 / 14
  8. 8. PowerBachrach, P., Baratz, M., Goldberg, R., Davies, B., Taylor, J., Baratz, M.,and Levi, M. (1970). Power and poverty: Theory and practice. OxfordUniversity Press.Dahl, R. (1961). Who governs? Yale University Press New Haven.Dowding, K. (2006). Three-dimensional power: A discussion ofsteven lukes’ power: A radical view. Political studies review,4(2):136--145Frank, T. (2005). Whats the matter with Kansas?: how conservativeswon the heart of America. Holt Paperbacks.Gramsci, A. (1996). Prison notebooks. Columbia University Press,New York. Counts as two items.Lukes, S. (1974). Power: A radical view. Macmillan, London. 8 / 14
  9. 9. Pluralist and Marxist analysesCohen, G. (2000). Karl Marxs theory of history: a defence. OxfordUniversity PressDahl, R. (1961). Who governs? Yale University Press New HavenElster, J. (1986). An Introduction to Karl Marx. Cambridge UniversityPress.Goodwin, B. (2007). Using political ideas. John Wiley & Sons Inc,chapter ``Marxism.Held, D. (2006). Models of democracy. Polity Press, chapters 5, 6,and 8.McFarland, A. (2007). Neopluralism. Annual Review of PoliticalScience, 10(1):45. 9 / 14
  10. 10. The state ¨Back, H. and Hadenius, A. (2008). Democracy and state capacity:Exploring a j-shaped relationship. Governance, 21(1):1--24Evans, P., Rueschemeyer, D., and Skocpol, T. (1985). Bringing the stateback in. Cambridge University Press, ch. 1Nettl, J. (1968). The state as a conceptual variable. World politics,20(04):559--592, ch. 1Savigny, H. and Marsden, L. (2011). Doing Political Science andInternational Relations. Palgrave Macmillan, chapter ``The State.Weber, M., Gerth, H., Gerth, H., and Mills, C. (1991). From Max Weber:essays in sociology. Routledge, chapter ``Politics as a vocation. 10 / 14
  11. 11. Being represented and being accountableDovi, S. (2006). Political Representation. Stanford Encyclopedia ofPhilosophy. Available from:, H. (1984). The concept of representation. University ofCalifornia Press.Przeworski, A., Stokes, S., and Manin, B. (1999). Democracy,accountability, and representation. Cambridge University Press.Philp, M. (2009). Delimiting democratic accountability. PoliticalStudies, 57(1):28--53.Roemer, J. (2009). Why does the Republican Party win half the votes?In Shapiro, I., Stokes, S. C., Jean Wood, E., and Kirshner, A. S., editors,Political representation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 11 / 14
  12. 12. ConstructivismBerger, P. and Luckmann, T. (1966). The social construction of reality:A treatise in the sociology of knowledge. Anchor Books.Checkel, J. (2007). Handbook of European Union Politics, chapterConstructivism and EU politics, pages 57--76. Sage.Hacking, I. (1999). The social construction of what? HarvardUniversity Press.Searle, J. R. (1995). The Construction of Social Reality. Penguin,London. 12 / 14
  13. 13. Predicting and advisingMenand, L. (2005). Everybodys an expert. New Yorker. Availablefrom:{}books1Popper, K. (2002). Conjectures and refutations: The growth ofscientific knowledge. Psychology Press, chapter ``Prediction andProphecy in the Social SciencesDubner, S. (2012). The cobra effect. Podcast. Available from:, A. and Mizen, P. (2003). Goodhart’s law: Its origins, meaningand implications for monetary policy. In Central Banking, MonetaryTheory and Practice: Essays in Honour of Charles Goodhart. EdwardElgar. Available from: (2012). Changes in the forecast. The Economist. Available from: 13 / 14
  14. 14. Questions? 14 / 14