Recycling: bridging two or more life cycles

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Recycling of waste into a secondary product seems to cause problems in the the life cycle assessment. This presentation is trying to visualise the flows, boundaries and principles of calculation as defined on the CEN-standard text in EN15804 and EN15978 (assessment for environmental performance assessment of respectively construction products and buildings)

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Recycling: bridging two or more life cycles

  1. 1. Recycling: bridging to another life cycle Ir. Chris Hamans The Netherlands
  2. 2. CPR : European regulation 305/2011 2
  3. 3. BRCW 7 : SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: • (a) recyclability of the construction works, their materials and parts after demolition; • (b) durability of the construction works; • (c) use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 3
  4. 4. Sustainability sustainability ENV SOC ECON Technical design Functional design • Without meeting the functional needs there is no sustainability • Without meeting the technical needs there is no sustainability 4
  5. 5. recyclability • BRCW#7a: recyclability of the construction works, their materials and parts after demolition; • Recycling of functions? • Recycling of technical performance? • Bringing back into the same or another product life cycle • Recycling is bridging 2 or more product life cycles 5
  6. 6. Product 1 6
  7. 7. EoL Product 1 waste Waste Framework Directive ; 2008/98/EU WFD : product or waste 7 EoL = End of Life
  8. 8. Product 1 waste production EoL 8 cradle gate
  9. 9. Product 1 waste production EoL 9 cradle gate Only at the gate we start to have a PRODUCT.
  10. 10. Product 1 waste production EoL 10 cradle gate Only at the gate we start to have a PRODUCT. CE-marked construction products declare their performance on essential product characteristics in a DoP = Declaration of Performance acc. Regulation 305/2011
  11. 11. Product 1 waste production EoL 11 cradle gate Only at the gate we start to have a PRODUCT. CE-marked construction products declare their performance on essential product characteristics in a DoP = Declaration of Performance acc. Regulation 305/2011 Use starts here
  12. 12. Product 1 waste production EoL T T = Transport from factory gate to building site 12 cradle gate Use starts here
  13. 13. Product 1 waste production EoL T C C = Construction – Installation process 13 cradle gate Use starts here
  14. 14. EoL Product 1 waste production use after use service life before useT C 14 cradle grave
  15. 15. EoL Product 1 waste production use after use before useT C life cycle stages service life (there are only 3 life cycle stages) 15 cradle grave
  16. 16. EoL Product 1 waste production use after use before useT C life cycle stages service life (there are only 3 life cycle stages) 16 cradle grave production T C
  17. 17. EoL Product 1 waste before use production use after use A1 A2 A3 T C life cycle stages information modules 17 cradle gate
  18. 18. EoL Product 1 waste use after use A1-3 life cycle stages information modules 18 cradle gate A1-3 = the production proces; declared as an aggregated result before use
  19. 19. EoL Product 1 waste T C life cycle stages production use after use before use A1-3 A4 A5 information modules A4 = Transport from factory gate to building site A5 = Construction – Installation process 19 cradle gate
  20. 20. EoL Product 1 waste production use after use service life A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 A1-3 T C information modules B1 = use B2 = maintenance B3 = repair B4 = replacement B5 = refurbishment B6 = operating energy use B7 = operating water use 20 before use
  21. 21. EoL Product 1 waste T C life cycle stages production use after use service life A1-3 A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 C1 C2 C3 C4 B6 B7 information modules C1 = deconstruction-demolition C2 = transport C3 = waste treatment C4 = disposal 21 before use
  22. 22. EoL Product 1 waste before use use after use life cycle stages service life A1-3 A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 C1 C2 C3 C4 B6 B7 life cycle product 1 (there are only 3 life cycle stages) information modules 22
  23. 23. EoL Product 1 waste before use use after use life cycle stages service life A1-3 A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 C1 C2 C3 C4 B6 B7 life cycle product 1 information modules C1 = deconstruction-demolition C2 = transport C3 = waste treatment C4 = disposal 23
  24. 24. EoL Product 1 waste before useT life cycle stages production use after use service life A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 C1 C2 C4 A1-3 C3 life cycle product 1 disposal reduction 24
  25. 25. EoL Product 1 waste before useT C life cycle stages production use after use service life A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 C1 C2 C4 C3 recycling A1-3 life cycle product 1 25
  26. 26. EoL EoW Product 1 waste T C life cycle stages production use after use service life A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 C1 C2 A1-3 C4 A1-3 C3 life cycle product 1 End of Waste 26 recycling recycling implies being applied in another product life before use
  27. 27. EoL EoW Product 1 waste production use after use service life A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 C1 C2 A1-3 C4 C3 recycling implies being applied in another product life A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 A1-3 life cycle product 1 C1 C2 C3 C4 T C End of Waste 27 recycling Product 2 before use
  28. 28. EoL EoW Product 1 waste production use after use service life A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 C1 C2 A1-3 C4 C3 recycling implies being applied in another product life A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 recycling A1-3 life cycle product 1 C1 C2 C3 C4 life cycle product 2 T C End of Waste 28 Product 2 before use
  29. 29. 29 product before use use after use Life cycle product 1 life cycle product Life cycle product 2
  30. 30. 30 product before use use after use Life cycle product 1 life cycle product 1 life cycle product recycling Life cycle product 2
  31. 31. 31 materials products energy IN: secondary materials secondary fuels emissions production proces before use use after use waste emissions product A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 waste A1-3 emissions end of life C1 C2 C3 C4 waste
  32. 32. 32 materials products energy IN: secondary materials secondary fuels emissions production proces waste emissions product A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 waste A1-3 emissions end of life C1 C2 C3 C4 waste
  33. 33. 33 materials products energy IN: secondary materials secondary fuels emissions production proces waste emissions product A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 waste A1-3 emissions end of life C1 C2 C3 C4 waste OUT: secondary materials secondary fuels
  34. 34. 34 materials products energy IN: secondary materials secondary fuels emissions production proces before use use after use waste emissions product A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 waste A1-3 emissions end of life C1 C2 C3 C4 waste OUT: secondary materials secondary fuels Life cycle product 2
  35. 35. 35 materials products energy IN: secondary materials secondary fuels emissions production proces before use use after use waste emissions product A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 waste A1-3 emissions end of life C1 C2 C3 C4 waste Information module D: impact (benefits & loads) of minus OUT IN until point of substitution substituting OUT: secondary materials secondary fuels
  36. 36. EoL EoW Product 1 waste production use after use service life A4 A5 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 C1 C2 A1-3 C4 C3 Product 2 A1-3 life cycle product 1 life cycle product 2 T C End of Waste D information module D net benefits and - loads from substitution of natural resources by secondary resources from Product 1 in Product 2 OUT minus IN second. res. 36 before use
  37. 37. More info ? Contact: Chris Hamans esc@hamans.com http://www.hamans.com 37

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