You define the level of performance - we can describe and quantify it

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5th. International Quality in Construction Summit 2013, Istanbul - Turkey (2013-12-05)
Presentation and forum discussion. What is required to ensure sustainability when realising the ambitious Turkish plan "the Urban Transformation" ?
“The functional and technical design and performance of buildings is the most forgotten contribution to sustainability”
Now we have the methodologies and tools to describe and quantify the environmental, social and economic aspects of sustainability based on the functional and technical design solutions that meet present and future needs. Defining scenarios for the use of the building and for the processes for maintaining, repairing, adapting, etc. probably is one of the most important and difficult specifications in a true sustainable design. Especially where it concerns renovation and refurbishment. And as no one is able to commit on the use and details of the scenarios that will apply to the future, adaptability of the (renovated or new) building to meet future needs is probably one of the most important contributions to sustainability: adaptability of the building to future functional and technical needs.

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You define the level of performance - we can describe and quantify it

  1. 1. You define the level of performance we can describe and quantify it Sustainability of construction works – Assessment of the environmental, social and economic performance of buildings 5th IMSAD International Quality in Construction Summit 05-12-2013 Istanbul Chris Hamans 1
  2. 2. outline • Positioning of the CEN TC350 standards for the sustainability assessment of buildings • Principles of the sustainability assessment for buildings • Overview and status of CEN TC350 standards • Quantification and description of sustainability 2
  3. 3. Sustainability: what do you expect from it? • Sustainable new buildings? • Sustainable renovation / renovated buildings ? • Sustainable area / city / region / country .....? • What is YOUR DEMAND for sustainability? What is the sustainability performance you want to know? What is the time horizon? What are your scenarios for the future? 3
  4. 4. positioning 4
  5. 5. Spatial Planning INFRA SOC OHS ECON ENV CSR 5
  6. 6. Spatial Planning INFRA SOC OHS ECON ENV CSR 6
  7. 7. SOC ECON ENV 7
  8. 8. SOC ECON ENV 8
  9. 9. principles 9
  10. 10. Sustainability Sustainability The expert knows that the prerequisite #1 to SUSTAINABILITY is: Funktional Design 10
  11. 11. Sustainability Sustainability The expert knows that the prerequisite #2 to SUSTAINABILITY is: Technical Design Funktional Design 11
  12. 12. Sustainability Technical Design Funktional Design BUILDING-WORKS 12
  13. 13. 7th. Basic Requirement: SUSTAINABILITY Sustainable Use of Natural Resources EuroCodes Technical Design Funktional Design CPR 305/2011 1-6 A prerequisite for sustainability are the 6 Basic Requirements for Construction Works • Without meeting the functional needs there is no sustainability • Without meeting the technical needs there is no sustainability 13
  14. 14. Sustainability Here the sustainability assessment starts EuroCodes Technical Design Funktional Design CPR 305/2011 A prerequisite for sustainability are the Basic Requirements for Construction Works • Without meeting the functional needs there is no sustainability • Without meeting the technical needs there is no sustainability 14
  15. 15. Sustainability ECO SOC ECON CEN TC350 Standards for works CEN TC350 Standards only quantify aspects and impacts Technical Design Funktional Design 15
  16. 16. CEN TC350 standardisation Sustainability ECO SOC ECON CEN TC350 Standards for works EuroCodes Technical Design Funktional Design CEN TC350 Standards only quantify aspects and impacts CPR 305/2011 16
  17. 17. • Sustainability as a performance can not be standardised – The methodologies for description and quantification can be standardised 18
  18. 18. SOC ECON CEN TC 350 standards ENV BUILDING-WORKS 19
  19. 19. Overview and status CEN TC350 standards 20
  20. 20. Integrated Building Performance Concept level Environmental Performance Social Performance Economic Performance Technical Performance Functional Performance EN 15643 - 4 Framework for Economic Performance Technical Characteristics Functionality EN 15643 - 1 Sustainability Assessment of Buildings General Framework Framework level Building level EN 15643-2 Framework for Environmental Performance EN15978 Assessment of Environmental Performance - Calculation Method - EN15804 Environmental Product Declarations - core rules for the product category of construction products - Product level EN 15942 Environmental Product Declarations - Communication format Business to Business EN 15643 - 3 Framework for Social Performance STATUS CEN TC350 Standards FprEN16309 Assessment of Social Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16627 Assessment of Economic Performance - Calculation Method - (see Note below) (see Note below) Note: At present, technical information related to some aspects of social and economic performance are included under the provisions of pr EN 15804 to form part of the EPD CEN/TR 15941 Environmental product declarations – Methodology for selection and use of generic data - 21
  21. 21. Integrated Building Performance Concept level Environmental Performance Social Performance Economic Performance Technical Performance Functional Performance Technical Characteristics Functionality EN 15643 - 1 Sustainability Assessment of Buildings General Framework Framework level EN 15643-2 Framework for Environmental Performance EN 15643 - 3 Framework for Social Performance EN 15643 - 4 Framework for Economic Performance EN15978 Assessment of Environmental Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16309 Assessment of Social Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16627 Assessment of Economic Performance - Calculation Method - EN15804 Environmental Product Declarations - core rules for the product category of construction products - (see Note below) (see Note below) Framework level Building level Building level Product level Product level EN 15942 Environmental Product Declarations - Communication format Business to Business Note: At present, technical information related to some aspects of social and economic performance are included under the provisions of pr EN 15804 to form part of the EPD CEN/TR 15941 Environmental product declarations – Methodology for selection and use of generic data - 22
  22. 22. Integrated Building Performance Concept level Environmental Performance Social Performance Economic Performance Technical Performance Functional Performance Technical Characteristics Functionality EN 15643 - 1 Sustainability Assessment of Buildings General Framework Framework level EN 15643 - 3 Framework for Social Performance EN 15643 - 4 Framework for Economic Performance EN15978 Assessment of Environmental Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16309 Assessment of Social Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16627 Assessment of Economic Performance - Calculation Method - EN15804 Environmental Product Declarations - core rules for the product category of construction products - Building level EN 15643-2 Framework for Environmental Performance (see Note below) (see Note below) Building level Product level Product level EN 15942 Environmental Product Declarations - Communication format Business to Business Note: At present, technical information related to some aspects of social and economic performance are included under the provisions of pr EN 15804 to form part of the EPD CEN/TR 15941 Environmental product declarations – Methodology for selection and use of generic data - Information flow 23
  23. 23. Integrated Building Performance Concept level Environmental Performance Social Performance Economic Performance Technical Performance Functional Performance Technical Characteristics Functionality EN 15643 - 1 Sustainability Assessment of Buildings General Framework Framework level EN 15643 - 3 Framework for Social Performance EN 15643 - 4 Framework for Economic Performance EN15978 Assessment of Environmental Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16309 Assessment of Social Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16627 Assessment of Economic Performance - Calculation Method - EN15804 Environmental Product Declarations - core rules for the product category of construction products - Building level EN 15643-2 Framework for Environmental Performance (see Note below) (see Note below) EN15978 EN15804 Product level EN15942 EN 15942 Environmental Product Declarations - Communication format Business to Business Note: At present, technical information related to some aspects of social and economic performance are included under the provisions of pr EN 15804 to form part of the EPD TR15941 CEN/TR 15941 Environmental product declarations – Methodology for selection and use of generic data - all published 24
  24. 24. Integrated Building Performance Concept level Environmental Performance Social Performance Economic Performance Technical Performance Functional Performance Technical Characteristics Functionality EN 15643 - 1 Sustainability Assessment of Buildings General Framework Framework level Building level EN 15643-2 Framework for Environmental Performance EN 15643 - 3 Framework for Social Performance EN 15643 - 4 Framework for Economic Performance EN15978 Assessment of Environmental Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16309 Assessment of Social Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16627 Assessment of Economic Performance - Calculation Method - (see Note below) (see Note below) EN15804 Environmental Product Declarations - core rules for the product category of construction products - Product level EN 15942 Environmental Product Declarations - Communication format Business to Business FprEN16309 Approved Nov. 2013 Note: At present, technical information related to some aspects of social and economic performance are included under the provisions of pr EN 15804 to form part of the EPD available 1/2014 CEN/TR 15941 Environmental product declarations – Methodology for selection and use of generic data - 25
  25. 25. Integrated Building Performance Concept level Environmental Performance Social Performance Economic Performance Technical Performance Functional Performance Technical Characteristics Functionality EN 15643 - 1 Sustainability Assessment of Buildings General Framework Framework level Product level EN 15643 - 3 Framework for Social Performance EN 15643 - 4 Framework for Economic Performance EN15978 Assessment of Environmental Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16309 Assessment of Social Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16627 Assessment of Economic Performance - Calculation Method - EN15804 Environmental Product Declarations - core rules for the product category of construction products - Building level EN 15643-2 Framework for Environmental Performance (see Note below) EN 15942 Environmental Product Declarations - Communication format Business to Business FprEN16627 (see Note below) in Enquiry procedure Note: At present, technical information related to some aspects of social and economic performance are included under the provisions of pr EN 15804 to form part of the EPD available 5/2015 CEN/TR 15941 Environmental product declarations – Methodology for selection and use of generic data - 26
  26. 26. Integrated Building Performance Concept level Environmental Performance Social Performance Economic Performance Technical Performance Functional Performance Technical Characteristics Functionality EN 15643 - 1 Sustainability Assessment of Buildings General Framework Framework level All Framework Standards: published EN 15643 - 1 EN 15643 - 2 EN 15643 - 3 EN 15643 - 4 Product level EN 15643 - 3 Framework for Social Performance EN 15643 - 4 Framework for Economic Performance EN15978 Assessment of Environmental Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16309 Assessment of Social Performance - Calculation Method - FprEN16627 Assessment of Economic Performance - Calculation Method - EN15804 Environmental Product Declarations - core rules for the product category of construction products - Building level EN 15643-2 Framework for Environmental Performance (see Note below) (see Note below) EN 15942 Environmental Product Declarations - Communication format Business to Business Note: At present, technical information related to some aspects of social and economic performance are included under the provisions of pr EN 15804 to form part of the EPD CEN/TR 15941 Environmental product declarations – Methodology for selection and use of generic data - 27
  27. 27. principle steps in the sustainability assessment of buildings 28
  28. 28. BUILDING ASSESSMENT INFORMATION SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION BEYOND THE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE INFORMATION B1 - 7 C1 - 4 D PRODUCT STAGE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS USE STAGE END OF LIFE STAGE Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary Waste processing for reuse, recovery or and recycling Disposal C3 C4 Refurbishment Replacement Operational Water use Repair B7 Maintenance Operational Energy use Use B6 Transport B5 C2 B4 Deconstruction B3 C1 B2 Construction - Installation process B1 A5 A4 A1-A3 Transport A4 - 5 Raw Material Supply Transport Manufacturing A1 - 3 After being disposed the construction products or materials might -have a Reuse Recovery future value in another Recycling life cycle potential 29
  29. 29. BUILDING ASSESSMENT INFORMATION SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION BEYOND THE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE INFORMATION USE STAGE USE END OF LIFE STAGE Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary B6 Operational Energy use Transport Waste processing for reuse, recovery or and recycling Disposal B7 Operational Water use C2 C3 C4 B5 Deconstruction B4 C1 B3 Construction - Installation process B2 A5 A4 A1-A3 B1 Refurbishment CONSTRUCTION PROCESS Replacement PRODUCT STAGE Repair D Maintenance C1 - 4 Use B1 - 7 LIFE CYCLE STAGE: Transport A4 - 5 Raw Material Supply Transport Manufacturing A1 - 3 Reuse Recovery Recycling potential 30
  30. 30. BUILDING ASSESSMENT INFORMATION SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION BEYOND THE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE INFORMATION A1 - 3 A4 - 5 LIFE CYCLE STAGE: B1 - 7 LIFE CYCLE STAGE: C1 LIFE CYCLE4 STAGE: D PRODUCT STAGE USE STAGE USE END OF LIFE STAGE AFTER USE Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary Refurbishment Disposal Replacement B7 Operational Water use C4 Repair Waste processing for reuse, recovery or and recycling Maintenance Operational Energy use C3 Use B6 Transport B5 C2 B4 Deconstruction B3 C1 B2 Construction - Installation process Transport B1 A5 A1-A3 A4 Raw Material Supply Transport Manufacturing CONSTRUCTION BEFORE USE PROCESS Reuse Recovery Recycling potential 32
  31. 31. BUILDING ASSESSMENT INFORMATION SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION BEYOND THE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE INFORMATION A1 - 3 B1 - 7 LIFE CYCLE STAGE: C1 LIFE CYCLE4 STAGE: D PRODUCT STAGE USE STAGE USE END OF LIFE STAGE AFTER USE Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary Assessment & Disposal Information module After being disposed the construction products or materials might -have a Reuse Recovery future value in another Recycling life cycle potential C4 C3 Refurbishment Replacement Operational Water use Repair B7 Maintenance Operational Energy use Assessment & Use Information module B6 Assessment & Information module Assessment Waste processing for reuse, & recovery or and recycling Information module B5 Transport B4 Assessment Deconstruction& Information module B3 C1 B2 Assessment Construction - Installation process & Information module Assessment & Transport Information module B1 A5 A1-A3 A4 Raw Material Supply Assessment Transport & Manufacturing module Information CONSTRUCTION BEFORE USE PROCESS C2 A4 - 5 LIFE CYCLE STAGE: 33
  32. 32. BUILDING ASSESSMENT INFORMATION SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION BEYOND THE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE INFORMATION USE STAGE END OF LIFE STAGE Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary B6 Operational Energy use Transport Waste processing for reuse, recovery or and recycling Disposal B7 Operational Water use C2 C3 C4 B5 Deconstruction B4 C1 B3 Construction - Installation process B2 A5 A4 A1-A3 B1 Refurbishment CONSTRUCTION PROCESS Replacement PRODUCT STAGE Repair D Maintenance C1 - 4 Use B1 - 7 Transport A4 - 5 Raw Material Supply Transport Manufacturing A1 - 3 A scenario to each of the life cycle stages – A scenario to each of the information modules Reuse - A scenario for info Recovery Recycling -the beyond potential product/building life cycle stage 34
  33. 33. A set of aspects and indicators • Environmental aspects - quantified in env. indicators • Social aspects – described and quantified in soc. Indicators • Economic aspects – quantified in econ. Indicators  applied to all the information modules 35
  34. 34. Concept of Sustainability Assessment Concept of the sustainability assessment Sustainability Assessment ENV SOC ECON communication of: the assessed indicators on ENV ---------- SOC ---------- ECON ---------- ENV, SOC, ECON demands from clients brief and/or regulations Designed Solution or Existing Building assessed object technical characteristics declared technical and functional performances of the assessed object functionality Functional Equivalent: Technical and Functional Requirements functional equivalent Technical Requirements to the building + Functional Requirements to the building Environmental, Social, Economic Requirements to the building Client's brief, requirements prEN16309. fig 1 Regulations Requirements 36
  35. 35. Concept of Sustainability Assessment Concept of the sustainability assessment Sustainability Assessment ENV SOC ECON communication of: the assessed indicators on ENV ---------- SOC ---------- ECON ---------- ENV, SOC, ECON demands from clients brief and/or regulations Designed Solution or Existing Building assessed object client’s brief and regulations technical characteristics declared technical and functional performances of the assessed object functionality Functional Equivalent: Technical and Functional Requirements demand functional equivalent Technical Requirements to the building + Functional Requirements to the building Environmental, Social, Economic Requirements to the building Client's brief, requirements prEN16309. fig 1 Regulations Requirements 37
  36. 36. Concept of Sustainability Assessment Concept of the sustainability assessment Sustainability Assessment ENV SOC ECON communication of: the assessed indicators on ENV ---------- architect’s or designer’s solution client’s brief and regulations SOC ---------- ECON ---------- ENV, SOC, ECON demands from clients brief and/or regulations Designed Solution or Existing Building supply assessed object technical characteristics declared technical and functional performances of the assessed object functionality Functional Equivalent: Technical and Functional Requirements demand functional equivalent Technical Requirements to the building + Functional Requirements to the building Environmental, Social, Economic Requirements to the building Client's brief, requirements prEN16309. fig 1 Regulations Requirements 38
  37. 37. ---- ---- ---- Concept of Sustainability Assessment DESCRIPTION of the object of assessment Sustainability Assessment ENV SOC ENV, SOC, ECON communication of: demands from clients brief and/or regulations ECON the assessed indicators on ENV ---------- declared technical and functional performances of the assessed object Designed Solution or Existing Building technical characteristics functionality technical characteristics declared technical and functional performances of the assessed object functionality Functional Equivalent: Technical and Functional Requirements Functional Equivalent: Technical and Functional Requirements functional equivalent Technical Requirements to the building + Functional Requirements to the building functional equivalent Environmental, Social, Economic Requirements to the building Client's brief, requirements prEN16309. fig 1 ECON ---------- ENV, SOC, ECON demands from clients brief and/or regulations Designed Solution or Existing Building assessed object SOC ---------- Regulations Requirements 39
  38. 38. Concept of Sustainability Assessment Here the sustainability assessment starts Sustainability Assessment ENV SOC ECON communication of: EN15978 EN16309 EN16627 the assessed indicators on ENV ---------- technical characteristics ECON ---------- ENV, SOC, ECON demands from clients brief and/or regulations Designed Solution or Existing Building assessed object SOC ---------- declared technical and functional performances of the assessed object functionality Functional Equivalent: Technical and Functional Requirements functional equivalent Technical Requirements to the building + Functional Requirements to the building Environmental, Social, Economic Requirements to the building Client's brief, requirements prEN16309. fig 1 Regulations Requirements 40
  39. 39. BUILDING ASSESSMENT INFORMATION SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION BEYOND THE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE INFORMATION USE STAGE END OF LIFE STAGE Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary B6 Operational Energy use Transport Waste processing for reuse, recovery or and recycling Disposal B7 Operational Water use C2 C3 C4 B5 Deconstruction B4 C1 B3 Construction - Installation process B2 A5 A4 A1-A3 B1 Refurbishment CONSTRUCTION PROCESS Replacement PRODUCT STAGE Repair D Maintenance C1 - 4 Use B1 - 7 Transport A4 - 5 Raw Material Supply Transport Manufacturing A1 - 3 Reuse Recovery Recycling potential 41
  40. 40. Question: Do you consider the maintenance /general expenses of your house? What do you think you will achieve by this? Yes, maintenance is included. It requires a scenario for maintenance of the building / product over the service life ENVIRONMENTAL SOCIAL ECONOMIC 42
  41. 41. Identify Purpose of Goal building-related aspects for the fabric Step 1 the Assessment Intended Use user- and control system-related aspects accessibility Step 2 health comfort Specification of the Object of Assessment security safety social building-performance indicators4 clause Functional Equivalent Reference Study Period System Boundary Object of Assessment relevant for the operation of the building health comfort clause 5 safety security adaptability Step 3 Scenarios for the impact neighbourhood Building Use Stage Object of Assessment – Time related characteristics impact neighbourhood Scenarios for the information modules B1 and B2 – B7 Step 4 Evaluating aspects and indicators Checklist clause 6 clause 7, 8 Annex B 43
  42. 42. building-related aspects for the fabric Accessibility Access to building services Accessibility for people with specific needs Safety and Security Resistance to climate change Accidental actions (earthquake, explosions, fire and traffic impacts Personal safety and security against intruders and vandalism Security against interruptions of utility supply Health & Comfort Thermal characteristics Adaptability Characteristics of indoor air quality Acoustic characteristics Impact on neighbourhood Characteristics of visual comfort Noise Spatial characteristics Emissions Glare/overshadowing Shocks / vibrations 44
  43. 43. user- and control system-related aspects relevant for the operation of the building Health & Comfort Thermal comfort Indoor air quality Visual comfort Safety and Security Security against intruders and vandalism Impact on neighbourhood Emissions 45
  44. 44. Identify Purpose of Goal building-related aspects for the fabric Step 1 the Assessment Intended Use user- and control system-related aspects accessibility Step 2 social building-performance indicators4 clause Functional Equivalent Reference Study Period System Boundary Object of Assessment health comfort Specification of the Object of Assessment security safety relevant for the operation of the building health comfort clause 5 safety security adaptability Step 3 Scenarios for the impact neighbourhood Building Use Stage Object of Assessment – Time related characteristics impact neighbourhood Scenarios for the information modules B1 and B2 – B7 Step 4 Evaluating aspects and indicators Checklist clause 6 clause 7, 8 Annex B Start assessment of aspect Is the aspect relevant for the design of the object of assessment? no yes Guided by a checklist stop assessment of aspect Is there a regional, national or European requirement or a client requirement yes no Follow the methodology in clause 7.2-7.7 Follow the methodology in clause 7.2-7.7 Specify the minimum requirement and/or give details of client’s requirement is the indicator assessed ? Evaluating indicators per information module B1-B7 no Have measures been taken exceeding the requirement ? yes no yes Describe measures that have been taken Report obtained performance and references Describe measures that have been taken Report obtained performance and references Report obtained performance and references Justify INA Report INA Justify Mark as NR (not relevant) Report for all aspects- all indicators 46
  45. 45. Thank you ! Chris Hamans esc@hamans.com 47

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