CPR - BRCW #7: using cen tc350 standards for implementation

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The Construction Product Regulation - CPR- (EU Regulation 305/2011) defines a Basic Requirements for Construction Works: the sustainable use of resources. Member States and the building sector seem to be are struggling with this Basic Requirement to works.
IF Member States set requirements for this on works (buildings) and IF this results in demanding additional information on construction products then EN15978 and EN15804 are the appropriate tools for specifying the methodologies and indicators. The rules (especially the recitals) in the CPR show the way.

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CPR - BRCW #7: using cen tc350 standards for implementation

  1. 1. BRCW nr. 7: CEN TC350 sustainability standards well suited for measuring sustainable use of resources Ir. Chris Hamans The Netherlands
  2. 2. CPR : European regulation 305/2011 2
  3. 3. Recitels and Articles •RECITELSare important for the interpretation of the rules given in the ARTICLES 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. CPDCPR 305/2011 Essential Product Requirements 1.Mechanical resistance and stability 2.Safety in case of fire 3.Hygiene, health and the environment (use stage) 4.Safety in use 5.Protection against noise 6.Energy economy and heat retention Basic Requirements for Construction Works 1.Mechanical resistance and stability 2.Safety in case of fire 3.Hygiene, health and the environment (life cycle) 4.Safety in use 5.Protection against noise 6.Energy economy and heat retention 7.Sustainability 5 ANNEX 1 in the CPR
  6. 6. CPD  CPR 305/2011 Basic Requirements for Construction Works 1. Mechanical resistance and stability 2. Safety in case of fire 3. Hygiene, health and the environment (life cycle) 4. Safety in use 5. Protection against noise 6. Energy economy and heat retention 7. Sustainability 6 ANNEX 1 in the CPR
  7. 7. CPD  CPR 305/2011 7 ETA Product Standards hEN Product Standards
  8. 8. CPR –Recitel 1 •The rules of Member States require that construction worksbe designed and executed so as not to endangerthe safety of persons, domestic animals or property nor damage the environment. 8
  9. 9. CPR –Recitel 2 •Those rules have a direct influence on the requirements of construction products. Those requirements are consequently reflected in national product standards, national technical approvals and other national technical specifications and provisions related to construction products. Due to their disparity, those requirements hinder trade within the Union. 9
  10. 10. CPR –Recitel 3 •This Regulation should not affect the right of Member States to specify the requirementsthey deem necessary to ensure the protection of health, the environment and workers when using construction products. 10
  11. 11. CPR –Recitel 12 •The methods used by the Member States in their requirements for construction works, as well as other national rules relating to the essential characteristics of construction products, should be in accordance with harmonised technical specifications. 11 ETAProductStandards hENProductStandards
  12. 12. CPR & EPD -Recital 55 The basic requirement for construction works on sustainable use of natural resourcesshould notably take into account the recyclability of construction works, their materials and parts after demolition, the durability of construction works and the use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in construction works. 12
  13. 13. CPR -Recitel 57 •Wherever possible, uniform European methods should be laid down for establishing compliance with the basic requirements set out in Annex I. 13 CEN TC351 standards CEN TC350 StandardsEN15804EN15978
  14. 14. CPR & EPD -Recital 56: use of EPD’s •For the assessment of the sustainable use of resources and of the impact of construction works on the environment Environmental Product Declarationsshould be used when available. 14 CEN TC350 Standards EN15804 hENProductStandards EPD
  15. 15. BRCW 7 : SUSTAINABLEUSEOFNATURALRESOURCES The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: •(a)recyclability of the construction works, their materialsand parts after demolition; •(b)durability of the construction works; •(c)use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 15
  16. 16. BRCW 7 : SUSTAINABLEUSEOFNATURALRESOURCES The construction worksmust be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: •(a)recyclabilityof the construction works, their materialsand parts after demolition; •(b)durabilityof the construction works; •(c)use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materialsin the construction works. 16
  17. 17. CPR –Recitel 1 •The rules of Member States require that construction worksbe designed and executed so as not to endangerthe safety of persons, domestic animals or property nor damage the environment. 17
  18. 18. CPR: BRCW 7 SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES •The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: a.recyclability of the construction works, their materials and parts after demolition; b.durability of the construction works; c.use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 18 BRCW 7 : WHATDOESITMEAN?
  19. 19. CPR: BRCW 7 SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES •The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: a.recyclability of the construction works, their materials and parts after demolition; b.durability of the construction works; c.use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 19 ? BRCW 7 : WHATDOESITMEAN? environmentally: on what indicator(s)
  20. 20. CPR: BRCW 7 SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES •The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: a.recyclability of the construction works, their materials and parts after demolition; b.durability of the construction works; c.use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 20 ? BRCW 7 : WHATDOESITMEAN? Compatible: to what? What is the reference? What is the requirement?
  21. 21. CPR: BRCW 7 SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES •The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: a.recyclability of the construction works, their materials and parts after demolition; b.durability of the construction works; c.use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 21 these are mid points ; goal is optimum use of natural resources BRCW 7 : WHATDOESITMEAN?
  22. 22. CPR: BRCW 7 SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES •The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: a.recyclability of the construction works, their materials and parts after demolition; b.durability of the construction works; c.use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 22 BRCW 7 : WHATDOESITMEAN? Member States : specify meaning / interpretation
  23. 23. CPR: BRCW 7 SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES •The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: a.recyclability of the construction works, their materials and parts after demolition; b.durability of the construction works; c.use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 23 BRCW 7 : WHATDOESITMEAN? Member States: resulting in new rules for works/building requirements ?
  24. 24. CPR: BRCW 7 SUSTAINABLE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES •The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: a.recyclability of the construction works, their materials and parts after demolition; b.durability of the construction works; c.use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 24 BRCW 7 : WHATDOESITMEAN? Member States: resulting in new declarations for construction products?
  25. 25. CPR & EPD -Recital 56: use of EPD’s •For the assessment of the sustainable use of resources and of the impact of construction works on the environment Environmental Product Declarationsshould be used when available. 25 CEN TC350 Standards EN15804 hENProductStandards EPD
  26. 26. CEN TC350 standards •A package of standards for measuring and quantifyingsustainability performance of construction works and construction products 26
  27. 27. 3 Dimensions assessed 27
  28. 28. ENVIRONMENT 28
  29. 29. SOCIAL 29
  30. 30. ECONOMIC 30
  31. 31. 1 -FRAMEWORK 31
  32. 32. 2 -BUILDING 32
  33. 33. 3 -PRODUCT 33
  34. 34. EN15978EN15804EN15942 TR15941all published 34
  35. 35. 22 Environmental indicators for each life cycle stage and beyond 35 Environmental impact from LCA- EN 15804 Global Warming Potential (GWP) OzonDepletion Potential (ODP) Acidification (AP) Eutrofication(NP) Summer smog (POCP) Depletion of resources –non fossil (ADP) –fossil (MJ) Resource use EN 15804 Use of renewable primary energy excluding energy resources used as raw material (MJ) Use of renewable primary energy resources used as raw material(MJ) Total renewable (MJ) Use of non-renewable primary energy excluding primary energy resources used as raw material(MJ) Use of non-renewable primary energy resources used as raw material(MJ) Total non renewable (MJ) Use of secondary material (kg) Use of renewable secondary fuels (MJ) Use of non-renewable secondary fuels (MJ) Net use of fresh water (m3) Waste EN15804 Hazardous waste disposed (kg) Non hazardous waste disposed(kg) Radioactive waste disposed (kg) Output flows EN15804 Components for re-use (kg) Materials for recycling (kg) Materials for energy recovery(not being waste incineration) (kg) Exported energy for each energy carrier (MJ) 7 8 3 4 the methodology and the indicators are available !
  36. 36. BRCW #7 = works •Building performance on “defined” parameters •We need: –Building scenarios –Product information & scenarios that meet the building scenarios –Process information & scenarios that meet the building scenarios •The standards provide the methodology for quantification of the performance 36
  37. 37. Construction products are intermediate products 37 •The end use product is the building (works) Product performance is defined in the building ?one layer-two layer ?climate indoor-outdoor ?type of building ?building life time ?application ?maintenance scenario ?end-of-life scenario ?………
  38. 38. Modular system: EPDs input for building performance calculation product X EPD cfEN15804 acc. EN15978 38
  39. 39. Life Cycle Assessment - BUILDING 39 A1-3 A1-A3 Raw Material Supply Transport Manufacturing PRODUCT STAGE A4-5 A4 A5 Transport Construction - Installation process CONSTRUCTION PROCESS B B 1 Use ; installed product B 2 Maintenance B 3 Repair B 4 Replacement B 5 Refurbishment B 6 Operational Energy use B 7 Operational Water use USE STAGE C C1 C2 C3 C4 Deconstruction END OF LIFE STAGE Transport Waste processing for reuse, recovery or and recycling Disposal BUILDING LIFE CYCLE INFORMATION EPBD Scenario(s) Technical information Scenario(s) Technical information Scenario(s) Technical information Scenario(s) Technical information EN15978 The building assessment defines the need for product data
  40. 40. 40 D Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary B2 B3 B4 B5 B 6 Operational Energy use A4 A5 B 7 Operational Water use C1 C2 C3 C4 I II III IV A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 B2 B3 B4 B5 C1 C2 C3 C4 scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario B6 B7 no RSL Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) Inclusion optional 1) Inclusion optional 1) Inclusion optional 1) RSL if all scenarios 2) given Inclusion optional Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) Mandatory 1) Mandatory 1) Mandatory 1) RSL if all scenarios 2) given Inclusion optional BUILDING LIFE CYCLE INFORMATION SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION BEYOND THE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE A1 - 3 A4 - 5 B1 - 7 C1 - 4 PRODUCT STAGE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS USE STAGE END OF LIFE STAGE Raw Material Supply Transport Manufacturing Transport Construction - Installation process B1 Deconstruction Transport Waste processing for reuse, recovery or and recycling Disposal Reuse - Recovery - Recycling - potential Use Maintenance Repair Replacement Refurbishment A1-A3 PRODUCT stage CONSTRUCTION PROCESS stage END OF LIFE stage Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary B1 Raw material supply Transport Manufacturing Transport Construction-installation proces Use USE STAGE Waste Processing Disposal Reuse - Recovery - Recycling - potential De-construction demolition Transport scenario Maintenance Operational water use scenario Inclusion optional 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Repair Replacement Refurbishment scenario Operational energy use EPD Cradle to gate Declared unit Mandatory Cradle to gate with option Declared unit/ Functional unit Mandatory Cradle to grave Functional unit Mandatory prEN15978 Product prEN15804 Building PRODUCT information = input for the BUILDING assessment EN15978 EN15804
  41. 41. 41 D Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary B2 B3 B4 B5 B 6 Operational Energy use A4 A5 B 7 Operational Water use C1 C2 C3 C4 I II III IV A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 B2 B3 B4 B5 C1 C2 C3 C4 scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario scenario B6 B7 no RSL Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) 2 Inclusion optional 1) Inclusion optional 1) Inclusion optional 1) Inclusion optional 1) RSL if all scenarios 2) given Inclusion optional Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Mandatory 1) Mandatory 1) Mandatory 1) Mandatory 1) RSL if all scenarios 2) given Inclusion optional BUILDING LIFE CYCLE INFORMATION SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION BEYOND THE BUILDING LIFE CYCLE A1 - 3 A4 - 5 B1 - 7 C1 - 4 PRODUCT STAGE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS USE STAGE END OF LIFE STAGE Raw Material Supply Transport Manufacturing Transport Construction - Installation process B1 Deconstruction Transport Waste processing for reuse, recovery or and recycling Disposal Reuse - Recovery - Recycling - potential Use Maintenance Repair Replacement Refurbishment A1-A3 PRODUCT stage CONSTRUCTION PROCESS stage END OF LIFE stage Benefits and loads beyond the system boundary B1 Raw material supply Transport Manufacturing Transport Construction-installation proces Use USE STAGE Waste Processing Disposal Reuse - Recovery - Recycling - potential De-construction demolition Transport scenario Maintenance Operational water use scenario Inclusion optional 1) 2 Mandatory 1) 2 Repair Replacement Refurbishment scenario Operational energy use EPD Cradle to gate Declared unit Mandatory Cradle to gate with option Declared unit/ Functional unit Mandatory Cradle to grave Functional unit Mandatory prEN15978 Product prEN15804 Building I N F O R E Q U I R E M E N T S EN15978 EN15804 D A T A F L O W
  42. 42. Modular PRODUCT information 42 I A1 A2 A3 Raw material supply Transport Manufacturing PRODUCT stage II A4 A5 scenario scenario Transport Construction-installation proces CONSTRUCTION PROCESS stage III B2 B3 B4 B5 scenario scenario scenario scenario B6 B7 Operational energy use scenario scenario Operational water use scenario Repair (incl. transport) Replacement (incl. transport) Refurbishment (incl. transport) B1 Use Maintenance (incl. transport) USE STAGE IV C1 C2 C3 C4 scenario scenario scenario scenario Disposal De-construction demolition Transport Re-use / recycling END OF LIFE stage Voluntary modules Voluntary modules Voluntary modules EN15804 Scenario description with: LCA-relevant information and/or technical information
  43. 43. Module D: info for “the next product life cycle” B1 Use; installed product B2 Maintenance B3 Repair B4 Replacement B5 Refurbishment B6 Operational Energy Use B6.1 Operational Energy Use - heating B6.2 Operational Energy Use - cooling B6.3 Operational Energy Use - ventilation B6.4 Operational Energy Use - hot water B6.5 Operational Energy Use - lighting B6.6 Operational Energy Use - building automation and control B7 Operational Water Use A2 Transport C1 Deconstruction C2 Transport BEFORE USE USE AFTER USE C3 Recycling / re-use C4 Disposal A1 Raw material supply Product stage Use stage End of Life stage Construction Process stage A5 On site processes A4 Transport A3 Manufacturing Module D Loads and benefits of recycling from “cradle” to “grave” and beyond: “end of waste” of products and components 43
  44. 44. BRCW #7 The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainableand ................. (designed, built ) and (demolished) = info per life cycle stage Choose ! We have 22 environmental indicators availableto express the sustainable use of resources 44
  45. 45. BWR #7 The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: •(a)recyclabilityof the construction works, their materialsand parts after demolition; •(b)durability of the construction works; •(c)use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 45 Output flows EN15804 Components for re-use (kg) Materials for recycling (kg) Materials for energy recovery(not being waste incineration) (kg) Exported energy for each energy carrier (MJ)
  46. 46. BWR #7 The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: •(a)recyclability of the construction works, their materialsand parts after demolition; •(b)durabilityof the construction works; •(c)use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 46 CPR: AVCP (Attestation, Verification of the Constancy of Performance) of the essential characteristics of construction products& RSL –Reference Service Life in EPD (acc. EN15804) Building Assessment (acc. EN15978): ESL (Estimated Service Life)specified in the building scenario(Functional Equivalent)
  47. 47. BWR #7 The construction works must be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: •(a)recyclability of the construction works, their materialsand parts after demolition; •(b)durability of the construction works; •(c)use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 47 Resource use EN 15804 Use of renewable primary energy excluding energy resources used as raw material (MJ) Use of renewable primary energy resources used as raw material(MJ) Total renewable (MJ) Use of non-renewable primary energy excluding primary energy resources used as raw material(MJ) Use of non-renewable primary energy resources used as raw material(MJ) Total non renewable (MJ) Use of secondary material (kg) Use of renewable secondary fuels (MJ) Use of non-renewable secondary fuels (MJ) Net use of fresh water (m3) Environmental impact from LCA- EN 15804 Global Warming Potential (GWP) OzonDepletion Potential (ODP) Acidification (AP) Eutrofication(NP) Summer smog (POCP) Depletion of resources –non fossil (ADP) –fossil (MJ)
  48. 48. We have standards for implementing BRCW 7 The construction worksmust be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: •(a)recyclabilityof the construction works, their materialsand parts after demolition; •(b)durabilityof the construction works; •(c)use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. hEN EN15978 EN15978 assessment environmental performance of buildings
  49. 49. We have standards for implementing BRCW 7 The construction worksmust be designed, built and demolished in such a way that the use of natural resources is sustainable and ensure the following: •(a)recyclabilityof the construction works, their materialsand parts after demolition; •(b)durabilityof the construction works; •(c)use of environmentally compatible raw and secondary materials in the construction works. 49 Product TC’s select the product characteristics relevant for the ER. Product TC’s select the test-/ calculation method per characteristic Product TC’s select the communication format per characteristic ENtest method hENProductStandards CEN TC350 Standards EN15804 Indicatorsmethodologycommunication
  50. 50. We have standards for implementing BRCW 7 50 Product TC’s select the product characteristics relevant for the ER. Product TC’s select the test-/ calculation method per characteristic Product TC’s select the communication format per characteristic ENtest method hENProductStandards CEN TC350 Standards EN15804 Indicatorsmethodologycommunication EN15804 EPD -environmental product declaration
  51. 51. •No need for further development of methodologies •CEN TC350 standards –provide the methodologies for quantifying environmental performances –offer a “basket” of environmental indicators •If regulators want demonstration of compliance with BRCW 7, –then define performance demands for buildings –specify the resulting information demand for construction products 51 BRCW 7 : SUSTAINABLEUSEOFNATURALRESOURCES but notify and harmonise the demand for the information on EU-level !
  52. 52. 52 More info ? Contact: Chris Hamans esc@hamans.com http://www.hamans.com

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