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Digitizing Engelmann's Legacy
 

Digitizing Engelmann's Legacy

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Mapping Plant Specimens that Document the Great American Frontier. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Engelmann

Mapping Plant Specimens that Document the Great American Frontier. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Engelmann

Presented at the ESRI Education Users Conference. July 13, 2010. San Diego, CA.

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    Digitizing Engelmann's Legacy Digitizing Engelmann's Legacy Presentation Transcript

    • Digitizing Engelmann’s Legacy:
      • Chris Freeland
        • Director, Center for Biodiversity Informatics Missouri Botanical Garden
      Mapping Plant Specimens that Document the Great American Frontier ESRI Education User Conference – July 13, 2010 – San Diego, CA http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Engelmann
    • Project objectives
      • Select, database & image 8,000 herbarium specimens from pioneering expeditions into the American frontier
      • Digitize 100 volumes of field literature
      • Integrate geospatial analysis tools into Tropicos ( http://www.tropicos.org )
      • Make all data openly available at http://www.tropicos.org/project/engelmann
      Agave wislizenii Engelm.
    • http://www.mobot.org MOBOT: Now
      • Founded by Henry Shaw
      • Opened to the public in 1859
      • Public display + education + science
      MOBOT: Then
    • MOBOT Science: Now
    • MOBOT Science: Then George Engelmann Asa Gray Wm. Jackson Hooker
    • George Engelmann (1809 – 1884)
      • Physician & amateur botanist
      • Founder of St. Louis Academy of Sciences
      • Founding member of National Academy of Sciences
      Thanks, Wikipedia! http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Engelmann
    • US botanical exploration post-Lewis & Clark St. Louis: Gateway to the West ? X Engelmann more … Josiah Gregg Freidrich Wislizenus Ferdinand Lindheimer
    • Heuchera sanguinea Engelm. Plant specimens document occurrence Collection Information Collectors:
      • Wislizenus
      Collection Number: 210 Collection Date: 06 October 1846 Location: Mexico, Chihuahua Elevation: 7,000 ft Description: Crimson flower Locality: Mountains, rocks, at Llanos near Cosiquiriachi.
    • Data origin & annotation over time ^ 2.Herbarium label: synthesized data < 1.Field label: origin of data ^ 3.Annotation: locality 4.Annotation: revision >
    • Data Storage: Tropicos.org http://www.tropicos.org/Specimen/1700971
    • Tropicos : http://www.tropicos.org
      • MOBOT’s botanical information system
        • 3.8 million specimen records
        • 1.2 million plant names
        • 98,000 collectors / authors
        • 140,000 images
      • Maps via ESRI tools & other technologies…
        • ArcIMS in 2000, just recently taken offline
        • ArcGIS Server 9.3 & JavaScript API in 2009-2010
    • http://www.tropicos.org/project/engelmann
    • http://www.tropicos.org/project/engelmann
    •  
    • http://www.tropicos.org/project/engelmann
    •  
    • Geocoding legacy collections = hard, skilled work < Geocode? Read??
    • Field notebooks & historic printed literature can help http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/91553
    • Neat-o! But…why is this important??
      • First documented occurrence of plant species in the American frontier
        • Westward expansion brought invasive plants, habitat loss, other pressures on native plants
      • Base data for secondary analyses
        • Can do things with the data after “unlocking” them from physical storage
      • American scientific & cultural heritage
      These specimens represent:
    • Heuchera sanguinea = Coral bells Common Name: coral bells
Zone: 3 to 9 
Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial
Family: Saxifragaceae
Native Range: Western United States
Height: 1 to 1.5 feet
    • Acknowledgements
      • ESRI
      • Institute of Museum & Library Services
      • Tropicos Development team: Jay Paige, Heather Stimmel, Craig Geil
      • MOBOT Herbarium staff
      • MOBOT Library & Archives staff
      • Botanists, scientists, students, explorers
      • And of course, George Engelmann!
    • Links & Resources
      • Engelmann Project: http://www.tropicos.org/project/engelmann
      • Tropicos: http://www.tropicos.org
      • Biodiversity Heritage Library: http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
      • Missouri Botanical Garden: http://www.mobot.org
      • MOBOT Images: http://www.mobot.org/mobot/archives http://www.flickr.com/photos/mbgarchives
    • Thanks! Questions?
      • Chris Freeland
        • Director, Center for Biodiversity Informatics Missouri Botanical Garden
      Email: [email_address] Twitter: @chrisfreeland Blog / info: chrisfreeland.com Flickr: http://flickr.com/photos/chrisfreeland/ http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Engelmann