The Big Bad Bully:Academic Bullying in Higher Education Christine L. Crawford Final Paper Spring 2012
Discussion Points Academic bullying is a common, yet rarely discussed topic What is Academic Bullying The academy and certain cultures of the academy support and even nurture the academic bully culture Certain leadership styles are more prone toward bullying Characteristics of an academic bully What academic leaders can do combat the bully culture
Bullying in Higher Education; I thought that only happened in K-12 Academic bullying is not a new phenomenon, but no one wants to talk about it. Why? Academic bullying can present in many ways. Know the signs! The affects of academic bullying in higher education are no different than traditional bullying.
The Six Cultures of the Academy; Where Bullies are Born and Raised Culture: A set of shared attitudes, values, goals and practices that characterize and institution or organization Berquist & Pawlak’ s “Six Cultures of the Academy” How it all works together
The Collegial Culture Discipline centered and oriented Research, scholarship and quasi-political governance processes Faculty autonomy Most prominent culture; large research institutions University of Pittsburgh falls into this category High likelihood to harbor bullies
Managerial Culture Organization, implementation, and evaluation are key Work is directed toward specific goals Prudence and responsibility are at the core Two year schools and trade schools Low likelihood of academic bullying
Developmental Culture Creation of programs furthering personal and professional growth of all members Maturation is a the core Concerned with less tangible aspects of human growth Faculty development, institutional research, organizational development Prominent in liberal arts colleges Moderate likelihood for academic bullying
Advocacy Culture Establishment of policies and procedures for equal distribution of resources Closely linked with the managerial culture Confrontation is key Prominent in an two year community colleges Low likelihood for academic bullying
Virtual Culture Answering the knowledge generation and the dissemination capacity of the postmodern world Global, progressive, and inclusive Technology driven Still evolving Low likelihood for academic bullying
Tangible Culture History, roots, community, and spiritual grounding Originates from early European universities Places great importance on land, facilities, and reputation Symbolism through buildings and campus design Privilege or elite Prominent in most Ivy league schools High likelihood of academic bullying
Cultures and their Roles Vary from institution to institution Experiencing culture through different experiences depending on your role Can have multiple cultures operating on the same campus Within certain departments Central business offices
How the Academy Promotes and Nurtures Bullies Self governance Academic Freedom Autonomy The faculty IS the university and are employed BY the university.
Tenure; Job Security Those with tenure are hard to discipline and even harder to dismiss Aggressive faculty can be concealed on committees They serve on many committees, especially tenure committees for junior faculty Outdated standards used for basing decisions Right of passage
Leadership and Academic Bullying Faculty can be considered as leaders Leaders have the ability to define reality for those they have influence over Bullies as “shadow casters” Toxic leadership and it characteristics
Leadership and Academic Bullying Types of Power Coercive Power Leadership Styles Servant leaders Responsible leaders Authentic Leader
What does Academic Bullying Look Like? Bullies who are they? Minor irritants Serious threats Aggressor bully; Do it or else! Victim Bully; They hurt me so its their fault I treat them like this!
What does Academic Bullying Look Like? Self Assessment Manipulation and intimidating the seemingly powerless Divulging confidential information , using public humiliation, insulting, using innuendo, rumors, sarcasm, backstabbing, talking down to, lying, excluding, marginalizing, ostracizing, silencing, patronizing, scapegoating, passive aggression, and micromanaging
What can be done with the bully? Academic leaders need to be educated on the topic of academic bullying Create clear policies with real consequences Create a safe environment for victims to be able to come forth and be heard Sanctions and Redress as a last resort