1. Music Performance & Ensemble Preparing to Record Part 1 Chris Bakerwww.musicstudentinfo.com
2. Recording Preproduction 1• This is the most crucial step• List the overall objective• A CD to distribute to radio?• To sell at gigs?• To get a record deal?• Song writing demo ?• Have a clear vision for the outcome
3. Recording Preproduction 2• Decide on the songs to record.• Demo the songs first on a boom box.• Analyze them after the performance.• Get outside opinions.• Think about instrumentation for each song.• How many guitar parts?• Vocal harmonies?• Percussion?• How many players you need.
4. Recording Assessing your abilities• Do you want/need to record everyone at the same time or track each part separately?• Recording at the same time produces tighter results and takes less time.• How much isolation do you need between each part?• Complete isolation gives you greater flexibility when fixing parts.• Do you have the ability to do any recording at home?
5. Recording Recording Studios1. The Recording Engineer - is the most important item to consider in your search for a studio.2. The Facility - is not only the recording space and control room, but the environment around the studio. Is the studio large enough ?3. The Equipment - you will want to use a studio which has some high quality gear. Most studios today have gone digital, but a few still have analog tape machines available.
6. Recording Recording Studios• The Cost - In most endeavors the more you pay for something, the better it is.• Time - often musicians coming into a studio for the first time are unrealistic about the time required to complete the project
7. Recording Studio Considerations 1• Factor your expenses, eating & rentals.• Think about the "vibe" of the sessions.• Visit all prospective studios.• Ask for recommendations.• Do they have experience with the instruments and style of your music?• Does it have the right vibe?
8. Recording Studio Considerations 2• Is there Parking?• What can the studio provide? Studio drum kit? Amps? Mic selection? What is included in the cost? CD copies? Food? Accommodation?• Does the price include a house Engineer?• Does the price include Tax?• How many hours are in a day rate? 8, 12 etc?• Most studios are negotiable on price….always negotiate!
9. Recording Producer or Engineer or Both?• The Engineer is responsible for the recording process.• If something isn’t working, the engineer has to be able to fix it.• The better your Engineer, the more smoothly your session will go.• You’ll want somebody who knows their way around the studio.• Most studios provide an experienced engineer.• The Producer oversees the process of recording.• A talented Producer will enable you to reach your potential.• Their experience working with other bands will make you sound better.
10. Recording Dealing with Producers• A Producer will probably work with a project budget.• They might agree on a flat fee for the entire project.• Their fees could be much lowered in exchange for a percentage of sales or publishing rights to the songs they recorded.• Make sure you like the Producer and trust their vision.• Play live for the producer, see what they say about your songs before the studio session.
11. Recording In the Studio• Allow enough time to set up.• A good Engineer will know where to start.• Every experienced musician has their own preference.• The amount of time this takes depends on the band and the number of instruments.• Talk to the engineer to get an idea of how long it will take.• Setting up can be taxing.
12. Recording Playback• Certain nuances come from the musician.• To make adjustments, listen back to what you’ve recorded.• Sounds barely noticeable in a live setting stick out on a recording.• You will not know they are happening without listening back every few takes.• Playback has to be done in real time so however much time you spend recording, you will also spend time in the control room listening back.• This time also need to be factored into your time calculations.