Disco Music


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Features & characteristic of Disco Music

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Disco Music

  1. 1. Music & Society Discowww.musicstudentinfo.com Chris Baker
  2. 2. Music & Society DiscoRoots in late 1960’s Soul, Philly and New York Soul & MotownA genre of dance-oriented pop music that was popularized indance clubs (discothèques) in the mid-1970’sThe term disco was first used in 1973 Rolling Stone MagazineDisco sound-urban American phenomenon
  3. 3. Disco Background• Discothèque Clubs where no live music played a.k.a. disk-only events• Occupied France, Jazz and Bebop music & Jitterbug were banned by the Nazis as decadent American influences• Resistance met at hidden underground dance clubs called discotheques• Danced to American Swing music• Played on a turntable when a jukebox was not available
  4. 4. Disco Background Cont.• Sexual revolution United States 1960’s• Homosexuals were left out• Homosexual sex acts were illegal in several states• Gay bars were frequently raided by police• Police raided Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village, New York, June 1969
  5. 5. Disco Background Cont.• Patrons fought back, leading to Stonewall Riots• Riot led to a feeling that the time had come when they could be themselves• Due to the sexual revolution, feminism, female sexual desire -not discussed or understood, became a topic for discussion
  6. 6. Disco Background Cont.• Atmosphere in which New York City musicians and audiences from the female, homosexual, black, and Latino communities adopted several traits from hippies and psychedelia• Included free-form dancing, "trippy" lighting, colorful costumes, and hallucinogens• Lack of irony, and earnestness of the hippies influenced pre- Disco music
  7. 7. Music & Society DiscoCharacteristics OrchestrationReverberated vocals Strings, hornsSteady four-on-the-floor beat  Electric pianosOpen hi-hat on the off-beat  Lush background soundSyncopated electric bass line  Orchestral instruments  flute for solo melodies Lead guitar rarely used
  8. 8. Disco Performers & ProducersPerformersEvelyn "Champagne" King, Tavares, Chic, Bee Gees, DonnaSummer, Grace Jones, Gloria Gaynor, Diana Ross, The VillagePeople, Sylvester, The Jackson 5, Stylistics and Barry WhiteProducersImportant role in Disco, wrote the songs, created soundsproduction techniques of the "disco sound” Nile Rogers, BernardEdwards-CHIC, Giorgio Moroeder-Donna Summer
  9. 9. Disco Rise & FallDisco Copyists Decline of DiscoNon-Disco artists recorded Disco declined in popularity inDisco songs at the height of the early to mid 1980’s,Discos popularity, and films influence on hip-hop, electricsuch as Saturday Night Fever dance, house, techno, newand Thank God Its Friday wave and hip hopincreased it’s popularity
  10. 10. Disco Glitter Ball
  11. 11. 1970’s Disco & 1920’s Jazz Comparism• Early 1920’s a popularized Jazz• Jazz dance popular at nightclubs in major cities• Many similarities dance music of the 1920’s and Disco music from the 1970’s• Lavish orchestrations• Period of social liberalism• Popularized through black nightclubs• Disco popularized through gay nightclubs
  12. 12. 1970’s Disco & 1920’s Jazz Comparism Cont.• 1920’s Glitter ball first appeared• Nightclub sequence of Berlin: die sinfonie der großstadt• The Great Depression• Socially conservative period• Gay nightclubs shut down• Relations between whites and minorities strained• 1935 Swing music had replace Dance music of the 1920’s
  13. 13. Disco Producers & Labels• SalSoul Records Joe and Stanley Cayre• Westend Records Mel Cheren• Casablanca Records Neil Bogart• Prelude Records Marvin Schlachter
  14. 14. Disco Production & Sound• Shaped legendary Tom Moulton• Creating the "Remix” influenced Rap, Hip-Hop and Pop• Extend the enjoyment• DJs and Remixers would remix (re-edit) existing songs using reel to reel tape machines• Remixed versions would add percussion breaks, new sections & new sounds
  15. 15. Production & Sound RemixDisco RemixersDavid Mancuso, Tom Moulton, Nicky Siano, Shep Pettibone,Larry Levan, Walter Gibbons, and Frankie Knuckles•Sound shaped by nightclub DJs•Use multiple record players to seamlessly mix tracks fromgenres Soul, Funk and Pop music at discoteques•Forerunner to later styles such as hip-hop and house
  16. 16. International Disco Tracks 1• The Hues Corporation 1974 "Rock The Boat" a U.S. #1 single and million-seller• "Walking in Rhythm" by The Blackbyrds 1974,• Gloria Gaynor remake of The Jackson 5 "Never Can Say Goodbye"• The Bee Gees "You Should Be Dancing” 1975• Barry White "Youre the First, the Last, My Everything” 1974• LaBelle "Lady Marmalade” 1974
  17. 17. International Disco Tracks 2• The Bee Gees "Jive Talkin” 1975• Chics "Le Freak” 1978 &"Good Times” 1979• Boney M a group of four West Indian singers and dancers masterminded by West German record producer Frank Farian, charted worldwide hits with such songs as "Daddy Cool", "Ma Baker" and "Rivers of Babylon"• All three charted in the U.S.
  18. 18. The End