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  • 1. South Asia Today India and Its Neighbors
  • 2. India’s Culture
    • second most populated country (over 1.1 billion people)
    • Most Indians live…
      • in rural areas.
      • in the North.
      • along the coast.
      • in extended families.
      • in castes.
    • Hindi and English are official languages.
    • Most Indians practice Hinduism.
  • 3. India’s Government
    • World’s largest democracy ( federal republic )
    • Government structure:
      • Prime Minister (runs the country)
      • President (little power)
      • Parliament
  • 4. India’s Economy
    • Although India is one of the world’s highest GDPs, many of its people live in poverty.
    • Most Indians work in agriculture.
    • There is an increasing numbersof high tech and industrial jobs.
    • Currency is the rupee.
  • 5. Issues and Challenges Facing India
    • Urbanization:
      • high population density (overcrowded)
      • poverty
      • educational inequality
        • caste system
        • gender inequality
      • environmental issues
        • deforestation
        • Asian Brown Cloud
        • water pollution
  • 6. So What’s the Deal with Pakistan?
    • Although Hinduism is the major religion , India has a large Muslim (Islam) population.
    • During British colonization of India, conflict between Hindus and Muslims escalated.
    • As the British were ending their colonial rule of India in 1947, India was partitioned (divided) into two separate nations:
      • India stayed a predominantly a Hindu nation.
      • Pakistan became a predominantly Muslim nation.
    • The partition caused mass chaos with over 15 million Indians moving from one region to another and riots taking place in protest of the division.
  • 7. India’s Partition
  • 8. India & Pakistan Today
    • The partition of India originally left both countries devastated .
    • Since their division, two wars have been fought between the countries.
    • conflict over the area of Kashmir
    • terrorism and nuclear weapons
  • 9.