South asia today

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South asia today

  1. 1. South Asia Today India and Its Neighbors
  2. 2. India’s Culture <ul><li>second most populated country (over 1.1 billion people) </li></ul><ul><li>Most Indians live… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in rural areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in the North. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>along the coast. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in extended families. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in castes. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hindi and English are official languages. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Indians practice Hinduism. </li></ul>
  3. 3. India’s Government <ul><li>World’s largest democracy ( federal republic ) </li></ul><ul><li>Government structure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prime Minister (runs the country) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President (little power) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. India’s Economy <ul><li>Although India is one of the world’s highest GDPs, many of its people live in poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Indians work in agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>There is an increasing numbersof high tech and industrial jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Currency is the rupee. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Issues and Challenges Facing India <ul><li>Urbanization: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>high population density (overcrowded) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>educational inequality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>caste system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>gender inequality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>environmental issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>deforestation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Asian Brown Cloud </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>water pollution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. So What’s the Deal with Pakistan? <ul><li>Although Hinduism is the major religion , India has a large Muslim (Islam) population. </li></ul><ul><li>During British colonization of India, conflict between Hindus and Muslims escalated. </li></ul><ul><li>As the British were ending their colonial rule of India in 1947, India was partitioned (divided) into two separate nations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>India stayed a predominantly a Hindu nation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan became a predominantly Muslim nation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The partition caused mass chaos with over 15 million Indians moving from one region to another and riots taking place in protest of the division. </li></ul>
  7. 7. India’s Partition
  8. 8. India & Pakistan Today <ul><li>The partition of India originally left both countries devastated . </li></ul><ul><li>Since their division, two wars have been fought between the countries. </li></ul><ul><li>conflict over the area of Kashmir </li></ul><ul><li>terrorism and nuclear weapons </li></ul>

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