Q: Which European country colonized India and ruled the region for 350 years?A: Great Britain
Q: Which THREE countries TODAY were the British COLNY of India?A: 1. Pakistan 2. India 3. Bangladesh • Was “East Pakistan”
Q: How were the Indians treated under British rule?A: Unfairly, discriminated against
Q: Was does the term “colonization” mean?A: When one country takes over another country.
Q: What does Westernization mean?A: More like countries “to the west”
Q: What were the THREE major things that lead to India’s independence?A: 1. Nationalism began to grow 2. Gandhi’s influence 3. Financial crisis in Europe due to WWII
Q: What is nationalism?A: A feeling of pride in your country
Q: How did nationalism help gain independence for India?A: The people in India did not want to be a colony anymore, they wanted to be free and be their own country!
Q: What does the I.N.C. stand for?A: Indian National Congress
Q: What was the PURPOSE of the I.N.C.?A: To gain RIGHTS and OPPORTUNITIES for Indians
Q: What did the first leader of the I.N.C. encourage Indians to do?A: Boycott, or not buy, British- made goods and buy Indian- made goods
Q: Who was India’s most famous independence leader?A: Mohandas Gandhi
Q: What was Gandhi’s strategy for getting India’s freedom? • Non-violent resistance • Civil disobedienceA: • • Peaceful protest “Satyagraha”
Q: What are some examples of Gandhi’s non-violent methods? • Protests • MarchesA: • • Boycotts Fasting
Q: Gandhi’s non-violent methods inspired which other famous leaders in history?A: 1. South Africa: Nelson Mandela 2. USA: Martin Luther King, Jr.
What impact did World War IIQ: have on India gaining its independence?A: It cost a lot of money to fight the war and rebuild after. It became too expensive for the British to keep the control of the colony.
Q: What was the PURPOSE of the British “Partition”?A: To avoid a religious conflict between the Hindus and the Muslims
Q: What was the “Partition” of the British colony of India in 1947?A: The division of the colony into Pakistan, India, and East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh)
Q: What was the RESULT of the British “Partition” of India in 1947?A: Many Muslims moved to Pakistan and the Hindus stayed in India