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Review ppt of sw asia history


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  • 1. The Middle East Study Game Unit 2
  • 2. According to Osama Bin Laden why did al Qaeda attack on 911? 1.Because of how the US treats the Muslim World,2.Using Saudi Arabia for a staging ground in the first Gulf War3.Continued support of Israel, the thieves of Palestine
  • 3. What is the most dominant ethnicgroup in Southwest Asia (Middle East)? Arabs
  • 4. What was the Holocaust?The murder of 6 millions of European Jews during World War II
  • 5. What modern day country is the home to those who call themselves the Persians? Iran
  • 6. Which religion do most people in Southwest Asia practice Islam
  • 7. When did the rule of The Ottoman empire end? At the end of WW I
  • 8. What is Zionism?The belief that Jews deserved to return to a homeland in Zion where they had lived in Biblical times
  • 9. What is the name of theagency that created the State of Israel as a homeland for the Jews? The United Nations
  • 10. What organization sets the price of oil? OPEC The organization of petroleum exporting countries
  • 11. How did Palestinians feel about the new state of Israel? They rejected it as unfair to them
  • 12. Which war wasOperation Desert Storm? Persian Gulf War I
  • 13. When the Ottoman Empire ended,Who drew up the Boundaries for the new country’s created ? European Politicians
  • 14. When were the Countries of Jordan and Iraq created? World War I
  • 15. When did Operation Desert Storm begin? After Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait/1991
  • 16. Any Jewish settlements in the West Bank is considered what by the Palestinians? An invasion of their land
  • 17. In which country are the Gaza Strip and the West Bank located? Israel
  • 18. What has happened to many of thePalestinians refugees since 1948 ? Many still live in refugee camps
  • 19. When did Israel gain control of the Sinai peninsula? After the six day war with the Arabs
  • 20. Who ruled Palestine beforeIsrael gained it’s Independence? United Kingdom
  • 21. What does “Sultan” mean? It is the ruler of a Muslim state.
  • 22. What was the outcome ofOperation Enduring Freedom?The Taliban is not in control ofthe government, but the US is still at war in Afghanistan
  • 23. When Israel was established,who was forced to relocate? The Palestinian Arabs
  • 24. What is the second largest sect of Islam? Shiite Muslim
  • 25. Terrorism is defined as ? The unlawful use of — or threatened use of —force or violence against individuals or property to intimidate governments or societies, often to achieve political, religious, or ideological objectives."
  • 26. U.S. troops are still fighting inwhich middle Eastern Country? Iraq /Afghanistan
  • 27. Why did the U.S. get involved in the First Gulf War? Because Iraq invaded Kuwait
  • 28. Who is responsible for the 9-11 attacks? Al Qaida / Osama Bin Laden
  • 29. Zionism can be best described as ? Jewish nationalism
  • 30. Iraq’s second largest ethnic group is? Kurds
  • 31. What is the U.S. main interest in Southwest Asia? Oil
  • 32. Who are the Taliban?A group of Afghani Radical Muslims
  • 33. The U.S. went to war in 2003 against Iraq because? Saddam Hussein was believed to be developingweapons of mass destruction
  • 34. What is the capital of Israel? Jerusalem
  • 35. The West Bank is between which two countries? Israel and Jordan
  • 36. Which war wasOperation Enduring Freedom Afghanistan War
  • 37. Why did the UN intervene Indispute between Iraq and Kuwait in 1990 ? The world powers were worried about the oil supply.
  • 38. A person who had to leave their home as a result of war is known as what? Refugee
  • 39. What was the result of the six day war? Israel doubled in size- Gaza Strip
  • 40. Jerusalem is sacred to which people Muslims /Jews/Christians
  • 41. What year was Israel created? 1948
  • 42. What was the Camp David Accord?Talks that led to peace agreement between Israel and Egypt
  • 43. What ethnic group’spredominant language is Arabic, and the majority follows the teachings of Islam. Arabs
  • 44. The Israelis were caught bysurprise during which war? Yom Kippur War
  • 45. Which war wasOperation Iraqi Freedom? Persian Gulf War II
  • 46. The scattering of Jewish peoplearound the world is known as? Diaspora
  • 47. The unlawful use of — or threatened use of —force or violence against individualsor property to intimidate is defined as ? Terrorism
  • 48. The US bombed what country foroffering safety to Al-Qaida in 2001 Afghanistan
  • 49. Why did the Nations of theworld join forces to stop SaddamHusain from conquering Kuwait? The world economy would collapse he took control of the oil supply
  • 50. True or False the Taliban was responsible for the 9-11 attacks? FALSE (al Qaeda was!!!)
  • 51. What caused thousands of Jewsto move to Palestine at the end of the 19th Century? Zionist Movement
  • 52. What was Hitler’s “Final Solution”?The exterminationof 6,000,000 Jews
  • 53. Who tried to stop the creation of a modern Jewish State? The neighboring Muslim countries
  • 54. What was the belief that allJews should return to the land of their forefathers called? Zionism
  • 55. What is a IED?Improvised Explosive Devise
  • 56. What ancient empire included the modern country of turkey? OTTOMAN EMPIRE
  • 57. Diaspora is known as?The spreading of the Jewish culture
  • 58. What US Military operation started in 2003?Operation Iraqi Freedom
  • 59. Which war was Operation Enduring Freedom?The Afghanistan War
  • 60. The US was afraid of an alliancebetween Saddam Hussein and__? __ In the War against Terror. Osama Bin Laden
  • 61. Why did the US attack Afghanistan?The Taliban government was harboring the al Qaeda Network
  • 62. What president orderedOperation Desert Storm?President Bush #1
  • 63. What ethnic group’spredominant language is Arabic, and the majority follows the teachings of Islam. Arabs
  • 64. What was the outcome ofOperation Iraqi Freedom?Saddam Husain is no longer the leader,but the US is still at war in the country.
  • 65. Which world leader invaded Kuwait? Saddam Hussein
  • 66. What was the outcome to Israel after its first war with its neighbors? Israel won the war and more territory
  • 67. What is a WMD?Weapon of Mass Destruction
  • 68. What country took over thearea of Mesopotamia during WWI? Great Britain
  • 69. In which country are the Gaza Strip and the West Bank located? Israel
  • 70. Why is the Muslim World angry at the United States For its support of Israel
  • 71. Which group is credited for thecreation of the modern county of Israel? U.N. United Nations
  • 72. What was the Camp David Accord? Talks that led to an agreement between Israel and Egypt
  • 73. What year was Israel created? 1948
  • 74. Who attended the Camp David Accord? Carter, Sadat, Begin
  • 75. What did the US do to anger Islamic Radicals in 1990? Used Saudi Arabia as a staging area for the First Gulf War
  • 76. Which war wasOperation Iraqi Freedom Second Gulf War
  • 77. In the beginning of the Ottoman Empire, what was stance on religious practices? Religious Tolerance
  • 78. Why are we looking for Osama Bin Laden? 911 attacks!!!
  • 79. What is anti-Semitism?A hatred of ANTHING Jewish
  • 80. What war caught the Jews off guard or surprised them The Yom Kippur War
  • 81. How did Britain get control of Palestine at the beginning of the 20th century? They were on the winning side of WW1 and were involved in dividing up the Ottoman Empire which was pert of the losing side.
  • 82. What is the UN?? An international group of countriesthat tries to develop peaceful solutions to international conflicts.
  • 83. What was the outcome of the Yom Kippur War It was a surprise attack but ended in a tie.
  • 84. In which war did Israel win the Sinai Peninsula and double its size? The Six Day War
  • 85. What was the reason for USreason for invading Iraq in the Second Gulf War? We believed Huessan was sharing his WMD’s
  • 86. What was the reason for the USinvading Iraq in the first Gulf War? Iraq invaded Kuwait and the US buys lots of oil from Kuwait.
  • 87. Which war wasOperation Desert Storm First Gulf War
  • 88. What is the American interest in the Middle East Our economy depends on their oil…
  • 89. What was the reason for the US invading Afghanistan? The Taliban government was hiding al Qaida, the group responsible for the 911 attacks