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mohandas gandhi

mohandas gandhi






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    mohandas gandhi mohandas gandhi Presentation Transcript

    • Mohandas Gandhi: The Mahatma Essential Question: How did Gandhi’s non-violent protest impact India?
    • “ My life is dedicated to service of India through the religion of non-violence which I believe to be the root of Hinduism. The religion of non-violence is not meant merely for the riches and saints. It is meant for the common people as well.” Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
    • What do you already know about Mohandas Gandhi?
      • The most important political and spiritual leader in achieving independence for India was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi—The Mahatma (The Great Soul).
      • He was born in India in 1869.
      • He is honored by the people of India as the father of their nation.
      • Gandhi’s life was guided by a search for the truth.
      • He believed that truth could be known only through tolerance and concern for his fellow man, and that finding a truthful way to solutions required constant testing.
      • Gandhi overcame fear in himself and taught others to master fear.
      • He believed in nonviolence, but he also held that violence is better than cowardice.
      • He lived a simple life and thought it was wrong to kill animals for food or to use their hides.
      • Gandhi developed a method of direct social action, based upon principles of courage, non-violence, and truth, which is called satyagraha (civil disobedience) .
      • In this method of passive resistance, the way people behave is more important than what they achieve.
      • Satyagraha was used to fight for India’s independence and to bring about social change.
      • Gandhi was arrested many times by the British for creating unrest, but his efforts brought important reforms.
      • In 1930, Gandhi led hundreds of followers on a 200 mile march to the sea, where they made salt from seawater.
      • This was a protest against the Salt Acts, which made it a crime to possess salt not bought from the government.
      • During World War II, Gandhi continued his struggle for India’s freedom through non-violent disobedience to British rule.
      • He was often treated like a third-class citizen.
      • He was jailed for the last time in 1942.
      • Altogether, he spent seven years in prison for political activity.
      • Gandhi’s non-violent protest led to India gaining independence from Great Britain in 1947.
      • In 1948, at the age of 78, while on his way to a prayer meeting, in New Delhi, Gandhi was assassinated.
      • A high-ranking Brahman, who feared Gandhi’s program of tolerance for all creeds and religions, shot him three times.
      • His beliefs and actions have inspired civil rights movements across the globe.
      • He is an icon of world peace.
      • His birthday, 2 nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.