Mohandas Gandhi: The Mahatma Essential Question: How did Gandhi’s non-violent protest impact India?
“ My life is dedicated to service of India through the religion of non-violence which I believe to be the root of Hinduism. The religion of non-violence is not meant merely for the riches and saints. It is meant for the common people as well.” Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
What do you already know about Mohandas Gandhi?
<ul><li>The most important political and spiritual leader in achieving independence for India was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi—The Mahatma (The Great Soul). </li></ul><ul><li>He was born in India in 1869. </li></ul><ul><li>He is honored by the people of India as the father of their nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Gandhi’s life was guided by a search for the truth. </li></ul><ul><li>He believed that truth could be known only through tolerance and concern for his fellow man, and that finding a truthful way to solutions required constant testing. </li></ul><ul><li>Gandhi overcame fear in himself and taught others to master fear. </li></ul><ul><li>He believed in nonviolence, but he also held that violence is better than cowardice. </li></ul><ul><li>He lived a simple life and thought it was wrong to kill animals for food or to use their hides. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Gandhi developed a method of direct social action, based upon principles of courage, non-violence, and truth, which is called satyagraha (civil disobedience) . </li></ul><ul><li>In this method of passive resistance, the way people behave is more important than what they achieve. </li></ul><ul><li>Satyagraha was used to fight for India’s independence and to bring about social change. </li></ul><ul><li>Gandhi was arrested many times by the British for creating unrest, but his efforts brought important reforms. </li></ul>
<ul><li>In 1930, Gandhi led hundreds of followers on a 200 mile march to the sea, where they made salt from seawater. </li></ul><ul><li>This was a protest against the Salt Acts, which made it a crime to possess salt not bought from the government. </li></ul><ul><li>During World War II, Gandhi continued his struggle for India’s freedom through non-violent disobedience to British rule. </li></ul><ul><li>He was often treated like a third-class citizen. </li></ul><ul><li>He was jailed for the last time in 1942. </li></ul><ul><li>Altogether, he spent seven years in prison for political activity. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Gandhi’s non-violent protest led to India gaining independence from Great Britain in 1947. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1948, at the age of 78, while on his way to a prayer meeting, in New Delhi, Gandhi was assassinated. </li></ul><ul><li>A high-ranking Brahman, who feared Gandhi’s program of tolerance for all creeds and religions, shot him three times. </li></ul>
<ul><li>His beliefs and actions have inspired civil rights movements across the globe. </li></ul><ul><li>He is an icon of world peace. </li></ul><ul><li>His birthday, 2 nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence. </li></ul>
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.