mohandas gandhi
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mohandas gandhi mohandas gandhi Presentation Transcript

  • Mohandas Gandhi: The Mahatma Essential Question: How did Gandhi’s non-violent protest impact India?
  • “ My life is dedicated to service of India through the religion of non-violence which I believe to be the root of Hinduism. The religion of non-violence is not meant merely for the riches and saints. It is meant for the common people as well.” Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  • What do you already know about Mohandas Gandhi?
    • The most important political and spiritual leader in achieving independence for India was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi—The Mahatma (The Great Soul).
    • He was born in India in 1869.
    • He is honored by the people of India as the father of their nation.
    • Gandhi’s life was guided by a search for the truth.
    • He believed that truth could be known only through tolerance and concern for his fellow man, and that finding a truthful way to solutions required constant testing.
    • Gandhi overcame fear in himself and taught others to master fear.
    • He believed in nonviolence, but he also held that violence is better than cowardice.
    • He lived a simple life and thought it was wrong to kill animals for food or to use their hides.
    • Gandhi developed a method of direct social action, based upon principles of courage, non-violence, and truth, which is called satyagraha (civil disobedience) .
    • In this method of passive resistance, the way people behave is more important than what they achieve.
    • Satyagraha was used to fight for India’s independence and to bring about social change.
    • Gandhi was arrested many times by the British for creating unrest, but his efforts brought important reforms.
    • In 1930, Gandhi led hundreds of followers on a 200 mile march to the sea, where they made salt from seawater.
    • This was a protest against the Salt Acts, which made it a crime to possess salt not bought from the government.
    • During World War II, Gandhi continued his struggle for India’s freedom through non-violent disobedience to British rule.
    • He was often treated like a third-class citizen.
    • He was jailed for the last time in 1942.
    • Altogether, he spent seven years in prison for political activity.
    • Gandhi’s non-violent protest led to India gaining independence from Great Britain in 1947.
    • In 1948, at the age of 78, while on his way to a prayer meeting, in New Delhi, Gandhi was assassinated.
    • A high-ranking Brahman, who feared Gandhi’s program of tolerance for all creeds and religions, shot him three times.
    • His beliefs and actions have inspired civil rights movements across the globe.
    • He is an icon of world peace.
    • His birthday, 2 nd October, is commemorated worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.