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Africa study game unit 3
 

Africa study game unit 3

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    Africa study game unit 3 Africa study game unit 3 Presentation Transcript

    • The Africa Unit 3 STUDY GAME
    • New machinery and tools are examples of __________ resources Capital
    • A UNICAMERAL legislature means what? It is a ONE house body that makes and passes the laws for the country.
    • What do Kenya, South Africa and Sudan all have in common in government? They are all “so-called” republics
    • Who makes the important decisions in Sudan? • The President and the National Congress Party
    • What are South Africa’s major exports? Gold and diamonds
    • What are the two Houses in South Africa’s Bicameral legislature? • National Assembly • National Council of Provinces
    • What is the currency of South Africa The Rand
    • What is the currency of Nigeria? The Naira
    • Why is Sudan not a true Republic? Votes don’t count & they are ruled by a one party dictatorship
    • Literacy rate refers to • Ability to read and write • More qualified work force • Higher GDP and Standard of living
    • A person who takes a risk by starting their own business is An Entrepreneur
    • A country ruled by a person that has complete and unlimited power Dictatorship – in an autocracy
    • What is an Embargo? A decision by one country to eliminate all exports to and imports with another country.
    • a form of government in which a Deity (God) is recognized as the supreme civil ruler Theocracy
    • What are quotas, tariffs, and embargos? (Political) Trade Barriers
    • A country in which the powers of the central government are restricted and in which the states, colonies, or provinces have some self-government; ultimate power rests with the voters who choose their governmental representatives (India, United States, Germany, South Africa…) Federal Republic
    • Name one of the most important factors in the economic growth of a country. Literacy Rate, or ability to make investments
    • a form of government in which the citizens elect leaders and rule by majority (United States) Representative Democracy
    • A government based upon religious beliefs is BEST described as an Theocracy
    • Most jobs in the US and South Africa are in what industry? The Service Industry
    • What type of government controls most aspects of its peoples life. Authoritarian or Autocracy
    • What type of government citizens choose representatives to make and enforce the laws Representative Democracy or Republic
    • The central government holds most of the power in _________ government. UNITARY
    • A small group of powerful leaders are in charge in this type of government… Oligarchy
    • What is the legislative branch of government is responsible for ??? making and carrying out the laws
    • In general, countries with strong economies have __________ literacy rates High
    • How is the leader of a Presidential Democracy chosen? The president is chosen in a vote by the people.
    • How is the leader of a Parliamentary Democracy chosen? The Prime Minister is chosen by representatives in the legislator
    • What is a TWO house body that makes and passes the laws for the country? A BICAMERAL legislature.
    • Lawlessness or political disorder brought about by having NO Government ANARCHY
    • What type of trade barrier is a Quota? Political Trade Barrier
    • What is a Political Trade Barrier that places a tax on incoming goods? tariff
    • People who can work, solve problems, and create businesses are called what? Human Resources or Human Capital
    • Who benefits from trade restrictions placed on imported goods? Local companies that produce the same products as the imports-LIMITS competition
    • What is a common problem with command economies? Poor decision making by government leaders on answering the three main Economic Questions
    • What are the three main Economic Questions? 1. 2. 3. What to produce/how much. How to produce it. For whom to produce it for.
    • Which African country that we have studied have an Autocratic Government system? Sudan (Military Dictatorship)
    • Which type of government gives its citizens the most power? Democratic
    • Which type of government gives its citizens the least power? Autocratic (Dictators and Absolute Monarchs)
    • What type of government gives the king or queen complete control? Absolute Monarchy
    • What type of government gives the king or queen very little control, they are more of a figure head? Constitutional Monarchy
    • What type of trade barrier is an Embargo? Political Trade Barrier
    • What is a common feature of countries with strong economies? High Literacy Rates
    • The US and other countries tried to persuade the S. African Government to quit its policy of Apartheid by limiting trade with the country. What type of political trade barrier is this?? Sanctions
    • African country have we studied that could be considered an Oligarchy prior to 1994??? South Africa
    • What system of government has a central government that controls everything and power is not shared between states, counties or provinces. Unitary System
    • A buyer and user of goods and services is a…? Consumer
    • In terms of international business, if two countries offer the same product, what influences which one I purchase it from? The price, ie… The Exchange Rate
    • Give 4 examples of political trade barriers… 1. Tariffs 2. Sanctions 3. Embargos 4. Quotas
    • . What system of government is a voluntary association of independent states that agrees to follow a weak central government. Confederation System
    • What political trade barrier places a tax on the goods or services coming into or leaving a country? • Tariffs
    • In what system of government is power shared .by a powerful central government and states or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures. Federal System
    • What are three types of governments? 1.Autocracy 2.Oligarchy 3.Democracy
    • In what type of government does a few people such as a dominant clan or clique have power and the group gets their power from either the military, wealth, or social status. Also, elections may be held but offer only one candidate? Oligarchy
    • In what type of government is the government “Ruled by the people” and individual freedom and equality is valued. Where free elections are held and decisions are based on majority rule? Democracy
    • •South Africa’s government operates as a Federal Republic. •Question-How is power distributed in a Federal Republic? In a federal republic, power is divided between the national and state or regional governments.
    • In what type of government is the power to govern held by one person and where the power to rule is generally inherited or imposed by military force? Autocracy
    • A manufacturer of goods and services is a…? Producer
    • What is it called when countries trade without any trade restrictions or barriers? Free Trade
    • What type of government is ruled by a king or dictator? Autocratic
    • How is a presidential democracy differ from a parliamentary democracy? • In a presidential democracy the executive branch is separate from the legislative branch.
    • What political trade barrier limits trade with a particular country or specific business BUT DOES NOT stop all trade with the country? Sanctions
    • How is power distributed in a one party state? • It is not. This is an unitary type of government with a strong central government.
    • What political trade barrier limits the amount of goods or services coming into or leaving a country? Quotas
    • What are two major forms of democratic governments: Parliamentary Presidential
    • What are the three ways governments distribute power: 1.Unitary 2.Confederation 3.Federal
    • What political trade barrier stops all trade with the country? Embargo
    • What is anything that improves a countries work force such as education, health care…? Human Capital
    • What is Human Capital? Anything that improves a countries work force such as education, health care…
    • What is nationalism? Loyalty based on political /geographic boundaries
    • How is power distributed in a federal government system? Power is shared among different levels of government
    • How is power distributed in a unitary government system? Strong Central Government, NO power Sharing
    • A small group of powerful leaders Makes ALL governmental decisions in what form of government? Oligarchy
    • What are any material things that are needed to conduct business… Machines, computers, buildings… ? Capital Goods
    • In some countries a single authority decides what is produced. What type of economy is this? Command Economy
    • How is a prime minister in a parliamentary system chosen??? The leader of the political party that holds the most seats in the legislature.
    • What natural trade barrier separates Libya and D.R. Congo? Sahara Desert
    • Which form of government gives people more power and rights, A Representative Democracy or an Oligarchy? Representative Democracy
    • The legislator is responsible for what in a parliamentary system of government? Making and carrying out the laws
    • The person with the most power in a parliamentary system is the??? Prime Minister
    • What is a ONE house body that makes and passes the laws for the country? A UNICAMERAL legislature.
    • Entrepreneurs do what in a market economy? Take on the financial risk in starting a new business
    • What are Capital Goods ? Any material things that are needed to conduct business… Machines, computers, buildings…
    • The person with the most power in a parliamentary system is the??? Prime Minister
    • In Sudan and Kenya, is there a difference in literacy rates between boys and girls? Yes, boys have a high literacy rate than girls
    • All countries in Africa have what kind of economic system? Mixed
    • What are two major problems with AIDS in Africa? High death rate and orphaned children
    • What is the main reason why Africans have so many health issues? Poverty
    • What can help stop the spread of many diseases in Africa? Education
    • What makes it possible to buy and sell goods between nations with different types of money? Currency Conversion
    • What is a man-made reason for famine in Africa? Civil War
    • This allows people to do a more efficient job at producing what they make best and trade these for the things they want Specialization
    • What has Nigeria specialized in? Oil/Petroleum
    • Why did some countries put sanctions and embargos on South Africa in the past? To try to end apartheid
    • What is the lack of a resource called? Scarcity
    • Why do most Africans not take drugs to help against HIV/AIDS? It is too expensive
    • What are the two houses of South Africa’s legislature called? National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces
    • How is the president of South Africa chosen? Elected by the National Assembly
    • How is the president of Kenya chosen? Voted by the people