El Nińo and La Nińa <ul><li>Understand the effects of these two short-term climatic changes </li></ul>
Oceans <ul><li>Have considerable heat storage capacity
Temperature have significant influence on weather patterns </li></ul>
 
Results of the Walker cell  <ul><li>Surface flow Trade Winds blow west wards
Sea level in the Philippines is 60cm higher than in Panama
Sea temp highest near Philippines 28C Low near South America 20C - inflows make this nutrient rich and good conditions for...
El Nińo Southern Oscillation <ul><li>Begins just after Christmas every 3-4 years and lasts between 12-18
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El Nino

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El Nino

  1. 1. El Nińo and La Nińa <ul><li>Understand the effects of these two short-term climatic changes </li></ul>
  2. 2. Oceans <ul><li>Have considerable heat storage capacity
  3. 3. Temperature have significant influence on weather patterns </li></ul>
  4. 5. Results of the Walker cell <ul><li>Surface flow Trade Winds blow west wards
  5. 6. Sea level in the Philippines is 60cm higher than in Panama
  6. 7. Sea temp highest near Philippines 28C Low near South America 20C - inflows make this nutrient rich and good conditions for plankton growth </li></ul>
  7. 8. El Nińo Southern Oscillation <ul><li>Begins just after Christmas every 3-4 years and lasts between 12-18
  8. 9. Results </li><ul><li>Desert-like conditions in Philippines
  9. 10. Sea-level rises in SE Asia
  10. 11. Warm surface waters in S America up to 6C bad for fishing industry </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/elnino/ http://esminfo.prenhall.com/science/geoanimations/animations/26_NinoNina.html
  12. 14. La Nińa <ul><li>Exaggeration of normal conditions
  13. 15. Large amounts of water pushed towards Philippines
  14. 16. More upwelling in Peru
  15. 17. Thought to increase hurricane activity in Caribbean
  16. 18. Disrupt the jet streams and brings stormy cold weather to the UK </li></ul>
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