NewSpace: Space Travel For All Of Us


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Do you want to go into space? To float weightless? To look down at the whole Earth from the blackness of space? It’s an exciting time for private space travel. Many new space companies have been founded in just the last few years. Most are working toward the goal of ordinary people going to space.

This presentation summarizes current space tourism programs, from weightless rides in a Zero G plane to trips to the International Space Station. It also presents an overview of near-future private space projects, including SpaceShipTwo suborbital rocket flights, orbital rides in the Dragon capsule, and the private Genesis space hotel currently being built in orbit.

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  • Ask audience. If needed, review the NASA as usual way of running a space program.
  • 475 people have been to space, 47 have been women.
  • Presenting throughthe first bullet should take a half hour. If there is time, present the last three.
  • It was modeled after early 20th-century aviation prizes – like the one that Charles Lindbergh won crossing the Atlantic - and aimed to spur development of low-cost spaceflight.
  • NewSpace: Space Travel For All Of Us

    1. 1. Newspace<br />Commercial Space Operations are Lifting Off<br />
    2. 2. NewSpace<br />What is NewSpace?<br />
    3. 3. NewSpace<br />NewSpace, or &quot;new space companies”, is a term that evolved to cover approaches to space development that differ significantly from that taken by NASA and the mainstream aerospace industry.<br />Development of launch systems principally with private funding.<br />Low cost approaches or budgeting plans.<br />Primary drive towards innovation.<br />Aim to increase human presence in outer space. <br />
    4. 4. NewSpace<br />NewSpace Companies<br />Space Competitions<br />NewSpace Conferences<br />Space Organizations<br />
    5. 5.
    6. 6. NewSpace Companies<br />
    7. 7. NewSpace Companies<br />Armadillo Aerospace <br />Bigelow Aerospace <br />Blue Origin <br />Masten Space Systems <br />Orbital Outfitters <br />Orbital Sciences Corporation <br />Rocket Racing League <br />RocketplaneKistler<br />Scaled Composites <br />Space Adventures<br />SpaceDev<br />SpaceX<br />T/Space <br />Virgin Galactic <br />XCOR Aerospace <br />Zero Gravity Corporation <br />
    8. 8. Bigelow Aerospace <br />Bigelow Aerospace is a North Las Vegas, Nevada space technology startup company that is pioneering work on expandable space station modules. It was founded in 1999 by hotelier Robert Bigelow.<br />An expandable module is a space structure that has a flexible outer shell, allowing conservation of diameter for launch and weight overall. Once in orbit, the module is inflated to allow for greater work, play and living area for astronauts.<br />Originally developed by NASA as Transhab, the project was cancelled and acquired by Bigelow Aerospace as the sole commercializer of the technology.<br />
    9. 9. Expandable Modules<br />Interior View<br />
    10. 10. Bigelow Aerospace <br />Genesis I<br />A 33% scale prototype module launched on July 12, 2006 weighing approximately 3,000 pounds (1,360 kg), with approximate dimensions of 14.5 feet (4.4 meters) in length and 5.25 feet (1.6 meters) in diameter, expanding to nearly twice the diameter once in orbit.<br />
    11. 11. Genesis I Module<br />
    12. 12. Bigelow Aerospace <br />Genesis II<br />With the same dimensions as Genesis I but with additional systems to be tested and items being sent up by paying members of the public (Fly My Stuff)<br />
    13. 13. Genesis II Module<br />Exterior<br />
    14. 14. Genesis II Module<br />Interior, with Fly My Stuff<br />
    15. 15. Bigelow Aerospace <br />Sundancer<br />A 45% scale prototype module designed to bridge the development gap between the Genesis modules and the eventual manned complex modules; the first manned test module.<br />
    16. 16. Sundancer Module<br />Exterior view<br />
    17. 17. Bigelow Aerospace <br />BA 330<br />A full-scale production module weighing approximately 50,000 pounds (23,000 kg) when fully loaded, with dimensions of approximately 45 feet (13.7 meters) in length and 22 feet (6.7 meters) in diameter when expanded.<br />
    18. 18. Nautilus<br />Constructed with several BA 330 modules.<br />
    19. 19. Orbital Outfitters <br />“Have Space Suit – Will Travel” – Robert A. Heinlein<br />The Mission of Orbital Outfitters is to provide affordable, industrial quality space suits and related services to commercial and government space travelers and explorers.<br />
    20. 20. The Industrial Suborbital Spacesuit (IS3)<br />
    21. 21. SpaceDiver<br />The goal of SpaceDiver is to create the systems and infrastructure necessary to allow a human being to accomplish an emergency (or other) egress from one of the NewSpace sub-orbital spacecraft and return to Earth safely - to bail out and skydive from the edge of space - or as it will be branded, “SpaceDive.”<br />
    22. 22. SpaceDiver Flight Profile<br />
    23. 23. Rocket Racing League<br />The Rocket Racing League is a racing league that would use rocket powered aircraft. The formation of the league was announced by Granger Whitelaw, and Peter Diamandis, founder of the Ansari X-Prize, on October 3, 2005, in partnership with the Reno Air Races. <br />According to Diamandis, the purpose of the league is to &quot;inspire people of all ages to once again look up into the sky and find inspiration and excitement.&quot;<br />
    24. 24. Rocket Racing League<br />
    25. 25. Rocket Races<br />To be held at venues across the country, the Rocket Racing League will feature multiple races pitting up to 10 Rocket Racers going head to head in a 4-lap, multiple elimination heat format on a 5-mile &quot;Formula One&quot;-like closed circuit raceway in the sky. The Rocket Racer pilots see the &quot;raceway in the sky&quot; via in-panel and 3D helmet displays. <br />Six teams are currently registered to compete in the Rocket Racing League’s Inaugural Season. <br />
    26. 26. Raceway In The Sky<br />
    27. 27. Space Adventures<br /> Space Adventures&apos; vision is to open spaceflight and the space frontier to private citizens.<br />Suborbital Missions<br />Orbital Missions<br />Lunar Missions<br />Other Experiences<br />Spaceflight Training<br />Zero Gravity Flights<br />Launch Tour <br />
    28. 28. Suborbital Missions<br />Price - $102,000 <br />All of Space Adventures&apos; suborbital spaceflights are preceded by four days of intensive training and flight preparation. <br />
    29. 29. Russian C-21<br />
    30. 30. Orbital Missions<br /> Successfully flown six private citizens to the International Space Station as clients. Former Microsoft exec Charles Simonyi recently completed his second mission and became the Space Adventures first repeat customer.Charles Simonyi - 2 missions, April 2007 and April 2009, total 25 days in spaceRichard Garriott - October 2008, 12 days in spaceAnousheh Ansari - September 2006, 10 days in spaceGreg Olsen - October 2005, 9 days in space Mark Shuttleworth - April 2002, 8 days in space Dennis Tito - April 2001, 7 days in space<br />
    31. 31. Russian Launch to the ISS<br />Soyuz rocket<br />
    32. 32. Anousheh Ansari<br />September 2006, 10 days in space<br />
    33. 33. Lunar Missions<br />Price - $100 million<br />Week long trip<br />Slingshot around the Moon and return to Earth<br />Fly within 60 miles of the lunar surface<br />
    34. 34. SpaceDev<br />SpaceDev California is focused on developing responsive and low-cost small spacecraft - microsats, nanosats and maneuvering and orbital transfer vehicles (MoTV) - and safe, sub-orbital and orbital hybrid propulsion systems. <br />
    35. 35. SpaceDev<br />Hybrid rocket propulsion<br />This unique technology is based on a combination of two, very safe materials: nitrous oxide (N2O) as the oxidizer, and hydroxy-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB), or synthetic rubber as the fuel. The result is a propulsion technology that blends the simplicity of solid rockets with the restart and throttle ability of liquid-fueled propulsion. <br />The most significant aspect is that hybrid rockets are much safer than other rocket technologies<br />
    36. 36. Hybrid Propulsion<br />SpaceShipOne Test Firing<br />
    37. 37. SpaceDev<br />Being used by or developed for:<br />SpaceShipOne<br />Maneuver and orbital Transfer Vehicle (MoTV)<br />SpaceDev Dream Chaser<br />Hybrid Upper Stage<br />
    38. 38. SpaceX<br /> Established in 2002 by Elon Musk , the founder of PayPal and the Zip2 Corporation, SpaceX has already developed two brand new launch vehicles, established an impressive launch manifest, and been awarded COTS funding by NASA to demonstrate delivery and return of cargo to the International Space Station. <br />
    39. 39. Falcon 1<br />Falcon 1 is a two stage, liquid oxygen and rocket grade kerosene (RP-1) powered launch vehicle. It is designed in-house from the ground up by SpaceX for cost efficient and reliable transport of satellites to low Earth orbit.<br />On September 28, 2008, SpaceX made history when its Falcon 1, designed and manufactured from the ground up by SpaceX, became the first privately-developed liquid fuel rocket to orbit the Earth.<br />
    40. 40. Falcon 9<br />Like Falcon 1, Falcon 9 is a two stage, liquid oxygen and rocket grade kerosene (RP-1) powered launch vehicle. It uses the same engines, structural architecture (with a wider diameter), avionics and launch system.<br />Maiden Flight, fall 2009<br />
    41. 41. Falcon 9 rocket engines<br />918,000 lbs of thrust<br />
    42. 42. Dragon Capsule<br />The Dragon spacecraft is made up of a pressurized capsule and unpressurized trunk used for Earth to LEO transport of pressurized cargo, unpressurized cargo, and/or crew members. Initiated internally by SpaceX in 2005, Dragon will be utilized to fulfill our NASA COTS contract for demonstration of cargo re-supply of the ISS.<br />Dragon Lab<br />
    43. 43. Virgin Galactic <br />Virgin Galactic is a company within Sir Richard Branson&apos;s Virgin Group which plans to provide sub-orbital spaceflights to the paying public. <br />Further in the future Virgin Galactic plans to offer orbital spaceflights as well.<br />
    44. 44. White Knight Two carrying SpaceShipeTwo<br />VSS Eve<br />
    45. 45. Flight Profile<br />The time from liftoff of the White Knight II booster carrying SpaceShipTwo until the touchdown of SpaceShipTwo after the suborbital flight will be about 2.5 hours. The suborbital flight itself will only be a small fraction of that time. <br />The weightlessness will last approximately 6 minutes. Passengers will be able to release themselves from their seats during these 6 minutes and float around the cabin.<br />
    46. 46. SpaceShipTwo in space<br />Wings folded for re-entry<br />
    47. 47. Inside SpaceShipTwo<br />
    48. 48. Virgin Galactic <br />“Let The Journey Begin“ video<br />
    49. 49. Zero Gravity Corporation <br />Founded by entrepreneur Peter Diamandis, astronaut Byron K. Lichtenberg, and NASA engineer Ray Cronise, the company is one of many private space companies working towards space tourism. <br />The company operates a modified Boeing 727 which flies parabolic arcs similar to those of NASA&apos;s KC-135 Reduced Gravity Aircraft.<br />Primary Locations: <br />Las Vegas, NV – Signature Air Terminal at McCarran International Airport <br />Cape Canaveral, FL – Shuttle Landing Facility at the Kennedy Space Center <br />Titusville, FL – Bristow Air Center <br />
    50. 50. G-Force One<br />
    51. 51. Floating in Zero-G<br />A number of notable passengers have been on weightless flights run by the company, including Penn Jillette and Teller , Martha Stewart, Burt Rutan, Buzz Aldrin, and John Carmack. <br />Theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking also completed a shortened flight on April 26, 2007.<br />The current price of a flight for a single passenger is $4,950.00.<br />
    52. 52. Questions?<br />
    53. 53. Continuing...<br />How can you get involved?<br />Space Competitions<br />NewSpace Conferences<br />Space Organizations<br />
    54. 54. Space Competitions<br />
    55. 55. Space Competitions<br />Ansari X Prize<br />America&apos;s Space Prize<br />Google Lunar X Prize <br />N-Prize<br />Centennial Challenges<br />
    56. 56. Ansari X Prize<br /> The Ansari X PRIZE was a space competition in which the X PRIZE Foundation offered a $10,000,000 prize for the first non-government organization to launch a reusable manned spacecraft into space twice within two weeks. <br /> The prize was won on October 4, 2004 by the project designed by Burt Rutan and financed by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, using the experimental spaceplane SpaceShipOne. <br />
    57. 57. White Knight One carrying Space Ship One<br />Pre-Launch <br />
    58. 58. Launching Space Ship One, Winning the XPRIZE<br />
    59. 59. America’s Space Prize<br />America&apos;s Space Prize is a US$50 million space competition in orbital spaceflight established and funded by hotel entrepreneur Robert Bigelow. The prize would have been awarded to the first US-based privately-funded team to design and build a reusable manned capsule capable of flying 5 astronauts to a Bigelow Aerospace inflatable space module. The prize expires January 10, 2010. There must be two flights within 60 days. The teams must be based in the United States of America.<br />
    60. 60.
    61. 61. Google Lunar XPRIZE<br /> The Google Lunar X PRIZE is a $30 million international competition to safely land a robot on the surface of the Moon, travel 500 meters over the lunar surface, and send images and data back to the Earth.<br /> 18 teams, many multi-national, are currently developing their entry.<br />
    62. 62. Odyssey Moon<br />Craft Name: MoonOne (M-1)Nationality: Multi-national with Isle of Man/UK jurisdiction<br />
    63. 63. Astrobotic<br />Craft Name: Red Rover / Artemis LanderNationality: USA<br />
    64. 64. Team Italia<br />Craft Name: AscensioMachinae Ad LunamItalica Arte - AMALIANationality: Italian<br />
    65. 65. Micro-Space<br />Craft Name: TBDNationality: USA<br />
    66. 66. Next Giant Leap<br />Craft Name: TBDNationality: USA<br />
    67. 67. FREDNET<br />Craft Name: UndecidedNationality: Multi-National<br />
    68. 68. ARCA<br />Craft Name: European Lunar Explorer - ELENationality: Romanian<br />
    69. 69. LunaTrex<br />Craft Name: TumbleweedNationality: USA<br />
    70. 70. CHANDAH<br />Craft Name: ShehrezadeNationality: USA<br />
    71. 71. Advaeros<br />Craft Name: Picard Nationality: Malaysia, multi-national<br />
    72. 72. STELLAR<br />Craft Name: Stellar EagleNationality: USA<br />
    73. 73. JURBAN<br />Craft Name: JOLHTNationality: USA<br />
    74. 74. Independence-X Aerospace<br />Craft Name: Independence Lunar Rover – 1 (ILR-1)Nationality: Malaysia<br />
    75. 75. Omega Envoy<br />Craft Name: TBDNationality: USA<br />
    76. 76. SYNERGY MOON<br />Craft Name: Spherical Robotic RoverNationality: multinational<br />
    77. 77. Euroluna<br />Craft Name: ROMITNationality: Danish, Swiss, Italian<br />
    78. 78. SELENE<br />Craft Name: SELENA 1 / LuRoCa 1Nationality: China, Germany<br />
    79. 79. White Label Space<br />Craft Name: TBDNationality: Multinational<br />
    80. 80. Moon 2.0<br />“Join The Revolution”<br />- Google’s promotional video<br />
    81. 81. N-Prize<br />18 teams are competing for the prize.<br />Nebula<br />Epsilon Vee<br />Vulcan<br />ASATA<br />Microlaunchers<br />Odyssey<br />CUSF<br />Potent Voyager<br />Prometheus<br />LMR<br />Kiwi 2 Space<br />Team Phalanx<br />Qi<br />YitSpace<br />Aerosplice<br />Daedalus Aerospace<br />Solarion<br />WikiSat<br /> The N-Prize (the &quot;N&quot; stands for &quot;Nanosatellite&quot; or &quot;Negligible Resources“) is a competition to stimulate innovation directed towards obtaining cheap access to space. The competition was launched in 2008 and is intended specifically to spur amateur involvement in spaceflight.<br />
    82. 82. N-Prize<br />Rules in brief<br />TThe N-Prize offers two cash Prizes, each of £9,999.99 (nine thousand, nine hundred and ninety-nine pounds and ninety-nine pence, sterling).The prizes will be awarded to the first persons or groups to put into orbit around the Earth a satellite with a mass of between 9.99 and 19.99 grams, and to prove that it has completed at least 9 orbits. One prize (the &quot;single-spend-to-orbit&quot;, or &quot;SSO&quot; Prize) will be awarded to the first entrant to complete the challenge using a non-reusable launch system. The other prize (the &quot;reusable vehicle&quot; or &quot;RV&quot; Prize) will be awarded to the first entrant to complete the challenge using a partially or wholly reusable launch system. Both prizes carry equal status.The cost of the launch, but not ground facilities, must fall within a budget of £999.99. Entrants for the RV Prize may exceed this budget, but must demonstrate recovery of hardware such that the per-launch cost remains within £999.99.Imaginative use of string and chewing gum is encouraged. Entrants are responsible for everything, organisers are responsible for nothing. <br />
    83. 83. N-Prize Challenge<br />The challenge posed by the N-Prize is to launch a satellite weighing between 9.99 and 19.99 grams into Earth orbit, and to track it for a minimum of nine orbits. Most importantly, though, the launch budget must be within £999.99 (about $1500) - and must include the launch vehicle, all of the required non-reusable launch equipment hardware, and propellant. <br />
    84. 84. Centennial Challenges<br /> As of April 2007, seven Challenges have been announced. The six space related ones are:<br />Tether Challenge<br />Beam Power Challenge<br />Moon Regolith Oxygen Challenge<br />Regolith Excavation Challenge<br />Lunar Lander Challenge<br />Astronaut Glove Challenge<br />
    85. 85. Beam Power challenge<br />This is a competition to build a wirelessly-powered ribbon-climbing robot. The contest involves having the robot lift a large payload within a limited timeframe. The first competition in 2005 would have awarded $50,000, $20,000, and $10,000 to the three best-performing teams, meeting the minimum benchmark of 1 m/s. However, no team met this standard, with only two teams climbing under beam power. This prize also increased to $200,000 in 2006, but no team was able to accomplish the full set of requirements.<br />In 2007 the prize money was raised to $500,000 for this competition.<br />
    86. 86. Tether Climber Competition<br />Powered by sunlight<br />
    87. 87. Lunar Lander Challenge<br />The Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander Challenge is a competition funded by NASA&apos;s Centennial Challenges program. The competition offers a series of prizes for teams that launch a vertical takeoff/vertical landing (VTVL) rocket that achieves the total delta-v needed for a vehicle to move between the surface of the Moon and its orbit. The multi-level competition is conducted by the X PRIZE Foundation, with sponsorship from the Northrop Grumman Corporation who run the on-going competition.<br />
    88. 88. Texel and Pixel<br />Armadillo Aerospace’s entries<br />
    89. 89. Lunar Lander Challenge<br />Texel Flight Test video<br />
    90. 90. NewSpace Conferences<br />
    91. 91. NewSpace Conferences<br />Space Access Society - Access to Space<br />National Space Society - International Space Development Conference<br />Space Frontier Foundation - NewSpace<br />
    92. 92. NSS - International Space Development Conference<br />
    93. 93. SFF – NewSpace Conference<br />
    94. 94. Space Organizations<br />
    95. 95. Space Organizations<br />National Space Society <br />Space Access Society <br />Space Frontier Foundation <br />Space Tourism Society <br />SpaceVidcast<br />Students for the Exploration and Development of Space (SEDS)<br />Yuri&apos;s Night <br />
    96. 96. National Space Society <br />
    97. 97. Space Frontier Foundation <br />
    98. 98. Students for the Exploration and Development of Space<br />
    99. 99. SEDS: University of Alabama - Huntsville <br />Zero G Flight<br />
    100. 100. Yuri&apos;s Night <br />
    101. 101. Conclusion<br />