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Labor Relations and Collective Bargaining in Sports Chris Gulotta Slidecast #1
Trusts and Antitrust Trusts Monopolies Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 Antitrust Outlaw or restrict Monopolies and restrictions on Free Trade
Antitrust and Labor Relation Acts Clayton Act of 1914 National Labor Relations Act Taft –Hartley Act of 1947 Unions in Sports
Antitrust’s Impact “Trust Busting” Standard Oil, AT&T, Microsoft, and Intel Important in maintaining Commerce and competition.
The “Business of Baseball” Baseball is unique under Antitrust protection Federal Baseball Club v. National League 259 U.S. 200 (1922)
Collective Bargaining Agreements CBA’s have come out of Unions and Antitrust works Final agreement/contract of negotiations between management and union Outlines the rights of both sides
CBA’s Role in Sports CBA’s importance in sports Outline what each side gets Without the CBA, there are no guidelines for league setup When CBA deal runs out, unless new one is reached, Lockouts and work stoppages occur
Strikes and Lockouts When CBA negotiations reach a stand still or are not going anywhere: Players can go on strike or, Owners can lock out the players Impact all aspects of the game and league as well as all parties involved. In sports, strikes are unique B because the workers cant be replaced.
MLB Strike of 1994 Most heralded strike Players strike: August 12 Owners cancel remainder of Season: Sept. 14 Lasting impacts Revenue Attendance Fan Support
Impact on Sports today Sports today heavily impacted by strikes MLB being upstaged by NFL NBA drop Change how Hockey is played Potential Strikes
References Sharp, L, Moorman, A, Claussen, C. (2010). Sports law: a managerial approach. Scottsdale: Holcomb Hathaway. Associated Press. (2004, August). 1994 strike was a low point for baseball. Retrieved March 6, 2011, from http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/story?id=1856626 Masteralexis, L., Barr, C., Hums, M. (2009). Principles and practice of sport management. Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Realclearsports. (2011, February). Top 10 sports work stoppages. Retrieved March 7, 2011, from http://www.realclearsports.com/lists/work_stoppages_in_sports Shapiro, W. (1994, August). Bummer of ’94. Retrieved March 7, 2011 from, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,981283-1,00.html Hinkle, R. (2003). Major League Baseball v. Butterworth opinion. Retrieved March 6, 2011, from Lexis Nexis Database. Enotes.com. (2006). Sherman antitrust act of 1890. Retrieved March 7, 2011, from http://www.enotes.com/business-finance-encyclopedia/sherman-antitrust-act Act of July 2, 1890(Sherman Anti-Trust Act), July 2, 1890; Enrolled Acts and Resolutions of Congress, 1789-1992; General Records of the United States Government; Record Group 11; National Archives. Luker, R. (2011, January). Economic uncertainty likely to intensify impact of work stoppage. Sports Business Daily. Retrieved March, 6, 2011, from, www.sportsbusinessdaily.com