2013 01-15 - LDNdevops - 3 ways to run infra on cleaner clouds

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This is the slide deck I used when presenting about how to run your infrastructure on cleaner clouds at the monthly London Devops meetup, held at Forward Technology in Camden.

This was the first time I'd given this talk outside of a greentech/cleanweb focussed audience, and it seemed to go down well.

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2013 01-15 - LDNdevops - 3 ways to run infra on cleaner clouds

  1. 1. 3 ways to run your infrastructure on cleaner clouds LDNdevops Jan 2013Sunday, 20 January 13
  2. 2. Who am I • Chris Adams • Working as a Product Manager at AMEE • Background in devops/ruby mainly • @mrchrisadams everywhere onlineSunday, 20 January 13
  3. 3. http://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/2012/09/arctic-sea-ice-extent-settles-at-record-seasonal-minimum/Sunday, 20 January 13
  4. 4. How it affects you See the red circle? That’s Sandy flooding your servers https://twitter.com/shloky/status/262948315119886336/photo/1Sunday, 20 January 13
  5. 5. How it affects Joel https://twitter.com/spolsky/statuses/263288111692382208Sunday, 20 January 13
  6. 6. I do ops, what can I do?Sunday, 20 January 13
  7. 7. “Data centers are power- hungry, and Facebooks Oregon center in Crook County is no exception, using 28MW. While thats fairly standard, it has doubled the power use of the county... The entirety of Crook County uses just under 30MW... [Data Center Knowledge via SlashDot; Image: Tom Raftery]” Ouch. Jan 31, 2012 via Gizmodo http://gizmodo.com/5880804/facebooks-oregon-data-center-uses-as-much-power-as-the-entire-countySunday, 20 January 13
  8. 8. arket Grow th Census 2011: M DCD Industry MARKET GROWTH ? About the sample of 7% into 2012 S – projected increase operates almost 1 00,000 FACILITIE 15% into 2012 » Sample size jected increase of operates 7.7 MIL LION RACKS – pro of 19% into 2012 (where 1 GW is » Sample rojected increase es 31 G W OF ENERGY – p » Sample consum illion homes) e. by 750,000 to 1 m next 12 months (i. ower used to US$35 BN in 59% p m ent about US$30 BN – expected to rise Russia » 2010-11 invest Rica or Lithuania) inal GDP of Kenya, Costa equivalent to nom 16% Benelux 59% 31% Russia Nordics 25% UK 8% 26% Canada Germany 74% 50% Turkey 44% Central China 23% USA 23% 47% West 35% 43% East MENA USA India USA Italy 9% 11% Spain 118% Mexico SE Asia 19% 10% Colombia France 43% 54% Brazil Australia 26% Argentina d Bank P data from the Worl -2 012 with GD © DatacenterDynam ics, London 2011. a center in vestment 2011 lays cens us data on dat This map over http://www.dcd-intelligence.com/Industry-Census/Data-centre-Market-Growth-2011-2012rms to meet incre ber of fo ased can take a num mmon to nter sector is co Key Grow th in the data ce hough IT demand:Sunday, 20 January 13 the Census, alt estment 2011-1 2 ets covered by of new facilities.
  9. 9. © 2006 Bruno & Lígia RodriguesSunday, 20 January 13
  10. 10. Dirty cloud: High CO2Sunday, 20 January 13
  11. 11. Clean cloud: Low/no Co2Sunday, 20 January 13
  12. 12. How to measure it • CO2 / Kwh • CO2 / compute hourSunday, 20 January 13
  13. 13. PUE? • efficient != greenSunday, 20 January 13
  14. 14. PUE? Data Centre Supply Carbon Intensity PUE IT Carbon Intensity Typical 0.5kg CO2/kWh 1.5 0.75kg CO2/kWh Good PUE mostly coal-fired power 0.8kg CO2/kWh 1.2 0.96kg CO2/kWh Poor PUE but mostly renewables 0.2kg CO2/kWh 3.0 0.6kg CO2/kWh http://www.romonet.com/blog/coal-fired-clouds 34 http://www.slideshare.net/TomRaftery/open-source-cloud-platforms-cloudstack-collab - slide 18Sunday, 20 January 13
  15. 15. CO2 / compute hourSunday, 20 January 13
  16. 16. Electricity source Emissions factor Data centre Physical building and layout Power Usage Occupancy level Effectiveness (PUE) External temperature & humidity Hardware Standard power consumption http://www.slideshare.net/francinebennett/strata-london-slide-deck-14558889Sunday, 20 January 13
  17. 17. What if I did want to switch?Sunday, 20 January 13
  18. 18. • switch region • switch supplier • offsetSunday, 20 January 13
  19. 19. Dashboard http://,mastodonc.com/dashboardSunday, 20 January 13
  20. 20. Switch region • If AWS, switch from us-east (coal) to us- west (hydro). Same toys, same price, 66% CO2 saving • If on Rackspace, a switch to London gives certified green powerSunday, 20 January 13
  21. 21. Switch supplier • How well are you already doing? • Do you need API compatibiilty? • Are you really scaling up and down that much?Sunday, 20 January 13
  22. 22. Kg CO2e per KWh of national grid electricity 1.00 0.75 0.50 0.25 0 Sweden UK China Switzerland US (average) Australia Iceland Source: Defra via Amee http://www.slideshare.net/francinebennett/strata-london-slide-deck-14558889Sunday, 20 January 13
  23. 23. • EC2 compatible providers - Greenqloud RARR MY INFRA RUNS ON MAGMA cc michi_s - http://www.flickr.com/photos/32864130@N08/4542203306/Sunday, 20 January 13
  24. 24. greenqloud http://greenqloud.com/trulygreen/Sunday, 20 January 13
  25. 25. Other providers • France - Full of nukes (low CO2/kwH) • Germany - full of solar • Swiss - Full of extremely organised and punctual peopleSunday, 20 January 13
  26. 26. In the UK? Infinity Martlesham Super efficient (PUE 1.2) DC Runs on biofuel HAS ITS OWN FARM 2ms ping from London The bulk of the electricity produced from the biomass plant is utilised for IT http://infinitysdc.net/locations/martlesham/Sunday, 20 January 13
  27. 27. Offset • (Or choose supplier that offset their power) • Least attractive option, but better than nothing. • Good example would be Memset in UK, but others existSunday, 20 January 13
  28. 28. Interested? • http://cleanweb.org.uk • @cleanwebuk / #cleanweb • ##cleanweb on freenode • Cleanweb UK on meetup.com • That guy down thereSunday, 20 January 13
  29. 29. Thanks! • @mrchrisadams • http://cleanweb.org.uk • http:// chrisadams.me.ukSunday, 20 January 13
  30. 30. Credits • Various slides and content borrowed from: • Francine Bennet, MastodonC • http://www.slideshare.net/francinebennett/strata-london-slide- deck-14558889 • Andy Piper,VMware • http://www.slideshare.net/andypiper/making-a-cleaner-cloud • Tom Raftery, Greenmonk • http://www.slideshare.net/TomRaftery/open-source-cloud-platforms- cloudstack-collabSunday, 20 January 13

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