Have i the (copy) right?


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A short introduction to Copyright and eLearning

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Have i the (copy) right?

  1. 1. Have I the (copy)right?Andy Horton, Deputy Library Managerhortona@regents.ac.ukx. 7448
  2. 2. What is copyright?• Automatic right• Protects the owners and creators ofintellectual property• Coverscopying, publishing, distribution, “format-shifting”• Protects right to make income from creativeworks• Also includes moral rights
  3. 3. “Original works”…•Websites/internet•Written work (including software &databases)•TV/film•Theatre/music•Artistic works/photographs•Spoken word/performers
  4. 4. Does not apply to…• Ideas• Facts• Numbers• Names• Slogans• …but some of these may be protected byother areas of law
  5. 5. Copyright in UK Law:Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988Digital Economy Act 2010Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013Intellectual Property OfficeCopyright Licensing Agency
  6. 6. Copyright infringement“The basis of copyright protection is that one man mustnot be able to appropriate the result of anotherslabour“LB (Plastics) Ltd v Swish Products Ltd (1979)
  7. 7. Copyright infringement• Can be infringement to copy/change/distribute a“substantial part” (subjective) of a work• May lead to civil or even criminal litigation, againstinfringing organisation and individual• “Secondary infringement” if using an infringingcopy
  8. 8. Duration of copyright• 70 years from death of creator• Film: 70 years from death ofdirector, author, composer• Sound recordings: 50 years from death ofcreator (will be extended to 70)• Broadcasts: 50 years from making ofbroadcast• Editions: 25 years from year ofpublication
  9. 9. Who owns the copyright?• The “creator” of the work always hasmoral rights• Rights can be sold or assigned – creatormay not be rights holder• Copyright may be owned by severalpeople for the same work (e.g.writer, director, composer, actors), or fordifferent parts of the same work
  10. 10. Multiple copyright holders
  11. 11. “Orphan works”
  12. 12. Orphan works” – rightsholder(s) unknown• Still (probably) in copyright• Rights holder cannot be contacted• Estimated 25,000,000 in UK publicsector• New legislation (ERR Act 2013) willallow their use, but only after diligentsearch, and on payment of a fee
  13. 13. Who owns copyright on my work?Study pods at Stirling University library © Andy Horton
  14. 14. Who owns copyright on my work?• “Where a written, theatrical, musical orartistic work, or a film, is made by anemployee in the course of hisemployment, his employer is the first ownerof any copyright in the work”http://www.ipo.gov.uk/types/copy/c-ownership/c-employer.htm• See Regent’s University Financial Regulations2012, s. 20.1.2• Also see contract of employment
  15. 15. Permitted (restricted) use of copyrighted material“Fair Dealing”• Criticism and review• Non-commercial research and study (not audio-visual)• Education (includes examined work)• Accessibility - visual impairment/disability (underCLA licence: disabilities as defined in DDA)Always Acknowledge Authorship
  16. 16. “How much can I use?”• One article, chapter, or 5% of a written work• One poem or short story from an anthology• One case from a volume of law reports• One image of up to A4 size• One excerpt up to A4 size from an OS map
  17. 17. BlackboardCan be used to legally make material available tostudents, under our CLA licence
  18. 18. Blackboard• Access to content can be controlled• VLE and Media Services teams can advise andsupport you• Copyright law still applies to content posted toBlackboard
  19. 19. Scanning & posting to Blackboard• Covered by CLA licence• If from a journal we don’t have, the Librarycan get a copyright fee paid copy from BritishLibrary• VLE team will help you upload scanned copy• Must be reported• Limitations still apply (one chapter/article)
  20. 20. Reporting your scanning
  21. 21. Reporting your scanning
  22. 22. Reporting your scanning
  23. 23. Reporting your scanningWe are required by law to submit a record of allour scanned documents each year to the CLA –Please remember to report your scanning!http://tinyurl.com/rccopyright
  24. 24. Images and video onlineImage © Keith Evans
  25. 25. Images and video online• Never assume something is in public domain• Images carry unseen metadata, rights holderssearch for unauthorised use• www.youtube.com – OK if you are sure theposter had the rights to the video. If indoubt, don’t use• Logos/trademarks – additional area of law
  26. 26. Solutions:Use your own workLicences: CLA, ERA+Link to content if permitted by termsand licencesGet permissionCreative Commons
  27. 27. Ask for help!• hortona@regents.ac.uk x. 7448 (Library)• harristi@regents.ac.uk x. 7535 (Media Services)• rowellc@regents.ac.uk x. 7519 (VLE)• pittockj@regents.ac.uk x. 7785 (Comms)
  28. 28. Any questions?The minefield of copyright…(Minesweeper 3D, by Eelis van der Weegen)
  29. 29. Links/referencesCopyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1988/48Digital Economy Act 2010http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2010/24Copyright (Visually Impaired Persons) Act 2002http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2002/33Copyright Licensing Agency www.cla.co.ukEducational Recording Agency www.era.org.ukIntellectual Property Office www.ipo.gov.ukSlide 6: Tweet by Reiner Knizia used with his permissionSlide 11: Mr & Mrs Horton and their son, Andrew. © Bernard DickinsonSlide 21: The Angel Of The North near to Gateshead. © Copyright Keith Evans <divxmlns:cc="http://creativecommons.org/ns#" xmlns:dct="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"about="http://s0.geograph.org.uk/geophotos/01/33/41/1334161_3438cd28.jpg"><spanproperty="dct:title">The Angel Of The North</span> (<a rel="cc:attributionURL"property="cc:attributionName" href="http://www.geograph.org.uk/profile/6337">KeithEvans</a>) / <a rel="license" href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/">CC BY-SA2.0</a></div>