ADJECTIVES _ DESCRIBING WORDS (Q{JAI,ITY AND                                                  QUANTITY)      ,4pp*:ariin**...
i;.eelings    {laoili           Fe*lings (tlad)                   Feelings   (Ilatl)l.e*li*gs 1{iood}                     ...
Fihagre                    9iiz*                     Sound                    [imc broad - wide            Big - large    ...
traste/f onch           lasteiIertl ch               {ouclt                                   Contd.                      ...
BE FORMS TABLE  fl.Jame of the noun, locarion of the noun, profession of the noun,                                        ...
ARTICLESA                                              AN                        Tlll1   definite arlicle                I...
PREPOSITIONSPREPOSITIONS OF TIMEAT                    ON                      tN                     TOSpecific time      ...
Prripositions    - Time  Englislt                           Usage                                   Example  oon          ...
.    car, taxi                                           in the car, in a taxi                  o    picture, world       ...
.        throu             something with limits on top, bottom and   .        drive through the tunnel          gh       ...
inIn the boxIn the roomIn a buildingIn the corner of a roomIn the pool/sea/river/garden/yardIn the caf6/phone boothIn an o...
on a streeton a bicy cle/ bikel bus/trai n/pla ne/sh i pvocabularyPREPOSITIONS OF PLACE,S Aboard          she is aboard th...
SPELLING RULtrS FOR SINGULAR _ PLURAL NOUNSSingular Noun Definition: When a noun means one oniy, it is said to be singular...
sPEt LilG t{ur,ES FOR Ta.) Add   -s for most verbswork works buy buys ride rides return retumsb.) Add -es for words that e...
Special Note:Most nouns ending in o preceded by a vowel is formed into a plural by adding - s.Example: folio, folios; came...
3" SPELLING FTU{,ES FOR VETTB + ING (Vl _ V4)Fol many verbs ive make the iNG fonn by simply adding -ING to end of the verb...
@Fossession (Ounership) / fbod habits / health problemsHas / Have - Present lllF-;ad - Past // rvill have - FutureSUBJECT ...
I    blow              ; Blows                         i blo*n                                                            ...
give                     gives                   gave                     given            ;       giving        i        ...
rise                 :Rises               rose                risen                            j rising    run            ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5



Published on


  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. ARENA ANIMATION - DILSUKHNAGARSPoKEN ENGLISH, COMMTJNICATION SKILLS ANd PERSONALIW DEVELOPMENTNOUN _ NAN{ING WORD Noun explanation examplesCommon noun Name given in general Boy, girl, pen, tree..Proper noun Name given in particular Sachin, Rita, Hyderabad. .Collective noun Name given to a grotlp of same Team, fleet, army, crowd" kind Abstract noun Name given to feelings Happy, joy, cruel, sad..PROPER NOUN _ RELATI]G / REPLACING WORD Person Singular Plural I I We II You You He il She They ItPERSONAL PRONOUNS TABLE Singular Subject Object Possessive Mine Reflexive Persons Gender Type Type Type Type / Plural Type Singular Common I Me My Mine Myself I Plural Common We Us Our Ours Ourselves Singular Common You You Your Yours Yourself II Plural Common You Yott Your Yours Yourselves Masculin Him His His Himself He Singular Feminine She Her Her Hers Herself II Neuter It It Its lts Itself Themselve PlLual Clonturon Ther Thern Their Theirs S
  2. 2. ADJECTIVES _ DESCRIBING WORDS (Q{JAI,ITY AND QUANTITY) ,4pp*:ariin** Appearance {}rndition Condition dlontcj. Cantd. adorable -loving Handsome -dignified alive - living impossible - unacceptable adventurous - daring homely -of home annoying - irritating inexpensive - cheap aggressive - rash light - light bad - evil mnocent ._ not wrong alert -attentive long * of distance better - high than good inquisitive - curious attractive- pleasing magnificent - large beautiful - attractive modern - new average -ordinary misfy *vague/tender brainy - intelligent mushy - soft beautiful -beautiful motionless - no motion breakable-can be broken odd - unusual blue-eyed muddy * with mud busy- occupied in work open - not closed bloody - having blood old-fashioned careful - cautious outstanding - rpominent blushing -ashamed plain - cautious - careful poor - not rich bright -shining poised - balanced clever -mental bright powerful - strong clean -neat precious - valuable clumsy - awkard prickly - causing irritation clear -plain quaint - old fashioned concerned - interest puzzled - confused cloudy -dark shiny - bright crazy - madness real - truecolorful-full of colours smoggy - smoke/fog curious * eager rich - wealthycrowded - gathering sparkling - fash dead - not alive shy - timidcute -pretty spotless - clean different - separate sleepy - needing for sleepdark -black stormy -windy difficult -hard stupid - not intelligentdrab - dull strange -new doubtful - uncertain super =very gooddistinct - different ugly -displeasing easy - not diffieult talented - innated abilitydull - weak ugliest - expensive - costly tame - making wild to softelegant - stylish unsightly - unattraetive farnous - well known tender - delicateexcited - overjoyed unusual - not common fragile - destroyed tough - hardfancy - decorated wide-eyed - wondered frail - delicate uninterested - not interestedfilthy - dirty gifted - presented vast - moreglamorous - beauty helpful - useful wandering - to move " ".gleaming - shining helpless - lackingstrength ..indefinitelygorgeous - beautiful horrible - dreadful wild - not domesticatedgraceful - important -important Wrong- not correctgrotesque - fancy
  3. 3. i;.eelings {laoili Fe*lings (tlad) Feelings (Ilatl)l.e*li*gs 1{iood} Crsrtttl. {ontd. happy -joy angry -showing anger grumpy-ill temperedAgreeable - believableamused - entertained healthy- good health annoyed - irritated helpless - no helpbrave - courageous helpful-beneficial anxious concerned horneless - no home hilarious-extremely arrogant - over proud hungry - need foodcalm - quite funny -jovial ashamed - disgraced hurt - injure physically/mentallycharming - attractivecheerful - happy jolly - happy awful -fearsome ill - not well joyous - joyful bad - not good itchy - to cause itchcomfortable - free kind - generous bewildered - confused jealous - envycooperative lively - full of energY black - dirty/filthy jittery - feeling nervouscourageous -brave lovely -affectionate blue - dirty lazy - slothydelightful-pleasant lucky -fortunate bored - exhaust lonely - alonedetermined-ambitious nice- pleasing clumsy - awkward mysterious -of mysteryeager - keen obedient - dutiful combative- argumentative nasty - dirty elated - joyful perfect - comPlete condemned -disapproved naughty - disobedient enchanting-charming pleasant - good confused - puzzled nervous - fear encouraging- giving hoPe proud - superior crazy) flipped-out nutty - crazy energetic-dynamic relieved - released creepy - fear obnoxious - objectionable enthusiastic - eager silly - foolish cruel - painful outrageous - unusual excited- overjoy smiling - cheerful dangerous - harmful panicky - fear exuberant -joy splendid -praise worthY defeated - win over repulsive - dislike fair - pleasing successful - winner defiant - oppose scary - fear faithful- devoted thankful- greatful depressed - hopeless selfi sh-thinking of oneself fantastic-excellent thoughtful -mindful disgusted - irritated sore - painful fine -penality/very small victorious - successful disturbed - unbalanced tense - tension friendly-amicable . vivacious - energetic dizzy - lightheadedness terriblesevere funny -jovial witty - understand dull- not active testy - impatient gentle -not harsh wonderful - admirable embarrassed - ashamed thoughtless - careless glorious-delightful good- zealous - desirous envious - jealous tired - no energy z^ny - foolish evil - bad troubled - dangered fierce - painful upset - disturbed foolish - lacking sense uptight - neverous frantic - worried weary - tired frightened- afraid wicked - bad grieving - sorrowful worried - uneasy/tense
  4. 4. Fihagre 9iiz* Sound [imc broad - wide Big - large cooing -dove/pigeon Ancient - very old chubby - plurnp colossal - very big deafening - very loud Brief - short crooked - curves fat - excess faint -lack strength Early - soon curved - not smooth gigantic - giant harsh -rough Fast - quick deep - very shallow great- very large high-pitched Late - delayed flat - plain huge - great in size hissing -sharp sound Long -more distancehigh -elevated immense - huge hushed -calmed Modern - newhollow -space within large- very big husky - strong rough Old -ancientlow - deep little - less loud - high volume old-fashionednarrow - limited width mammoth - giant melodic - sweet quick - fastround - circle massive - very large moaning -low sound rapid - fastshallow -lilttle depth miniature - very small mute - silent short - littleskinny - very thin petite - very tiny noisy- making noise slowsquare - puny - little purring -cat sound swift -great speedsteep - sharp incline scrawny - very thin quiet -calm young -youthstraight - plain short - not long raspy -roughwide - not closed small- little resonant - strong tall - high screeching - shout teeny - very small shrill - scream teeny-tiny silent - quiet tiny - little soft - low voice squealing -loud cry thundering - very loud voiceless - mute whispering - low voice
  5. 5. traste/f onch lasteiIertl ch {ouclt Contd. Quantitybitter Melted - solid to liquid boiling - liquid to vapor Nutritious-nutrition breezy - windy Abundant - muchdelicious - tastY plastic broken - made pieces Empty -fresh - recently made Few - littleiuicy * full ofjuice prickly - thorny bumpy - raise chilly - cool Heavy - more weightripe- fully deveoPed rainy - having rainrotten - foul rough - not smooth cold - nit git Light - not heavy full of salt scattered - not at one cool - not very cold Many -large numbersalty- place - area creepy - uneasyness Numerous- large numbersour - tangY crooked - not honest Substantial-having substancespicy - flavored sPice shaggy - roughstale - not fresh shaky - trembling cuddly - hug lightlY sticky - greesy sharp - fine edge curly - curls strong - powerful shivering - shake damaged - spoiled sweet - with sugar silky - soft damp - wet tart - sour slimy - thick,sliPPerY dirty - not tidY tasteless - not tastY slippery - slipping dry - not wet tasty smooth - soft dusty - with dust thirsty - feeling thirst soft filthy - indecent fluttering- exciting solid - hard flaky - small piece fuzzy- not clear steady - firm fluffy - not deeP greasy - oily sticky - greesy freezing - cold grubby - dirty tender - delicate hot hard- core tight - not loose warrn - lifile hotter hot - spicy/buming uneven - not equal wet icy - cool weak - lacking strength loose - not tight wet - moist wooden - of wood
  6. 6. BE FORMS TABLE fl.Jame of the noun, locarion of the noun, profession of the noun, quality of the noun)Subject Present Past Future Am Was Willbe Am not Wasnt Wont be Am I? Was I? Will I be? Am I not? Was I not? Will I not be? Wh am I? Wh was I? Wh will I be?We Are Were Will be Arent Werent Wont be Are we? Were we? Will we be? Are we not? Were we not? Will we not be? Wh are we? Wh were we? Wh willwe be?You Are Were Will be Arent Werent Wont be Are you? Were you? Willyou be? Are you not? Were you not? Will you not be? Wh are you? Wh were you? Wh will you be?They Are Were Will be Arent Werent Wont be Are they? Were they? Will they be? Are they not? Were they not? Will they not be? Wh are they? Wh were they? Wh will they be?He Is Was Will be Isnt Wasnt Wont be Is he? Was he? Will he be? Is he not? Was he not? Will he not be? Wh Is he? Wh was he? Wh will he be? She Is Was Will be Isnt Wasnt Wont be Is she? Was she? Will she be? Is she not? Was she not? Will she not be? Wh is she? Wh was she? Wh will she be? It Is Was Will be Isnt Wasnt Wont be Is it? Was it? will it be? Is it not? Was it not? Will it not be? Wh is it? Wh was it? Wh will it be?
  7. 7. ARTICLESA AN Tlll1 definite arlicle Indefinite article Definite article[]sed before consonant Used before volvel sounds Used befbre consonant and vowelsounds Eg: apple, hour, MLA soundsEg: book, pen, universitY Eg: the book, the appleBefore singular countable Before singular countable Betbre slngular and ptural nouns nouns Eg: the book, the booksnouns Eg: aflat,aPen Eg: an egg, an elePhant When the noun is said for When the noun is repeated for the When the noun is said for the first time second time the first time Es: I saw an engineer Es: the boy whom I metEe:Isawaboy m tne usual meaning of one Before the nouns which areffilEg: I have a sister I Eg: I saw an elephant considered as unique Eg: the sun, the moon... Class of things Befbre superlattve degreesClass of things Es: an engineer Es: the tallest, the biggestEe:achild,aParrot Certain general things Before the names of the countries,Certain general things Eg: an amusement Place rivers, mountains, group of islandsEg: I saw a beggar, I am a with plural namesstudent Eg: the USA, the Ganges, the Himalayas Before professions Before musical instruments Before professions Eg: an engineer, an Eg: the piano, the guitar Eg: a student, a Professor animator Before numerical and Before the names of newsPaPers, Before numerical and quantitative exPressions magazines quantitative exPressions Eg: Eg: the times of India, the readers Eg: a rupee, a dozen aPPles disest Before the ordinal numbers Es: the second, the tenth Before names of the famous, certain books Es: the bible, the ramayana Before nouns which are used in common Ee: the rich, the youth Before public buildings Ee: the charminar, the taj mahal.
  8. 8. PREPOSITIONSPREPOSITIONS OF TIMEAT ON tN TOSpecific time Before narnes of the Before years To is used along with from..At l0 pm, at 8 am weeks In 1947, in 2009 From . ". to-- On Sunday, on Monday..On time - Before specific Before seasons dates: In summer,Exact time On the l5th of in winter Ausust.In time / by the time On special Before months occasions In January,Before time On Diwali, on In September christmasAround - Before the day partsApproximate time In the morning, In the evening PREPOSITIONS OF LACE AT IN ON TO Before small areas Before large areas To indicate position Before the places going to At Dilsukhnagar Dilsukhnagar is in related to another I am going to the market. At Ameerpet Hyderabad noun The book is on the table Before specific To indicate inside places The boss is in the At the bus stop cabin At the cafd Before country names My cousin is in Australia Before working places My sister works in a bank
  9. 9. Prripositions - Time Englislt Usage Example oon . days of the week on Monday r months / seasons c in August / in winter e time of day a in the morning .ln . year a in 2006 . after a certain period of time (when?) O in an hour o for night a at night o a.t . for v,eekend a at the weekend r a certain point of time (tuhen?) a at half past nine . slnce . from a certain point of time (past till o since 1980 now) . for . over a certain period of time (past till . for 2years now) . ago a certain time in the past . 2 years ago . before earlier than a certain point of time o before 2004 oto telling the time o ten to six (5:50) o past telling the time o ten past six (6:10) . to/till/ marking the beginning and end of a . from Monday to/till until period of time Friday . till / . in the sense of lzow long something is o He is on holiday until until going to last Friday. . I will be back by 6 o in the sense of a/ thd latest oclock. oby . up to a certain time . By 11 oclock, I had read five pages,Prripositions - Place (Position and Direction) English Usage Bxample room, building, street, town, countrY in the kitchen, in London .ln book, paper etc. in the book ?L
  10. 10. . car, taxi in the car, in a taxi o picture, world in the picture, in the world . meaning next to, by nn ob.iect a at the door, at the station o for table o at the table .at . for events a at a concert, at the party . place where you are to do something a at the cinema, at school, typical (watch a film, study, work) at work o attached the picture on the wall . for a place with a river London lies on the Thames. . being on a surfuce a on the table . for a certain side (Ieft, right) a on the left . for a floor in a house a on the first floor . for public transport a on the bus, on a plane . for television, radio on TV, on the radio by, next to, . left or right of somebody or something Jane is standing by I next besid to / beside the car" e. nnder . on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else the bag is under the table. . lower than something else but above the fish are below the below ground surface . covered by something else put ajacket over your shirt . meaning ntore lhan. OVEI over 16 years ofage . getting to the other side (also across) walk over the bridge . overcoming an obstacle climb over the wall. r higher than sornething else, but not above directly over it . a path above the lake o getting to the other side (also over) a walk across the bridge. ACIOSS o getting to the other side a swim across the lake r2
  11. 11. . throu something with limits on top, bottom and . drive through the tunnel gh the sides movernent to Person or building go to the cinema oto movement to a Piace or countrY go to London i Ireland for bed go to bed go into the kitchen I the . into . enter a room I a building house movement in the direction of something go 5 steps towards the towar (but not directlY to it) house ds movement to the toP of something a jump onto the table o onto in the sense of where from a a flower from the garden a frontOther important PrePositions Usage Example English . from o who gave it . a present from Jane o who/what does it belong to o a page ofthe book "of O what does it show . the picture of a palace .byo who made it . a book by Mark Twain a walking or riding on horseback . on foot, on horsebaek .on o get on the bus a entering a public transport vehicle rin entering acar lTax o get in the car . off leaving a public transport vehicle o get off the train o out . leaving a ear I Taxi o get out ofthe taxi of rise or fall of something . prices have risen bY l0 percent .by travelling (other than walking or horseriding) . by car, by bus for age . she learned Russian at 45 at r about for topics, meaning what about . we were talking about you /3
  12. 12. inIn the boxIn the roomIn a buildingIn the corner of a roomIn the pool/sea/river/garden/yardIn the caf6/phone boothIn an office/factoryIn a city/town/village/countryIn a queue/line/rowIn the skyIn the worldIn the paperIn the frontATAt the station/airport/bus stopAt the door/windowAt the traffic lightsAt the end of the streetAt homeAt the table/deskAt a hotelAt the top of the stairs/hillAt an addressAt school/eol lege/u n iversity/ch u rehAt a meeting/party/concertAt the doctor/the dentistAt the theatre/the cinemaAt brea kfast/l u nch/dinnerat the library/the hospitalat the bank/supermarketONon a sofa/tableon the floor/groundon the beach/coaston the way/roadon a farmon the shelfon the playgroundon the campuson the wall/ceiling/dooron a list/menu i1, tr l
  13. 13. on a streeton a bicy cle/ bikel bus/trai n/pla ne/sh i pvocabularyPREPOSITIONS OF PLACE,S Aboard she is aboard the bus Above Arena is above dig iam showroom Across the dog is running across the road Against the girl stood against the wall Around he is going around the world At i stay at Kothapet At the back our building is at the back of ATM centre. At the bottom water is at the bottom of the bottle At the top the girls are standing at the top of the buildine Between the boy is sitting in between his parents. Behind my house is behind shivani theatre. Below Dieiam buildine is below our institute. Bv she stood by me In we are in the hotel Inside I kept the jewellery inside the box In the corner the system is in the corner of the room In the middle I kept the vase in the middle of the room Near land is very costly near airport Next to I stood next to her. To the leff there is a bank to the left of our house To the right TMC is opened to the right of the institute On our class is on the third floor On top of I arranged cream on top oflhe cake On the other side he was standing on the other side of the road Opposite to my friends house is opposite to our road. Out side Watchman stands outside the lab Under there is a book under your chair Underneath I kept the paper underneath the books Infront of there is a bakery infront of our house Beside she sat beside me in the theatre. [t i- 1,,
  14. 14. SPELLING RULtrS FOR SINGULAR _ PLURAL NOUNSSingular Noun Definition: When a noun means one oniy, it is said to be singular.Exarnples: boy, girl, book, church, boxPlural Noun Definition: When a noun means more than one, it is said to be plural.Exarnples: boys, girls, books, churchesRule #1The plural of nouns is usually formed by adding - s to a singular noun. lamp lamps cat cats fork forks flower flowersRule #2Nouns ending in s, z, x, sh, and ch form the plural by adding - es. InOSS InOSSES buzz buzzes box boxes dish dishes church churchesSpecial Note:If you add - s to such nouns fox, bush, and bench, you will find that you cannot pronounce them aswithout making an additional syllable. This is why such nouns form the plural by adding - es.Rule #3Nounsendingin-yprecededbyaconsonantisformedintoapluralbychanging-yto-ies.Examples: lady, ladies; city, cities; arrny, armiesRule #4Nouns ending in y preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding - s.Example: boy, boys; day, daysRule #5Most nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by adding es. Example:hero; heroes; grotto, grottoes*mayadd-sor-esThe following are among those that add s onlycanto solo piano lassohalo memento albino sirocco ? at.
  15. 15. sPEt LilG t{ur,ES FOR Ta.) Add -s for most verbswork works buy buys ride rides return retumsb.) Add -es for words that end in --ch, -s , -sh, -x, ar -2"watch watches paSS paSSeS rush rushes relax relaxesbuzzbuzzes I-Yc.) Change the:y to -i and add -es when the base form ends in a consonantstudy studies hurry hurries dry driesDo not change the -y when the base for.ln ends in a vowel +y. Add -splay plays enjoy enjoYsd.) A few verbs have irregular is do does go goes have has2.) SPELLING RULES FOR SIMPLE PAST TENSE OF REGULAR VERBSa.) If the verb ends in a consonant, add -edretum retumed help helped cook cookedb") If the verb ends in -e, add -d" live lived create created die died combination (CVC), c.) In one-syllable words, if the verb ends in a consonant-vowel-consonant double the last consonant and add -ed. hop hopped rub rubbed However, do not double one-syllable words ending in -w, -x, or -y. bow bowed plaY PlaYed mix mixed combination, double d.) In words of two or more syllables that end in consonant-vowel-consonant the last consonant only if the last syllable is stressed prefer preferred (The last tyttuut" is stressed) visit visited (The last syllable isnt stressed) e.) If the verb ends in a consonant, + y, change the -y to -i and -ed worry worried allnoy annoYed *y to -i") f.) If the verb ends in a vowel +y, add -ed. (Do not change the play played annoy annoYed Exception: pay paid lay laid say said >f4
  16. 16. Special Note:Most nouns ending in o preceded by a vowel is formed into a plural by adding - s.Example: folio, folios; cameo; cameos; studio, studios; portfolio, portfoliosRule #6Some nouns ending in f or fe are made plural by changing f or fe to - ves.Example: beef, beeves; wife, wivesThe following form their plurals by adding - s.chief, chiefs fife, fifes mischief, mischiefs hoof, hoofsroof, roofs grief, griefs kerchief, kerchiefs safe, safesIRREGULAR PLURALSman, men foot, feet mouse, micewoman, /omen tooth, teeth louse, licechild, children ox, oxen goose, geeseThe following nouns have no singular: scissors oats tongs dregs trousers pinchers bellows snuffers cattle shears measles mumps victuals tweezers vespers Some nouns are always singular. Some of these nouns may be used in the plural when differentkinds are meant as sugars, coffees, cottons gold silver wheat corn molasses copper sugar cottonSingular nouns use this and that.Plural nouns use these and those. <P Al; -.-Jr
  17. 17. 3" SPELLING FTU{,ES FOR VETTB + ING (Vl _ V4)Fol many verbs ive make the iNG fonn by simply adding -ING to end of the - eatingspeak - speakingcook - cookingstart - starlingdo - doingstay - stayingfix - fixingVerbs ending with -e (with the exception of verbs ending in -ee and -ie)Drop the -e and add INGhope - hopingride - ridingVerbs ending with -ee Just add -INGagree - agreeingflee - fleeingsee - seeingVer"bs ending with -ie Change the -ie to -y and add -INGdie - dyingtie - tyinglie - lyingVerbs ending with one vowel and one eonsonant (with the exception of w, x, and y)For one syllable verbs double the sonsonant and add -INGjog - jogging sit - sittingrun - running stop - stoppingFor two syllable verbs If the 1st syllable is stressed, just add INGanswer - answeringoffer - offeringlisten - listeningvisit - visitingIf the 2nd syllable is stressed , double the consonant and add INGadmit - admittingprefer - prefelringbegin - begining
  18. 18. SPELLING RULES FOR ADJECTIVESSPELLING RULES FOR THE COMPARATIVE CER) & SUPERLATIVES (-EST) ADJECTIVES1) Add -er to one-syllable adjectives to form the comparative. Add -est to one-syllable adjectives toform the cheaper cheapest bright brighter brightest2) If the adjective ends in -e, add -r or -st.nice nicer nicest3) Ifthe adjective ends in a consonant *y, change to y to i before you add -er or -rst.pretty prettier prettiest Exception: shy shyer shyest4) If the adjective ends in a consonant-vowel-consonant combination (CVC), douole the finalconsonantbefore adding -er or -est.big bigger biggest5)However, do not double the consonant in words ending in -w or -y.slow slower slowest coy coyer coyestSPELLING RULES FOR ADVERBS1) Add -ly to the correspondingadjectivesnice nicely quiet quietly quick quickly beautiful beautifully2)If the adjective ends in consonant +y, change the y to i before adding -lyeasy easily3) If the adjective ends in -le, drop the -e and add -y.possible possibly4) However, do not drop the -e for other adjectives ending in -e.extreme extremely Exception: true truly5) If the adjective ends in -ic, add -ally.basic basically fantastic fantastically tenifi c tenifi cally -(rP -5
  19. 19. @Fossession (Ounership) / fbod habits / health problemsHas / Have - Present lllF-;ad - Past // rvill have - FutureSUBJECT lVE -VE o NO whoilwe/youl Have Dont have Do"t- Dont -{- sub Wh+do+ sub * have *have sub *havetheyhe/she/it Has Doesnt + Does * sub * Doesnt Wh-r have have *sub * does*sub* have havelwelyoul Didn"t + have Did + Didnt + wh + did Sub + Sub + -F sub + havetheylhel Had have haveshe/it will Wont + Will + sub + Wont + Wh + williiwelyou/theylhel have Harre have Sub + *sub* have haveshe/it IRREGULAR VEBBS LIST Present iPresentTense , t icontinuous i / (v4) i;;r; , fvil*t i PastTense iPastParticiple 1v+ing; (v2) a ry3) (v1) I , Awake I awakes ,awoke u*:k:: .u11:tlg l-:.- - :Arose iArisen Arise iarises I , ..i."..-.. "" larising t:-" : being (B*) i*ut,*"t* ,been is,atn,arer :il Borne jbearing Bear :bears ,Bore :- beat ;beats rbeat beaten lbeating become becotne becomes became becoming begin :begins :began ibegun ;beginning .ii bend ,bends bent bent : bending : bet :bets ,bet bet ;betting . .. ..--ij"-- : t -. --.i.* I . ui"O i;ilt Bound , Bound binding bire Bites bit bilten biting Bleed , Bleeds Bled Bled bleeding
  20. 20. I blow ; Blows i blo*n 1 --.--- a_ : i.--- -. a break j Breaks I broken ! l -i-- -- - --- brmg i brings j brought ;;;;J- f*-*-*-""*"- i broadcasts i I build 1 builds burn lr :r .: iburns ;burned/bumt jburned/burnt l iburning buy L.,., I 1...,^ j buys L^..^L+ bought i bought lr-^---r-" lbuying I t. : it--, : .. . ............ .. j........ if catch ] catches caught j caught j Drive Drives I drove j driven t"- i--- . - - drink drinks : drank i drunk: eati eats t ate I eaten eatingf"*****-**--" I -: rl: falli falls : fell ; fallen I falling; feel feels i felt felt feeling i --- 1 t firh:. i fought fought I fighting. . :"95 i -i -, "i,^-:,*"_":,"" " _," ... ,: t r1 foundl find Finds ; found I finding::..--..ii... flv Flies .flew j flown flying I forgettingi: forget foreefs forgot foreollen ii- --- -- - .... -, ., . .- j: forgive forgives forgave forgiven torgrvtng .l, freeze Freezes froze fiozen freezing get gets got got (gotten) getting
  21. 21. give gives gave given ; giving i ,go I Goes : went i gone i gomg .grow igrows lgrew lgrown t- o : srowins ;have . has , had I had t i having navlng l-----;i;l l-----ii;l ihear t ih"u.t iheard tr t Ihearinghearing heard ,, t hit l hit, hit hit r hitting hold jhotdr :held iheld iholding hurt :hurt ,trurt {hurting. t..p i Keeps t"pt , kept I keeping I -**--"-i r knew iktto*tt 1 know i Kno*, i i ] knowing tav ,Luor iJ:i ituiA ilaid llaYing .*-* .*"-. j * " ..** -*-i"" "*- -- -i lead I leads i led i led I leading, l.u* leam , l.u*, llearns ilearned/learnt I learned/learnt illearnlng ; learned/learnt llearned/teamt learning t1 ,^^-.^ lt^^.,-. jr.+ 1t.t lleavins : let I lets let i let I letting I rnake r makes made made i ir.,-..,...,--: j mean 11 , means : meant : meant i meet I meets i met ;met j I puyt Paid , Paid t:r_ ; put puts iput iPut read , reads i read i read i ride . rides , rode I ridden ring : rings : rang rung
  22. 22. rise :Rises rose risen j rising run iruns :ran :run irunning ji. . say j says i said I said ] saying j ,; see i sees j1-l I saw j seen I seeing : sell j sells i sold ] sold selling i selling , i l send i sends sent sent j sending I 5(iluillg ; l:! ---t"* show I shows , showed showed/shown i showing . i, shut )ilur iShuts tDlrurs shut isnul 1 shut isnut i shuttins isnuftlng ,i i .-..- ..* "".1J--^-------D : f^"*"-" .:j sing , Sings : sang ii1 sung j singing sit isits ,sat :sat ;sitting sleep iSleeps :slept ,slept isleeping spend ; Spends , spent i spent ispending: rprs4s i rpr{r.lu5 j sprsau I sprga(r i spreaqlng i:"-.--.;-:-*-*--J..;*: stand j Stands i stood i stood i standing i,swim. ."**"- I Swims , swam -f_.^- ;-*--;* j,""- - swum I -"""-* j swimming 4**: :l:-* r :; take i Takes I I took -&,:" jtaken jtating,: teach iTeaches I taught _ I taught ! _ i teaching *-- -a , *--*"* -:---" _i-_":_,:.".:"__,_..*.-._"___^_-: i tear , Tears ; , tore torn i I J tearine tearins : :r- J.- telecast I Telecasts telecast telecast r telecastingr tell :i j, i told : told fi"iti"* j:"*--I*" think Thinks i thought i thought j thinking i - -*^l**-***- - *1-*--- *--"* 1. throw Throws r threw I thrown I throwlns i -l J. understand Understands . understood understood : :under.:1Tdi]: * i*" wake Wakes woke iwaking !woken wear wears wore J worn wearing i -"""... .,,.t ".,.,_.-_..-.,.--. wln Wins won lWOn wfmfne L __ _,- rvrite *.ti"t wrote ! written writing