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Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
Public Transit:  Not Just Trains
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Public Transit: Not Just Trains

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  • 1. Presented by:Cynthia Hoyle, FAICPTransportation Planning ConsultantChampaign-Urbana Mass Transit DistrictOrion Planning GroupIL-APA Chapter ConferenceEvanston, ILOctober 7, 2011 1
  • 2.  Located in the center of Illinois Urbanized area has approximately 130,000 residents. University has over 42,000 students and 12,000 faculty and staff UIUC geographically located in the middle of the two cities. University is split down the middle. 2
  • 3.  Intensely urban campus Urbana 35% of the work trips are non-SOV Community as a whole: non- SOV commute to work rate is 23% Average commute to work time <15 minutes High levels of transit service Quality neighborhoods adjacent to the campus many faculty/staff walk, bike, or take the bus to work Students/faculty/staff have universal access to the transit system 3
  • 4.  During the 1960’s-1990’s non-auto trips declined New developments lacked interconnected streets, access to transit, walking, bicycling Planning for multi-modal community begins 2001 CUMTD adopted Strategic Plan focused on creating mobility 4
  • 5. Provide people with choices: Invest in bicycle/pedestrian infrastructure Calm traffic Create Safe Routes to School Build Transit Supportive development Retrofit sprawling neighborhoods Revitalize walkable neighborhoods Education and Encourage Measuring the Health Effects of Sprawl; Barbara McCann and Reid Ewing; Smart Growth America and Surface Transportation Policy Project, 2003
  • 6.  Infrastructure Appropriate land- use and design Interconnect modes, land-use, and infrastructure Social Marketing – encouragement for behavior change
  • 7.  MTD’s Mission… Leading the way to greater mobility MTD’s Vision…MTD goes beyond traditional boundaries to promote excellence in transportation Among MTD’s Goals:  MTD will encourage the use of alternative transportation services to promote mobility in our community Strategies included:  MTD should lobby for transit friendly development and sustainable communities.  Advocate bicycle/pedestrian access improvementshttp://www.cumtd.com/aboutmtd/PublicDocuments.aspx
  • 8. Community Transportation Plans Long Range Transportation Plan 2025 (LRTP 2025) adopted in 2004 by Champaign-Urbana Urbanized Area Transportation Study (CUUATS) miPLAN – Mobility Implementation Plan to implement LRTP 2025 Champaign Moving Forward - Transportation Master Plan 2008 Update to Champaign’s Comprehensive Plan 8
  • 9. Urbana Bicycle Plan – Adopted plan becomes part of Comprehensive PlanLong Range TransportationPlan 2035- Adopted 2009Champaign TomorrowComprehensive Plan –Adopted March 2011 9
  • 10.  Express bus service between core and fringe areas of the community An enhanced arterial fringe road system that provides improved mobility around the community Transit intensive corridors High capacity transit system in the University District Mixed use, denser development and redevelopment 10
  • 11.  Create higher population density, less sprawl Promote alternative transportation modes Save money on infrastructure Create walkable activity centers and reduce reliance on automobiles Make travel safer for pedestrians and bicyclists Increase mobility for motorists Educate residents about alternative transportation modes, safety, and new transportation concepts 11
  • 12. How do we implement the LRTP? Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District (CUMTD) funded the Mobility Implementation Plan (miPLAN)Goals for miPLAN:•Develop cost effective mobility strategies to achievegoal of 8% non-SOV trips within the CUMTD servicearea by 2025•Develop cost-effective mobility strategies to achievethe CUMTD goal of 35% non-SOV work trips in theCUMTD service area by 2015•Develop specific implementation plan to institute themobility strategies to achieve the above 12
  • 13. Mobility Enhanced Development 13MED is defined as acompact walkableneighborhood with awide array oftransportation choicesfor trips, frequent andwell –connected transit,biking amenities, andcar-sharing. MED alsoinclude diverse housingstock, and aconcentration of smallretail and service-oriented business thatmeet day-to-day needsof local residents.
  • 14. Affordability Index FormulaAffordability Index = Housing Costs + Transportation Costs Income 14
  • 15.  Transportation costs in core significantly less than fringe. Average $/month spent on transportation: Core=$832 or less Fringe=$1372 or less. (2004 data) MED Recommendations:  Build on current density and urban form.  Maximize options and choices in alternative forms of mobility.  Provide tools to create mixed-use, mixed- income market-rate developments through infill and redevelopment.  Maintain affordability through community development programs and by factoring in both household housing and transportation costs. 15
  • 16. 1. Develop two alternative mobility scenarios2. Green Corridors analysis for development of enhanced transit and mobility options along with increased densities and infill/redevelopment (MED Feasibility)3. Modeling of the mobility scenarios using econometric, land-use modeling and transportation modeling (Benefit Preference Model and Mode Choice Model) 16
  • 17. 17
  • 18.  Identifies MED Opportunities  MED Development Scenarios Plan Process (public input)  Policy and Implementation Enhancing Connection Strategies Between Transportation and  Recommendations for Land Use Implementation Market Study 18
  • 19. Infill and Increase population Attract 3,000 jobs to redevelopment w/in corridor area by the corridor area by structures meet LEED 10,000 by 2025 2025 standards Creating development that reduces carbonDevelop mixed-use live- Increasing connectivity emissions, energy work-play between the U of I and consumption, storm environments the two downtowns water run-off by the LEED ND rating system 19
  • 20. Green Corridors –Creating SustainableNeighborhoods 20Whatmight atransitintensivecorridorlook like?
  • 21. 21
  • 22.  Upgraded MPO transportation model:  Mode choice (added walk/bike trips) Added LEAM (Land Evaluation and Assessment Model) Very Small Starts application Final Report 22
  • 23. 23
  • 24. High frequency transit service between two downtownsand campus = service every 10-15 minutes duringacademic year. 24
  • 25. CENTER TURN LANES, BIKEFOUR LANES W/O CENTER LANES, PED REFUGE ISLANDTURN LANES AT BUS STOP 25
  • 26. SIDEWALK CAFÉ - BEFORE SIDEWALK CAFÉ AFTER 26
  • 27. PEDESTRIAN PRIORITY –BIKE LANES – CALM TRAFFIC PED SCRAMBLE 27
  • 28. UPGRADING PEDESTRIAN UPGRADING TRANSITINFRASTRUCTURE INFRASTRUCTURE 28
  • 29. CAR SHARE - ZIPCAR SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL BICYCLE FRIENDLY COMMUNITY/BUSINESS C-U SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL PROJECT REDUCED ANNUAL BUS PASS FROM (C-U SRTS ROJECT) www.cu-srtsproject.com $238 to $60 29
  • 30. MPO expanded model tocounty and added: Social Cost of Alternative Land Development (SCALDS) Mobile Source GHG Emissions Model (MOVES 2010a) Emissions Analysis Tool (EAT) Neighborhood Affordability and Livability Index 30
  • 31. Vision Statements: Key Theme: Growing City Build a Complete Community: Sustainable City A ‘Complete Community’ is one Complete that accommodates the needs to Neighborhoods all residents and users in a way Community Identity that simplifies their everyday Healthy City and lives. There are three focus areas, Complete Public Complete Neighborhoods, Facilities Complete Public Infrastructure and Complete Streets. http://ci.champaign.il.us/departments/planning/champaig n-tomorrow-comprehensive-plan/ 31
  • 32. Strategies:• Become a multimodal, bike and pedestrian- friendly community that supports sustainable transportation.• Work with the Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Commission to implement the Bicycle Master Plan by implementing current recommendations and by continuing to plan for bicycle facilities as the city expands or redevelops.• Support public transportation, including CUMTD improvements and high-speed passenger rail.• Consider ordinance amendment reducing the number of parking spaces required for commercial developments. http://urbanaillinois.us/council-goals 32
  • 33.  Decrease in purchase of parking passes last 2 years (both cities and the U of I) Increase in transit ridership: 9% since August 2010 Decrease in fatalities per VMT 34% since 2008* Retrofits of existing infrastructure/multi-modal guidelines for new development*CUUATS Choices 2035 LRTP Data Update, January 2011http://www.ccrpc.org/transportation/pdf/LRTP2035/2010_LRTP_DataUpdate_Final.pdf
  • 34. ConclusionsA seaA seamless multimodal transportation system requires building consensus at a regional scale. We must ask: “How do we make mobility easy and as inexpensive as possible?” 34
  • 35. Cynthia Hoyle, FAICP cynthiahoyle@orionplanninggroup.com choyle@cumtd.com www.cynthiahoyle.comReferences:www.ihavemiplan.comwww.cu-srtsproject.comwww.ccrpc.org/transportationhttp://ci.champaign.il.us/departments/planning/champaign-tomorrow-comprehensive-plan/http://urbanaillinois.us/council-goals 35

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