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  • The Colonial Government Of Upper and Lower Canada by Conrad, Daniel, Louise and Sara 
  • When did the Colonial Government take place?
    • 1791-1841
      • The Colonial Government was hierarchical 
      • Hierarchy is any system of persons or things ranked one above another
      • The wealthy and powerful people believed it was the elite's divine right to rule over the rest of the less privileged
  • Who was at the Head of the Colonial Government?
      • Both Upper and Lower Canada during the years of the Colonial Government would appoint a governor to rule Lower Canada a Lieutenant governor to rule upper Canada. 
      • These Governors would usually be appointed for a two year period.
      • The Governor would appoint two councils, A Legislative Council ( having the power to halt projects) and Executive council (Acting as an assistant to the government)
  • Example of a Colonial Government
  • Legislative Assembly
      • This assembly was elected by the citizens but only the pretty well off white men could vote
      • Two parties the Conservative and Reformers
      • The Conservatives supported and wanted the "hierarchical" system to remain
      • The Reformers wanted a more responsible government and more equal rights
  • Con't of The Legislative Assembly  
      • The governor openly supported the Conservative Party and often intimidated supporters of the Reformers
      • Tories were a combination of two British political parties
  • The Rebellion
      • The Reformers were so frustrated that they started a rebellion of 1837
      • Upper Canada: - Rebellion was purely political - Reformers were mad at Family Compact - Rebellion failed and leader had to flea to US
      • Lower Canada - French wanting to separate from British rule - Rebellion leader started losing control over rebels - Also fled to US
  • Con't of The Rebellion
      • The Rebellion seemed to fail, but they prompted the arrival in 1838 of Lord Durham
      • Three proposals were drafted by Lord Durham 1. Remove the veto of the Governor and Legislative Council: Durham thought that if the government worked to promote the interests of everybody, there would be less strife.
      • 2. Unite the Colonies - Durham thought that uniting the Colonies under one government would help things work smoother and remove the interests of the political oligarchies.
      • 3. Introduce Representation by Population - this would ensure that everybody would get represented equally in the legislature.
  • Bibliography
      • http://everything2.com/title/Structure+of+Canadian+Colonial+Government+from+1791-1841
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada_under_British_Imperial_control
      • http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/hierarchy
      • http://www2.canadiana.ca/citm/specifique/responsable_e.html
    John A Macdonald Political Cartoon!!! :P