The Colonial Government Of Upper and Lower Canada by Conrad, Daniel, Louise and Sara
When did the Colonial Government take place?
The Colonial Government was hierarchical
Hierarchy is any system of persons or things ranked one above another
The wealthy and powerful people believed it was the elite's divine right to rule over the rest of the less privileged
Who was at the Head of the Colonial Government?
Both Upper and Lower Canada during the years of the Colonial Government would appoint a governor to rule Lower Canada a Lieutenant governor to rule upper Canada.
These Governors would usually be appointed for a two year period.
The Governor would appoint two councils, A Legislative Council ( having the power to halt projects) and Executive council (Acting as an assistant to the government)
Example of a Colonial Government
This assembly was elected by the citizens but only the pretty well off white men could vote
Two parties the Conservative and Reformers
The Conservatives supported and wanted the "hierarchical" system to remain
The Reformers wanted a more responsible government and more equal rights
Con't of The Legislative Assembly
The governor openly supported the Conservative Party and often intimidated supporters of the Reformers
Tories were a combination of two British political parties
The Reformers were so frustrated that they started a rebellion of 1837
Upper Canada: - Rebellion was purely political - Reformers were mad at Family Compact - Rebellion failed and leader had to flea to US
Lower Canada - French wanting to separate from British rule - Rebellion leader started losing control over rebels - Also fled to US
Con't of The Rebellion
The Rebellion seemed to fail, but they prompted the arrival in 1838 of Lord Durham
Three proposals were drafted by Lord Durham 1. Remove the veto of the Governor and Legislative Council: Durham thought that if the government worked to promote the interests of everybody, there would be less strife.
2. Unite the Colonies - Durham thought that uniting the Colonies under one government would help things work smoother and remove the interests of the political oligarchies.
3. Introduce Representation by Population - this would ensure that everybody would get represented equally in the legislature.