STRESS
MANAGEMENT
Presentation Outline
Part 1 - General Awareness
Part 2 - Stress at Work
Part 3 - Self – help
Part 1
General Awareness
Part 1 - Outline NfhbLjy;
• Legislation
• What is Stress ?
• Types of Stresses
• Individuals
• Stress origins & body syste...
Legal Overview
HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK
It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is
reasonably practic...
WHAT IS STRESS ?
Stress is the reaction people have to
excessive pressures or other types of
demand placed upon them. It a...
WHAT IS STRESS ?
Stress is the “wear and tear” our minds and
bodies experience as we attempt to cope
with our continually ...
DEFINITION
S = P > RStress occurs when the pressure is greater than the resource
STRESS FEELINGS
• Worry
• Tense
• Tired
• Frightened
• Elated
• Depressed
• Anxious
• Anger
@#$$
%*##
TYPES OF STRESSORS
• External
• Internal
EXTERNAL STRESSORS
• Physical Environment
• Social Interaction
• Organisational
• Major Life Events
• Daily Hassles
PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
• Noise
• Bright Lights
• Heat
• Confined Spaces
SOCIAL INTERACTION
• Rudeness
• Bossiness
• Aggressiveness by others
• Bullying
ORGANISATIONAL
• Rules
• Regulations
• “Red - Tape”
• Deadlines
MAJOR LIFE EVENTS
• Birth
• Death
• Lost job
• Promotion
• Marital status change
DAILY HASSLES
• Commuting
• Misplaced keys
• Mechanical breakdowns
INTERNAL STRESSORS
• Lifestyle choices
• Negative self - talk
• Mind traps
• Personality traits
LIFESTYLE CHOICES
• Caffeine
• Lack of sleep
• Overloaded schedule
NEGATIVE SELF - TALK
• Pessimistic thinking
• Self criticism
• Over analysing
MIND TRAPS
• Unrealistic expectations
• Taking things personally
• All or nothing thinking
• Exaggeration
• Rigid thinking
PERSONALITY TRAITS
• Perfectionists
• Workaholics
TYPES OF STRESS
• Negative stress
• Positive stress
NEGATIVE STRESS
It is a contributory factor in minor
conditions, such as headaches, digestive
problems, skin complaints, i...
POSITIVE STRESS
Stress can also have a positive effect,
spurring motivation and awareness,
providing the stimulation to co...
THE INDIVIDUAL
Everyone is different, with unique
perceptions of, and reactions to, events.
There is no single level of st...
Stress….some facts…
Most of the stress we experience is self-
generated. How we perceive life - whether
an event makes us ...
Self-generated stress is something of a
paradox, because so many people think of
external causes when they are upset.
Reco...
Endocrine System
Stress response controlled by the Endocrine
System.
Demands on the physical or mental systems
of the body...
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM RESPONSES
• Increased pupil dilation
• Perspiration
• Increased heart rate and blood pressure
• Rapid bre...
GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME
• Alarm response
• Adaptation
• Exhaustion
ALARM RESPONSE
This is the “ Fight or Flight” response that
prepares the body for immediate action.
ADAPTATION PHASE
If the source persists, the body prepares for
long-term protection, secreting hormones to
increase blood ...
EXHAUSTION
In chronic stress situations, sufferers enter
the exhaustion phase: emotional, physical
and mental resources su...
SYMPTOMS OF STRESS
• Physical symptoms
• Mental symptoms
• Behavioural symptoms
• Emotional symptoms
PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
• Sleep pattern changes
• Fatigue
• Digestion changes
• Loss of sexual drive
• Headaches
• Aches and pai...
MENTAL SYMPTOMS
• Lack of concentration
• Memory lapses
• Difficulty in making decisions
• Confusion
• Disorientation
• Pa...
BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS
• Appetite changes - too much or too little
• Eating disorders - anorexia, bulimia
• Increased intake...
EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS
• Bouts of depression
• Impatience
• Fits of rage
• Tearfulness
• Deterioration of personal hygiene and...
STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES
Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has
been related to such illnesses as;
• Cardiovascular...
How stress harms…
• Digestive disorders
• Ulcers
• Skin complaints - psoriasis
• Headaches and migraines
• Pre-menstrual s...
COSTS OF STRESS
80% of all modern diseases have their
origins in stress.
In the UK, 40 million working days per year
are l...
Summary - Part 1
• Legislation
• What is Stress ?
• Types of Stresses
• Individuals
• Stress origins & body systems
• Adap...
Part 2
Stress at Work
Part 2 - Outline
• Why do we work ?
• Factors influencing work stress
• Work Patterns
• Situations
• Case Study
WHY DO WE WORK ?
Work provides an income and fulfils a
variety of other needs; - mental and
physical exercise, social cont...
FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK
STRESS
• The drive for success
• Changing work
patterns
• Working conditions
• Overwork
• Under-w...
THE DRIVE FOR SUCCESS
Our society is driven by ‘work’, personal
adequacy equates with professional success,
we crave statu...
CHANGING WORK PATTERNS
Many people feel lucky to have a job.
Unemployment, redundancy, shorter
working weeks, new technolo...
WORKING CONDITIONS
Physical and mental health is adversely
affected by unpleasant working conditions,
such as high noise l...
OVERWORK
Stress may occur through an inability to
cope with the technical or intellectual
demands of a particular task.
Ci...
UNDERWORK
This may arise from boredom because there
is not enough to do, or because a job is dull
and repetitive.
UNCERTAINTY
About the individuals work role -
objectives, responsibilities, and
expectations, and a lack of communication
...
CONFLICT
Stress can arise from work the individual
does not want to do or that conflicts with
their personal, social and f...
RESPONSIBILITY
The greater the level of responsibility the
greater the potential level of stress.
RELATIONSHIPS AT WORK
Good relationships with colleagues are
crucial. Open discussion is essential to
encourage positive r...
CHANGES AT WORK
Changes that alter psychological,
physiological and behavioural routines such
as promotion, retirement and...
Summary
Work is important
Work Stresses - Heat, Noise
Job satisfaction
Responsibility
Relationships - Good / bad
Changes -...
Part 3
Self - help
Part 3 - Outline
• Causes of Stress
• Identification and admission
• Coping strategies
• Summary
Statement
Not all the stress we
experience is generated at
work !!
Causes of Stress
• External Stresses
• Internal Stresses
External Stresses - Organisational
Company take over
Reductions / layoffs
Major reorganisation
Company sale / relocation
E...
External Stresses - Major Life Events
Death of a loved one
Divorce / separation
Imprisonment
Injury/illness ( self / famil...
Now do we agree with the statement ?
Not all the stress we
experience is generated at
work !!
RECOGNISE THE PROBLEM
The most important point is to recognise the
source of the negative stress.
This is not an admission...
STRESS CONTROL
A B C STRATEGY
ABC STRATEGY
A = AWARENESS
What causes you stress?
How do you react?
ABC STRATEGY
B = BALANCE
There is a fine line between positive /
negative stress
How much can you cope with before it
beco...
ABC STRATEGY
C = CONTROL
What can you do to help yourself combat the
negative effects of stress ?
Stress Management Techniques
• Change your thinking
• Change your behaviour
• Change your lifestyle
Change your Thinking
• Re-framing
• Positive thinking
Re-framing
Re-framing is a technique to change the way
you look at things in order to feel better
about them. There are ma...
Positive Thinking
Forget powerlessness, dejection, despair,
failure
Stress leaves us vulnerable to negative
suggestion so ...
Change your Behaviour
• Be assertive
• Get organised
• Ventilation
• Humour
• Diversion and distraction
Be Assertive
Assertiveness helps to manage stressful
situations, and will , in time, help to reduce
their frequency. Lack ...
Equality and Basic Rights
1) The right to express my feelings
2) The right to express opinions / beliefs
3) The right to s...
7) The right to decline responsibility for other
people’s problems
8) The right to make reasonable requests of
others
9) T...
Being Assertive
Being assertive involves standing up for
your personal rights and expressing your
thoughts, feelings and b...
Assertive People
• Respect themselves and others
• Take responsibility for actions and choices
• Ask openly for what they ...
Assertive Skills
• Establish good eye contact / don’t stare
• Stand or sit comfortably - don’t fidget
• Talk in a firm, st...
Benefits
• Higher self-esteem
• Less self-conscious
• Less anxious
• Manage stress more successfully
• Appreciate yourself...
Get Organised
Poor organisation is one of the most
common causes of stress. Structured
approaches offer security against ‘...
Time Management
• Make a list
What MUST be done
What SHOULD be done
What would you LIKE to do
• Cut out time wasting
• Lea...
• Plan your day
• Set achievable goals
• Don’t waste time making excuses for not
doing something
Ventilation
‘A problem shared is a problem halved’
Develop a support network through friends
or colleagues to talk with. I...
Humour
• Good stress - reducer
• Applies at home and work
• Relieves muscular tension
• Improves breathing
• Pumps endorph...
Diversion and Distraction
• Take time out
• Get away from things that bother you
• Doesn’t solve the problem
• Reduce stre...
Change Your Lifestyle
• Diet
• Smoking & Alcohol
• Exercise
• Sleep
• Leisure
• Relaxation
Diet
• Healthy eating habits
• Caffeine (Stimulant)
• Salt
Smoking and Alcohol
• Moderate your consumption
Benefits of Exercise
• Uses up excess energy released by the
‘Fight or Flight’ reaction.
• Improves blood circulation
• Lo...
Sleep
• Good stress reducer
• Difficult to cope when tired
• Wake refreshed after night’s sleep
• Plenty of daytime energy
Leisure
• Interest
• Gives you a ‘break’ from stresses
• Provides outlet for relief
• Provides social contact
Benefits of Relaxation
• Lowers blood pressure
• Combats fatigue
• Promotes sleep
• Reduces pain
• Eases muscle tension
• Decreases mental worries
• Increases concentration
• Increases productivity
• Increases clear thinking
Alternatives
• Conventional Medicine
• Counselling &
psychotherapy
• Relaxation
• Meditation
• Massage
• Yoga
• Acupunctur...
Summary
• Causes of stress
• Identification and admission
• Ways to control stress
• Alternative methods
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Stress is something ordinary, unavoidable fact in anyone life, caused by many factors either at work, or with the family at home, or at the external environment According to Wilton it affects both the human resources and the management at the same time

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Ppt 20on 20_stress_20management_5b1_5d

  1. 1. STRESS MANAGEMENT
  2. 2. Presentation Outline Part 1 - General Awareness Part 2 - Stress at Work Part 3 - Self – help
  3. 3. Part 1 General Awareness
  4. 4. Part 1 - Outline NfhbLjy; • Legislation • What is Stress ? • Types of Stresses • Individuals • Stress origins & body systems • Adaptation Syndrome • Symptoms • Costs of Stress • Discussion & Questions
  5. 5. Legal Overview HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of all employees MANAGEMENT OF HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK Every employer shall make a suitable and sufficient assessment of the risks to the health and safety of his employees to which they are exposed whilst they are at work
  6. 6. WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is the reaction people have to excessive pressures or other types of demand placed upon them. It arises when they worry that they can’t cope. HELP ME!
  7. 7. WHAT IS STRESS ? Stress is the “wear and tear” our minds and bodies experience as we attempt to cope with our continually changing environment I HATE YOU
  8. 8. DEFINITION S = P > RStress occurs when the pressure is greater than the resource
  9. 9. STRESS FEELINGS • Worry • Tense • Tired • Frightened • Elated • Depressed • Anxious • Anger @#$$ %*##
  10. 10. TYPES OF STRESSORS • External • Internal
  11. 11. EXTERNAL STRESSORS • Physical Environment • Social Interaction • Organisational • Major Life Events • Daily Hassles
  12. 12. PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT • Noise • Bright Lights • Heat • Confined Spaces
  13. 13. SOCIAL INTERACTION • Rudeness • Bossiness • Aggressiveness by others • Bullying
  14. 14. ORGANISATIONAL • Rules • Regulations • “Red - Tape” • Deadlines
  15. 15. MAJOR LIFE EVENTS • Birth • Death • Lost job • Promotion • Marital status change
  16. 16. DAILY HASSLES • Commuting • Misplaced keys • Mechanical breakdowns
  17. 17. INTERNAL STRESSORS • Lifestyle choices • Negative self - talk • Mind traps • Personality traits
  18. 18. LIFESTYLE CHOICES • Caffeine • Lack of sleep • Overloaded schedule
  19. 19. NEGATIVE SELF - TALK • Pessimistic thinking • Self criticism • Over analysing
  20. 20. MIND TRAPS • Unrealistic expectations • Taking things personally • All or nothing thinking • Exaggeration • Rigid thinking
  21. 21. PERSONALITY TRAITS • Perfectionists • Workaholics
  22. 22. TYPES OF STRESS • Negative stress • Positive stress
  23. 23. NEGATIVE STRESS It is a contributory factor in minor conditions, such as headaches, digestive problems, skin complaints, insomnia and ulcers. Excessive, prolonged and unrelieved stress can have a harmful effect on mental, physical and spiritual health.
  24. 24. POSITIVE STRESS Stress can also have a positive effect, spurring motivation and awareness, providing the stimulation to cope with challenging situations. Stress also provides the sense of urgency and alertness needed for survival when confronting threatening situations.
  25. 25. THE INDIVIDUAL Everyone is different, with unique perceptions of, and reactions to, events. There is no single level of stress that is optimal for all people. Some are more sensitive owing to experiences in childhood, the influence of teachers, parents and religion etc.
  26. 26. Stress….some facts… Most of the stress we experience is self- generated. How we perceive life - whether an event makes us feel threatened or stimulated, encouraged or discouraged, happy or sad - depends to a large extent on how we perceive ourselves.
  27. 27. Self-generated stress is something of a paradox, because so many people think of external causes when they are upset. Recognising that we create most of our own upsets is an important first step towards coping with them. Stress….some facts…
  28. 28. Endocrine System Stress response controlled by the Endocrine System. Demands on the physical or mental systems of the body result in hormone secretion (Adrenaline, Testosterone)
  29. 29. ENDOCRINE SYSTEM RESPONSES • Increased pupil dilation • Perspiration • Increased heart rate and blood pressure • Rapid breathing • Muscle tenseness • Increased mental alertness
  30. 30. GENERAL ADAPTATION SYNDROME • Alarm response • Adaptation • Exhaustion
  31. 31. ALARM RESPONSE This is the “ Fight or Flight” response that prepares the body for immediate action.
  32. 32. ADAPTATION PHASE If the source persists, the body prepares for long-term protection, secreting hormones to increase blood sugar levels. This phase is common and not necessarily harmful, but must include periods of relaxation and rest to counterbalance the stress response. Fatigue, concentration lapses, irritability and lethargy result as the stress turns negative.
  33. 33. EXHAUSTION In chronic stress situations, sufferers enter the exhaustion phase: emotional, physical and mental resources suffer heavily, the body experiences ‘ adrenal exhaustion’ leading to decreased stress tolerance, progressive mental and physical exhaustion, illness and collapse.
  34. 34. SYMPTOMS OF STRESS • Physical symptoms • Mental symptoms • Behavioural symptoms • Emotional symptoms
  35. 35. PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS • Sleep pattern changes • Fatigue • Digestion changes • Loss of sexual drive • Headaches • Aches and pains • Infections • Indigestion • Dizziness • Fainting • Sweating & trembling • Tingling hands & feet • Breathlessness • Palpitations • Missed heartbeats
  36. 36. MENTAL SYMPTOMS • Lack of concentration • Memory lapses • Difficulty in making decisions • Confusion • Disorientation • Panic attacks
  37. 37. BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS • Appetite changes - too much or too little • Eating disorders - anorexia, bulimia • Increased intake of alcohol & other drugs • Increased smoking • Restlessness • Fidgeting • Nail biting • Hypochondria
  38. 38. EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS • Bouts of depression • Impatience • Fits of rage • Tearfulness • Deterioration of personal hygiene and appearance
  39. 39. STRESS RELATED ILLNESSES Stress is not the same as ill-health, but has been related to such illnesses as; • Cardiovascular disease • Immune system disease • Asthma • Diabetes
  40. 40. How stress harms… • Digestive disorders • Ulcers • Skin complaints - psoriasis • Headaches and migraines • Pre-menstrual syndrome • Depression
  41. 41. COSTS OF STRESS 80% of all modern diseases have their origins in stress. In the UK, 40 million working days per year are lost directly from stress - related illness. Costs in absenteeism to British industry is estimated at £1.5 billion pounds per year.
  42. 42. Summary - Part 1 • Legislation • What is Stress ? • Types of Stresses • Individuals • Stress origins & body systems • Adaptation Syndrome • Symptoms • Costs of Stress
  43. 43. Part 2 Stress at Work
  44. 44. Part 2 - Outline • Why do we work ? • Factors influencing work stress • Work Patterns • Situations • Case Study
  45. 45. WHY DO WE WORK ? Work provides an income and fulfils a variety of other needs; - mental and physical exercise, social contact, a feeling of self-worth and competence.
  46. 46. FACTORS INFLUENCING WORK STRESS • The drive for success • Changing work patterns • Working conditions • Overwork • Under-work • Uncertainty • Conflict • Responsibility • Relationships at work • Change at work
  47. 47. THE DRIVE FOR SUCCESS Our society is driven by ‘work’, personal adequacy equates with professional success, we crave status and abhor failure. Our culture demands monetary success / professional status.
  48. 48. CHANGING WORK PATTERNS Many people feel lucky to have a job. Unemployment, redundancy, shorter working weeks, new technology affect emotional and physical security. No more jobs for life, more short - term contracts. Financial and emotional burnout is increasing among all levels.
  49. 49. WORKING CONDITIONS Physical and mental health is adversely affected by unpleasant working conditions, such as high noise levels, lighting, temperature and unsocial or excessive hours.
  50. 50. OVERWORK Stress may occur through an inability to cope with the technical or intellectual demands of a particular task. Circumstances such as long hours, unrealistic deadlines and frequent interruptions will compound this.
  51. 51. UNDERWORK This may arise from boredom because there is not enough to do, or because a job is dull and repetitive.
  52. 52. UNCERTAINTY About the individuals work role - objectives, responsibilities, and expectations, and a lack of communication and feedback can result in confusion, helplessness, and stress.
  53. 53. CONFLICT Stress can arise from work the individual does not want to do or that conflicts with their personal, social and family values.
  54. 54. RESPONSIBILITY The greater the level of responsibility the greater the potential level of stress.
  55. 55. RELATIONSHIPS AT WORK Good relationships with colleagues are crucial. Open discussion is essential to encourage positive relationships.
  56. 56. CHANGES AT WORK Changes that alter psychological, physiological and behavioural routines such as promotion, retirement and redundancy are particularly stressful.
  57. 57. Summary Work is important Work Stresses - Heat, Noise Job satisfaction Responsibility Relationships - Good / bad Changes - long / short term Costs
  58. 58. Part 3 Self - help
  59. 59. Part 3 - Outline • Causes of Stress • Identification and admission • Coping strategies • Summary
  60. 60. Statement Not all the stress we experience is generated at work !!
  61. 61. Causes of Stress • External Stresses • Internal Stresses
  62. 62. External Stresses - Organisational Company take over Reductions / layoffs Major reorganisation Company sale / relocation Employee benefit cuts Mandatory overtime required Little input into decisions Mistake consequences severe Workloads vary Fast paced work React to changes Advancement difficult Red tape delays jobs Insufficient resources Pay below going rate Technology changes Employee benefits poor Workplace conditions Consistent poor performance
  63. 63. External Stresses - Major Life Events Death of a loved one Divorce / separation Imprisonment Injury/illness ( self / family ) Marriage/ engagement Loss of job Retirement Pregnancy Sexual Problems Change in financial status Change of job / work Mortgage or loan Foreclosure of mortgage/loan Change in responsibilities Moving house Holidays Christmas Minor violations of the law
  64. 64. Now do we agree with the statement ? Not all the stress we experience is generated at work !!
  65. 65. RECOGNISE THE PROBLEM The most important point is to recognise the source of the negative stress. This is not an admission of weakness or inability to cope! It is a way to identify the problem and plan measures to overcome it.
  66. 66. STRESS CONTROL A B C STRATEGY
  67. 67. ABC STRATEGY A = AWARENESS What causes you stress? How do you react?
  68. 68. ABC STRATEGY B = BALANCE There is a fine line between positive / negative stress How much can you cope with before it becomes negative ?
  69. 69. ABC STRATEGY C = CONTROL What can you do to help yourself combat the negative effects of stress ?
  70. 70. Stress Management Techniques • Change your thinking • Change your behaviour • Change your lifestyle
  71. 71. Change your Thinking • Re-framing • Positive thinking
  72. 72. Re-framing Re-framing is a technique to change the way you look at things in order to feel better about them. There are many ways to interpret the same situation so pick the one you like. Re-framing does not change the external reality, but helps you view things in a different light and less stressfully.
  73. 73. Positive Thinking Forget powerlessness, dejection, despair, failure Stress leaves us vulnerable to negative suggestion so focus on positives; • Focus on your strengths • Learn from the stress you are under • Look for opportunities • Seek out the positive - make a change.
  74. 74. Change your Behaviour • Be assertive • Get organised • Ventilation • Humour • Diversion and distraction
  75. 75. Be Assertive Assertiveness helps to manage stressful situations, and will , in time, help to reduce their frequency. Lack of assertiveness often shows low self - esteem and low self - confidence. The key to assertiveness is verbal and non - verbal communication. Extending our range of communication skills will improve our assertiveness.
  76. 76. Equality and Basic Rights 1) The right to express my feelings 2) The right to express opinions / beliefs 3) The right to say ‘Yes/No’ for yourself 4) Right to change your mind 5) Right to say ‘I don’t understand’ 6) Right to be yourself, not acting for the benefit of others
  77. 77. 7) The right to decline responsibility for other people’s problems 8) The right to make reasonable requests of others 9) The right to set my own priorities 10) The right to be listened to, and taken seriously
  78. 78. Being Assertive Being assertive involves standing up for your personal rights and expressing your thoughts, feelings and beliefs directly, honestly and spontaneously in ways that don’t infringe the rights of others.
  79. 79. Assertive People • Respect themselves and others • Take responsibility for actions and choices • Ask openly for what they want • Disappointed if ‘want’ denied • Self - confidence remains intact • Not reliant on the approval of others
  80. 80. Assertive Skills • Establish good eye contact / don’t stare • Stand or sit comfortably - don’t fidget • Talk in a firm, steady voice • Use body language • ‘I think’ / ‘I feel’ • ‘What do you think?’ ‘How do you feel ?’ • Concise and to the point
  81. 81. Benefits • Higher self-esteem • Less self-conscious • Less anxious • Manage stress more successfully • Appreciate yourself and others more easily • Feeling of self-control
  82. 82. Get Organised Poor organisation is one of the most common causes of stress. Structured approaches offer security against ‘out of the blue’ problems. Prioritising objectives, duties and activities makes them manageable and achievable. Don’t overload your mind. Organisation will help avoid personal and professional chaos.
  83. 83. Time Management • Make a list What MUST be done What SHOULD be done What would you LIKE to do • Cut out time wasting • Learn to drop unimportant activities • Say no or delegate
  84. 84. • Plan your day • Set achievable goals • Don’t waste time making excuses for not doing something
  85. 85. Ventilation ‘A problem shared is a problem halved’ Develop a support network through friends or colleagues to talk with. It’s not always events that are stressful but how we perceive them. Writing a diary or notes may help release feelings but do not re-read what has been written.
  86. 86. Humour • Good stress - reducer • Applies at home and work • Relieves muscular tension • Improves breathing • Pumps endorphins into the bloodstream - the body’s natural painkillers
  87. 87. Diversion and Distraction • Take time out • Get away from things that bother you • Doesn’t solve the problem • Reduce stress level • Calm down • Think logically
  88. 88. Change Your Lifestyle • Diet • Smoking & Alcohol • Exercise • Sleep • Leisure • Relaxation
  89. 89. Diet • Healthy eating habits • Caffeine (Stimulant) • Salt
  90. 90. Smoking and Alcohol • Moderate your consumption
  91. 91. Benefits of Exercise • Uses up excess energy released by the ‘Fight or Flight’ reaction. • Improves blood circulation • Lowers blood pressure • Clears the mind of worrying thoughts • Improves self image • Makes you feel better about yourself • Increases social contact
  92. 92. Sleep • Good stress reducer • Difficult to cope when tired • Wake refreshed after night’s sleep • Plenty of daytime energy
  93. 93. Leisure • Interest • Gives you a ‘break’ from stresses • Provides outlet for relief • Provides social contact
  94. 94. Benefits of Relaxation • Lowers blood pressure • Combats fatigue • Promotes sleep • Reduces pain • Eases muscle tension
  95. 95. • Decreases mental worries • Increases concentration • Increases productivity • Increases clear thinking
  96. 96. Alternatives • Conventional Medicine • Counselling & psychotherapy • Relaxation • Meditation • Massage • Yoga • Acupuncture • Aromatherapy • Floatation • Herbalism • Biofeedback • Homeopathy • Hypnotherapy • Osteopathy • Pet Therapy • Reflexology
  97. 97. Summary • Causes of stress • Identification and admission • Ways to control stress • Alternative methods
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