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The city of cavite

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  • 1. The City of Cavite (CaviteñoChavacano: Ciudad de Cavite), (Tagalog: Lungsodng Cavite), is a fourth class[1]city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. The city occupies a hook shaped peninsula jutting out into Manila Bay. Cavite City used to be the capital of the province. The historic island of Corregidor and the adjacent islands and detached rocks of Caballo, Carabao, El Fraile and La Monja found at the mouth of Manila Bay are part of the city's territorial jurisdiction. The city lies 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest from Manila by road. It borders the municipality of Noveleta to the south. The peninsula encloses Bacoor Bay to the southeast and Cañacao Bay to the northeast, both small parts of Manila Bay. The city proper is divided into five districts: Dalahican, Santa Cruz, Caridad, San Antonio, and San Roque. These districts are further subdivided into eight zones and a total of 84 barangays. The Sangley Point Naval Base is part of the city and occupies the northernmost portion of the peninsula. This used to be an American military naval base and has since been converted into a special Philippine military base. According to the 2010 census, Cavite City has a population of 101,120 people in a land area of 10.89 square kilometers. Contents 1 Symbols o 1.1 Seal o 1.2 Flag 2 Barangays 3 History o 3.1 Pre-Hispanic period o 3.2 Spanish period o 3.3 Political history 4 Culture o 4.1 Religion o 4.2 Chavacano 5 Economy o 5.1 Key issues and opportunities o 5.2 Livability o 5.3 Sangley Point Development Project 6 Schools, colleges and universities o 6.1 Elementary  6.1.1 Public  6.1.2 Private o 6.2 High school  6.2.1 Public  6.2.2 Private o 6.3 College  6.3.1 Public  6.3.2 Private 7 Notable people from Cavite City
  • 2. 8 Sister cities 9 References 10 External links Symbols Seal The current seal of the city was designed by Mayor Timoteo O. Encarnacion, Jr. It was adopted by the SangguniangPanlungsod through Resolution No. 140-90, then approved by the Local Executive on September 7, 1990. On November 3, 1993, the National Historical Institute and the president, through the Department of Interior and Local Government issued a Certificate of Registration recognizing the new seal. The shield stands for bravery and fortitude. The colors red, white, blue, yellow stand for the loyalty of the people to its government. The inclusion of the rays portrays the role of Cavite as one of the original provinces that rose up in arms against Spanish domination in 1896 in the Philippine Revolution. The white triangle inscribed within the shield with the letters KKK at the corners represents the part played by The city in the organization of the Katipunan. Don LadislaoDiwa of the city was one of the triumvirate who organized the patriotic group. Many Katipuneros came from the city. Within the white triangle are symbols representing various events: At the bottom of the triangle is a fort with figures "1872". It symbolizes the Cavite Mutiny of 1872 at the Arsenal de Cavite. At the background is a map of the city, including the island of Corregidor. It represents the role of Corregidor as a part city's history. The obelisk at the left memorializes the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite who were executed by the Spaniards on September 12, 1896. The sheet music at the right symbolizes Julián Felipe, composer of the Philippine National Anthem. The sketch of the Royal Fort of San Felipe represents the role it played in the city and country's history being the place where the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite were detained and the Fort where the Cavite Mutiny of 1872 took place. The scroll on the uppermost portion of the triangle contains the City motto, in Chabacano dialect - "Para Dios y Patria" ("For God and Country"). It is in Chabacano to emphasize the native dialect of the city. The green laurel leaf encircling the right and left portions of the KKK triangle symbolizes victories by reason. Flag
  • 3. The flag of the city created by Mayor Timoteo O. Encarnacion, Jr. and was adopted by the SangguniangPanlungsod through Resolution No. 95-081 dated September 6, 1995 in time for the 55th Cavite City Charter Day. The meaning, symbol and significance of the flag components: The two red strips symbolize courage and bravery. The middle green strip symbolizes progress and advancement The half sun has a twofold meaning. If the rising sun, it means the hope, dreams and visions for progress. If the setting sun, it stands for the sunset that can be seen in the city's western shores. The five yellow stars symbolize the five districts of Cavite City. The three sets of waves below the half sun, in three colors of navy blue, light blue and white. It signifies that Cavite City is a peninsula surrounded by water while the three colors represent Cañacao Bay, Bacoor Bay and Manila Bay. Cavite City Hall Barangays Cavite City is politically subdivided into 84 barangays.[1] Barangay 1 (Hen. M. Alvarez) Barangay 2 (Hen. C. Tirona) Barangay 3 (Hen. E. Aguinaldo) Barangay 4 (Hen. M. Trias) Barangay 5 (Hen. E. Evangelista) Barangay 6 (Diego Silang) Barangay 7 (Kapitan Kong) Barangay 8 (Manuel S. Rojas) Barangay 9 (Kanaway) Barangay 10-M (Kingfisher) Barangay 10-A Barangay 26 (Cancer) Barangay 27 (Sagitarius) Barangay 28 (Taurus) Barangay 29 (Laolao) Barangay 29-A (Laolao A) Barangay 30 (Bid-bid) Barangay 31 (Mayamaya) Barangay 32 (Salaysalay) Barangay 33 (Buwanbuwan) Barangay 34 (Lapulapu) Barangay 35 (Hasahasa) Barangay 36 (SapSap) Barangay 46 (Sinagtala) Barangay 47 (Pagkakaisa) Barangay 47-A (Pagkakaisa A) Barangay 47-B (Pagkakaisa B) Barangay 48 (Narra) Barangay 48-A (Narra A) Barangay 49 (Akasya) Barangay 49-A (Akasya A) Barangay 50 (Kabalyero) Barangay 51 (Kamagong) Barangay 52 (Ipil) Barangay 53
  • 4. (Kingfisher A) Barangay 10-B (Kingfisher B) Barangay 11 (Lawin) Barangay 12 (Love Bird) Barangay 13 (Aguila) Barangay 14 (Loro) Barangay 15 (Kilyawan) Barangay 16 (Martines) Barangay 17 (Kalapati) Barangay 18 (Maya) Barangay 19 (Gemini) Barangay 20 (Virgo) Barangay 21 (Scorpio) Barangay 22 (Leo) Barangay 22-A (Leo A) Barangay 23 (Aquarius) Barangay 24 (Libra) Barangay 25 (Capricorn) Barangay 36-A (Sapsap A) Barangay 37-M (Cadena de Amor) Barangay 37-A (Cadena de Amor A) Barangay 38 (Sampaguita) Barangay 38-A (Sampaguita A) Barangay 39 (Jasmin) Barangay 40 (Gumamela) Barangay 41 (Rosal) Barangay 42 (Pinagbuklod) Barangay 42-A (Pinagbuklod A) Barangay 42-B (Pinagbuklod B) Barangay 42-C (Pinagbuklod C) Barangay 43 (Pinagpala) Barangay 44 (Maligaya) Barangay 45 (Kaunlaran) Barangay 45-A (Kaunlaran A) (Yakal) Barangay 53-A (Yakal A) Barangay 53-B (Yakal B) Barangay 54-A (Mother) Barangay 54-M (Pechay) Barangay 55 (Ampalaya) Barangay 56 (Labanos) Barangay 57 (Repolyo) Barangay 58 (Patola) Barangay 58-A (Patola A) Barangay 59 (Sitaw) Barangay 60 (Letsugas) Barangay 61 (Talong) Barangay 61-A (Talong A) Barangay 62 (Kangkong) Barangay 62-A (Kangkong A) Barangay 62-B (Kangkong B) History Pre-Hispanic period The name "Cavite" evolved from the word "Kawit" or "Cauit," meaning hook, referring to the shape of the land along the coast of Bacoor Bay. It was mispronounced by the Spaniards as "Kawite" or "Cavite" there being no "K" in the Castillan alphabet, then changing "w" to "v" so as to conform to their accentuation. There are several names attributed to present-day Cavite City. Its early settlers, who were Tagalogs, called it "Tangway," meaning peninsula. People from other places refer to it as Kawit, because it looked like a sharp-edge part of the hook-shaped land along the coast of Bacoor Bay.
  • 5. The Chinese traders or the Sangleyes who came to Cavite to do business with the natives called it Keit, a corruption of the word Kawit. According to folklore, the earliest settlers came from Borneo, led by Gat Hinigiw and his wife DayangKaliwanag who bore seven children. Archaeological evidences in the coastal areas show prehistoric settlements. Spanish period When Spanish colonizers settled in the most populated area of the place (the present day Kawit), they called it as Cavite, another corruption of the word Kawit. The old Tangway, which was at its northern tip, was called "Cavite la Punta" meaning "Tip of Cavite". When they discovered Cavite la Punta to be a suitable place for the repair of their ships and galleons, they called the place Cavite Nuevo (New Cavite) and moved their settlement there. In 1614, the Spaniards fortified the place with Muralla (high thick walls) and surrounded it with moats, the place was called Puerto de Cavite (port of Cavite). The Ermita de PortaVaga in the 1890s, the church where the image of NuestraSeñoradela Soledad de PortaVaga was enshrined Only the belfry of the church remains today after the old port city of Cavite was heavily bombarded in World War II. Cavite City was given royal encomienda or land grant on May 16, 1571 by the Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi, which was named Cavite la Punta. Cavite la Punta was christened Cavite el Puerto also known as Cavite Nuevo, when the Spaniards discovered that Cavite la Punta was a suitable place for the repair and construction of their ships and galleons. Puerto de Cavite was linked to the history of world trade. Spanish galleons sailed every July to Acapulco, Mexico. Between 1609 and 1616 the galleons Espiritu Santo and San Miguel were constructed in the shipyard of Puerto de Cavite. In 1590 the surrounding walls and Fuerte Guadalupe on the south side were built. The forts of San Felipe Neri and PortaVaga were
  • 6. constructed in 1595 and completed in 1602. It was also a haven for churches, convents and hospitals. The Franciscan Hospital de San Jose was built for sailors and soldiers in 1591, the San Diego de Alcala convent in 1608, the PortaVaga (La Ermita), San Juan de Dios, Santo Domingo, Santa Monica (Recolletos) and San Pedro, the port's parish church. Plazas and parks were evidence of importance, Plaza de Armas across from San Felipe Fort, Plaza de San Pedro across from the church and Plaza Soledad across from PortaVaga, Plaza del Reparo was at the bayside. At the height of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade, which made Puerto de Cavite the point of entry and departure of Spanish galleons that brought many foreign travelers on its shores, Puerto de Cavite was fondly called "Ciudad de Oro Macizo" meaning the "City of Solid Gold". The Chinese emperor at one time sent some of his men to this place to search for gold. It was also during those times when it was called "Tierra de Maria Santisima" because of the popularity of the Marian devotion in this place. Political history The early inhabitants of Cavite City were the Tagalogs ruled by the Kampilan and the bullhorn of a datu, the tribal form of government. During the Spanish administration, the place was under an "AdministradoresCiviles" called "Gobernadorcillo", which was later called "Capitan Municipal", assisted by a "Teniente Mayor", a "Teniente Segundo", a "TenienteTercero", a "Tenientedel Barrio" and a "Cabeza de Barangay". Cavite City was founded as a town in 1614. San Roque was added and founded as a town also in 1614. It was placed under the civil administration of Cavite el Puerto until it was granted a right to be a separate and an independent pueblo in 1720. La Caridad, formerly known as La Estanzuela of San Roque, separated and was founded as town in 1868. The Spanish Governor General Jose de la Gardana granted the petition of the people led by Don Justo Miranda to make barrio La Estanzuela an independent town. At the start of the American colonial period, the place was used as the seat of the U.S. Naval Forces in the Philippines. Government Administration was under the PresidentesMunicipales with the direct supervision of the American Army Officers (the first being Colonel Meade). The first Filipino "PresidentesMunicipales" were appointed: Don ZacariaFortich for Puerto de Cavite, Don Francisco Basa for San Roque, and Don Pedro Raqueño Bautista for Caridad.
  • 7. The Spanish shipyards and arsenal in Cavite (circa 1899) In 1900, the Caviteños tasted their first election under the American regime. They elected in each pueblo or town, local officials called Presidente Municipal, Vice-Presidente Municipal and a Consejo composed of Consejales. In 1901, the Philippine Commission approved a municipal code as the organic law of all local governments throughout the country. In its implementation in 1903, the three separate pueblos of Cavite Puerto, San Roque and La Caridad were merged into one municipality, which was called the Municipality of Cavite. By virtue of a legislative act promulgated by the First Philippine Assembly, Cavite was made the capital of the province. Subsequently its territory was enlarged to include the district of San Antonio and the island of Corregidor. The Municipality of Cavite functioned as a civil government whose officials consisted of a Presidente Municipal, a VicePresidente Municipal and ten Consejales duly elected by the qualified voters of the municipality. In 1909, Executive Order No. 124, of Governor-General W. Cameron Forbes, declared the Act No. 1748 annexing Corregidor and the islands of Caballo (Fort Hughes), La Monja, El Fraile (Fort Drum), Sta. Amalia, Carabao (Fort Frank) and Limbones, as well as all waters and detached rocks surrounding them, to the Municipality of Cavite. Manuel S. Rojas in 1949 Under the Philippine Commonwealth, Assemblyman Manuel S. Rojas, Grand Father of Mayor Bernardo Paredes, sponsored Commonwealth Act No. 547 creating Cavite as a chartered city. Upon approval into law on September 7, 1940, the executive function of the city was vested on an appointive City Mayor who holds office at the pleasure of the President of the Philippine Commonwealth. Moreover, legislative functions as provided for in the charter of the City of Cavite was vested on a Municipal Board composed of three electives, two appointive and two ex-officio councilors, the presiding officer of which is the City Mayor. In 1941, Japanese Imperial Forces bombed the city to destroy the US Naval Installations. The Japanese appointed at least two City Mayors of Cavite City. Again in 1945, the US and Philippine Commonwealth military bombarded the Japanese forces stationed here. After the liberation, the city's local administration went back to normal.
  • 8. Republic Act No. 981, passed by the Congress of the Philippines in 1954, transferred the capital of the Province from Cavite City to TreceMartires City. Subsequently, the City Charter was amended. By virtue of an amendment to the charter of Cavite City, the City Mayor, City ViceMayor and eight councillors were elected by popular suffrage. The first election of city officials was held in 1963. Culture Religion NuestraSeñoradela Soledad de PortaVaga NuestraSeñora de la Soledad de PortaVaga is the patroness of Cavite City and the entire Province of Cavite, also called "Reina de Cavite" and "La Virgen de la Soledad". The virgin is depicted as a lady in mourning. Mary, garbed in black and white attire, seems to be on her knees as she contemplates the passion of her son. Before her are the crown of thorns and the nails instrument of Christ's passion. The image of the virgin is painted on a canvas. An inscription was found at the back of the painting. A doze de Abril 1692 años Juan OlibapusoestaStma.YmagenHaqui, which means,"The sacred image was placed here by Juan Oliba on April 12, 1692". This particular icon was used to bless the galleon plying between Cavite and Acapulco (Mexico) during formal sending off ceremonies. Thus, she was called the Patroness of the Galleon. The most venerated image of La Virgen de la Soledad de PortaVaga is an invaluable treasure inherited by the Caviteños from their antepasado (ancestors). This is the oldest existing dated Marian painting in the Philippines. The Virgen de la Soledad was acknowledged as the Celestial Guardian and Protectress of the
  • 9. entire province of Cavite and the port since her arrival in Cavite shore. The image was enshrined in another church named Ermita de PortaVaga, until its destruction during the last world war. Today, the image of the PortaVaga is presently enshrined in the Parish Church of San Roque, one of the three parishes in the City. Other religious groups include are the Church of God International (A.K.A. Ang Dating Daan/The Old Path/El Camino Antiguo), United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP),Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL), The United Methodist Church, Presbyterian Churches, Baptist and Bible Fundamental churches, Seventh Day Adventist Churches, and other UPC churches. Chavacano Chavacano, sometimes spelled as Chabacano, is the language mostly spoken by majority of the Caviteños that lived in the city of Cavite, whose origin has begun during the arrival of the first Spaniards three centuries ago. Today only a fraction of Caviteños in the city of Cavite speak the Chavacano dialect, mostly elders, so perhaps it will come to cease of its existence or completely disappear in the near future. During the stay of the Spaniards near the military arsenal in Cavite City, the people that lived in the proximities of the arsenal put themselves in contact with the Spaniards and began to incorporate in their own dialect many Spanish words which gave birth to a Hispanic - Philippine dialect called "Chabacano" of long ago and of today. According to many opinions, Chavacano was scattered in different places of the Philippine archipelago, only of its sort in the Far East or perhaps in the Hispanic world. One of the poets and Philippine writers, Jesus Balmori expressed himself in Chabacano. He was a great admirer of the dialect and wrote several verses in it. Another admirer of this dialect was Don Jaime de Veyra, the illustrious writer and famous Philippine historian, who feared more than all the probable extinction of the Chabacano when he wrote the following prophetic lines, "I am afraid that the inevitable absorption of the tagalismo on one side and the invasion of the anglicism on the other hand, will wipe out or extinguish this inherited Castilian language in existence with his last representatives in the following generation." And, according to the Philippine catedratico, Alfredo B. German who wrote a thesis on the grammar in Chabacano dialect, the present conditions no longer favor the disenrollment of the same one. There are many reasons for the probable disappearance of the Chabacano dialect, but the main thing is the massive arrival of the Tagalog speaking people in the city of Cavite. The educated class has scorned the Chabacano dialect, refusing to speak it or replace it with the Tagalog language. Professor Gervacio Miranda who also wrote a book in Chabacano said in his preface the following thing,"My only objective to write this book is to possibly conserve in written form the Chavacano of Cavite for posterity," fearing the extinction of the dialect.
  • 10. Nowadays, in the same city of Cavite, it still exists. Nonetheless very few Caviteños speaks of this hybrid language. The survival of this dialect depends on their people, the Caviteños of the city of Cavite, who have inherited this dialect from their ancestors. Some now live in Olongapo City and so far there are only less than 500 people who could speak this language, mostly the elders. Chavacano is spoken by a majority in Zamboanga City. Economy Key issues and opportunities The city is beset by a number of development challenges and has continuously sought to address this within the means available to the city. Livability The city has to cope-up with the fact that informal settlers would have to be considered in its development plans since 35 of its 84 barangays are lying along the coast of the city. As the city has proven to be vulnerable to effects of sea-level rise and considering that it is lying below sea level, there is also the need to address the saltwater intrusion that affects the city’s supply of potable water. It becomes evident that an essential component of the city’s envisioned development is the provision of an alternative route that would help the city become accessible via land or sea transport. The operation of Ferry Services from Cavite City to the Mall of Asia is an initial step towards that direction. Sangley Point Development Project The Sangley Point Development Project aims to transform Sangley Point into an International Logistics Hub with a modern airport and seaport thru Executive Order 629, "Directing the Philippine Reclamation Authority to Convert the Sangley Point, Cavite City into an International Logistics Hub with Modern Seaport and Airport thru an enabling reclamation component." Schools, colleges and universities Cavite belongs to the CALABARZON region and is situated 30 kilometers south of Manila. Cavite is named as the Historical Capital of the Philippines. It is the cradle of Philippine Revolution, and the birthplace of Philippine Independence. Cavite got its name from a Tagalog word kawit (which means hook) owing to the hook-shaped land on the Old Spanish map. The land was formerly known as “Tangway” where Spanish authorities constructed a fort from which the city of Cavite rose. Archeological evidence in
  • 11. coastal areas showprehistorical settlements. According to local folklore, the earliest settlers of Cavite came from Borneo. In the 1600s, encomiendas or Spanish Royal land grants were given in Cavite and Maragondon. Jesuit priests brought in settlers from Mollucas. These settlers, known as “Mardicas,” settled in Ternate and Maragondon. Other settlements grew and by the turn of the century, Cavite towns were already trading with one another. Traditional industries began to thrive as Manila’s commerce grew. In 1872, Filipinos launched their revolt against Spain. Three Filipino priests—Jose Burgos, Mariano Gomez,and Jacinto Zamora—were implicated in the Cavite mutiny when 200 Filipinos staged a rebellion within Spanish garrisons. In August 28, 1896, when the revolution against Spain broke out, Cavite became a bloody theater of war. Led by Emilio Aguinaldo, Caviteños made lightning raids on Spanish headquarters, and soon liberated the entire province. Aguinaldo commanded the Revolution to its successful end: the proclamation of the Republic of the Philippines, on June 12, 1898 in Kawit, the first constitutional republic in Asia, and third established overall, after the Lanfang Republic in 1777, and the Republic of Formosa in 1895. Cavite proudly stands as a place with a glorious past. Its warm and friendly people, whose ancestors came down with a noble cause, manifest industry and patience in various skills and professions, openly receptive to the entry and exchange of culture and technology that are of value to the province. In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered Cavite. he Goose That Laid the Golden Egg An Aesop Fable A man and his wife owned a very special goose. Every day the goose would lay a golden egg, which made the couple very rich. "Just think," said the man's wife, "If we could have all the golden eggs that are inside the goose, we could be richer much faster." "You're right," said her husband, "We wouldn't have to wait for the goose to lay her egg every day." So, the couple killed the goose and cut her open, only to find that she was just like every other goose. She had no golden eggs inside of her at all, and they had no more golden eggs. Too much greed results in nothing. he
  • 12. ion's hare n Aesop Fable The lion went hunting one day with three other beasts. Together, they surrounded and caught a deer. With the consent of the other three, the lion divided the prey into four equal shares, but just when each animal was about to take his portion, the lion stopped them. "Wait," said the lion, "Since I am a member of the hunting party, I am to receive one of these portions. Since I am considered to rank so high among the beasts of the forest, I am to receive the second share. Since I am known for my courage and strength, I am to receive the third share. As for the fourth share, if you wish to argue with me about its ownership, let's begin, and we will see who will get it." Always agree on the share of the profits before going into business with others. Aesop's Fables for Children The Rooster and the Fox An Aesop Fable A rooster was perched on a branch of a very high tree, crowing loudly. His powerful exclamations were heard throughout the forest and caught the attention of a hungry fox who was out and about looking for a prey.
  • 13. The fox saw how high the bird was positioned and thought of a sly way to bring the rooster down for his meal. "Excuse me, my dear proud Rooster," he gently spoke, "Have you not heard of the universal treaty and proclamation of harmony that is now set before all beasts and birds and every creature in our forest We are no longer to hunt or prey nor ravish one another, but we are to live together in peace, harmony, and love. Do come down, Rooster, and we shall speak more on this matter of such great importance." Now, the rooster, who knew that the fox was known for his sly wit, said nothing, but looked out in the distance, as if he were seeing something. "At what are you looking so intently?" asked the fox "I see a pack of wild dogs," said the rooster, "I do believe they're coming our way, Mr. Fox." "Oh, I must go," said the fox. "Please do not go yet, Mr. Fox," said the rooster, "I was just on my way down. We will wait on the dogs and discuss this new time of peace with all." "No, no," said the fox, "I must go. The dogs have not heard of this treaty of peace yet." Beware of the sudden offers of friendship.