The City of Cavite (CaviteñoChavacano: Ciudad de Cavite), (Tagalog: Lungsodng Cavite), is a
fourth classcity in the province of Cavite, Philippines. The city occupies a hook shaped
peninsula jutting out into Manila Bay. Cavite City used to be the capital of the province. The
historic island of Corregidor and the adjacent islands and detached rocks of Caballo, Carabao, El
Fraile and La Monja found at the mouth of Manila Bay are part of the city's territorial
The city lies 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest from Manila by road. It borders the municipality of
Noveleta to the south. The peninsula encloses Bacoor Bay to the southeast and Cañacao Bay to
the northeast, both small parts of Manila Bay. The city proper is divided into five districts:
Dalahican, Santa Cruz, Caridad, San Antonio, and San Roque. These districts are further
subdivided into eight zones and a total of 84 barangays. The Sangley Point Naval Base is part of
the city and occupies the northernmost portion of the peninsula. This used to be an American
military naval base and has since been converted into a special Philippine military base.
According to the 2010 census, Cavite City has a population of 101,120 people in a land area of
10.89 square kilometers.
o 1.1 Seal
o 1.2 Flag
o 3.1 Pre-Hispanic period
o 3.2 Spanish period
o 3.3 Political history
o 4.1 Religion
o 4.2 Chavacano
o 5.1 Key issues and opportunities
o 5.2 Livability
o 5.3 Sangley Point Development Project
6 Schools, colleges and universities
o 6.1 Elementary
o 6.2 High school
o 6.3 College
7 Notable people from Cavite City
8 Sister cities
10 External links
The current seal of the city was designed by Mayor Timoteo O. Encarnacion, Jr. It was adopted
by the SangguniangPanlungsod through Resolution No. 140-90, then approved by the Local
Executive on September 7, 1990. On November 3, 1993, the National Historical Institute and the
president, through the Department of Interior and Local Government issued a Certificate of
Registration recognizing the new seal.
The shield stands for bravery and fortitude. The colors red, white, blue, yellow stand for the
loyalty of the people to its government. The inclusion of the rays portrays the role of Cavite as
one of the original provinces that rose up in arms against Spanish domination in 1896 in the
The white triangle inscribed within the shield with the letters KKK at the corners represents the
part played by The city in the organization of the Katipunan. Don LadislaoDiwa of the city was
one of the triumvirate who organized the patriotic group. Many Katipuneros came from the city.
Within the white triangle are symbols representing various events:
At the bottom of the triangle is a fort with figures "1872". It symbolizes the Cavite
Mutiny of 1872 at the Arsenal de Cavite.
At the background is a map of the city, including the island of Corregidor. It represents
the role of Corregidor as a part city's history.
The obelisk at the left memorializes the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite who were executed
by the Spaniards on September 12, 1896.
The sheet music at the right symbolizes Julián Felipe, composer of the Philippine
The sketch of the Royal Fort of San Felipe represents the role it played in the city and
country's history being the place where the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite were detained and
the Fort where the Cavite Mutiny of 1872 took place.
The scroll on the uppermost portion of the triangle contains the City motto, in Chabacano
dialect - "Para Dios y Patria" ("For God and Country"). It is in Chabacano to emphasize
the native dialect of the city.
The green laurel leaf encircling the right and left portions of the KKK triangle symbolizes
victories by reason.
The flag of the city created by Mayor Timoteo O. Encarnacion, Jr. and was adopted by the
SangguniangPanlungsod through Resolution No. 95-081 dated September 6, 1995 in time for the
55th Cavite City Charter Day. The meaning, symbol and significance of the flag components:
The two red strips symbolize courage and bravery.
The middle green strip symbolizes progress and advancement
The half sun has a twofold meaning. If the rising sun, it means the hope, dreams and
visions for progress. If the setting sun, it stands for the sunset that can be seen in the city's
The five yellow stars symbolize the five districts of Cavite City.
The three sets of waves below the half sun, in three colors of navy blue, light blue and
white. It signifies that Cavite City is a peninsula surrounded by water while the three
colors represent Cañacao Bay, Bacoor Bay and Manila Bay.
Cavite City Hall
Cavite City is politically subdivided into 84 barangays.
Barangay 1 (Hen. M.
Barangay 2 (Hen. C.
Barangay 3 (Hen. E.
Barangay 4 (Hen. M.
Barangay 5 (Hen. E.
Barangay 6 (Diego
Barangay 7 (Kapitan
Barangay 8 (Manuel
Barangay 26 (Cancer)
Barangay 28 (Taurus)
Barangay 29 (Laolao)
Barangay 29-A (Laolao A)
Barangay 30 (Bid-bid)
Barangay 31 (Mayamaya)
Barangay 32 (Salaysalay)
Barangay 33 (Buwanbuwan)
Barangay 34 (Lapulapu)
Barangay 35 (Hasahasa)
Barangay 36 (SapSap)
Barangay 48 (Narra)
Barangay 52 (Ipil)
Barangay 11 (Lawin)
Barangay 12 (Love
Barangay 14 (Loro)
Barangay 18 (Maya)
Barangay 20 (Virgo)
Barangay 22 (Leo)
Barangay 22-A (Leo
Barangay 24 (Libra)
Barangay 36-A (Sapsap A)
(Cadena de Amor)
(Cadena de Amor A)
Barangay 39 (Jasmin)
Barangay 41 (Rosal)
Barangay 59 (Sitaw)
The name "Cavite" evolved from the word "Kawit" or "Cauit," meaning hook, referring to the
shape of the land along the coast of Bacoor Bay. It was mispronounced by the Spaniards as
"Kawite" or "Cavite" there being no "K" in the Castillan alphabet, then changing "w" to "v" so as
to conform to their accentuation.
There are several names attributed to present-day Cavite City. Its early settlers, who were
Tagalogs, called it "Tangway," meaning peninsula. People from other places refer to it as Kawit,
because it looked like a sharp-edge part of the hook-shaped land along the coast of Bacoor Bay.
The Chinese traders or the Sangleyes who came to Cavite to do business with the natives called
it Keit, a corruption of the word Kawit. According to folklore, the earliest settlers came from
Borneo, led by Gat Hinigiw and his wife DayangKaliwanag who bore seven children.
Archaeological evidences in the coastal areas show prehistoric settlements.
When Spanish colonizers settled in the most populated area of the place (the present day Kawit),
they called it as Cavite, another corruption of the word Kawit. The old Tangway, which was at
its northern tip, was called "Cavite la Punta" meaning "Tip of Cavite". When they discovered
Cavite la Punta to be a suitable place for the repair of their ships and galleons, they called the
place Cavite Nuevo (New Cavite) and moved their settlement there. In 1614, the Spaniards
fortified the place with Muralla (high thick walls) and surrounded it with moats, the place was
called Puerto de Cavite (port of Cavite).
The Ermita de PortaVaga in the 1890s, the church where the image of NuestraSeñoradela
Soledad de PortaVaga was enshrined
Only the belfry of the church remains today after the old port city of Cavite was heavily
bombarded in World War II.
Cavite City was given royal encomienda or land grant on May 16, 1571 by the Spanish
conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi, which was named Cavite la Punta. Cavite la Punta was
christened Cavite el Puerto also known as Cavite Nuevo, when the Spaniards discovered that
Cavite la Punta was a suitable place for the repair and construction of their ships and galleons.
Puerto de Cavite was linked to the history of world trade. Spanish galleons sailed every July to
Acapulco, Mexico. Between 1609 and 1616 the galleons Espiritu Santo and San Miguel were
constructed in the shipyard of Puerto de Cavite. In 1590 the surrounding walls and Fuerte
Guadalupe on the south side were built. The forts of San Felipe Neri and PortaVaga were
constructed in 1595 and completed in 1602. It was also a haven for churches, convents and
hospitals. The Franciscan Hospital de San Jose was built for sailors and soldiers in 1591, the San
Diego de Alcala convent in 1608, the PortaVaga (La Ermita), San Juan de Dios, Santo Domingo,
Santa Monica (Recolletos) and San Pedro, the port's parish church. Plazas and parks were
evidence of importance, Plaza de Armas across from San Felipe Fort, Plaza de San Pedro across
from the church and Plaza Soledad across from PortaVaga, Plaza del Reparo was at the bayside.
At the height of the Manila-Acapulco Galleon Trade, which made Puerto de Cavite the point of
entry and departure of Spanish galleons that brought many foreign travelers on its shores, Puerto
de Cavite was fondly called "Ciudad de Oro Macizo" meaning the "City of Solid Gold". The
Chinese emperor at one time sent some of his men to this place to search for gold.
It was also during those times when it was called "Tierra de Maria Santisima" because of the
popularity of the Marian devotion in this place.
The early inhabitants of Cavite City were the Tagalogs ruled by the Kampilan and the bullhorn
of a datu, the tribal form of government.
During the Spanish administration, the place was under an "AdministradoresCiviles" called
"Gobernadorcillo", which was later called "Capitan Municipal", assisted by a "Teniente Mayor",
a "Teniente Segundo", a "TenienteTercero", a "Tenientedel Barrio" and a "Cabeza de Barangay".
Cavite City was founded as a town in 1614. San Roque was added and founded as a town also in
1614. It was placed under the civil administration of Cavite el Puerto until it was granted a right
to be a separate and an independent pueblo in 1720. La Caridad, formerly known as La
Estanzuela of San Roque, separated and was founded as town in 1868. The Spanish Governor
General Jose de la Gardana granted the petition of the people led by Don Justo Miranda to make
barrio La Estanzuela an independent town.
At the start of the American colonial period, the place was used as the seat of the U.S. Naval
Forces in the Philippines. Government Administration was under the PresidentesMunicipales
with the direct supervision of the American Army Officers (the first being Colonel Meade). The
first Filipino "PresidentesMunicipales" were appointed: Don ZacariaFortich for Puerto de Cavite,
Don Francisco Basa for San Roque, and Don Pedro Raqueño Bautista for Caridad.
The Spanish shipyards and arsenal in Cavite (circa 1899)
In 1900, the Caviteños tasted their first election under the American regime. They elected in each
pueblo or town, local officials called Presidente Municipal, Vice-Presidente Municipal and a
Consejo composed of Consejales.
In 1901, the Philippine Commission approved a municipal code as the organic law of all local
governments throughout the country. In its implementation in 1903, the three separate pueblos of
Cavite Puerto, San Roque and La Caridad were merged into one municipality, which was called
the Municipality of Cavite. By virtue of a legislative act promulgated by the First Philippine
Assembly, Cavite was made the capital of the province. Subsequently its territory was enlarged
to include the district of San Antonio and the island of Corregidor. The Municipality of Cavite
functioned as a civil government whose officials consisted of a Presidente Municipal, a VicePresidente Municipal and ten Consejales duly elected by the qualified voters of the municipality.
In 1909, Executive Order No. 124, of Governor-General W. Cameron Forbes, declared the Act
No. 1748 annexing Corregidor and the islands of Caballo (Fort Hughes), La Monja, El Fraile
(Fort Drum), Sta. Amalia, Carabao (Fort Frank) and Limbones, as well as all waters and
detached rocks surrounding them, to the Municipality of Cavite.
Manuel S. Rojas in 1949
Under the Philippine Commonwealth, Assemblyman Manuel S. Rojas, Grand Father of Mayor
Bernardo Paredes, sponsored Commonwealth Act No. 547 creating Cavite as a chartered city.
Upon approval into law on September 7, 1940, the executive function of the city was vested on
an appointive City Mayor who holds office at the pleasure of the President of the Philippine
Commonwealth. Moreover, legislative functions as provided for in the charter of the City of
Cavite was vested on a Municipal Board composed of three electives, two appointive and two
ex-officio councilors, the presiding officer of which is the City Mayor.
In 1941, Japanese Imperial Forces bombed the city to destroy the US Naval Installations. The
Japanese appointed at least two City Mayors of Cavite City. Again in 1945, the US and
Philippine Commonwealth military bombarded the Japanese forces stationed here. After the
liberation, the city's local administration went back to normal.
Republic Act No. 981, passed by the Congress of the Philippines in 1954, transferred the capital
of the Province from Cavite City to TreceMartires City. Subsequently, the City Charter was
amended. By virtue of an amendment to the charter of Cavite City, the City Mayor, City ViceMayor and eight councillors were elected by popular suffrage.
The first election of city officials was held in 1963.
NuestraSeñoradela Soledad de PortaVaga
NuestraSeñora de la Soledad de PortaVaga is the patroness of Cavite City and the entire
Province of Cavite, also called "Reina de Cavite" and "La Virgen de la Soledad". The virgin is
depicted as a lady in mourning. Mary, garbed in black and white attire, seems to be on her knees
as she contemplates the passion of her son. Before her are the crown of thorns and the nails
instrument of Christ's passion.
The image of the virgin is painted on a canvas. An inscription was found at the back of the
painting. A doze de Abril 1692 años Juan OlibapusoestaStma.YmagenHaqui, which means,"The
sacred image was placed here by Juan Oliba on April 12, 1692". This particular icon was used to
bless the galleon plying between Cavite and Acapulco (Mexico) during formal sending off
ceremonies. Thus, she was called the Patroness of the Galleon. The most venerated image of La
Virgen de la Soledad de PortaVaga is an invaluable treasure inherited by the Caviteños from
their antepasado (ancestors). This is the oldest existing dated Marian painting in the Philippines.
The Virgen de la Soledad was acknowledged as the Celestial Guardian and Protectress of the
entire province of Cavite and the port since her arrival in Cavite shore. The image was enshrined
in another church named Ermita de PortaVaga, until its destruction during the last world war.
Today, the image of the PortaVaga is presently enshrined in the Parish Church of San Roque,
one of the three parishes in the City.
Other religious groups include are the Church of God International (A.K.A. Ang Dating
Daan/The Old Path/El Camino Antiguo), United Church of Christ in the Philippines
(UCCP),Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL), The United Methodist Church, Presbyterian Churches,
Baptist and Bible Fundamental churches, Seventh Day Adventist Churches, and other UPC
Chavacano, sometimes spelled as Chabacano, is the language mostly spoken by majority of the
Caviteños that lived in the city of Cavite, whose origin has begun during the arrival of the first
Spaniards three centuries ago. Today only a fraction of Caviteños in the city of Cavite speak the
Chavacano dialect, mostly elders, so perhaps it will come to cease of its existence or completely
disappear in the near future. During the stay of the Spaniards near the military arsenal in Cavite
City, the people that lived in the proximities of the arsenal put themselves in contact with the
Spaniards and began to incorporate in their own dialect many Spanish words which gave birth to
a Hispanic - Philippine dialect called "Chabacano" of long ago and of today.
According to many opinions, Chavacano was scattered in different places of the Philippine
archipelago, only of its sort in the Far East or perhaps in the Hispanic world.
One of the poets and Philippine writers, Jesus Balmori expressed himself in Chabacano. He was
a great admirer of the dialect and wrote several verses in it. Another admirer of this dialect was
Don Jaime de Veyra, the illustrious writer and famous Philippine historian, who feared more
than all the probable extinction of the Chabacano when he wrote the following prophetic lines, "I
am afraid that the inevitable absorption of the tagalismo on one side and the invasion of the
anglicism on the other hand, will wipe out or extinguish this inherited Castilian language in
existence with his last representatives in the following generation."
And, according to the Philippine catedratico, Alfredo B. German who wrote a thesis on the
grammar in Chabacano dialect, the present conditions no longer favor the disenrollment of the
same one. There are many reasons for the probable disappearance of the Chabacano dialect, but
the main thing is the massive arrival of the Tagalog speaking people in the city of Cavite. The
educated class has scorned the Chabacano dialect, refusing to speak it or replace it with the
Professor Gervacio Miranda who also wrote a book in Chabacano said in his preface the
following thing,"My only objective to write this book is to possibly conserve in written form the
Chavacano of Cavite for posterity," fearing the extinction of the dialect.
Nowadays, in the same city of Cavite, it still exists. Nonetheless very few Caviteños speaks of
this hybrid language. The survival of this dialect depends on their people, the Caviteños of the
city of Cavite, who have inherited this dialect from their ancestors. Some now live in Olongapo
City and so far there are only less than 500 people who could speak this language, mostly the
Chavacano is spoken by a majority in Zamboanga City.
Key issues and opportunities
The city is beset by a number of development challenges and has continuously sought to address
this within the means available to the city.
The city has to cope-up with the fact that informal settlers would have to be considered in its
development plans since 35 of its 84 barangays are lying along the coast of the city. As the city
has proven to be vulnerable to effects of sea-level rise and considering that it is lying below sea
level, there is also the need to address the saltwater intrusion that affects the city’s supply of
potable water. It becomes evident that an essential component of the city’s envisioned
development is the provision of an alternative route that would help the city become accessible
via land or sea transport. The operation of Ferry Services from Cavite City to the Mall of Asia is
an initial step towards that direction.
Sangley Point Development Project
The Sangley Point Development Project aims to transform Sangley Point into an International
Logistics Hub with a modern airport and seaport thru Executive Order 629, "Directing the
Philippine Reclamation Authority to Convert the Sangley Point, Cavite City into an International
Logistics Hub with Modern Seaport and Airport thru an enabling reclamation component."
Schools, colleges and universities
Cavite belongs to the CALABARZON region and is situated 30 kilometers south of Manila.
Cavite is named as the Historical Capital of the Philippines. It is the cradle of Philippine
Revolution, and the birthplace of Philippine Independence.
Cavite got its name from a Tagalog word kawit (which means hook) owing to the hook-shaped
land on the Old Spanish map. The land was formerly known as “Tangway” where Spanish
authorities constructed a fort from which the city of Cavite rose. Archeological evidence in
coastal areas showprehistorical settlements. According to local folklore, the earliest settlers of
Cavite came from Borneo. In the 1600s, encomiendas or Spanish Royal land grants were given
in Cavite and Maragondon. Jesuit priests brought in settlers from Mollucas. These settlers,
known as “Mardicas,” settled in Ternate and Maragondon.
Other settlements grew and by the turn of the century, Cavite towns were already trading with
one another. Traditional industries began to thrive as Manila’s commerce grew. In 1872,
Filipinos launched their revolt against Spain. Three Filipino priests—Jose Burgos, Mariano
Gomez,and Jacinto Zamora—were implicated in the Cavite mutiny when 200 Filipinos staged a
rebellion within Spanish garrisons. In August 28, 1896, when the revolution against Spain broke
out, Cavite became a bloody theater of war. Led by Emilio Aguinaldo, Caviteños made lightning
raids on Spanish headquarters, and soon liberated the entire province. Aguinaldo commanded the
Revolution to its successful end: the proclamation of the Republic of the Philippines, on June 12,
1898 in Kawit, the first constitutional republic in Asia, and third established overall, after the
Lanfang Republic in 1777, and the Republic of Formosa in 1895.
Cavite proudly stands as a place with a glorious past. Its warm and friendly people, whose
ancestors came down with a noble cause, manifest industry and patience in various skills and
professions, openly receptive to the entry and exchange of culture and technology that are of
value to the province.
In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered Cavite.
he Goose That Laid the Golden Egg
An Aesop Fable
A man and his wife owned a very special goose. Every day the goose would lay a golden egg, which
made the couple very rich.
"Just think," said the man's wife, "If we could have all the golden eggs that are inside the goose, we
could be richer much faster."
"You're right," said her husband, "We wouldn't have to wait for the goose to lay her egg every day."
So, the couple killed the goose and cut her open, only to find that she was just like every other goose.
She had no golden eggs inside of her at all, and they had no more golden eggs.
Too much greed results in nothing.
The lion went hunting one day with three other beasts. Together, they surrounded and caught a deer.
With the consent of the other three, the lion divided the prey into four equal shares, but just when each
animal was about to take his portion, the lion stopped them.
"Wait," said the lion, "Since I am a member of the hunting party, I am to receive one of these portions.
Since I am considered to rank so high among the beasts of the forest, I am to receive the second share.
Since I am known for my courage and strength, I am to receive the third share. As for the fourth share, if
you wish to argue with me about its ownership, let's begin, and we will see who will get it."
Always agree on the share of the profits before going into business with others.
Aesop's Fables for Children
The Rooster and the Fox
An Aesop Fable
A rooster was perched on a branch of a very high tree, crowing loudly. His powerful exclamations
were heard throughout the forest and caught the attention of a hungry fox who was out and about
looking for a prey.
The fox saw how high the bird was positioned and thought of a sly way to bring the rooster down for
"Excuse me, my dear proud Rooster," he gently spoke, "Have you not heard of the universal treaty
and proclamation of harmony that is now set before all beasts and birds and every creature in our forest
We are no longer to hunt or prey nor ravish one another, but we are to live together in peace, harmony,
and love. Do come down, Rooster, and we shall speak more on this matter of such great importance."
Now, the rooster, who knew that the fox was known for his sly wit, said nothing, but looked out in
the distance, as if he were seeing something.
"At what are you looking so intently?" asked the fox
"I see a pack of wild dogs," said the rooster, "I do believe they're coming our way, Mr. Fox."
"Oh, I must go," said the fox.
"Please do not go yet, Mr. Fox," said the rooster, "I was just on my way down. We will wait on the
dogs and discuss this new time of peace with all."
"No, no," said the fox, "I must go. The dogs have not heard of this treaty of peace yet."
Beware of the sudden offers of friendship.