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The city of bacoor
 

The city of bacoor

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    The city of bacoor The city of bacoor Document Transcript

    • BACOOR , CAVITE The City of Bacoor (Filipino: Lungsod ng Bacoor) is a first class urban component city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. It is a lone congressional district of Cavite. A sub-urban area, the city is located approximately 15 kilometers southwest of Manila, on the southeastern shore of Manila Bay, at the northwest portion of the province with an area of 52.4 square kilometers. According to the 2010 census of population conducted by the National Statistics Office, Bacoor has a population of 520,216 making it the second most populous community in the province after Dasmariñas. Bacoor is strategically located at the gateway to Metro Manila. It is bordered to the east by Las Piñas City and Muntinlupa City, to the south by Dasmariñas City, to the west by Kawit and Imus, and to the north by Bacoor Bay an inlet of Manila Bay. Bacoor's is separated from Las Piñas by the Zapote River and from Imus and Kawit by Bacoor River. The city is linked to Metro Manila by the Manila-Cavite Expressway, which passes through Bacoor. Because of its location, the city has become one of the fastest growing municipalities in Cavite, in terms of population and income, together with Imus and Dasmariñas. Many real estate corporations have purchased agricultural lands in the city and turned them into subdivisions and other suburban residential communities. During weekdays many residents leave the city to go their places of work in the metropolitan areas such as Manila and Makati cities. Most of the city is composed of flat, formerly agricultural lands, with some areas such as the coastal barangays of Zapote, Talaba, Niog, and Panapaan lying below sea level. Some barangays such as Molino and Queens Row are situated on the hills that form valleys along the upstream portion of Zapote River. Some accounts indicate that the city of Bacoor, also named Bakood or Bakoor (named after "Fence" made of bamboo, Fence in Pilipino is "Bakod"), was founded in 1671. When Spanish troops arrived in "Bacoor", they met some local inhabitants in the process of building a fence around their house. The Spaniards ask the men what the name of the city was, but because of the difficulties in understanding each other, the local inhabitants thought that the Spaniards were asking what they were building. The men answered "Bakood". It was then pronounced in Spanish as "Bacoor" by the soldiers and was soon officially called "Bacoor".[2] Bacoor was also the site of the Battle of Zapote Bridge in 1899 which involved Philippine and American troops. It was during this battle that Gen. Edilberto Evangelista was killed.[3] In the aftermath of the Philippine Revolution which coincided with the declaration of the first Philippine independence on June 12, 1898, Bacoor was designated as the first capital of the Philippine Revolutionary government by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo until it was transferred to Malolos, Bulacan. "Gargano" was then the revolutionary name assigned to Bacoor by Aguinaldo's revolutionaries. Japanese Occupation in Bacoor During World War II, occupation troops from the Japanese Imperial armed forces entered the towns in Bacoor in 1942 during the Japanese invasion. From 1942 to 1945, numerous Caviteño men and women joined the strong group of the recognized guerrillas under the Cavite Guerrilla Unit (CGU) and the Filipino-American Cavite Guerrilla Forces (FACGF) led by Colonel Mariano Castañeda and Colonel Francisco Guerero of the 2nd Infantry Regiment, FAGCF in the towns of Bacoor and arrival by the local Filipino soldiers under the ongoing 41st and the pre-war 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army during the Japanese Occupation. From January to August 1945 during the Allied Liberation, Filipino soldiers of the 4th, 41st and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary including the Caviteño guerrilla fighters of the Cavite Guerrilla Unit (CGU) and the 2nd Infantry Regiment of the Filipino-American Cavite Guerrilla Forces (FACGF) liberated and
    • recaptured the towns in Bacoor and defeated the Japanese Imperial forces towards the end of World War II. Push for Cityhood in Bacoor As the population of nearby Metro Manila grew during the 70s and the 80s, thousands of Filipinos working in the region began migrating to Cavite in search of low-cost housing that is within the metropolis' reach. Soon, real estate companies began to build various subdivisions and other residential communities to cater to this demand. By the early 1990s, light manufacturing industries and service-oriented businesses also flourished in the city, providing its citizens with much needed jobs, and the city, of additional tax revenue. From 1995 to 2012, with Bacoor becoming one of the fastest growing municipalities in the province in terms of population, numerous attempts were made to turn Bacoor into a full-pledged component city of Cavite. During the 10th Congress (1995-1998), Congressman Renato P. Dragon filed House Bills 8959, 8960, and 8931 respectively, requesting the House of Representatives to convert Bacoor, as well as neighboring Imus and Dasmariñas into cities. However, these bills were indefinitely shelved by Congress. During the 13th Congress from 2004 to 2007, then Mayor Jessie B. Castillo, aggressively pushed for the conversion of Bacoor from a municipality into an independent component city. This meant the would-be city would no longer vote for provincial officials, would no longer depend on the province for budget, and may have a separate congressional district. However, Castillo's move met stiff opposition from people's organizations, homeowners' associations, and the people of Bacoor themselves. Rep. Joseph Emilio Abaya, representative of Cavite's first district where Bacoor is part of, also refused to sponsor the bill as he felt that Bacoor is not yet ready to handle the complex problems to be brought about by cityhood. In the 14th Congress from 2007 to 2010, Rep. Joseph Emilio Abaya also filed separate bills on two occasions pushing for the cityhood of Bacoor—House Bill 6422 and House Bill 4254. Of the two, only House Bill 4254, which proposed the creation of a separate legislative district for Bacoor, was elevated to the Senate. It was sponsored by Senator Benigno S. Aquino III and co-sponsored by Senators Francis Escudero, Panfilo Lacson, Richard Gordon, and Ramon "Bong" Revilla, Jr. On October 22, 2009, HB 4254 was approved by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyoas Republic Act 9727. Under this new law, Bacoor was reapportioned as the Second District of Cavite, also known as the Lone District of Bacoor. On May 10, 2010, Lani Mercado-Revilla, wife of Senator Ramon "Bong" Revilla, Jr. was elected representative of Bacoor in the House of Representatives, cementing the first major step towards Bacoor's push for cityhood.[4] Economy of Bacoor SM City Bacoor was opened on July 25, 1997, becoming the first SM Mall built in Cavite province and in Luzon outside Metro Manila. Bacoor has developed into a site of commerce. Trade, banking and service sectors are Bacoor's primary income earners. Commercial activities are sporadic throughout the city ranging from wholesale to retail establishments, restaurants and eateries, hardware and construction supplies and other service-related industries, especially those located in SM City Bacoor where it serves as the city's main income earner. The mostly residential area of Molino is also home to SM Center Molino at the corner of Molino Road and Daang Hari. The entrance area from the Coastal Road to Aguinaldo Highway in Talaba and the area surrounding the Zapote Public Market (now the Bacoor Public Market) are other commercial centers. Bacoor has branches of 11 different commercial banks all over the city. Land use developments in Bacoor include a proposed industrial village in Barangay Niog which will include light cottage industries with supporting residential and commercial facilities. A vast track of land in Molino area, on the other hand, is envisioned to host residential, institutional and commercial facilities. Dubbed as the New Bacoor, the land use plan in Molino seeks to utilize the area not only as
    • a dormitory for individuals who work in Metro Manila but also for people who have migrated to Bacoor in search of economic advancement. The proposed urban waterfront development, which will cover a portion of the reclaimed area of Manila Bay, will be the front door of the city linking Bacoor to Boulevard 2000. The area will include an integrated mix of residential, business, commercical, tourism and recreational facilities. The proposed expansion of the LRT (Light Rail Transit) to terminate in Bacoor, designed to ease the flow of traffic in major thoroughfares, is another major development. Bacoor is currently experiencing a rapid shift from an agriculture-based economy to a residential/commercial urban center. Crops, the productive area of which has lessened to only 100 hectares while fishponds which likewise decreased to almost half of the original 760 hectares. Salt production, fishing, oyster and mussel culture, which are now being threatened to near extinction because of pollution and overpopulation, are the other sources of income of the residents. These industries are also threatened by the construction of the Cavite Coastal Road Extension which will directly affect the Bacoor shoreline. The construction is as yet unfinished, thus affecting traffic flow in and out of Bacoor and the whole province of Cavite. Very heavy traffic congestion is experienced by motorists due to unjustified traffic schemes, and poor and slow road maintenance especially during rush hours when most motorists travel in and out of the province to work in the nearby cities of Metro Manila.