Internet i s a huge network of computers around the world that are linked together to exchange and share information. Computers in internet are linked up with other computer worldwide by means of telephone wires, cables and satellites.
Things Needed to Access the Internet
Telephone Line or ISDN Line
Internet Service Provider (ISP)
Why is Internet Helpful to Many People?
It is one of the best communication tools.
You can send and receive electronic messages (e-mail) to and from other people very quickly.
You can chat with other people and even see them live on screen.
You can post your opinions regarding a certain topic in forums online or newsgroups discussion.
It contains vast amount of information that you need.
You can reach practically on any topic that you need in school, business or in other fields.
You can get picture, graphics and sounds that you may use for your presentation.
It gives business opportunities .
You can promote your business and products world wide.
You can buy things on the internet and have then delivered to your house.
It helps people to maximize and save time than do it in an ordinary way.
You can inquire for your billing of payment online.
You can reserve for hotel accommodation or air flight.
Disadvantages of the Internet
Since we do not see who the other person is on the other side of the computer, any one can claim to be someone they are not.
There are thousands of pornographic sites on the Internet that can be easily found and can be detriment in letting children use the Internet.
This refers to sending unsolicited e-mails in bulk, which serve no purpose and unnecessarily clog up the entire system.
Computers attach to Internet are more prone to virus attacks and they may end up crashing your whole hard disk, causing you considerable headache.
Who Owns the Internet
No organization, corporation or government owns or runs the internet. Instead may people and organizations voluntarily participate in task force groups who meet to develop standards for the many various technical needs or running the internet. Decisions are made by consensus among all who choose to participate.
World Wide Web (WWW)
-is a hypertext-based, distributed information system in which users may create, edit, and browse hypertext documents. Also called W3 or simply “the web “, it is a collection of electronic documents that are linked together.
-is a site or area on the World Wide Web that is accessed through its own internet address.
- an example of a Website Address is http:www.google.com
Classifications of Web Sites
A portal is a web site that offers a variety of Internet services from a single, convenient location. Most portals offer the following free services: search engine, sports, and weather, free web publishing services and e-mail, and other forms of communications. Popular portals include AltaVista, HotBot, Lycos, and Yahoo!.
A news web site contains stories and articles on current events, life, money, and sports.
An informational web site contains factual information. Many government agencies have informational web sites providing information such as population data and other statistics.
An educational web site offers exciting and challenging avenues for formal and informal teaching and learning. On the web, you can learn how airplanes fly or how to construct a simple machine. Teachers sometimes enhance classroom teaching by publishing materials, grades, and other class information through the Internet.
A business web site contains content that promotes or sells products or services. Nearly every business has web site. Many of these companies also allow you to purchase their products or services online.
An entertainment web site offers an interactive and engaging environment. Popular entertainment web sites offer music, videos, sports, games, and more.
An advocacy web site contains content that describes a cause, opinion, or idea. The purpose of an advocacy web site is to convince the reader to support the cause, opinion, or idea. These web sites usually present views of a particular group or association.
A private individual or family may maintain a personal web site or just a single web page. People publish personal web pages for a variety of reasons.
HOW TO EVALUATE A WEBSITE
Author: What’s in a name?
Who made the site? Anyone can make a website and lie about their true identity. You have to know something about the people and organization that made the site. Is the author’s name clearly visible/ is the author a well-known scholar in the field? Does the author have appropriate credentials to create the page? Is the author affiliated with an academic institution?
Date: When was it last updated?
When was the website posted? When the website was last updated? How often is it updated? Are the links active? Check for a ‘last updated’ date near the top or bottom of the site’s home pager. If it has been updated recently, it means someone is maintaining the site, making sure the links still work and the information are updated.
Content: How accurate is the information
Is the information complete, consistent, and valid? Does it confirm or contradict what you already know about the topic? How does it compare with other information you have found? Can you compare it to another resource? Does the information appear thoughtfully done, or done in haste?
Purpose: Why Does The Page Exist?
Is the purpose of the site to inform, persuade, explain, or sell something? How broad and how deep is the information? Does this site address the topic you are researching? Was the page worth visiting? Does the site offer anything informative, unique, or insightful?
Audience: Is The Site Right For You?
Was the site intended for experts or beginners? Do you find much jargon? Is the information relevant to your needs and purpose?
Format and Appearance: Is the site well organized and user friendly?
Are the graphics clear in intent, relevant and professional looking? Do the graphics add to enhance the content? Is there a way to search the site? Is there a fee to access the information? Do you receive full text or summaries of articles? Is there a “text only” options?
Objectivity: What is the author’s point of view?
Do you see evidences of fairness and balance, or do you see bias? (Bias can be detected by finding misleading or exaggerated statements). Are there one-sided arguments about controversial issues?
Privacy: What is the sites policy?
- is one area on the World Wide Web; it is comparable to a page in a book. It is the basic unit of every website and it can be an article or an ordering page, and is usually a combination of text and graphics.
- is the Web page that your browser uses when it starts. It is also the Web page that appears every time you open your browser.
- a program that allows you to surf the internet. It uses a graphical approach to find and display information.
TWO WAYS OF FINDING INFORMATION ON THE WEB
1.Using a SEARCH ENGINE
Search engine - is an Internet tool that locates information and sorts them according to the specified keywords. It is also a website that helps you find information in other websites.
Examples of search engines are the following:
c. Alta Vista
2.Using SEARCH KEYWORDS
Search Keywords - used to locate
highly relevant information that would
match the topic entered.
Hyperlinks Also known as hot links are texts or images that connect you to another webpage containing additional information. Hyperlinks are usually activated by clicking the mouse pointer on the text or image itself. This links provide a connection between web pages, allowing for easy access to other web pages.