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H6 Essay Review

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  • 1. Tariffs  North supports taxes on imports because they have businesses, and they wanted people to buy their goods instead of the ones from overseas.  South hates the taxes because it causes Great Britain to put a tariff on cotton. THEY WANT TO SELL COTTON.  South Carolina tried to nullify the tax law, but that did not actually work.
  • 2. Missouri Compromise  Involves Missouri and Maine  Missouri came in as a slave state, and Maine came in as a free state.  39 parallel was the Missouri southern border.  Anything above was free.  Anything below was slave.
  • 3. Compromise of 1850  Involves California  California came in as a free state, and the South received the Fugitive Slave Law.  Georgia Platform supported this compromise, and anything that would keep the Union together.
  • 4. Kansas-Nebraska Act  Involves Kansas and Nebraska  Each side could claim that the territories could choose whether to be slave or free  “Bleeding Kansas” involved the fight between proslavery and antislavery forces who traveled to Kansas and fought
  • 5. Dred Scott Case  Dred Scott sued his master saying he should be free because he lived in a free state.  The Supreme Court said he could not sue because he was a slave.  The North hated the decision and rioted. The South liked the decision because it settled the idea that slavery would continue in the territories.
  • 6. Missouri Compromise, Compromise of 1850, KansasNebraska Act  All of these were compromises.  The Kansas-Nebraska Act cancelled out the other two.  All of these laws were passed by Congress.  All of them had to do with deciding what new states would be free and what new states would be slave.
  • 7. Nullification  Worcester v. Georgia was how Cherokees could cancel out state law.  Supreme Court said yes, Andrew Jackson said no.  South Carolina wanted to cancel out tariffs.  Andrew Jackson said no, we’ll attack you, and then later, we’ll lower the tax.
  • 8. Alexander Stephens  Congressman, Vice-President of the Confederacy, Senator, Governor of Georgia  Opposed secession, supported slavery  Created the Georgia Platform that supported the Compromise of 1850
  • 9. Election of 1860  Abraham Lincoln was elected.  Lincoln wanted to stop the spread of slavery.  South was afraid he would stop slavery all together.  Southern states left one right after the other.