The Rules of Photography
Unit 57: Photography and Photographic Practice Terminology
P1, P2, M1, M2
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Rule of thirds
The rule of thirds is the most important
element when your taking a picture. Photos
are divided into thirds with two imaginary
lines vertically and 2 lines horizontally making
3 columns, 3 rows and 9 sections in the image.
Important elements and leading lines are
placed on or ear the imaginary lines and
where the lines intersect.
The idea is that a off centre composition is
more pleasing to the eye and looks more
natural than one where the subject is placed
right in the middle of the frame.
Framing in photography plays a big
part also. It is used to focus the
viewers attention on the subject. It’s
a technique used by all
photographers. I a lot of framing
photos a door or a hallway is usually
added. Adding a frame can be done
on a camera but also on Photoshop.
You can physical and natural framing.
Leading lines takes the
viewers eye from the
background of an image.
This is usually used on
images on a hallway a long
round or something that
attracts the viewers
attention to the back of a
Balancing elements is a technique
used in photography by balancing
the weight of the subject including
another object of a lesser
importance to fill the space. They’re
two types of balance, formal and
informal. Formal balance is also
called symmetrical balance where
the same image is repeated more
than once. Informal balance is where
dissimilar images are used to balance
one another out.
Symmetry & Patterns
If we look around we are
surrounded by natural and
unnatural symmetry. They
make very interesting
compositions in photography
especially in situations where
they are not expected to.
Another way in which you can
use them is when you break
the symmetry in some way
which breaks the tension and a
focal point in the scene.
Depth of Field
The depth of field in a photo is the
distance between the closet and
furthest object. This is usually in
strong definition. The longer the
focal length the more shallow the
depth of field. There is also shallow
depth of field which is a small
section of a photograph which is
focused upon while the rest is out of
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