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Mural SGP Slides
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Mural SGP Slides
Mural SGP Slides
Mural SGP Slides
Mural SGP Slides
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Mural SGP Slides

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  • Art has always been an outlet for me, being an artist, I am always looking for news way to express myself, and after years and years of admiring murals, i wanted to challenge myself-and see if i could do a mural of my own.
  • Murals are one of the world’s oldest forms of art- dating back to the Paleolithical age. Murals are applied directly onto walls, ceilings, and other large flat surfaces. A mural can be one of several different styles- but all are designed to express a thought, issue, or bring beauty to the building, whether inside or out.

  • Because creating a mural can be such a costly process- they are usually comissioned to be painted by government or a private institution. For this reason, murals are more commonly found in schools, government buildings, and on buildings you would find in more urban locations like cities.
  • People from all different back grounds.
    Usually the artists who lead a mural produce lots of different kinds of artwork, rather than just murals alone.
    They maintain a wide range of skills
    Usually a team of artists works together to create a mural, but there is an artist in particular who heads the project and is responsible for making sure that each member of the team knows what they should be doing



  • Oldest known form of man made art.
    Caves are located in Southern France.
    Discovered by a group of teenagers in 1940.
    Opened to the public in 1948.
    By 1955 the CO2 produced by vistors, visibly damaged the paintings.
    Contains nearly 2,000 images,mostly animals


  • Depicted everyday life
    Told stories of gods and goddesses
    Decorated tombs

  • Michael Angelo painted the ceiling between 1508-1512
    He was commissioned by Pope Julius II.
    The ceiling is Fresco style
    The central aspect of the ceiling are 9 scenes from The Book of Genesis
    Used to represent Religious stories. People were illiterate at the time, so the murals would be used as teaching devices.
  • One of the most iconic images on the chapel ceiling is the hand of god giving life the Adam.
    In the “art world” this image ranks just as highly as works like The Mona Lisa, but leonardo divinci

  • Diego Rivera is one of the worlds most recognized muralists
    He is credited for the “reintroduction” of the fresco style mural into modern day society.
    In 1930 Rivera began work on his first two American commissions-that would change the world of art forever.

  • Northern Ireland is said to contain the world’s the most famous political murals.
    Nearly 2,000 murals have been documented in Northern Ireland since the 1970s.
    The murals usually portray one side's political point of view.
    Express republican/loyalist beliefs
    Many incorporate religious tolerance into politically driven murals.

  • Fresco, Buon Fresco, Secco, Mezo Fresco, and Tempra are all styles of painting murals. They all include both pigment and plaster, but differ in the way the pigment and plaster are applied.
  • The word “Fresco” comes from the Italian word meaning “Fresh”. To achieve the Fresco technique, paint is first applied onto plaster, and the plaster is then applied onto the surface.
  • When painting a Buon Fresco, pigment is mixed with water and then applied directly onto the surface, which is usually plaster. The pigment is absorbed by the wet plaster, and after a number of hours the plaster dries. Through out the drying process a chemical reaction occurs between the pigment and plaster. It fixes the pigment particles in the plaster resulting in a a painting that has brilliant colors, and is sure to last centuries.
  • Because the paint is being applied to dry plaster, there must be some type of adhesive between both the paint and plaster, for example glue or oil can be used so that the pigments attach to the surface. Centuries ego, egg was used as the adhesive for Secco murals.
  • Meezo Fresco murals are painted on nearly dry plaster, its not too firm but not too loose. The Mezzo Fresco was defined by Ignazio Pozzo as “ firm enough not to take a thumb print”, meaning you can press your thumb into it and will begin to take shape, but not the actual print it self. Because the plaster is neither wet or dry, the pigment only partially penetrates into the plaster.
  • One of the oldest known methods of mural painting. Back in the day Tempra pigments were directly bound to a medium like egg white or yolks. In more recent days, the Tempra pigments are bound to a solvent such as water.

  • CAM is a method of digitally producing murals on paper, canvas, glass or tiles with the use of computer technology. There is a step by step process to completing a CAM so that the end result looks like it could have been done directly on the surface, in anyone one of the fresco styles. The CAM can also be used to generate graphic designs like advertisements and billboards.
  • Here are photos of a CAM being applied step by step.
    Sheets were printed out and aligned and applied one at a time to create the larger picture. Each sheet was lined up and applied with an adhesive
  • Examples of CAM can be found on billboards for movies and advertising for corporations all over the world.
    As society evolved, murals morphed into a tool for corporations to manipulate consumers into purchasing products

  • Tile murals are most commonly used for decorative purposes.
    Most of you are probably more familiar with tile backsplash, which you might even have in your own home.

  • Tile murals are usually found in your kitchen, bathroom, or outside.
    Tiles are much more durable to heat,water,and many other elements, which is why they are most commonly found in these settings.
    As you can see most tile murals and backsplash are not used to represent a symbol or tell a story, but more to beautify a setting.

  • Some people even make their own tiles.
    Tiles can be made from various types of clay, low fire, or high fire.
    For countertops and places that are prone to water, high fire stoneware or porcelain clay is better.
    For backsplashes, low fire clay is fine.  Low fire clay can be used in areas such as counters and showers if the glaze works well enough, but it takes experimentation to get the right combination of clay and glaze.


  • Graffiti art originated in the late 1960's, and has developed all over the world since.
    Graffiti isn’t really accepted as being art like those works that are found in a gallery or a museum.
    The origins of graffiti go back to the beginnings of human, societal living.Graffiti has existed at least since the days of ancient civilizations.
  • The difference between tagging and graffiti is arguable, but some say it's a clear one: tagging is gang-motivated or meant as vandalism or viewed as too vulgar or controversial to have public value; while graffiti can be viewed as creative expression, whether charged with political meaning or not.

  • A lot of the time, murals are created to express a thought, feeling, or idea.
    Symbols are used to portray the point that the artist is trying to fulfill.
    One of the most popular symbols throughout murals all over the world, are those used to represent religion and depict religious figures.

  • As a flower which blindly follows the sun, sunflowers have become a symbol of infatuation or foolish passion.
  • Clocks represent the passing of time
  • The boat is a means of escape and adventure, transport and exploration. It symbolizes man's desire to dare the unknown.
  • The butterfly symbolizes the principle of metamorphosis and is the symbol of eternal beauty, the eternal victim of time.
  • In recent days, most murals are used by using a type of sealer,protective coating or varnish.
    Any type of tempra or painted mural, should have a protective coating, to ensure that it is long lasting
    Most tile or mosaic murals, do not need a sealer because of their durability
    Lastly, any type of fresco mural, usually has its sealer mixed in with it, however fresco style murals are much less common than they used to be
  • Mural art programs are developed to benefit at risk youth(keep kids out of trouble, give them a way to channel creative energy), used to help beautify sections of urban areas, get the community to pull together, making people feel like they have ownership in something.
    Can be used as therapy- a group that works together as a theraputic treatment


  • A breakfast place I visited in Oakland
  • Andy Warhol
    Born August 6, 1928
    Began his career as an illustrator-moved on to becoming a fine artist
    Leading figure in the “pop art” movement
    A lot of his work was viewed as scandelous
    Famous for his use of the silk screen process
    He was always the “odd ball out”


  • One the way to the wiz khalifa concert in West Chester
  • Born May 4, 1958, in Reading, PA.
    Attended Ivy School of professional art, Pittsburgh,PA.
    One of his biggest mentors was Andy Warhol
    Throughout his career, he devoted much of his time to public works like murals-
    He produced more than 50 public works between 1982-1989, which usually carried political and social messages.
    Diagnosed with AIDS in 1988
    Died February 16 1990




  • Transcript

    • 1. Murals Chloe Steerman Rieger/ Period 9
    • 2. Overview Keynote Presentation Video Component Class Activity
    • 3. Thesis Statement The various styles, symbols, and techniques used to create mural art have been practiced throughout history to express thoughts, feelings, heritage and beliefs. Murals continue to be a creative outlet for many cultures and continue to influence society day by day.
    • 4. Why murals?
    • 5. What is a mural? One of the world’s oldest forms of art Applied directly onto wa$s, ceiling, and other vast spaces. Kayne, R. "What is a mural?" WiseGeek.com. N.p., 2010. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.      <http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-mural.htm>.
    • 6. Where are murals found? Schools Government Buildings Urban Areas Smith, S.E. "What is the history of mural painting?" www.wisegeek.com. N.p.,      2010. Web. 3 Mar. 2010. <http://www.wisegeek.com/      what-is-the-history-of-mural-painting.htm>.
    • 7. Who paints murals? Artists that are: determined, commissioned,and posses a wide range of skills From all different backgrounds You don’t NEED to be an artist to help with a mural. Smith, S.E. "What is the history of mural painting?" www.wisegeek.com. N.p.,      2010. Web. 3 Mar. 2010. <http://www.wisegeek.com/      what-is-the-history-of-mural-painting.htm>.
    • 8. Why do we use murals? A form of story telling To learn from the past A form of therapy
    • 9. Murals Through the Ages
    • 10. Caves at Lascaux
    • 11. "Lascaux Caves." Sacred-Destination.com. N.p., 2010. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.      <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/france/lascaux-caves>.
    • 12. Egyptian Murals
    • 13. Hyroglyphic Murals Gods Kings Pharohs Ancient Egypt." Schoolastic.com. N.p., 2010. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.      <http://teacher.scholastic.com/lessonrepro/lessonplans/theme/egypt04.htm>.
    • 14. Sistine Chapel
    • 15. Web linkEsaak, Shelly. "Michelangelo-The Sitine Chapel." About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 3      Mar. 2010. <http://arthistory.about.com/od/famous_paintings/a/      sischap_ceiling.htm>.
    • 16. Hand of god giving life to Adam
    • 17. Diego Rivera
    • 18. First commissioned in America in the Reintroduced fresco style 1930’s "Diego Rivera." PBS.org. PBS, 2006. Web. 3 Mar. 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/      wnet/americanmasters/episodes/diego-rivera/about-the-artist/64/>.
    • 19. Northern Ireland Murals "Political Wall Murals in Northern Ireland." Cain Web Service. N.p., 18 Feb.      2010. Web. 5 Apr. 2010. <http:// cain.ulst.ac.uk/murals/>.
    • 20. Historical Styles/Techniques Fresco Buon Fresco Secco Mezo Fresco Tempra
    • 21. Fresco *Afrescco, italian for “&esh” *Paint is applied onto plaster which is applied onto surface "Fresco Terms." MyStudios.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.      <http://www.mystudios.com/gallery/giotto/terms.html>.
    • 22. Buon Fresco *Painting in pigment mixed *Painted onto a thin layer of wet lime with water mortar or plaster "Fresco Terms." MyStudios.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.      <http://www.mystudios.com/gallery/giotto/terms.html>.
    • 23. Secco *Painted on dry plaster Secco is Italian for “dry” "Fresco Terms." MyStudios.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.      <http://www.mystudios.com/gallery/giotto/terms.html>.
    • 24. Mezzo Fresco *Painted on nearly dry plaster *Used by Michaleangelo *Defined by Ignazio Pozzo "Fresco Terms." MyStudios.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.      <http://www.mystudios.com/gallery/giotto/terms.html>.
    • 25. Tempra Pigments are completely binded to medium or solvent. "Fresco Terms." MyStudios.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Mar. 2010.      <http://www.mystudios.com/gallery/giotto/terms.html>.
    • 26. Modern Styles/ Techniques *Digital Manufacturing *Cam *Tile
    • 27. CAM (Computer Aided- Mural) Invented in 1998 by Rainer Maria Latzke Useful for reproducing the same image Also useful for the those who aren’t very ski$ed Han, Hongfan, and Donming Lu. "Computer Aided Protection and Restoration of      Dunhuang Mural ." Computer Aided Protection and Restoration of Dunhuang      Mural (2000): 6434,6435,6436,6437,6438. Galenet. Web. 6 Apr. 2010.
    • 28. CAM http://www.flickr.com/photos/thewarhol/4016226137/
    • 29. Han, Hongfan, and Donming Lu. "Computer Aided Protection and Restoration of      Dunhuang Mural ." Computer Aided Protection and Restoration of Dunhuang      Mural (2000): 6434,6435,6436,6437,6438. Galenet. Web. 6 Apr. 2010.
    • 30. Tile Murals Decorative purposes Most popular as backsplash We$ preserved
    • 31. "Tile Making." Big Ceramic Store. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2010.      <http://www.bigceramicstore.com/Supplies/Tilemaking.htm>.
    • 32. "Tile Making." Big Ceramic Store. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2010.      <http://www.bigceramicstore.com/Supplies/Tilemaking.htm>.
    • 33. Graffiti Art
    • 34. Towers, George C. "Graffiti Art." Graffiti.org. N.p., 1997. Web. 5 Apr. 2010.      <http://www.graffiti.org/faq/stowers.html>.
    • 35. Tagging Vs. Graffiti Art VS. Towers, George C. "Graffiti Art." Graffiti.org. N.p., 1997. Web. 5 Apr. 2010.      <http://www.graffiti.org/faq/stowers.html>.
    • 36. Symbolism
    • 37. Hill, Suzanne. "Symbols in Art." Art History.Suit 101.com. N.p., 20 Oct. 2006.      Web. 5 Apr. 2010. <http://arthistory.suite101.com/article.cfm/      symbols_in_art>.
    • 38. A few examples of symbolism....
    • 39. Text Sunflowers "Visual Glossary." Cusimano. N.p., 13 Aug. 2007. Web. 5 Apr. 2010.      <http://www.josephcusimano.com/index.htm>.
    • 40. Clocks "Visual Glossary." Cusimano. N.p., 13 Aug. 2007. Web. 5 Apr. 2010.      <http://www.josephcusimano.com/index.htm>.
    • 41. Boats "Visual Glossary." Cusimano. N.p., 13 Aug. 2007. Web. 5 Apr. 2010.      <http://www.josephcusimano.com/index.htm>.
    • 42. Butterflies "Visual Glossary." Cusimano. N.p., 13 Aug. 2007. Web. 5 Apr. 2010.      <http://www.josephcusimano.com/index.htm>.
    • 43. Preserving Murals Pomerantz, Joel. "Making Your Mural Last." BikeMural.org. N.p., 2002. Web. 5      Apr. 2010. <http://www.bikemural.org/muralprotection.html>.
    • 44. Community ProjectsWeb link"Mural Program." Santo.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Apr. 2010.      <http://www.sananto.org/mural/>.
    • 45. Murals I’ve Documented Over The Year And Famous Muralists
    • 46. Andy Warhol Pittsburgh,PA
    • 47. Andy Warhol "The Andy Warhol Family Album." Warhola.com. Warhola Family, 2009. Web. 6 Apr.      2010. <http://www.warhola.com/biography.html>.
    • 48. Keith Haring West Chester,PA
    • 49. Keith Haring "About Haring." Keith Haring. The Keith Haring Foundation, 2009. Web. 6 Apr.      2010. <http://www.haring.com/about_haring/bio/index.html>.

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