Period 2 Chapter 9
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Period 2 Chapter 9



Memory Presentation

Memory Presentation



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Period 2 Chapter 9 Period 2 Chapter 9 Presentation Transcript

  • Iconic and Echoic Memory BY RILEY O’SHAUGHNESSY
    • Iconic mem-
    • ory is a type
    • of short term,
    • visual memory.
  • Characters, numbers, and other stimuli can be remembered after brief exposure, but is forgotten by the person VERY quickly TEN SECONDS LATER
    • Suggests the idea that a sensory perception, when not enforced, decays faster than a rotting tree
    • Echoic memory is the auditory counterpart to iconic memory
    • When an auditory stimuli occurs, a brief mental echo occurs too.
    • Echoic memory lasts a little longer than iconic memory, but still is forgotten within ten seconds
    Speedy, isn’t it?
  • Three-Stage Processing
    • Method developed by Atkinson and Shiffrin
    • Contains three steps to learning memory
  • ’ How many symbols do you recognize from above? At one point, most if not all of these symbols were registered through your sensory memory!
    • All of Dory’s thoughts end up in her short-term memory and is forgotten in her case, but not in ours. The few thoughts we want to remember then go to our long-term memory.
  • Long-term memory
    • Elephants are supposed to have great long-term memories!
  • Next-in-Line Theory
    • The next-in-line effect is when one does not pay attention to the thing or person in front of them because they are focused on themselves. It is like buying the i-Wood.
    • Encoding is when you organize a memory’s meaning and image so that it can be stored.
    • This is a memory being encoded.
  • Storage
    • Storage us keeping things in sensory, working/short-term, or long-term memory for later recall.
    • A forgetful person’s brain.
    • A rememberful person’s brain.
  • Misinformation Effect
    • Incorporating misleading information into one’s memory of an event
  • Which one is real? Because of the misinformation effect… You may never know!!!
  • Source Amnesia Cookies Are GOOD!!!
    • Attributing to the wrong source an event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined
    Cookies are GOOD!!!
  • Source amnesia isn’t like regular amnesia where you forget everything. It’s only when you forget where you heard something.
  • Memory
  • Facts People experience emotions Abnormal things places procedures culture
  • memory I remember because I can retrieve facts, experience, etc…
  • Flashbulb memory
  • I feel so emotional!
  • I remember so vividly! It was the third of June on a hot sunny day …
  • What does it mean…?! Mnemonics and Chunking…
  • Mnemonics – memory aids, especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices. Like the colors of the rainbow!
  • PEMDAS – Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally Is a common mnemonic to remember the order of operations (this flow of power from power plant to home shows PEMDAS.
  • Mnemonic devices act in many ways like this file cabinet. They act as organizational memory devices.
  • Chunking != Chunky. Chunking == organizing items into familiar, manageable units; often occurs automatically.
  • We chunk things such as phone numbers into groups of 3 or 4 to help encode them to memory better.
  • Chunking helps us to identify words and symbols of our language.
  • Teenagers are independent and don’t care what their parents think Implicit memory is independent of conscious recollection
  • He might not remember last night when he wakes up, but the effects are still there Like implicit memory !!!!
  • We all have these moments But implicit memory is the concept behind “ practice makes perfect”
  • Explicit memory: memory of facts that once can consciously know and declare
  • Explicit Memory Master
  • This moment will be in their explicit memory for the rest of their lives Explicit memory also applies to experiences