Chapter 11

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endocrine system

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Chapter 11

  1. 1. The Endocrine System By: Chivon Adams
  2. 2. The EndocrineSystemThe Endocrine System is acollection of glands: exocrineglands and endocrine glands.The glands in the endocrinesystem are the pineal gland,gonads, adrenal glands,pancreas, thyroid gland andthe pituitary gland.
  3. 3. EndocrineHormones• Endocrine hormones are released by the thyroid, parathyroid, and other glands, under the general direction of the “Master” Pituitary gland.• Hormones are products of living cells that circulate in bodily fluids, as blood or sap and produces a specific often stimulatory effect on the activity of cells.
  4. 4. Endocrine Glands Exocrine Glands Endocrine glands  Exocrine glands release hormones release their directly into the secretions into a bloodstream. duct that carries them out the body. The Endocrine System
  5. 5. -DipsiaThe suffix dipsia refers tothirst.• Polydipsia refers to excessive thirst or excessive water consumption, blood or fluid loss.• Polydipsia is also a symptom of Diabetes
  6. 6. -Uria• The suffix –uria refers to the condition of too much urine.• Caused by an increase in urine production.• Related to polydipsia• Symptom of diabetes inspidus.
  7. 7. PinealGlands• The pineal glands produce the hormone melatonin
  8. 8. The Gonads• The gonads are the organs responsible for producing sex cells• The Ovaries in women• The testes in men
  9. 9. Adrenalglands• The adrenal glands are a pair of glands composed of two sections.• The cortex• The medulla
  10. 10. Pancreas• The pancreas produces the hormones insulin and glucagon• Located in the lower curvature of the stomach• Only organ with endocrine and exocrine functions
  11. 11. ParathyroidGland• The parathyroid gland produces the parathyroid hormone.• Regulates the amount of calcium in the blood.• Located on the dorsal surface of the thyroid gland.
  12. 12. Pituitary Gland• Known as the “Master” gland since it controls the functions of many other endocrine glands.• Composed of two lobes: the anterior and posterior lobes• Both lobes are controlled by the hypothalamus
  13. 13. References The endwww.ehow.comMedical Terminology: a living languageBy: Fremgen and Frucht

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